Marubuta & Masu ba da gudummawa cikin jerin haruffa
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Murna. (2020). Reididdigar Nazarin Digital na Afirka: Taswirar Yanayin sasa [Bayanin bayanai]. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

Tashan Kayayyakin: https://kumu.io/a2P/african-digital-research-repositories 
Bayanai: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
An adana a https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Takardar ƙaddamarwa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

lasisin: Rubutu da Taswira Mai gani - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Bayanai - CC0 (Bayanan Jama'a) // Ana ba da izinin ƙididdigar kowane tsarin bayanai ne ta hanyar bayanan kanta

Wawan doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Data kafa doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // ana samunsu ta hanyoyi daban-daban (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Cibiyar Afirka ta Duniya (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) tare da hadin gwiwar AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) gabatar da taswira mai ma'ana na wuraren adana littattafan dijital na Afirka. Wannan ya samo asali ne daga aikin farko na IAI daga shekarar 2016 zuwa gaba don tantancewa da kuma lissafa wuraren ajiya na cibiyoyin Afirka wadanda suka mai da hankali kan gano wuraren ajiyar da ke cikin dakunan karatu na jami'o'in Afirka. Ana samun albarkatunmu na farko a https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Taswirar ma'amala ta faɗaɗa aikin IAI don haɗa ƙungiyoyi, wuraren gwamnati da na duniya. Hakanan yana taswirar ma'amala tsakanin wuraren adana bayanai. A cikin wannan bayanan, muna mai da hankali ne kan wuraren adana hukumomi don ayyukan ilimi, kamar yadda masu ba da gudummawar Wikipedia suka bayyana (Maris 2020).

Manufa

An kirkiro taswirar ajiyar dijital na Afirka a matsayin kayan amfani da za ayi amfani da ita a ayyukan magance waɗannan manufofin:

  1. Inganta binciken Afirka da wallafe-wallafe 
  2. Inganta ma'amala da bayanan ajiyar asalin Afirka da ke tafe
  3. Bayyana hanyoyi ta hanyar injina na binciken ilimin dijital na iya haɓaka ƙasan binciken Afirka

Muna inganta watsa tushen ilimin da aka samo daga asusun ajiya na Afirka a zaman wani yanki mai girma wanda ya hada har da mujallu na kan layi, wuraren adana bayanai da kuma masana na karatuttukan littattafai don inganta dangantakar hadin kai da isa ga irin wannan ajiyar a ciki da wajen nahiyyar Afirka da bayar da tasu gudummawa mafi girman ma'ana dangane da albarkatun ilimi na Nahiyar.  

Bayanan adana bayanai da kiyayewa

Ana shirya taswirar da bayanai masu dacewa a shafin yanar gizo na AfricanArXiv a karkashin 'Kayayyakin' a https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Lissafin ba shi da ƙoshin ƙarfi saboda haka muke ƙarfafa duk wasu lambobin da suka dace da Nahiyar Afirka da ba a lissafa su ba takardar ƙaddamarwa a https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, ko sanar da Cibiyar International African Institute (imel sk111@soas.ac.uk). Dukkanin AfirkaArXiv da IAI za su ci gaba da adana jerin adanawa a matsayin wadatar don masu binciken Afirka da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki ciki har da al'ummomin nazarin kasashen Afirka.

Hanyoyi

Jerin cibiyar ajiyar dijital ta asali ta Cibiyar Afirka ta Duniya ta tattara ta cikin shekarar 2016 kuma an sabunta ta a shekarar 2019 (duba https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories don cikakkun bayanai). Labarin ya fito ne daga bayanin da Cibiyar Nazarin Afirka ta gabatar, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), musamman aikinta 'Haɗa Afirka' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Littafin Adireshin Buɗe Buɗe Ido (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), da kuma wurin yin rijistar damar buɗe ajiya (http://roar.eprints.org/) a tsakanin wasu. An kara jerin abubuwan asali ta hanyar bin sabis ɗin ajiyar kaya wanda kuma ya karbi bakuncin ayyukan ilimin Afirka: tarin kimiyyaOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Zenodo Community tarin (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Figshare tarin (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), da kuma abubuwan ajiya na uku. 

Don gani munyi amfani da software Kumu (https://kumu.io/) nuna taswirar bincike ta hanyar kasar, mahimmancin software, cibiyoyin watsa shirye-shirye da cibiyoyin buɗa ido. Mun kuma kara da wani rukunin don harsunan ke dubawa, tsarin da ayyukan da aka adana a kowane wurin ajiya.

results

A cikin bayanan, Afirka ta Kudu (40) da Kenya (32) sun karbi bakuncin adadin adadi mafi yawa. A wasu ƙasashe, kamar Habasha, Masar, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, da Zimbabwe, lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai (5-15). A cikin kasashe 16 da suka hada da Angola, Benin, Chadi, Gambiya, Somalia da Eswatini (tsohuwar Swaziland), ba a iya samun bayanai kan alamuran binciken dijital.

Harshen da aka wakilta a cikin bayanan sun hada da Turanci (en), Faransanci (fr), Larabci (ar), Amaranth (amh), Portuguese (pt), Swahili (sw), Spanish (es), German (de).

Hoto 1: Takaitaccen taswirar gani a wajan ajiyar dijital na Afirka (n = 229). Nodes suna wakiltar ƙasashe tare da haɗin gwiwar su zuwa nau'ikan adana iri daban daban kamar yadda aka bambanta ta lambar launi (duba labari).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Hoto 2: Ra'ayi mai kyau na misali akan Sudan wanda ke nuna cikakken bayani game da asusun ajiya na Jami'ar West Kordufan, incl. Software, wadatattun harsuna, wadatarwa da kuma url.
Hoto 3: Yawan masu ajiya a kowace Africanan Afirka da kashi ɗari. Otherasashe 'sauran sun ƙunshi waɗanda ke da alamomin 0-3 da aka gabatar,
Hoto 4: Masu samar da kayan aikin tare da lambobin abubuwan ajiya da aka shirya, bi da bi. Ba a sani ba 

tattaunawa

Manyan hanyoyin bincike na dijital da aka tsara yadda ya kamata su sa kayan bincike su sami dama kuma za'a iya gano su akan layi. Haka kuma, bude hanyoyin ajiya yakamata su baiwa masu amfani daga ko ina cikin duniya damar samun damar daukar bayanan. Bude ma'ajin dijital don haka suna taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin keɓaɓɓiyar filin Kimiyya kuma sune mahimman mahimmin buga bugu na Buga. Don ƙarin ci gaba da ra'ayi game da haɓaka da kuma hangen nesa game da wuraren ajiya tare da la’akari da nazarin Afirka da na Afirka, duba Molteno (2016).

Mun fahimci mahimmancin taswirar taswirar dijital. Duk da ƙalubalen tattara bayanai, ƙarin matakan matakan ƙalubale sun zo cikin binciken hanyoyin tattarawa, iyakokin samun dama, bincika, tsawon rai / ɗorewa da kewayon nau'ikan bayanai don adanawa. Ko ta yaya, mun yi imanin cewa taswirori irin su waɗanda aka gabatar a ƙasa sun kasance masu amfani mai mahimmanci. Samun fahimtar cibiyar sadarwar ajiyar data kasance - tare da ƙarfinta da raunin ta - yana sauƙaƙe martani da haɓakawa. Bugu da ƙari, ƙara ganuwa ga waɗannan wuraren ajiya - ga masu sauraro na Afirka da na duniya - na iya sauƙaƙa raba ayyukan mafi kyau, gogewa da ƙwarewa. Wannan zai baiwa masu ruwa da tsaki, wato masu kula da dakin karatu da sauran ma'aikatan ilimi damar yanke shawara game da yadda za a iya amfani da fasahar zamani ta yadda za a iya tattara bayanan masana masaniyar Afirka da ake da su a yanzu don samun karbuwa ga sabbin fasahohi da kuma bunkasa hanyoyin "kasa" sarrafa bayanai na dijital waɗanda suka dace kuma masu ɗorewa ne ga nahiyar Afirka.

Abin da aka ayyana a matsayin wurin ajiyar kaya ya sha bambam sosai, ba a Afirka kaɗai ba, har ma da ɗaukacin yanayin ilimi na duniya. Kudaden da aka sadaukar domin kebewa da kuma samar da karfin ma'aikaci suna da karanci kuma sun bambanta sosai, galibi ya danganta ne da iyakancewar hannayen jarin gwamnatin kasa a cikin bincike da kirkire-kirkire ko gudummawar masu bayarwa. Bambancin tsarin da ke amfani da software daban-daban da kuma fasalolin fasahar fasahar yana hana kutse kai tsaye ta haka ne za a iya bincika wuraren ajiya a duk faɗin nahiyar da sauran yankuna na duniya. Duk waɗannan batutuwan ana buƙatar magance su don ba da damar bincike na Afirka don canzawa daga siloes dijital zuwa wuri mai ma'amala.

Muna tunanin wannan taswirar don zama yanki na babban nazarin nan gaba na wallafe-wallafe da ke shigowa da wuraren adana bayanai. A ci gaba da bin wannan aikin, muna shirin sakawa a cikin kundin bayanai da kuma taswirar gani taskannin bayanan dijital na Afirka kamar yadda aka gano ta Afirka Open Science Platform (AOSP) nazarin shimfidar wuri (2019). Wata maƙasudin shine gano hanyoyin warware fasaha don sanya yawancin ɗakunan ajiya masu aiki tare da bincike a cikin fannoni daban-daban / yankuna / harsuna - mai sauƙi da aiki a cikin yanayin Afirka na yanzu tare da iyakantaccen ƙarfin bandwidth misali ta hanyar haɓaka ayyukan aiki ta kan layi / waje. 

Duk da haka wani nau'in asusun ajiyar kuɗi da zai ƙara waɗanda zasu kasance a kan karatun Afirka wanda aka gudanar da kuma karɓar bakuncin ƙasashen waje; daya irin curated jerin ne Haɗin-Afirka (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Hakanan ana samin jerin abubuwan da suka dace na shigarwar akan Wikidata, duba misali en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

A bayyane marubutan suka yi maraba da ra'ayoyi kan bayanan da aka gabatar gami da shigar da bayanai kan rumbun bayanan cibiyoyin da aka tsallake ba da gangan ba ko kuma ake shirin aiwatarwa yanzu. Muna fatan yin hulɗa tare da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki a cikin R&I na Afirka da kuma cibiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa don ƙarin nazarin ɗakunan ilimin masana da dandamali na wallafe-wallafe da kuma aiki don hulɗar su. 

References

Makarantar Kimiyya ta Afirka ta Kudu (2019), Tsarin Masana Kimiyya na Afirka - Nazarin Yanayin Kasa. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Tsarin Kasuwancin Kimiyya na Afirka - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Haɗa-Afirka - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

Molteno, R. (2016), Me ya sa ajiyar dijital na Afirka don adana rubuce-rubucen bincike suna da mahimmanci, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Masu halartar Cibiyar Nazarin Kasuwanci na Afirka ta Afirka a Afirka, Satumba 2018, Masu halartar Cibiyar Nazarin Dabarar Tsarin Kasuwanci na Afirka na Afirka, Maris 2018, Kwamitin Ba da Shawara, Kwamitin Kasuwancin Kasuwancin Afirka na Fasaha, Kwamitin Ba da Shawara kan Fasahar Afirka, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, 12 ga Disamba). Makomar Kimiyya da Kimiyyar Zamani: hangen nesa da dabarun Afirka na Kayan Fasahar Kimiyya (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Shigar da Wikidata - misali https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Masu ba da gudummawa na Wikipedia. (2020, Maris 18). Dandalin dijital. A cikin Wikipedia, Free Encyclopedia. Aka dawo da shi 18:02, Maris 27, 2020, daga https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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