Mawallafa & Masu ba da gudummawa a haruffa
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Ma'aikatan Bincike na Dijital na Afirka: Zana taswira wuri mai kyau [Tsarin bayanai]. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

Tashan Kayayyakin: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Bayanai: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
An adana a https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Takardar ƙaddamarwa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

lasisin: Rubutu da Taswira Mai gani - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Bayanai - CC0 (Bayanan Jama'a) // Ana ba da izinin ƙididdigar kowane tsarin bayanai ne ta hanyar bayanan kanta

Wawan doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Data kafa doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // ana samunsu ta hanyoyi daban-daban (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Cibiyar Afirka ta Duniya (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) tare da hadin gwiwar AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) gabatar da taswirar taswirar littattafan bincike na dijital na Afirka na zamani. Wannan ya samo asali ne daga farkon ayyukan da IAI ta fara daga shekarar 2016 zuwa gaba don ganowa da kuma jera sunayen asusun ajiyar Afirka da suka mayar da hankali kan gano ajiyar ajiyar littattafan jami'o'in Afirka. Abubuwan da muke amfani da su na farko suna samuwa a https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Taswirar ma'amala tana fadada aikin IAI don haɗawa da ƙungiyoyi, gwamnatoci da kuma ajiyar kuɗi na duniya. Hakanan yana tsara tasirin hulɗa tsakanin ma'aunin bincike. A cikin wannan takaddun bayanai, mun mai da hankali ne kan ajiyar bayanai na ayyukan ilimi, kamar yadda masu bayar da gudummawa na Wikipedia suka bayyana (Maris 2020).

Manufa

An kirkiro taswirar ajiyar dijital na Afirka a matsayin kayan amfani da za ayi amfani da ita a ayyukan magance waɗannan manufofin:

  1. Inganta binciken Afirka da wallafe-wallafe
  2. Inganta ma'amala da bayanan ajiyar asalin Afirka da ke tafe
  3. Bayyana hanyoyi ta hanyar injina na binciken ilimin dijital na iya haɓaka ƙasan binciken Afirka

Muna inganta watsa tushen ilimin da aka samo daga asusun ajiya na Afirka a zaman wani yanki mai girma wanda ya hada har da mujallu na kan layi, wuraren adana bayanai da kuma masana na karatuttukan littattafai don inganta dangantakar hadin kai da isa ga irin wannan ajiyar a ciki da wajen nahiyyar Afirka da bayar da tasu gudummawa mafi girman ma'ana dangane da albarkatun ilimi na Nahiyar.

Bayanan adana bayanai da kiyayewa

Ana shirya taswirar da bayanai masu dacewa a shafin yanar gizo na AfricanArXiv a karkashin 'Kayayyakin' a https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Lissafin ba shi da ƙoshin ƙarfi saboda haka muke ƙarfafa duk wasu lambobin da suka dace da Nahiyar Afirka da ba a lissafa su ba takardar ƙaddamarwa a https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, ko sanar da Cibiyar International African Institute (imel sk111@soas.ac.uk). Dukkanin AfirkaArXiv da IAI za su ci gaba da adana jerin adanawa a matsayin wadatar don masu binciken Afirka da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki ciki har da al'ummomin nazarin kasashen Afirka.

Hanyoyi

Jerin cibiyar ajiyar dijital ta asali ta Cibiyar Afirka ta Duniya ta tattara ta cikin shekarar 2016 kuma an sabunta ta a shekarar 2019 (duba https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories don cikakkun bayanai). Labarin ya fito ne daga bayanin da Cibiyar Nazarin Afirka ta gabatar, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), musamman aikinta 'Haɗa Afirka' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Jagorar adireshin bude wuraren ajiya (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), da kuma wurin yin rijistar damar buɗe ajiya (http://roar.eprints.org/) a tsakanin wasu. An kara jerin abubuwan asali ta hanyar bin sabis ɗin ajiyar kaya wanda kuma ya karbi bakuncin ayyukan ilimin Afirka: tarin kimiyyaOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Zenodo Community tarin (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Figshare tarin (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), da kuma abubuwan ajiya na uku.

Don gani sosai mun yi amfani da software ta Kumu (https://kumu.io/) nuna taswirar bincike ta hanyar kasar, mahimmancin software, cibiyoyin watsa shirye-shirye da cibiyoyin buɗa ido. Mun kuma kara da wani rukunin don harsunan ke dubawa, tsarin da ayyukan da aka adana a kowane wurin ajiya.

results

A cikin bayanan, Afirka ta Kudu (40) da Kenya (32) sun karbi bakuncin adadin adadi mafi yawa. A wasu ƙasashe, kamar Habasha, Masar, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, da Zimbabwe, lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai (5-15). A cikin kasashe 16 da suka hada da Angola, Benin, Chadi, Gambiya, Somalia da Eswatini (tsohuwar Swaziland), ba a iya samun bayanai kan alamuran binciken dijital.

Harshen da aka wakilta a cikin bayanan sun hada da Turanci (en), Faransanci (fr), Larabci (ar), Amaranth (amh), Portuguese (pt), Swahili (sw), Spanish (es), German (de).

Hoto 1: Takaitaccen taswirar gani a wajan ajiyar dijital na Afirka (n = 229). Nodes suna wakiltar ƙasashe tare da haɗin gwiwar su zuwa nau'ikan adana iri daban daban kamar yadda aka bambanta ta lambar launi (duba labari).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Hoto 2: Ra'ayi mai kyau na misali akan Sudan wanda ke nuna cikakken bayani game da asusun ajiya na Jami'ar West Kordufan, incl. Software, wadatattun harsuna, wadatarwa da kuma url.
Hoto 3: Yawan masu ajiya a kowace Africanan Afirka da kashi ɗari. Otherasashe 'sauran sun ƙunshi waɗanda ke da alamomin 0-3 da aka gabatar,
Hoto 4: Masu samar da kayan aikin tare da lambobin abubuwan ajiya da aka shirya, bi da bi. Ba a sani ba

tattaunawa

Manyan hanyoyin bincike na dijital da aka tsara yadda ya kamata su sa kayan bincike su sami dama kuma za'a iya gano su akan layi. Haka kuma, bude hanyoyin ajiya yakamata su baiwa masu amfani daga ko ina cikin duniya damar samun damar daukar bayanan. Bude ma'ajin dijital don haka suna taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin keɓaɓɓiyar filin Kimiyya kuma sune mahimman mahimmin buga bugu na Buga. Don ƙarin ci gaba da ra'ayi game da haɓaka da kuma hangen nesa game da wuraren ajiya tare da la’akari da nazarin Afirka da na Afirka, duba Molteno (2016).

Mun gane da wuya hadaddun bayanan adanawa na dijital. Duk da kalubalen tara bayanai, ƙarin matakan rikitattun rikice-rikice sun zo cikin binciken hanyoyin tattara bayanai, iyakokin damar aiki, bincika bayanai, dorewa / dorewa da kewayon nau'in bayanai don ajiya. Ban da haka, mun yi imani da cewa taswira kamar ta wanda aka gabatar a ƙasa na iya zama abin wadatarwa. Samun fahimta game da cibiyar sadarwar data kasance - tare da ƙarfin ta da gazawa - yana sauƙaƙe amsar da aka gabatar da kuma haɓaka. Haka kuma, kara iya ganin wadannan bayanai - na Afirka da ma na duniya baki daya - na iya sauƙaƙe musayar halaye mafi kyau, gogewa da gwaninta. Wannan zai baiwa masu ruwa da tsaki, wato masu laburare da sauran ma’aikatan ilimi damar yanke hukunci game da yadda za a sami damar daidaita fasahar dijital don adana bayanan masana Afirka da ake da su don zama mai daukar hankali ga sabbin fasahohi da kuma samar da hanyoyin "kasa" Gudanar da bayanan dijital waɗanda suka dace kuma suke da dorewa ga ƙasashen Afirka.

Abin da aka ayyana a matsayin wurin ajiyar kaya ya sha bambam sosai, ba a Afirka kaɗai ba, har ma da ɗaukacin yanayin ilimi na duniya. Kudaden da aka sadaukar domin kebewa da kuma samar da karfin ma'aikaci suna da karanci kuma sun bambanta sosai, galibi ya danganta ne da iyakancewar hannayen jarin gwamnatin kasa a cikin bincike da kirkire-kirkire ko gudummawar masu bayarwa. Bambancin tsarin da ke amfani da software daban-daban da kuma fasalolin fasahar fasahar yana hana kutse kai tsaye ta haka ne za a iya bincika wuraren ajiya a duk faɗin nahiyar da sauran yankuna na duniya. Duk waɗannan batutuwan ana buƙatar magance su don ba da damar bincike na Afirka don canzawa daga siloes dijital zuwa wuri mai ma'amala.

Muna tsammanin wannan taswira ta zama yanki mai zurfi na bincike mai zuwa na yanzu game da wallafe wallafen wallafe-wallafen data kasance tare da ajiyar bayanai. A cikin bin diddigin wannan aikin, muna shirin hadawa a cikin tsarin tattara bayanai da taswirar bayanan Afirka na ajiyar bayanan dijital kamar yadda binciken kasa na Afirka Open Science Platform (AOSP) ya bayyana (2019). Wani burin zai kasance shine gano hanyoyin samar da fasaha don yin ma'amala da yawa a cikin hanyoyin da ake nema a bincika a duk fadin larduna / yaruka - wadatacce kuma ana iya aiki da su a cikin yanayin Afirka ta yanzu tare da iyakokin bandwidth mara iyaka misali ta haɓaka ayyukan amfani ta yanar gizo / offline.

Duk da haka wani nau'in asusun ajiyar kuɗi da zai ƙara waɗanda zasu kasance a kan karatun Afirka wanda aka gudanar da kuma karɓar bakuncin ƙasashen waje; daya irin curated jerin ne Haɗin-Afirka (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Hakanan ana samin jerin abubuwan da suka dace na shigarwar akan Wikidata, duba misali en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Marubutan sun yi maraba da ra'ayoyin a fili game da bayanan da aka gabatar tare da kuma bayar da bayanai kan wajan ajiyar kayan da aka share ba da niyya ba ko kuma a halin yanzu ake shirin aiwatarwa. Muna fatan ingantawa tare da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki a cikin Afirka R&I har ma da cibiyoyin kasa da kasa don kara zurfafa nazarin data kasance tare da samar da dandamali game da ilmantarwa tare da yin aiki da daidaitonsu.

References

Kwalejin Kimiyya ta Afirka ta Kudu (2019), Tsarin Kasuwancin Kasuwanci na Afirka - Nazarin Landscape. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

Tsarin Kasuwancin Kimiyyar Afirka http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Haɗin-Afirka - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

Molteno, R. (2016), Me ya sa ajiyar dijital na Afirka don adana rubuce-rubucen bincike suna da mahimmanci, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Masu halartar Cibiyar Nazarin Kasuwanci na Afirka ta Afirka a Afirka, Satumba 2018, Masu halartar Cibiyar Nazarin Dabarar Tsarin Kasuwanci na Afirka na Afirka, Maris 2018, Kwamitin Ba da Shawara, Kwamitin Kasuwancin Kasuwancin Afirka na Fasaha, Kwamitin Ba da Shawara kan Fasahar Afirka, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, 12 ga Disamba). Makomar Kimiyya da Kimiyyar Zamani: hangen nesa da dabarun Afirka na Kayan Fasahar Kimiyya (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Shigarwar Wikidata - misali https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Masu ba da gudummawa na Wikipedia. (2020, Maris 18). Dandalin dijital. A cikin Wikipedia, Free Encyclopedia. Aka dawo da shi 18:02, Maris 27, 2020, daga https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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