Cite kamar yadda: Hasmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Nessaddamar da kayan aikin Scienceaddamar da Kimiyya don ingantaccen martanin Afirka ga COVID-19 [kwatancin]. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3733768


Authors

Coungiyar Core:

  • Jobsmann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Samun damar 2 Ra'ayoyi & AfirkaArXiv, Jamus
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, Jami'ar Oxford, AfirkaArXiv & damar samun damar ra'ayoyi 2, Afirka ta Kudu & UK

Wasiku: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org

Mai ba da gudummawa ga marubuta (a tsarin haruffa):


Lura: Wannan takaddar a fasalin sa na yanzu (v1.1) tana buɗe don sharhi.

Da fatan za a ba da shawarwari kai tsaye ga rubutun a smallurl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, ko imel da mawallafan masu dacewa. Ta hanyar ba da gudummawa mai mahimmanci ga rubutun, zaku iya kasancewa tare da mu a jerin marubutan.

Don bayar da gudummawa a cikin aikin haɗin gwiwa a wasu matakai na aiki da / ko samun kuɗi, don Allah ziyarci https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

Gabatarwa

Kasancewar yanayin buga mujallar kasa da kasa a halin yanzu tana fuskantar matsananciyar sauyi ga ayyukan Kimiyyar Kimiyya da ayyukan bincike da suka shafi COVID-19 duk ana samunsu a bayyane don saurin bincike na al'umma da kuma kokarin tantancewa (Akligoh et al. 2020; JOGL COVID19, Open Letter: Tuntuɓi Bincike da kuma NHSX). A cikin wani sharhi kan batun Financial Times, Firayim Minista Habasha da lambar yabo ta zaman lafiya ta Nobel ta 2019 Abiy Ahmed sun yi karin haske kan mahimmancin duk kokarin da kasashen duniya suka yi don yakar cutar ta Ebola yana takaitawa: “[Na] ba a ci kwayar cutar a Afirka ba, za ta kawai sai ka koma wa sauran duniya ”. Matsakaicin tattalin arziki da siyasa wanda Ahmed ya mayar da hankali akai dole ne ya kasance ya samo asali ne daga ingantaccen binciken kimiyya - cikin gida na musamman, yayin da ake haɗa haɗin duniya. Bude bincike a cikin kasashe masu tasowa ba zai isa ba, dole ne mu kara tallafi, haɓakawa da haɗu da sabbin ƙwarewar da ke cikin Sciencewararrun Kimiyya a Afirka.

Tare da cutar sankara na coronavirus na yanzu, buƙatar gaggawa na Buɗaɗɗun sakamakon bincike zai ƙara ilimin yanki na ilimin kimiyya ga wallafe-wallafen COVID-19 don haka ya ba wa masu binciken Afirka damar haɓaka hanyoyin Afirka don magance cutar ta SARS-CoV 2, yayin da suke guda lokaci don karfafa albarkatun halittar gida na kasashen Afirka da kara shirye-shiryen su don barkewar cutar nan gaba. Wannan ya shafi duka duniya da yanki. Cutar barke da ta gabata, kamar barkewar cutar Ebola ta Yammacin Afirka da Zika, sun ba da sanarwar lalacewar tasirin hana bayanai da ingantaccen hanyoyin watsa shirye-shirye. Abin sani kawai ta hanyar cire paywalls, ƙara damar yin amfani da dijital a cikin albarkatu, da kuma inganta hanyoyin raba abubuwan da ke tattare da ƙoƙarin rage tasirin cutar za su iya yin nasara. Wannan gaskiya ne ba kawai ga azancin ɗan gajeren lokaci ga rikicin kiwon lafiya ba, har ma don tasirin ɗan lokaci kan tattalin arziƙin Afirka, kayan more rayuwar jama'a da rayuwar jama'a a duk faɗin nahiyar.

Masu ruwa da tsaki a ƙasashe masu karamin karfi da na tsakiya (LMICs) masu ruwa da tsaki sun kasance suna jagorantar hanyar samun damar Buɗewa - musamman cibiyar bincike ta Brasiliya wacce ake bincika cikakken bayanan cibiyar sadarwa SciELO (Kasuwancin Yanar Gizon Kasuwancin Kasuwanci na Kasuwanci) wanda shima ana wakilta a Afirka ta Kudu. Muna taimaka wa masu ruwa da tsaki na Afirka da su saukaka aljihunan da ke akwai. Yana da mahimmanci a fahimci cewa haɗin kai don musayar bayanai a cikin Afirka na iya dogaro kan tsarin da dama na tsarin da ke tallafawa buɗe gaskiya a cikin bincike da kuma musayar bayanai. Haƙiƙa, abin da ake buƙata shi ne jawo hankali ga waɗannan albarkatun da suke akwai, sauƙaƙe haɗi da sadarwa, da magance duk wani gibi da gazawar da irin wannan taswirar ke nunawa.

Don zama mafi inganci, masu ba da shawara na Afirka da masu ba da shawara ga masu ruwa da tsaki dole ne suyi aiki tare da tsarin da ke da araha da kuma dandamali don tabbatar da cewa bayanan da aka kirkira yayin wannan annobar ta cika ka'idodin bayanai na FAIR, sannan kuma an buga duk wani bincike mai ma'ana a cikin hanyoyin samun damar amfani da su. bude bayanan ajiya.

Suchaddamar da irin waɗannan ayyukan zai zama da amfani ba kawai ga binciken COVID-19 ba, har ma don binciken Afirka gabaɗaya, kuma zai samar da ƙarin budewa da aiki tare gami da buga hanyoyin. Inganta bude baki tsakanin malanta a Afirka wani fifiko ne a kan nahiyar, kuma akwai wasu yarn sanarwa da suka gabata don tallafawa kokarin. Waɗannan sun haɗa da Jawabin Dakar kan Bugun Ingantawa a Afirka da Duniya Ta Kudu (2016) da kuma Prinan ka'idojin Afirka don Accesswararrun Ilimin Fasaha na Zamani (2019). Waɗannan jagororin sun tsara hangen nesa don bincike na buɗewa na Afirka wanda ke magance mahimman abubuwan da ke gaba:

  • Tarayya ilmin yanayin kasa a nahiyoyin daga yankin Arewa, Tsakiya, Gabas, Yammacin Afirka da Kudancin Afirka da kuma haɗa su cikin yanayin nazarin yanayin duniya.
  • Gudanar da yanayin hana bakin harshe esp francophone / anglophone / Arabic da kuma harsunan yankin Afirka da na al'ada.
  • Kafa wuraren aiki da tsarin kayan aiki masu amfani da fasahar zamani wadanda suka dace don amfani a fagen bincike na Afirka don sauƙaƙe saurin haɓaka aiki tare da damar yin daidai da damar yin amfani da bayanai da ayyuka ba tare da la’akari da wurin, yare da sauran yanayi ba.
  • Haɗa kai tare da sauran ayyukan kirkiro, hanyoyin, da kuma ayyukan da suka dace a ciki da wajen Afirka duka na ciki da waje don haɓaka buɗewar da musayar bayanai ta hanyar da ba ta dace ba.

Damar da cutar ta bayar tayi bincike harma da al'ummu kamar su masu yin, (bio) hackers da gwamnatoci shine yin tunani akan canje-canjen tsari wanda ya bayyana a gaban Corona, kuma yanzu muna da damar gaske don magance tare.

Hanya ta Afirka game da cutar COVID-19

Akwai matukar dace a sami cikakkiyar hanyar samarda karfin hukumomi a tsakanin manyan makarantu da cibiyoyin bincike na kudaden jama'a a nahiyoyin. Daidai kamar isar da Buƙatar Samun Ci Gaba (SDG), amsar rikicin Covid-19 zata buƙaci a aiwatar da su ta hanyar gama kai. Amsar ƙasa na yau da kullun tana da dangantaka da ikon haɗi zuwa ga jama'a ta hanyar kafofin watsa labarai da fasaha, yawancinsu suna mayar da hankali ne a manyan biranen Afirka. Siyarwa da rayuwar dan adam da kuma tattalin arzikin Afirka abu ne da ke bukatar mayar da martani a dunkule a kan yadda za a yi amfani da mafi kyau da kuma amfani da albarkatun don tallafa wa wadancan kasashen da suka yi fama da takamaiman yanayin rayuwar yau da kullun. a cikin birane (Adegbeye, 2020).

Kawo manyan kungiyoyi masu ruwa da tsaki, kamar su:

  • Ilimin Kimiyya da Littattafan Ilimin kimiyya
  • Bincike (nazarin halittu & tattalin arziki)
  • Hubs & Innovation Hubs (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Masu tsara manufofi (na birni, na kasa, matakan yanki)

A ranar 18 ga Maris, AfirkaArXiv ta ƙaddamar da wani shiri na rarraba kan jama'a don wadatar albarkatun kusa da COVID-19 a cikin yanayin Afirka. A ranar 26 ga Maris, 2020, Cibiyar Kimiyya ta Afirka (AAS) ta kira wani taron yanar gizo don ƙwararrun masana na Afirka da waɗanda ba na Afirka ba don fara tunanin gama gari don ma'anar ajanda na bincike game da fashewar COVID19 & samar da ingantaccen ƙoƙarin da ke tattare da kimiyya don yaƙi wannan cutar ta Afirka. Dukkanin ayyukan biyu sun yarda cewa tsarin dole ne ya hada da yin aiki da kare daukacin 'yan Afirka, watau kuma kungiyoyi masu rauni da marassa galibi irin su marayu, mutanen da ke gudun hijira (IDP) da' yan gudun hijira. Hanyar da aka kirkira na kirkirar kayan fasaha wanda aka bayyana ta hanyar McPhee et al. (2018) daga tsarin al'ada na hada kai kuma ka tabbata muna la’akari da Afirka a matsayinta na zamani.

Ilimin cikin gida da na al'ada

A yawancin ƙasashen Afirka, yin amfani da magungunan gargajiya ya zama ruwan dare gama gari tsakanin al'ummomin. Sau da yawa ana amfani da magungunan gargajiya a tare tare, ko a sauyawa daga, magunguna na allopathic. Ayyukan martaba na COVID-19 a Afirka don haka ya dogara ne da masu koyar da lafiya na gargajiya, masu koyar da lafiyar jiki da kuma jagororin gwamnati na samar da saƙo mai daidaituwa. Musamman, majalisa don masu warkarwa na gargajiya dole ne a kawo su cikin tattaunawar COVID-19 na amsoshin COVID-19 na kasa.

Bincike kan magungunan gargajiya da tsarin ilimin asalin yana kan ci gaba a cikin cibiyoyin Afirka da yawa, kuma waɗannan ƙwararrun masu bincike na iya yin aiki a matsayin hanya mai mahimmanci tsakanin masu koyar da lafiya na gargajiya, gwamnatoci da tsarin kiwon lafiyar ƙasa (REF).

A cikin ƙasashe da dama na Afirka, haɓaka tsakanin al'ummomin samar da kiwon lafiya na kara fitowa fili. Misali, Ma'aikatan Lafiya na Gargajiya (THPs) a Afirka ta Kudu suna ba da matsayin daidaitawa akan COVID-19 da kuma karyata ikirarin karya da yaudara game da iko don warkarwa ko sanin yadda ake warkarwa ko bi da coronavirus (Covid-19). Misalan irin wannan aikin ya kamata a raba su don bayanai da kuma kyakkyawan aiki.

Hakanan yana da mahimmanci cewa nasarar da aka samu ta hanyar ilimin asalin 'yan asalin (kamar yadda aka tabbatar a cikin ka'idodin CARE) ba ta birkice ta hanzarta ba da amsawar COVID-19 ba. Musamman, bincike a bangarorin da ke da alaƙa da COVID-19, dole ne a ci gaba da kiyaye lafiya da jin daɗin rayuwa. Misali, ayyukan inganta ci gaba mai dorewa da kuma amfani da kayan lambu na 'yan asalin Afirka don amincin abinci mai gina jiki da rage talauci (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2019). An sa masu bincike na Afirka da kyau su ci gaba da bincika bincike a cikin waɗannan fannoni don kiyaye kariyar bayanai, ɗabi'a da kuma sake amfani da yanayin indiegnous da ilimin gargajiya.

Mahimmanci, waɗannan yankuna suna buƙatar bincika ciki da tsakanin al'ummomin bincike na Afirka da na ƙasashen duniya da ƙungiyoyin bayar da shawarwari (misali Kwamitin Gudanar da Peoplesan Afirka na ,asashen Afirka, IPACC) akan dukkan matakan. Yawancin rukunin bincike na ƙasashen duniya suna da haɗin gwiwar daɗewa tare da al'ummomin Afirka, kuma ana iya yin amfani da irin waɗannan lambobin sadarwa don haɗu a cikin kowane yanki don sauƙaƙe tattaunawa mai kyau da haɗin gwiwa, tabbatar da aiwatar da ka'idodin CARE, bin ka'idodin Bayani na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya game da 'yancin' yan asalin nahiyar (UNDRIP) kazalika da magance 'Batutuwan Masana'antu a cikin al'adun al'adu' (aikin IPinCH).

Hadin gwiwar kasa da kasa

Wani ƙarin fifikon gwamnatocin kimiyya da masu ba da kudi shi ne tallafawa hadin gwiwar Kudu da Kudu. Irin wannan haɗin gwiwar na iya sauƙaƙe mafi kyawun koyarwar musayar ra'ayi da fahimtar juna don gano hanyoyin da za a iya amfani da su da kuma hanyoyin aiki a duk faɗin Afirka, kuma ta hanyar musayar ilimi da gwaninta tsakanin Afirka, Latin-Amercia, da Kudu maso Gabashin Asia. Akwai kyawawan misalai na ingantacciyar hanyar canja wuri, irin su adaidaita kungiyar Latin American Open Access kungiyar SciELO na Afirka ta Kudu.

Hakanan an sami taimako mai yawa daga masu ba da gudummawa ga ayyukan Afirka da cibiyoyin sadarwa waɗanda ke ƙarfafa ƙarfin bincike. Irin waɗannan misalai sun haɗa da Afirka Open Science Platform (wanda majalisar gudanarwa ta bincike ta Afirka ta Kudu ke tallafawa) da forungiyar Haɗaka don Inganta inwararru a Kimiyya a Afirka (AESA - haɗin gwiwar Kwalejin Kimiyya ta Afirka (AAS), Sabon Haɗin gwiwa ga Ci gaban Afirka (NEPAD) Hukumar tare da dala miliyan 5.5 a cikin farkon fara tallafin zuriya daga gidauniyar ta Bill & Melinda Gates, da Wellcome Trust da kuma Ma'aikatar Kula da Kasa ta Burtaniya (DFID). Wadannan masu ba da tallafin suna ba da mahimman hanyoyin ba wai kawai na kudade don ci gaban ayyukan ci gaba na yau da kullun ba, har ma da ƙwarewa, da kuma tuntuɓar ƙwararrun ƙasashen duniya da masu ruwa da tsaki kan harkokin mulki / yanki

Har ila yau, akwai wasu sauran masu ruwa da tsaki a cikin tsarin binciken Afirka wanda tuni suka yi aiki don sauƙaƙe buɗewa. Idan an haɗu da kyau zai yuwu cewa waɗannan kayan aikin dijital da masu ruwa da tsaki zasu iya ba da gudummawarsu sosai don cimma muradin da aka bayyana a cikin sanarwar da ke sama. Cibiyoyin sadarwa na duniya da kuma manufofi irin su JOGL ko GIG sun kasance a cikin 'yan shekarun nan sun tattara kwarewa sosai a cikin sauƙaƙe da sarrafa al'ummomin duniya na aiwatar da ayyuka fiye da samar da bayanai da adana bayanai.

Ban da haka, don hadin gwiwar Kudu-kudu don haɓaka, ana buƙatar ƙara ƙoƙari don sauƙaƙe al'adun buɗewa, rabawa da haɗin gwiwar yanki. An san wannan sosai a matsayin fifiko ga binciken Afirka (REF). Haɓaka yarda da juna tsakanin membobin al'umma daga ƙasashe daban-daban, yare, da al'adu ban da haɓaka damar fasaha na ɗaya daga cikin manyan kalubalolin da ke gaban ƙungiyar kimiyyar buɗe duniya a yanzu. Duk wata hanya da ta dace, dole ne a yi la’akari da gudanarwar al’umma, ci gaban matakan motsa jiki, gami da hanyoyin da za a danganta cibiyar kimiyyar Afirka da sauran masu ruwa da tsaki. Misalai daga al'ummomin da ke ciki, irin su H3Africa da MalariaGen, da kuma shirye-shiryen DELTAS masu tasowa za su ba da albarkatu masu taimako da hanyoyin tafiya zuwa ayyukan bincike.

Kamar yadda muke koyo daga wasu yankuna na duniya waɗanda suke game da makonni biyu masu zuwa tare da lokutan kamuwa da coronavirus, bincike kai tsaye da ayyukan kai tsaye & ayyukan sabbin abubuwa dole ne su haɗa da cikakken kimantawa na kimanta yanayin cutar ta yanzu da kuma ƙididdigar ƙididdiga game da kamuwa da cuta, mutuwa, da murmurewa akan gida , matakan ƙasa, na yanki da na Afirka da kuma bincike game da tasirin tattalin arziƙi ba wai kawai yana da alaƙa da matakan kamuwa da cuta ba ne kawai amma la'akari da dukkanin matakan rayuwar al'umma da yanayin rayuwar gaba.

Tebur 1: Masu ruwa da tsaki, kwarewarsu da albarkatu

Nemo jerin ƙasashe masu haɓaka fiye da 120 a info.africarxiv.org/stakeholders/.

masu ruwa da tsakiGwaninta / alhakincibiyoyin
Masu tsara manufofi da hukumomin bada kudadeTabbatar da dorewar tattalin arzikiAfDB, AU, shugabannin kasashe, bincike da ma'aikatun kiwon lafiya, AfDB, Asusun AfirkaGates, CZI, Bankin Duniya,
Wuraren kiwon lafiyakiwon lafiyaasibitoci, asibitoci, masu maganin gargajiya
Maƙasudin sani da masu gyara

Gyarawa, tinker da girke kayan aikin sihiri da kayan aiki da suka karye, bude takaddun aiki, haɗa haɗin bincike da aiki, ƙirƙira da amfani da albarkatun ilimi (OER) AfricaOSH, Buhunan Kimiyya da Kasuwancin Kasuwanci - OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Tasirin Cibiyar sadarwa, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, harma da cibiyoyin kirkire-kirkiren mutane sama da 400 a Nahiyar Afirka kamar Vilsquare (Nigeria), MboaLab (Kamaru), KumasiHive (Ghana), STICLab (Tanzania), Robotech Labs (Tanzania), da ƙari masu yawa
Manema labaraiTabbatar da Karatun LissafiCibiyar Ilimin Lissafi na Afirka
Masana kimiyya da masu bincikeTarin bayanai, gwaje-gwajen hoto ko bidiyo mai zagaya yanar gizo, binciken bayanaiJami'o'i da Cibiyoyin bincike, NREN
Cibiyoyin ilimi da dandamaliGinin iyawa da horo akan duk batutuwa masu dacewaTCC Afirka, OER Afirka, INASP,…
Manyan jama'aNemi bayanai daga tushe amintacce, nishadantarwa na mutane
Kasa da kasa da kuma kungiyoyi (na duniya)Haɗa zuwa al'ummomin duniya na aiwatarwa, musayar gwaninta da mafi kyawun ayyuka, haɗa zuwa batutuwa gaba ɗaya, misali ci gaban abubuwan more rayuwaKawai Giaya daga Giant Lab (JOGL), Duniya Innovation Gathering (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC

Yawancin idan ba duka masu ruwa da tsaki sun riga sun ƙware don kyakkyawar amsa da kwazo COVID-19 ba. Yana da mahimmanci maimakon maimakon aiwatarwa cikin silos zamu daidaita dabarun da hanyoyin a duk faɗin ƙasashe, masu ruwa da tsaki, shingen harshe da sassan al'ummomin.

Yin aiki tare kan ci gaban kayan masarufi don kayan aikin likita

Haɗin kai kayan masarufi a cikin ƙasashen waje yana da takamaiman ƙalubalen. Waɗannan jagororin an tsara su ne don taimakawa sabon haɗin gwiwar don guje wa matsaloli na yau da kullun. Wannan ɓangaren an tsara shi ne musamman ga masu bincike a cikin Global North waɗanda ke neman taimakawa kayan ƙirar da za a iya gina da amfani a Afirka

  1. Formirfafa haɗin gwiwa tsakanin masu kera, ƙwararrun kiwon lafiya da masu amfani da ƙarshen don fahimtar yanayin wurin da za a yi amfani da kayan aikin. Wannan yana da mahimmanci don samar da takamaiman bayani dalla-dalla. Masu haɗin gwiwar na gida zasu iya samun ƙwarewa tare da irin waɗannan na'urori kuma zasu san yadda suke aiki da kyau a cikin yankin. Yi la'akari da wadatar kayan tallafi (shin mai yin iska yana buƙatar tsayayyen iskar oxygen?), Yi la'akari da yanayin yanayi (menene iyakar zafin jiki na kayan aikin?), Ko amincin wutar lantarki ta gida. A cikin shekaru biyu da suka gabata, aikin buɗe wajan Horizon2020 mai kula da kayan aikin ya sami ƙwarewa sosai a cikin irin wannan haɗin gwiwar tsakanin masu ruwa da tsaki daban daban kuma yana ba da tarin bayanan mafita tare da tallafi ga abubuwan tattarawa.
  1. Irfafa haɗin gwiwar don masana'antu / gyara don inganta mafi kyau nawa ƙirar za a iya gina da kuma gyara gida. Masana'antu na gida da gyara yana da mahimmanci don haɓaka samarwa da kayan zamani. Dole ne a haɗa ko sauyawa sassa na cikin gida don keɓaɓɓen masana'antu da gyara don aiki yadda yakamata. Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa abubuwanda ke da araha / araha a Turai ko Amurka ba lallai bane yayi daidai da abin da ke araha mai araha / mai sauƙin samu a gida. A saboda wannan dalili yana da mahimmanci a shigar da masu haɗin gwiwa na gida daga matakan ƙaddamar farko.
  1. Yi la'akari da saurin sarƙoƙi na duniya. Yi aiki tare da masu haɗin gwiwa na gida don fahimtar lokutan jagora don siyan kayan aiki a duniya. Sauri da amincin sarkar samar da kayayyaki na duniya sun sha bamban sosai game da yankin. Kada ku ɗauka cewa saboda wani sashi na iya samarwa daga masana'anta a cikin wata nahiya zuwa dakin gwajin ku a cikin 'yan kwanaki cewa zai iya isa ga masu haɗin ku a lokaci guda. Gwada sarƙar sarƙoƙi inda ya yiwu ko da za a iya aiko da karamin abin masarufi kai tsaye tsakanin masu haɗin gwiwa. Za a iya biyan rashi ko rashin kayan aikin bincike a wani ɓangare ta hanyar ba da izinin buɗe Source Hardware, gyara da sake haɓaka abin da ke akwai (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Haɗin-haɗin gwiwa da haɗin gwiwar vet protypes. Duk da yake yana iya zama kamar kwaɗayin ƙoƙari don gina samfurori a lokaci guda a cikin wurare da yawa yana ba da damar duk abokan da suka dace su kasance tare da ƙirar. Hakanan yana ba da damar gano abubuwan asali da za a iya fuskanta yayin samarwa na gida. Hadin gwiwar tabbatar da ire-iren hanyoyin, kamar yadda akayi a cikin aikin JOGL Covid19, wani aiki ne mai amfani ga duniya don tallafawa masana'antar cikin gida wadanda ire-iren abubuwan da suka tabbatar da amfani sosai a mahallin daban-daban.

Binciken Gudanar da Bincike a cikin mahallin Afirka

A cikin sashi mai zuwa, muna rushe tsarin bincike na gaba ɗaya don ba da takamaiman shawarwari ga kowane mataki daga Ganowa, Nazarin (ciki har da tsarin aikin, tsarin, tsara bayanai, nazarin sakamakon), rubuce-rubuce da bugu.

Gano littattafan bincike masu dacewa

Yawancin masu wallafa ilimi sun sa COVID-19 bincike ya dace ta hanyar (na ɗan lokaci!) Na watsar da biyan kuɗi.

Yanar gizo na Kimiyyar Kimiyya da Scopus ba su wakiltar fitaccen bincike na duniya ba (Tennant et al., 2019). Abin takaici, ƙalubalen ƙira mai gudana yana iya nufin cewa litattafai a cikin Ingilishi waɗanda aka buga a cikin mujallolin da aka jera a cikin bayanan duniya (kamar DOAJ) an riga an shirya su. Gaskiya ne Gaskiya ne ga ƙananan ,an Jaridun Afirka waɗanda ba su da ikon ɗaukar cikakkun bayanan su akan layi. Wannan na iya nufin cewa binciken Afirka yana da wahalar samu da samun dama.

An gane cewa babbar hanyar kawar da rashin hangen nesa ga bincike na Afirka shine a karfafa rawar da kwatancen dijital ke takawa a fagen binciken Afirka. Zuwa yau, da gani, dawwama tsakanin juna da kuma binciken wadannan hadaddun bayanai sun banbanta sosai. Ppingaukaka yanayin shimfidar wuri da ƙulla alaƙar sadarwa yana da mahimmanci. Contributionarin gudummawar da aka bayar kwanan nan ga wannan ita ce buga ɗimbin bayanai na ajiyar bayanan dijital na Afirka tare da taswirar tasirin hoto (Bezuidenhout, Havemann, Kitchen, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). Dole ne a lulluɓe waɗannan albarkatun da kuma fadada su don samar da ingantaccen bayani akan wannan muhimmin cibiyar sadarwar don raba bayanai.

Hakanan yana da mahimmanci cewa sabon yanayin tattalin arziƙin Afirka wanda ya fito ya ci gaba da hulɗa tare da ƙwararrun ƙasashen duniya, kamar na Re3data al'umma don tabbatar da cewa ƙira da aiwatarwarsu sun cika ka'idojin ƙasa da sauƙaƙe ma'amala. Baya ga tallafawa wajen ajiyar kudi, tilas ne a kara yin kokarin kara karfin kudi wajen yin musayar bayanai tare da samun damar shiga a tsakanin kungiyar binciken Afirka. Taimako a cikin horo na dijital ta haka ne babban mahimmancin ci gaban shimfidar Kimiyya. Ya kamata a samar da tarin bayanan darussan kan layi ta yanar gizo waɗanda ke haɓaka ilimin ilimin dijital kuma a cura shi. Ya kamata a yi ƙoƙari don fassara abun cikin zuwa manyan harsuna kamar Turanci, Faransanci, Swahili da Larabci.

Kayan aiki na dijital don Kimiyya waɗanda suka dace da ƙananan saiti / Ka'idodin REF

A cikin 'yan shekarun nan an sami ci gaba mai yawa na kayan aikin kan layi wanda ke sauƙaƙa matakai daban-daban na rayuwar bincike. Samun waɗannan kayan aikin a Afirka yana da iyaka, duk da haka, yana iyakance. Wataƙila wannan ya faru ne saboda batutuwa da dama, ciki har da wayar da kan jama'a, al'adun bincike, harshe, ƙalubalen abubuwan ci gaba da abubuwan da suka shafi zane. Yana da mahimmanci cewa masu binciken Afirka su himmatu wajen jera jerin kayan aikin dijital waɗanda suka dace, waɗanda aka fi so da kuma dorewa.

Gano: Kayan aiki na dijital don gano abubuwanda suka dace na ilimin.

1) = Afirka-takamaiman, 2) = duniya, bude take, 3) duniya, kasuwanci


Binciken litattafan, Littattafan bayanaiGudanar da Tunani
1)Littattafan Afirka na kan layi (AJOL), AfirkaArXiv, DICAMES - - -
2) Bude Taswirar Ilmi, Bincike BASZotero, Sake dubawa
3)Masanin Google, Lens, ScienceOpenSciLit, ResearchGate, Paperhive.orgMendeley

Hanyar & Nazarin bayanai

Binciken: Kayan aikin dijital don nazarin ayyukan ilimi masu dacewa
1) = Afirka-takamaiman, 2) = duniya, bude take, 3) duniya, kasuwanci


HanyoyiBayanan ajiyaBayanan bayanan bayanai
1)
budeAfrica, Babbar Hanya Titin Afirka, Tsarin Kafa Tsarin Ilimin AfirikaLambar ga Afirka
2)Sanadarin.irR-OpenSci, Re3Data, Bayanai, Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
FigshareKumu,

Hadin gwiwa na Kafar Agile

Dukkanin ilimin hadin gwiwar yana da fa'ida daga amfani da yanayin tarko, wanda ke ba da ƙarin fa'ida cewa yana da sauƙin aiwatarwa tare da ƙungiyoyi masu nisa kuma.

Source: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/

A cikin mahimmancinsa, haɓakar samfuri na tsufa ya ƙunshi matakai na amsawa akai-akai da aikin cyclical (Iterative) a kowane matakin: a cikin ainihin aikatawa, matakin ƙungiyar, da gudanarwa.

Abubuwan da ke gaban Agile suna godiya da cewa ba za'a iya tsara ci gaban samar da kayan ci gaba ba dalla-dalla, domin bukatun za su iya canzawa yayin rayuwar aikin kuma yawancin lokaci ba a fahimci su sosai a farkon aikin ba.

Madadin haka, tsarin tsufa yana musanya gajerun tsari da kuma matakan ci gaba. Wakilan Teamungiyar sun yarda akan burin da za'a cimma yayin wasan gaba, duba a taƙaice tare da juna akan ayyukan yau da kullun sannan kuma a sake duba yawan abubuwan da ke ƙaruwa a ƙarshen kowace ginin. Ta hanyar amfani da dabaru, ana iya samun ƙarin ilimin ilimin tsari.

Mahimmancin mahimmancin duk wani aiki na agile sune: tsarin raba ayyuka; kwamiti mai aiki na gama-gari don wannan rubutun; da kuma tarurruka na yau da kullun. Yana da mahimmanci ga matakan agile cewa an sauƙaƙe su ta hanyar sadaukarwa kan matakan biyu, watau samfurin (misali ta mai siyarwar samfura) da matakin aiwatarwa (misali ta ƙwararrun malamin ko kuma kocin agile).


Hanyar rufewaOpen Source
Tsarin / Farar allohttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/
Kwamitin Ayyukahttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/
Taro mai nisa / Kirahttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/
Tsinkayahttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/ https://github.com/funretro/distributed
Suite Softwarehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/

Baya ga albarkatun da ke sama, Coronavirus Tech Handbook littafi ne mai ɗaukar hoto na yanzu don ƙarin fasahar don aiki mai nisa. Yana da mahimmanci a san cewa haɗin gwiwar agile shine sabon tsari na ƙungiyar bincike ga masu bincike da yawa a cikin LMICs da HICs. Zai zama da amfani ga masu binciken Afirka waɗanda ke da gogewa a wannan tsari su samar da darasi da misalai don ƙarin tattaunawa.

Hardware

Haɗin kayan haɗin gwiwa da haɓaka kayan haɓaka shine asalin hanyar ƙirar jama'ar duniya. Kayan aiki da bayanai daban-daban sun kasance kuma ana amfani dasu da yawa don tsarawa da yin kwalliyar zane akan layi, wanda ya rigaya ya sami fa'ida cikin saurin martani ga Covid19. Dubunnan masu kera a duk duniya sun fara amfani da injunan 3D da masu kera laser don samar da garkuwar fuska a matsayin gudummawa ga asibitoci da wuraren kulawa a duk duniya, wadanda ke samar da na'urori masu mahimmanci.

Bayanai na al'ummaTsarin 3DTsarin Kayan lantarki / Tsarin Code
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/ https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/ https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/ https://www.prusaprinters.org/ https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/

DIY Bio da Al'umma Ilimin Kasuwanci

Bayan ƙalubalen amfani da kayan aikin bincike na dijital, masu binciken Afirka ba galibi suna fama da karancin kayan aikin bincike na zahiri. DIYBio da ilimin ilimin halittu na al'umma suna ba da kyakkyawan hanyar zuwa ƙasa don bincike wanda ke ba da damar buɗe kimiyyar da kuma buɗe fasahar don fitar da bincike da ci gaba. Wannan yunkuri na al'umma yana bunkasa shine babbar hanyar bude hanyar fitowar bincike daga Afirka yayin da yake ba da damar ci gaba mai dorewa. Kokarin kungiyoyi masu bincike kamar Open Bioheconomy Lab da darajojin labarun Afirka a cikin, Hive Biolab, suna haɓaka babban kayan aikin bincike don baiwa labs a cikin iyakantattun wurare da kuma laburori a cikin Afirka, Asiya da Latin Amurka don samar da hanyoyin bincike kamar enzymes waɗanda ke da damar gwaji don ƙwayar SARS-CoV 2.

Gudanar da Bincike na Bincike

Gudanar da bayanan COVID-19 magana ce ta duniya, kuma ta ga ƙungiyoyi masu tasiri da yawa, kamar ,ungiyar Binciken Bayanai na Bincike (RDA) suna kafa ƙungiyoyi masu aiki don tsara ayyukan gudanar da bincike (RDM). Wadannan halaye na RDM suna la'akari da ka'idodin FAIR da CARE, amma yana da mahimmanci membobin organizationsan Afirka na waɗannan ƙungiyoyin ƙasa su shiga cikin waɗannan tattaunawar don tabbatar da cewa ka'idodi da al'adu suna nuna bayanan da ake samu a Afirka.

Bara ƙawance da masu binciken Afirka a cikin tattaunawar RDM zai ba da babbar dama don tantance ayyukan RDM na yanzu, horo da samar da ababen more rayuwa a Nahiyar Afirka. Wannan zai ba da izinin ƙirƙirar ayyukan RDM wanda ya dace da al'adun duniya da kuma nuna gaskiyar bincike a Afirka. Hakanan zai yi tasiri ga tsarin kirkirar bayanan nan gaba da kuma inganta ayyukan ci gaba. ?

Rubutu & Buga

1) = Afirka-takamaiman, 2) = duniya, bude take, 3) duniya, kasuwanci


rubuce rubuce rubuceMa'adanai na Ma'aikatamujallu (OA), ɗab'in dandamali
1)
AfrikaArXiv, IAI / ajiya,
essa-africa.org/AERD, ZAMU CIGABA
Binciken AAS, AJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Afirka ta Kimiyya, Tunanin Afirka
2)Dakatarwa, Overleaf, GitHubAyyukan OSFPeerJDOAJ, acadejournals.org/journal, Tsarin Labaran PKP na Bude, Suite samfurin Coko Foundation, Bude Buga Talla, Janeway / PubPub, MalamiAl, Directory of Media-jagorancin Jaridu
3)Google Docs
Qeios.com, karafarinanebartar.ir

Tsarin bugun sauri (>>>)

Bincike & Bincike Rubutu da bayanai Buɗe damar buɗe bayanai Nazarin alumma na duniyaBuga aikin jarida
Yin gwaje-gwaje da tattara takaddun bincike da bayanai masu mahimmanci,
bincike na kai tsaye / m kan alamu, cutar ta kwalara, zamantakewar jama'a da tasirin tattalin arziƙin
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
AfricArXiv, DICAMES, bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgBugawa
PeAkAy
Bayanin.is
AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, DOAJ-jera mujallu

Tsarin da aka mayar da hankali kan Afirka da kuma hanyoyin samun damar budewa kamar makamashin Afirka ta kudu wanda aka tsara a AfirkaArXiv, tushen kasar Kenya Binciken AAS dandamali kamar yadda aka tsara yadda ake tsara shirye-shiryen kasa da kasa a dunkule, kamar Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv da ScienceOpen / preprints, aiwatar da tsarin da aka maida hankali kan Afirka amma kuma tsarin hada-hada na kasa da kasa, misali ta hanyar shiga cikin sahun kasashen duniya cikin hanzari. Ayyukan amsawa irin su Kasuwancin Raunin Kasuwancin Rauni.

Yana da muhimmanci a fahimci cewa cibiyoyin Afirka sun fi dogaro kan buga takaddun takaddun takwarorinsu don tantance fiffan bincike da ayyana ka'idodin gabatarwa. Irin waɗannan tsarin ƙididdigar suna cikin tattaunawa a duk faɗin duniya, amma ba za a iya canzawa ba nan gaba. Don haka, tilas ne ga masu bincike na Afirka su buga takarda na mujallu na mujallu a cikin ƙasashen duniya. Ban da haka, yana yiwuwa yin amfani da sabbin samfuran buga littattafai, kamar bita na eran majalisa da ake yi akan matakin fida ta hanyar sabis kamar hypothes.is da kuma karafzarinin.ir, na iya sanya wannan littafin.

Gudanarwa, Canzawa & Ilimi

1) = Afirka-takamaiman, 2) = duniya, bude take, 3) duniya, kasuwanci


Kasancewar Jama'a & Kimiyyar Al'ummaTech al'ummomin da shawarwari
1)Cibiyar sadarwa ta Lab, Pollicy, Sadarwar Sadarwar Kimiyya a Nijeriya, Café Scientificque, Cibiyar Nazarin Ilimin Lissafi na Afirka, Karkashin MicroscopeCode for Africa, AfirkaOSH, Vilsquare, Afirka na buɗe bayanai, EthLagos.io, Buɗaɗɗiyar Duniyar Kasuwancin Kimiyya da Kayan Komputa (OSHNet), STICLab, Labs na Robotech
2)ORCIDTattara don Buɗaɗɗun kimiyyar Kimiyya (GOSH)

Smallan ƙarami, amma girma, adadin Sciencean Kimiyya na Citizan Al'umma da cibiyoyin sadarwa a Nahiyar suma suna samar da hanyar yada shirye-shiryen ilimi. Kasancewar su za a iya cimma ta hanyar kafa ayyukan haɗin gwiwa, kamar sanar da 'yan ƙasa a cikin yaruka da yawa ta hanyar raba saƙon fassara da aka fassara a duk faɗin shafukan yanar gizo (Bezuidenhout et al, 2020)

Kasancewar jama'a da aikin jarida karamin abu ne, amma fagen fito a cikin Afirka. Duk da yake akwai sauran ƙalubalen da suka danganci karancin ilimin kimiyya da karancin tarihi a lokacin karatu tsakanin jama'a da na jama'a, an sami canje-canje da dama na kwanan nan. Yana da mahimmanci cewa masu bincike su ci gaba da hulɗa tare da jama'a don hana rashin fahimta da kuma samar da ingantaccen bayani game da binciken gida da na duniya. A saboda wannan, ƙarin haɗin gwiwa tare da 'yan jaridar Afirka don inganta damar jama'a ga bincike yana da muhimmanci.

Isar da duk citizensan ƙasa na buƙatar buɓatar haɓakar harshe ta hanyar hanyoyin aikin jarida kamar yadda Cibiyar Ilimin Lissafi ta Afirka ke gabatar da ita a cikin Najeriya, misali ta hanyar saƙon bidiyo da watsa mahimman bayanai kamar yadda WHO ta samar ta hanyar hanyoyin sadarwar zamantakewa, kamar yadda Bezuidenhout, McNaughton & Havemann suka gabatar ( 2020) ko Artificial Intelligence (AI) sun kusanci kamar “Wanke hannuwanku” cikin yaruka 500 +.

Inganta Ganuwa na Binciken Afirka

Interoperability abu ne mai mahimanci a cikin sadarwar kimiyya da bincike. Yakamata yaduwar labarai ya zama abin dogaro don gina bincike mai dorewa da kuma samar da kayan aikin ilimi. Haɗin bincike yana aiki zuwa dandamali daban-daban na bincike na ilimi yana ba da ma'amala ma'amala tare da tallafawa ganowa a duk fa'idodin horo, kan iyakoki da lokaci.

Yawancin kungiyoyi daban-daban na Afirka sun riga sun yi aiki tare da waɗannan batutuwan. Musamman, cibiyoyin bincike mai zurfi / cibiyoyin lissafin aiki (irin su DIRISA a Afirka ta Kudu) suna haɓaka ƙwarewa sosai wajen raba bayanai da kuma hanyoyin bincike mai amfani. Irin waɗannan cibiyoyin suna da goyan bayan ƙasa da na ƙasa da ƙasa da kuma ƙwarewar su, kuma suna wakiltar muhimmiyar albarkatu don buɗe hanyoyin Kayan kimiyya a Afirka.

Haka kuma, kungiyoyi daban-daban masu zaman kansu, irin su AfricanArXiv da makamantansu na tun kafin a fara buga kwalekwale suna taimakawa taimako don sauƙaƙe musayar labarai a tsakanin dandamali. Tare da goyon bayan abokan hulɗa na cibiyar sadarwa ta Afirka Open, AfirkaArXiv tana ba da muhimmiyar hanya ga masu binciken Afirka. Farawa daga ingantacciyar hanyar ORCID da izini don karanta gudummawar mai binciken don rarraba ta hanyar wasu dandamali da tashoshi kamar yadda yake kan kowane Zenodo.

Ginin iyawa da horo

Ga masu bincikeGa ma'aikatan lafiya
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/
CDC Africa COVOD-19 horarwar likitanci a webinar: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Tsarin yaduwar COVID-19 wanda aka fara a China, daga baya ya ratsa Turai da Amurka, ya ba da izinin ci gaban gwaje-gwaje na ganowa, da kuma ci gaban ayyukan bincike na COVID-19, da kuma bayar da lokaci ga Afirka ta shirya yadda zata mayar da martani. Jami’ar da masu bincike na kamfanoni masu zaman kansu a cikin kasashen da tuni cutar ta fi kamari ta fara bullo da wasu kwayoyin cuta wadanda ke hana kwayar cutar a jikin kwayar dan Adam, da kuma samar da tarin magungunan da ake da su a gwajin asibiti, kuma suna nazarin ingancin maganin da aka tattara daga marasa lafiyar da suka murmure. daga kamuwa da cuta coronavirus, tsakanin sauran ayyukan da dama.

Hadin gwiwar kasa da kasa tare da masana kimiyyar Afirka kan irin wannan ayyukan suna da mahimmanci a cikin kokarin rage lalacewar cutar a nahiyar, samar da hanyoyin da suka dace da yanayin gida (misali farashi mai sauki / gwajin wayar hannu), kuma da matukar mahimmanci a inganta ayyukan takwarorina. Arewacin Amurka / Turai ta hanyar kawo tsari daban-daban na fasaha, gwaninta, da hangen zaman gaba a aikin. Kungiyoyi kamar Kimiyya don Afirka, waɗanda ke farawa da goyan bayan haɗin gwiwar bincike na duniya, na iya sauƙaƙe ƙoƙarin haɓaka ƙarfin bincike na COVID-19 a nahiyar. Ta hanyar bayyanar rukunin masu bincike a cikin kasashen Afirka tare da dabaru, da gwaninta, da fasaha don gudanar da wannan nau'in binciken, haka kuma takwarorinsu na Arewacin Amurka da Turai wadanda tuni suka fara aiki kan hanyoyin warware su, kungiyar za ta iya hada - bisa takamaiman nau'in bincike, bukatun hadin kai , da kuma ƙwarewar fasaha — da haɗa rukunin bincike tare da taimakon wani dandamali mai sarrafa kansa

(Bude) Albarkatun Ilimi

Akwai tsohon tarihi na nesa da kuma koyan kan layi a Afirka. Misali Jami'ar Afirka ta Kudu, wacce aka kafa a 1946, tana daya daga cikin tsofaffin manyan cibiyoyin koyo nesa a duniya. Haka kuma, cibiyoyi kamar Cibiyar Innovation na Koyarwa da Ilmantarwa a Jami'ar Cape Town, suna samar da ƙwararrun masaniyar duniya a cikin ilimin dijital. Irin waɗannan ayyukan ana gudanar da su ta hanyar cibiyoyi da dandamali duka a cikin ƙasa da kuma na ɓangaren duniya (https://oerafrica.org/). Haɓaka ƙwarewar da ke cikin waɗannan yankuna zai samar da albarkatu masu mahimmanci don faɗaɗa OER a Afirka. Haka kuma, tattara takaddun shawarwari don amfani da kayan aikin ilmantarwa na OER / dijital a cikin saitunan masu rahusa (kamar na wanda ta hanyar UCT) zasu samar da albarkatu masu amfani.

Rahoton eLearning Africa Report 2019 ya lissafa ƙasashe 55 na Afirka tare da misalai da ikon ICT don ilimi (bayanin martabar ƙasa), waɗanda da yawa kuma ana iya amfani dasu yayin ayyukan bincike daga haɓakar aikin har zuwa buga sakamakon (Elletson da Stromeyer, 2019).

Dorewa ta kudi

Inganta kuɗaɗe na gaggawa

Don sauƙaƙe juyin halitta na buɗe abubuwan buɗewa don amsawar COVID-19, yana da mahimmanci cewa an samo kuɗi don sauƙaƙe daidaituwa. Akwai hanyoyi da yawa da za'a iya haɗa waɗannan kudaden, gami da:

  • Solara tabbatar da ayyukan mamaye abubuwa
  • Bayyana ayyukan na yanzu da masu ba da gudummawa masu ba da gudummawa don magance sake fasalin abubuwan ci gaba (da kuma buɗe tushen bayanai)
  • Kira jerin kiraye-kiraye na bude don yin amfani da kai
  • Kusantar da masu tallafawa kasa da kasa kai tsaye da gwamnatoci kai tsaye

Dorewar kudi na dogon lokaci

Ha] a kan hanyoyin samar da ababen more rayuwa a Afirka za su sami fa'ida ga binciken Afirka wanda ya wuce cutar ta COVID-19. Tabbatar da dorewa na kudi na dogon lokaci don tallafawa ci gaba da tsare-tsaren da suka fito daga rikicin na yanzu, da kuma gano sabbin masu ruwa da tsaki don taimakawa tare da juyin halitta, zai zama mabuɗin. Batutuwan da za a magance su sune:

  • Evidenceara hujja akan daidaitawar COVID-19 da tasiri tasirin waɗannan abubuwan ci gaba
  • Ci gaba da ɗimbin kuɗi na mafi ƙarancin 1% GDP don bincike daga gwamnatocin ƙasa, kuma tabbatar da cewa ana samun karuwar saka hannun jari a ayyukan samar da bincike a sahun gaba
  • Yi nazarin manufofin kasa sosai game da rarraba bayanai da bincike don aiwatar da canji wanda zai goyi bayan buɗe hanyoyin
  • Shiga tare da majalisun kudade don tabbatar da cewa bude hanyoyin samar da Kasuwanci a kan ajandarsu
  • Kira don haɗin gwiwar duniya daga ƙungiyar Open Science duniya
  • Gano ƙirar kuɗin tallafi, ko ƙirar kasuwanci mai yuwuwa waɗanda ke aiki tare da kuma al'ummar bincike na Afirka. Muna ba da tsari na kampani da cakuda tsarin hada-hada, wanda ya haɗa da:
  • Afirka ta Kudu: Tarayyar Afirka, AfDB,…
  • Gwamnatocin kasashen Afirka (ma'aikatun R&E)
  • ƙungiyar bincike ta ƙasa kamar ASSAf (SA) da SRF (Sudan)
  • Tushen Afirka irin su Mandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • An ba da tallafin ta hanyar tallafi na duniya ta hanyar B&M Gates Foundation, Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, Mozilla Foundation, Sloan Foundation, da sauransu.
  • USAID; Hukumomin bada kudade na Turai: (UK) Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Ayyukan masana kimiyya: fassarar, Sadarwar Kimiyya ga jama'a (a sauƙaƙe ƙarar ilimi), horar da ƙarfi don masana kimiyya, ECR da ɗalibai // wa ke biyan wane sabis?

Iyakantarwa & kalubale

Tattaunawa game da samar da abubuwan ci gaba na kimiyyar Buƙatun Ilimin Buƙatun na buƙatar zama takamaiman game da wanda zai amfana daga sakamakon binciken da ake rabawa bayyane a farkon lokacin, da kuma waɗancan tsari wanda yake sauƙaƙe wannan. Akwai buƙatar gaggawa don sake tsarin tsarin kuɗi na wanda ke biyan abin da kuma lokacin. Littattafan ilimi da kuma ajiyar bayanai yakamata su zama muhimmin bangare na aikin bincike; amma wanene yake biya don gudanarwa / gudanarwa, Rarraba DOI, tattara bayanai da sauransu akan wane matakin ne ake aiwatarwa?

Yi hankali da ƙasashen da aka sa takunkumi da kuma wane tasiri hakan zai iya tasiri kan yanayin binciken ƙasar: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Rashin ingantacciyar hanyar sadarwa, mai araha, mai saurin intanet har yanzu tana haifar da babban kalubale ga duk wani yunƙurin haɗin gwiwar kan layi a yawancin ɓangarorin Afirka.

Outlook

Muna kira don gina haɗin gwiwa da haɗin gwiwa a duk faɗin nahiyar da kuma taimakon duniya daga wasu yankuna na duniya da ƙasashe masu ba da gudummawa.

References

Adegbeye OT, (2020). Me yasa nisantawar zamantakewa ba zai yi mana aiki ba. Ma'aikata (NG)

Prina'idojin Afirka don Sadarwar Ilimi na OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-principles/

Tsarin Kasuwancin Kimiyyar Afirka africanopenscience.org.za

Abukutsa-Onyango, Mary O. (2019). Kwarewa a cikin Binciken Kwarewa da Ilimi don Ci Gaba mai dorewa a Afirka. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

Ayebare R, Waitt P, Okello S et al. Ba da rancen hannun jari a cikin shirye-shiryen cutar Ebola don COVID-19 a Saharar Afirka [sashi na 1; sake dubawa na takwarorina: jiran sauraren karar]. AAS Buɗe Res 2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1)

Ahinon et al. (2019). Sauye-sauyen ilimin ilimi da yawa daga da game da Afirka: bincika wurin sake buɗe kundin ajiyar AfirkaArXiv. Laddamar da Labaran Labarun Afirka. Akwai daga ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic- saniwun-kamar-dawo-farin-ki-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Havemann, Jo, Restrepo, Martin, & Obanda, Johanssen. (2020). Ppingaddamar da martani na COVID-19 na duniya: daga ƙananan hukumomi zuwa gwamnatoci [Data set]. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Ma'aikatan Bincike na Dijital na Afirka: Maididdigar Tsarin filin [zane na]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) takunkumin tattalin arziƙi da ilimin kimiyya: Overaukar ra'ayi da sakamako mai tsawo. PLoS DAYA 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & Havemann J (2020, Maris 26). Siffofin Multilingual COVID-19 Bidiyo. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shirts CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Duniya rashin daidaito a cikin damar samun cikakken labaran labarai na kimiyya: misalin likitan ido. PeerJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

Cárdenas, OVL (2019) Staukar fasahar samar da hasken rana ta zamani zuwa / daga Ta Kudu Ta Duniya. mutabit.com

Elletson, H. da Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. Rahoton eLearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: Jamus. Akwai daga https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, Janairu). Rainbow na bude ayyukan kimiyya. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025

Maia Chagas, A .; Molloy, J .; Prieto Godino, L .; Baden, T. Leveraging Buɗaɗɗen Buɗaɗɗen Kayayyaki don Hardwareaukaka Burden COVID-19 akan Tsarin Kiwon Lafiya na Duniya. Preprints 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1.

McPhee, C., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. Editocin: Ingantaccen Innovation a cikin Kasashe Masu tasowa. Sake Nazarin Gudanar da Harkokin Fasaha, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134

Poynder, R (31 ga Oktoba, 2019, Tattaunawar OA: K. Vijay Raghavan, Babban Mashawarci a fannin Kimiyya, Gwamnatin India. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-in tambayoyi-k-vijayraghavan.html

Ciplesa'idojin Sadarwar Ilimin Fasaha a Ilimi: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/

Smith I (2019). DOAJ Guest Post: Siffar yanayin Afirka OA tare da mai da hankali kan wallafe-wallafen ilimi. Blog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; Crane, H .; Kirki, T .; Davila, J .; Enkhbayar, A .; Hasmann, J .; Kramer, B .; Martin, R .; Masuzzo, P .; Nobes, A .; Rice, C .; Rivera-López, B .; Ross-Hellauer, T .; Sattler, S .; Thacker, PD; Vanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Labaran Gaggawa Goma da Bugawa akan Bugawar Ilmi. Publications 2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/publications7020034

Rataye: Kungiyoyi da sabis na dijital

Africanungiyoyin Afirka da na Afirka ba da sabis na dijital kamar yadda aka ambata a cikin wannan takaddar. Don ƙarin sigar wannan tebur jeka https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn

Organisationurlkasar
Shirin Ilimin Lantarki na Afirkahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/Pan-Afirka
Bankin raya Afrika (AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enTunisia
Filin HIghway na Afirkahttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/Harshen PanAfrican
Littattafan Afirka na kan layi (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/Afirka ta Kudu
Bayanai na Open na Afirkahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Hanyar Sadarwar Karatun Afirkahttps://www.africanscilit.org/Najeriya
AfirkaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
AfrikaArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-Afirka
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Najeriya
Binciken BASEhttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpDuniya
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/Amurka
Café Scientificquehttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/Najeriya | Duniya
Kulawahttps://www.careables.org/ EU | Duniya
Lambar ga Afirkahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Kenya
Bayanaihttps://dataverse.org/Amurka
ZAMU CIGABAhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagascar
EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Najeriya
Figsharehttps://figshare.com/London | Amurka
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Dunkule Inan Addinin Duniya (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Jamus | Duniya
Cibiyar sadarwa ta Labhttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Google masanihttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Bayanin.ishttps://hypothes.is/Amurka
Cibiyar Tasiri ta Tasirihttps://impacthub.net/Austria
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/United Kingdom
Cibiyar sadarwa ta Jokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/Faransa
Kawai Labari ɗaya (JOGL)https://jogl.ioFaransa | Duniya
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/Amurka
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaKamaru
medrXivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Mendeleyhttps://www.mendeley.com/United Kingdom
Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapore
OER Afirkahttps://www.oerafrica.org/Afirka ta Kudu
Bude Afirkahttps://africaopendata.org/Kenya
Bude Taswirar Ilmihttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Austria
Bude Kasuwancin Kimiyya da Kayan aiki (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaTanzania
budeAfricahttps://open.africa/Afirka ta Kudu
ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/Amurka
Bude Tsarin Kimiyya (OSF)http://OSF.ioAmurka
Takardahttp://Paperhive.orgJamus
PeAkAyhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/Faransa
Pollicyhttp://pollicy.orgPan-Afirka
Karafarin.orghttps://www.preprints.org/Switzerland
Bugawahttps://www.prereview.org/Amurka
Sanadarin.irhttps://www.protocols.io/Amurka
santasarihttps://ropensci.org/Amurka
Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Sake Gyarahttps://refigure.org/Global
ResearchGatehttps://www.researchgate.net/Jamus
Hanyar RLabshttps://rlabs.orgAfirka ta Kudu
Labs na Robotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzTanzania
Cibiyar Sadarwa ta Kimiyyahttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNajeriya
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/Amurka
SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Switzerland
STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzTanzania
TCC Afirkahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Kenya
Lenshttps://www.lens.org/Australia
Karkashin saƙwalwahttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Kenya
Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Najeriya
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/Amurka


0 Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address ba za a buga. Da ake bukata filayen suna alama *

justo mattis venenatis Aenean kara, zauna risus