In bugu na ilimi, kwalliyar kwalliya ce ta malamin ilimi ko takarda kimiyya wanda ke gabanta na takamammen bita da buga a nazarin ɗan adam ilimi ko mujallar kimiyya. Za a iya samun karfen ɗin, sau da yawa kamar nau'in nau'in-nau'in-kyauta wanda ba a kyauta, kafin da / ko bayan an buga takarda a cikin jarida.

Daga Wikipedia, Encyclopedia na kyauta // Duba kuma: Rubuce (bugu)
Abin da ke Preprint ta asapbio.org

Jagora na manufofin saiti da kuma ayyukanta na farko

asapbio.org/preprint-servers

Rkewaya

Rouhi S, (Dec 2019) "Don shirya, ko kuma ba don bugawa ba?" Menene damar farawa, wanda ba a sauƙaƙe-bincike ba a cikin jama'a? Blog PLOS

Sarabipour S, Debat HJ, Emmott E, Burgess SJ, Schwessinger B, Hensel Z (2019) A kan darajar kayan kwalliya: Matsayin mai neman aikin yi da wuri. PLoS Biol 17 (2): e3000151. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000151

Tennant J, Bauin S, James S, & Kant J (2018). Samfurin shimfidar wuri mai faɗi: Rahoton gabatarwa don Exchangeungiyar Exchangewararrun Ma'aikata na Ilimi akan ayyukan gyara. doi.org/10.31222/osf.io/796tu

Kakakin R & Spitzer M (2018) Preprints: Abin da, Dalilin, Yaya. Cibiyar Kimiyya don Buɗa - Blog. cos.io/blog/preprints- yaya-why-how/

yana da amfani sosai don amfaninsa.