Ndị edemede na ndị ntinye aha na mkpụrụedemede
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Ọyụ. (2020). African Digital Repositories: Nkewa Landscape [Data set]. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

Map Anya: https://kumu.io/a2P/african-digital-research-repositories 
Ebe data: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Edebere na https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Missiondị nnyefe: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

ikikere: Ederede na Nleta Anya - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Ngalaba Ọha) // Ikikere nke nchekwa data nke ọ bụla kpebisiri ike site na nchekwa data n'onwe ya.

Isi mmalite: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Data doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // dị n'ụdị dị iche iche (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.orgna mmekorita ya na AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) gosiputa ihe omuma ihe omuma nke ebe a na-edebe akwukwo di iche iche di iche iche nke Afrika. Nke a sitere na ọrụ mbụ nke IAI site na 2016 gaa n'ihu iji chọpụta ma depụta ọdụ ụlọ ọrụ Africa nke gbadoro anya na ịchọta ebe nchekwa dị na ọba akwụkwọ mahadum nke Africa. Ihe ndi ozo anyi nwere bu na https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Map mmekọrịta ahụ na-agbatị ọrụ nke IAI iji tinye nzukọ, gọọmentị na mba ụwa. Ọ na-egosipụtakwa mmekọrịta nke dị n’etiti ebe nchekwa ihe. Na dataset a, anyị na-elekwasị anya na nchekwa ụlọ ọrụ maka ọrụ ndị ọkachamara, dị ka ndị na-akwado Wikipedia (March 2020) si kọwaa.

nzube

E mepụtara maapụ ihe ngosi dijitalụ nke Africa dị ka ihe ọrụ iji rụọ ọrụ na-ekwupụta ebumnuche ndị a:

  1. Meziwanye nchọpụta nke nchọpụta na mbipụta ndị Africa 
  2. Mee ka mmekorita nke Afrika si adi na odi kwa n’iru
  3. Choputa uzo nke eji acho ihe banyere ihe omuma banyere dijitalụ nwere ike ikwalite nchoputa nke nyocha Africa

Anyị na-akwalite mgbasa nke ihe ọmụma sitere na nyocha sitere na ụlọ ọrụ Africa dị ka akụkụ nke nnukwu ala a na-etinyekwa akwụkwọ ntanetị, akwụkwọ nyocha nyocha na ndị na-ebi akwụkwọ akwụkwọ ọgụgụ iji mee ka njikọ dị na ohere nke ndị na-echekwa ụdị ihe a gafere na mpaghara Africa na inye onyinye aka. Inwekwu nghọta banyere akụ na ụba nke kọntinent ahụ.  

Archichekwa data na ndozi

A na-ahazi map ahụ na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ kwekọrọ na weebụsaịtị nke AfricanArXiv n'okpuru 'Resources' na https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Ndepụta a anaghị agwụ agwụ, yabụ anyị na-agba ume maka mkpokọta ọ bụla dabara adaba na mpaghara Africa nke edeghị aha ebe a mpempe nrubeisi na https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, ma ọ bụ igosipụta International African Institute (email sk111@soas.ac.uk). Abụọ AfricanArXiv na IAI ga-aga n'ihu na-edobe akwụkwọ ndekọ ego dị ka ihe enyemaka maka ndị ọrụ nyocha Africa na ndị ọzọ metụtara ya gụnyere obodo ọmụmụ mba Africa.

Usoro

Ndi International African Institute chịkọtara ndepụta izizi nke dijitalụ na 2016 wee bụrụ emelitere na 2019 (lee https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories maka nkọwa). Edere ndenye site na ozi sitere na bylọ Ọrụ Ọmụmụ Africa, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ọkachasị oru ya 'Ijikọ Africa'http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), na ndekọ nke Open Access repositories (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), na Ndekọ Njikwa nke Akaụntụ Arụ Ọrụhttp://roar.eprints.org/) n'etiti ndị ọzọ. Emere ihe mbu edere site na mgbe itinye aka na ndozi ndi na - akwado oru ndi akwukwo.https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/, Akwukwo ndi ozo nke Zenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Figshare nnakọta (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), na akwụkwọ nkwupụta nke atọ. 

Maka ile anya anyị jiri sọftụwia Kumu (https://kumu.io/) iji maapụ akwụkwọ nyocha nke obodo site na sọftụwia, kompeni ndị ọbịa na ụlọ ọrụ curating. Anyị gbakwunyekwara otu maka asụsụ nke interface, sistemu na ọrụ edobere n'otu ebe.

Results

N'ime ebe nchekwa data, South Africa (40) na Kenya (32) kwadoro ọnụ ọgụgụ kacha elu nke ndị na-ede akwụkwọ. Na obodo ndị ọzọ, dịka Etiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, na Zimbabwe, ọnụọgụ ndị ahụ pere mpe (5-15). N'ime mba iri na isii gụnyere Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia na Eswatini (nke bụ Swaziland n'oge gara aga), enweghị data dị iche iche na-achọpụta nyocha nchọpụta dijitalụ.

Asụsụ ndị nnọchite anya dataset gụnyere Bekee (en), French (fr), Arabic (ar), Amaranth (amh), Portuguese (pt), Swahili (sw), Spanish (es), German (de).

Nyocha 1: Nchịkọta maapụ nlere anya na mpaghara dijitalụ Afrika (n = 229). Nọmba na-anọchite anya obodo nwere njikọ ha na ụdị nchịkọta dị iche iche dị ka koodu agba (lee akụkọ).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Nyocha 2: Nlele nlele nlere anya na Sudan na-akọwapụta nkọwa nke ụlọ akwụkwọ Mahadum West Kordufan, incl. Sọftụwia, asụsụ dịnụ, nnweta yana url.
Nyocha 3: Onu ogugu nke mba Africa na otu percent. Mba ndị ọzọ 'gụnyere ndị nwere onyinye 0-3 dị ugbu a,
Nyocha 4: Ndị na-eweta ngwanro a Amaghi 

Nkwurịta

Ihe nchekwa dijitalụ e mere nke ọma kwesiri ime ka nchọpụta nnweta nyocha ma nwee ike ịchọta ịntanetị. Ọzọkwa, imeghe akwụkwọ kwesịrị ime ka ndị ọrụ si gburugburu ụwa nwee ike ịnweta njigide data. Mepee ihe nchekwa dijitalụ na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa n'ime oghere sayensị mepere emepe ma bụrụ ihe dị oke mkpa na mbipụta akwụkwọ Open Access. Maka nzụlite ọzọ na echiche maka mmepe na nlele maka ịchebe ntụnyere maka ọmụmụ Africa na Africa, lee Molteno (2016).

Anyị na-amata ihe mgbagwoju anya nke maapụ dijitalụ. N'agbanyeghị ihe ịma aka nke nchịkọta data, ọkwa ndị ọzọ nke nsogbu ndị siri ike na-abịa n'ịchọpụta usoro ọgwụgwọ, njedebe ikike, nyocha, ogologo ndụ / nkwado na ọtụtụ ụdị data maka nkwụnye ego. Ka o sina dị, anyị kwenyere na eserese ngosi dị ka nke dị n'okpuru bụ ihe bara uru. Inwe nghọta nke netwọọdụ nchekwa dị ugbu a - yana ike ya na adịghị ike ya - na-eme ka nzaghachi na ndozi na-aga n'ihu. Ọzọkwa, ịbawanye ọhụhụ nke ebe nchekwa ndị a - ma ndị Africa na ndị na-ege ntị na ụwa - nwere ike ịkwado okekọrịta nke omume, ahụmịhe na nka kachasị mma. Nke a ga - enyere ndị na - ahụ maka ya aka, ya bụ ndị na - agụ akwụkwọ na ndị ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ ndị ọzọ ka ha mee mkpebi doro anya banyere etu esi arụ ọrụ teknụzụ dijitalụ maka nchekwa nke ọrụ ndị ọkà mmụta Africa na - arụ ọrụ ka ndị Africa nwee ike ịza ngwa ngwa na teknụzụ ọhụụ na ịzụlite ụzọ "ala" njikwa data dijitalụ nke dabara adaba ma kwadoo kọntinent Africa.

Ihe akowara dika nkpokorita ego di iche na otutu, obughi naani n’Afrika, kama n’ogodi ihe omumu uwa nile. Ego ndi eweputara iji wee debe ya na iwusi ndi oru aka di nkpa ma dikwa oke nkpa, dabere na ntinye aka nke ndi ochichi obodo nke nyocha na ntinye ma obu onyinye onyinye. Mgbanwe dị na sistemụ na-eji akụrụngwa dị iche iche na njikwa akụrụngwa na-egbochi itinye aka na ntanetị ma si otú nchọta nke ndị nwere nchekwa na kọntinenti na mpaghara ụwa ndị ọzọ. Ekwesịrị ilebara okwu ndị a anya iji kwe ka nyocha nke Africa gbanwee site na saloes dijitalụ gaa na mpaghara mmekọrịta.

Anyị na-atụ anya maapụ a ka ọ bụrụ mpaghara nke nyocha ọdịnihu dị ukwuu nke akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ na-apụta na ebe nchekwa data. N'ime ntinye aka nke ọrụ a, anyị na-ezube itinye na dataset na eserese eserese eserese dijitalụ nke data dijitalụ nke Africa Open Science Platform (AOSP) nyocha ala (2019). Ebumnuche ọzọ ga-abụ ịchọpụta azịza nke teknụzụ iji mee ka ọtụtụ ebe nchekwa na-arụkọ ọrụ ma na-enyocha ha n'ofe ọzụzụ / mpaghara / asụsụ - enwere ike ịnweta ma na-arụ ọrụ na mpaghara Africa ugbu a yana oke bandwidth ikike dịka site na ịmepụta usoro ntanetị na ntanetị. 

Otu ozo nke itinye ego a ga-etinye ga-abu ihe omumu omumu nke emere n’Afrika ma hazie ya n’abughi otu a; otu ndị dị otú ahụ ndepụta curated bụ Njikọ-Africa (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). A na-echekwa ndenye aha na-eto eto na Wikidata, lee en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ndị edemede ahụ nabatara n'ụzọ doro anya nzaghachi na dataset ahụ ewepụtara yana ntinye aka na ntinye aha ụlọ ọrụ nke agbadoro n'amaghị ama ma ọ bụ na-eme atụmatụ na mmejuputa ugbu a. Anyị na-ele anya isoro ndị ọzọ na-ahụ maka mmekọrịta na R&I nke Africa yana ụlọ ọrụ mba ofesi na-enyocha nyocha nke ndị ọkà mmụta dị ugbu a na mbipụta akwụkwọ yana ịrụ ọrụ maka mmekọrịta ha. 

References

Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), African Open Science Platform - Ọmụmụ Ihe Odida. ma obu: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Ihe omuma nke sayensi nke Afrika - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Ijikọ-Africa - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

Molteno, R. (2016), Gịnị kpatara na nzere dijitalụ nke Africa maka ịchekwa ihe odide nyocha dị ezigbo mkpa, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Ndi sonyere na African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workshop, Septemba 2018, ndị sonyere Africa Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, March 2018, Advisory Council, African Open Science Platform Project, Technical Advisory Board, African Open Science Platform, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ọhụụ nke Sayensị na Sayensị nke Ọdịnihu: Ọhụụ na atụmatụ maka Africa Open Science Platform (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Ntinye Wikidata - eg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Ndị nyere Wikipedia (2020, Mach 18). Ọbá akwụkwọ dijitalụ. Na Wikipedia, Encyclopedia. Eweghachitere 18:02, Machị 27, 2020, site na https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


0 Comments

Nkume a-aza