Ndị edemede & ndị nyere onyinye n’usoro mkpụrụedemede
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Reakiti nke dijitalụ nyocha nke Africa: Nkewa eserese ala. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

Map Anya: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Ebe data: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Edebere na https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Missiondị nnyefe: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

ikikere: Ederede na Nleta Anya - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Ngalaba Ọha) // Ikikere nke nchekwa data nke ọ bụla kpebisiri ike site na nchekwa data n'onwe ya.

Isi mmalite: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Data doi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // dị n'ụdị dị iche iche (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.orgna mmekorita ya na AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) gosipụta maapụ mmekọrịta akwụkwọ nyocha dijitalụ nke Africa. Nke a sitere na ọrụ IAI mbụ site na 2016 gaa n'ihu ịchọpụta na ịdepụta akwụkwọ ụlọ ọrụ ndị dị na Afrịka nke lekwasịrị anya na ịchọpụta akwụkwọ ụlọ ọrụ mahadum ndị dị n'Africa. Ihe mbu anyị nwere na https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Maazị mmekọrịta ahụ na-agbatị ọrụ nke IAI ka ịgụnye nhazi, ndị gọọmentị na ndị na-ahụ maka mba ụwa. Ọ na-egosipụtakwa mmekọrịta dị n'etiti ihe ndekọ nyocha. N'ime saiti a, anyị na-elekwasị anya na ahaziri ụlọ ọrụ maka ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ, dịka ndị nyere onyinye Wikipedia (Machị 2020) siri kọwaa.

nzube

E mepụtara maapụ ihe ngosi dijitalụ nke Africa dị ka ihe ọrụ iji rụọ ọrụ na-ekwupụta ebumnuche ndị a:

  1. Meziwanye nchọpụta nke nchọpụta na mbipụta ndị Africa
  2. Mee ka mmekorita nke Afrika si adi na odi kwa n’iru
  3. Choputa uzo nke eji acho ihe banyere ihe omuma banyere dijitalụ nwere ike ikwalite nchoputa nke nyocha Africa

Anyị na-akwalite mgbasa nke ihe ọmụma sitere na nyocha sitere na ụlọ ọrụ Africa dị ka akụkụ nke nnukwu ala a na-etinyekwa akwụkwọ ntanetị, akwụkwọ nyocha nyocha na ndị na-ebi akwụkwọ akwụkwọ ọgụgụ iji mee ka njikọ dị na ohere nke ndị na-echekwa ụdị ihe a gafere na mpaghara Africa na inye onyinye aka. Inwekwu nghọta banyere akụ na ụba nke kọntinent ahụ.

Archichekwa data na ndozi

A na-ahazi map ahụ na ebe nrụọrụ weebụ kwekọrọ na weebụsaịtị nke AfricanArXiv n'okpuru 'Resources' na https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Ndepụta a anaghị agwụ agwụ, yabụ anyị na-agba ume maka mkpokọta ọ bụla dabara adaba na mpaghara Africa nke edeghị aha ebe a mpempe nrubeisi na https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, ma ọ bụ igosipụta International African Institute (email sk111@soas.ac.uk). Abụọ AfricanArXiv na IAI ga-aga n'ihu na-edobe akwụkwọ ndekọ ego dị ka ihe enyemaka maka ndị ọrụ nyocha Africa na ndị ọzọ metụtara ya gụnyere obodo ọmụmụ mba Africa.

Usoro

Ndi International African Institute chịkọtara ndepụta izizi nke dijitalụ na 2016 wee bụrụ emelitere na 2019 (lee https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories maka nkọwa). Edere ndenye site na ozi sitere na bylọ Ọrụ Ọmụmụ Africa, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ọkachasị oru ya 'Ijikọ Africa'http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), akwụkwọ ndekọ aha nke ihe eji emeghe Open (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), na Ndekọ Njikwa nke Akaụntụ Arụ Ọrụhttp://roar.eprints.org/) n'etiti ndị ọzọ. Emere ihe mbu edere site na mgbe itinye aka na ndozi ndi na - akwado oru ndi akwukwo.https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Zenodo Community collections (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Figshare nnakọta (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), na akwụkwọ nkwupụta nke atọ.

Nlere anya anyị jiri ngwanrọ Kumu (jiri anya anyị wee hụ)https://kumu.io/) iji maapụ akwụkwọ nyocha nke obodo site na sọftụwia, kompeni ndị ọbịa na ụlọ ọrụ curating. Anyị gbakwunyekwara otu maka asụsụ nke interface, sistemu na ọrụ edobere n'otu ebe.

Results

N'ime ebe nchekwa data, South Africa (40) na Kenya (32) kwadoro ọnụ ọgụgụ kacha elu nke ndị na-ede akwụkwọ. Na obodo ndị ọzọ, dịka Etiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, na Zimbabwe, ọnụọgụ ndị ahụ pere mpe (5-15). N'ime mba iri na isii gụnyere Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia na Eswatini (nke bụ Swaziland n'oge gara aga), enweghị data dị iche iche na-achọpụta nyocha nchọpụta dijitalụ.

Asụsụ ndị nnọchite anya dataset gụnyere Bekee (en), French (fr), Arabic (ar), Amaranth (amh), Portuguese (pt), Swahili (sw), Spanish (es), German (de).

Nyocha 1: Nchịkọta maapụ nlere anya na mpaghara dijitalụ Afrika (n = 229). Nọmba na-anọchite anya obodo nwere njikọ ha na ụdị nchịkọta dị iche iche dị ka koodu agba (lee akụkọ).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Nyocha 2: Nlele nlele nlere anya na Sudan na-akọwapụta nkọwa nke ụlọ akwụkwọ Mahadum West Kordufan, incl. Sọftụwia, asụsụ dịnụ, nnweta yana url.
Nyocha 3: Onu ogugu nke mba Africa na otu percent. Mba ndị ọzọ 'gụnyere ndị nwere onyinye 0-3 dị ugbu a,
Nyocha 4: Ndị na-eweta ngwanro a Amaghi

Nkwurịta

Ihe nchekwa dijitalụ e mere nke ọma kwesiri ime ka nchọpụta nnweta nyocha ma nwee ike ịchọta ịntanetị. Ọzọkwa, imeghe akwụkwọ kwesịrị ime ka ndị ọrụ si gburugburu ụwa nwee ike ịnweta njigide data. Mepee ihe nchekwa dijitalụ na-arụ ọrụ dị mkpa n'ime oghere sayensị mepere emepe ma bụrụ ihe dị oke mkpa na mbipụta akwụkwọ Open Access. Maka nzụlite ọzọ na echiche maka mmepe na nlele maka ịchebe ntụnyere maka ọmụmụ Africa na Africa, lee Molteno (2016).

Anyị na-amata ihe mgbagwoju anya nke nzacha ese foto dijitalụ. N'agbanyeghi nsogbu nke ichikota data, ihe ozo di iche-iche nke nsogbu di iche-iche na-abia icho uzo eji eme ihe, ebe nchoputa, ihe ichoro, ogologo ndu / ntinye na otutu udiri data. Ka o sina dị, anyị kwenyere na map ndị dị ka nke a kpọtụrụ aha n'okpuru ka bụ ihe bara uru. Inwe nghọta banyere netwọọdụ ebe nchekwa dị - yana ike ya na adịghị ike ya - na-eme ka nzaghachi na nkwalite ndị a na-emezi ka mma. Ọzọkwa, ịbawanye visibiliti ndị a na - echekwa ma ndị Afrika ma ndị na - ege ụwa zuru ụwa ọnụ - nwere ike ikwado ịkekọrịta usoro kacha mma, ahụmihe na ahụmịhe ha. Nke a ga - enyere ndị o metụtara aka, ya bụ ndị ọbá akwụkwọ na ndị ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ ndị ọzọ ka ha mee mkpebi siri ike banyere etu a ga - esi mee ka ọgbara ọhụrụ jupụta teknụzụ dijitalụ maka ịchekwa akwụkwọ ọgụgụ ndị Afrịka dị adị iji wee nwee ike ị nabata teknụzụ ọhụụ ma zụlite ụzọ "ala". njikwa data dijitalụ nke dabara ma dịgide maka mpaghara Africa.

Ihe akowara dika nkpokorita ego di iche na otutu, obughi naani n’Afrika, kama n’ogodi ihe omumu uwa nile. Ego ndi eweputara iji wee debe ya na iwusi ndi oru aka di nkpa ma dikwa oke nkpa, dabere na ntinye aka nke ndi ochichi obodo nke nyocha na ntinye ma obu onyinye onyinye. Mgbanwe dị na sistemụ na-eji akụrụngwa dị iche iche na njikwa akụrụngwa na-egbochi itinye aka na ntanetị ma si otú nchọta nke ndị nwere nchekwa na kọntinenti na mpaghara ụwa ndị ọzọ. Ekwesịrị ilebara okwu ndị a anya iji kwe ka nyocha nke Africa gbanwee site na saloes dijitalụ gaa na mpaghara mmekọrịta.

Anyị na-atụ anya na eserese a ka ọ bụrụ akụkụ nke nyocha ga-eme n'ọdịnihu nke akwụkwọ na akwụkwọ na-adị ugbu a na nchịkọta data. N'ịgbaso usoro ọrụ a, anyị na-eme atụmatụ itinye na dataset na maapụ nlele data dijitalụ nke Africa dị ka ọmụmụ nke African Open Science Platform (AOSP). Ebumnuche ọzọ ga - abụ ịchọpụta ụzọ esi teknụzụ mee ka iche iche nzụlite na --echekwa gafee usoro / mpaghara / asụsụ - dị mfe ma rụọ ọrụ n'ọnọdụ ọnọdụ Afrịka ugbu a nwere ikike bandwidth dịtụ dịka site na ịmalite ọrụ ntanetị / offline.

Otu ozo nke itinye ego a ga-etinye ga-abu ihe omumu omumu nke emere n’Afrika ma hazie ya n’abughi otu a; otu ndị dị otú ahụ ndepụta curated bụ Njikọ-Africa (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). A na-echekwa ndenye aha na-eto eto na Wikidata, lee en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ndị edemede a nabatara nzaghachi doro anya na dataset ndị a ewetara, tinyere ntinye aka na aha ụlọ ọrụ ewepụrụ ngwa ngwa ma ọ bụ na-eme atụmatụ ugbu a. Anyị na-atụ anya iso ndị ọzọ na-ekwu maka ya na Africa R&I yana ụlọ ọrụ mba dị iche iche leba anya na ebe agụmakwụkwọ dị na ụlọ ọrụ na-ebipụta akwụkwọ dị ugbu a ma na-arụ ọrụ na mmekọrịta ha.

References

Usoro Ọmụmụ Sayensị nke South Africa (2019), Nnukwu Ihe Ọmụma Sayensị Afrịka - Ọmụmụ ala. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

Platform Na - emeghe Saịtị http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Njikọ-Africa - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

Molteno, R. (2016), Gịnị kpatara na nzere dijitalụ nke Africa maka ịchekwa ihe odide nyocha dị ezigbo mkpa, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Ndi sonyere na African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workshop, Septemba 2018, ndị sonyere Africa Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, March 2018, Advisory Council, African Open Science Platform Project, Technical Advisory Board, African Open Science Platform, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ọhụụ nke Sayensị na Sayensị nke Ọdịnihu: Ọhụụ na atụmatụ maka Africa Open Science Platform (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Ndenye Wikidata - wdg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Ndị nyere Wikipedia (2020, Mach 18). Ọbá akwụkwọ dijitalụ. Na Wikipedia, Encyclopedia. Eweghachitere 18:02, Machị 27, 2020, site na https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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