Aha dị ka: Hasmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Ejikwa ihe owuwu a na-emeghe nke Science Science maka nzaghachi Afrika zuru oke na COVID-19 [akwadebe]. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3733768


Authors

Otu ndi otu:

Akwụkwọ ozi: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org

Ndị na-enye onyinye (na mkpụrụedemede):


Biko rụba ama: Akwụkwọ a na ntụgharị ya ugbu a (v1.1) ghe oghe maka ikwu okwu.

Biko, tụọ aro ederede n’ebe a slighturl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, ma ọ bụ ziga ndị odeakwụkwọ dabara adaba. Site n'inye onyinye bara ụba na ederede ahụ, ị ​​ka nwere ike sonyere anyị na ndepụta ndị edemede.

Iji tinye aka na nzaghachi ọnụ na ụfọdụ usoro ọrụ na / ma ọ bụ ego, biko gaa https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

Okwu Mmalite

Ulo akwukwo ihe nlere nke uwa nile na emegharia anya dika ihe mmeme nke Open Science na ihe nyocha COVID-19 bu nke a na-eme ka oha mepee maka oru nyocha nke ndi obodo n’iru na akuko (Akligoh et al. 2020; JOGL COVID19, Open Letter: Kpọtụrụ Ndepụta na NHSX). N’otu uche maka Financial Times, Prime Minista Etiopia na onye nrite Nobel Peace 2019 nyere gọvanọ Abiy Ahmed mere ka a mata ìhè mkpa ọ dị ijikọ ụwa ọnụ iji lụsoo ọrịa ọgụ na-achịkọta: “[A dịghị emerie oria a na Africa, a ga-eme ya na-alọghachi azụ ụwa ndị ọzọ ”. Akụkụ akụ na ụba na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị nke Ahmed lekwasịrị anya ga-agbadoro ụkwụ na nyocha sayensị - mpaghara pụrụ iche, ebe njikọ ụwa niile. Imepe nnyocha na akụnụba ndị emepe emepe agaghị ezu, anyị ga-agbakwunye nkwado, welie ma jikọta obere akpa ikike dị na Open Science na mpaghara Africa.

Site na oria ojoo coronavirus di ugbu a, ochicho nke Open Access na nsonaazụ nyocha ga-abawanye ihe ọmụma sayensị ọha na eze na akwụkwọ COVID-19 na-eme ka ndị nchọpụta Africa nwee ike ịmalite usoro nke gbakwasara ụkwụ na Africa iji lụso nje SARS-CoV 2, ebe otu oge na-ewusi akụ nke biomedical mpaghara nke mba Africa na ịba ụba njikere maka ntiwapụ ọ bụla. Nke a metụtara ma ụwa na mpaghara mpaghara. Ọrịa ndị na-efe efe mbụ, dịka ọrịa Ebola Western na Ebola na-adịbeghị anya, gosipụtara mmetụta ọjọọ nke ịnweta ohere data na usoro mgbasa ozi na-adịghị mma. Ọ bụ naanị site na iwepu ụgwọ akwụ ụgwọ, ịbawanye ohere dijitalụ na akụrụngwa, na ịkwalite ọrụ nkekọrịta onye na-ahazi mgbalị iji belata mmetụta nke nje ahụ nwere ike ịga nke ọma. Nke a bụ eziokwu ọ bụghị naanị maka nzaghachi dị mkpụmkpụ maka nsogbu ahụike, kamakwa maka mmetụta na-adịte aka na akụ na ụba Africa, ụlọ ọrụ mmekọrịta ọha na eze na ebe obibi ndị mmadụ n'ofe kọntinent ahụ.

Ndi obodo ndi n’enye ego na ndi n’enwe ego (LMICs) ndi n’enye uzo bu Open Access - dika ndi Brasilia choputara nke zuru ezu bu ihe eji ede akwukwo SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) nke a na-anabatakwa na South Africa. Anyi na - agba ndi ndi Africa ume ka ha buru ụzọ mara aka. Ọ dị mkpa ịghọta na nzaghachi ejikọtara maka ịkekọrịta ozi na Afrịka nwere ike ịdabere n'ọtụtụ usoro dịnụ na-akwado imeghe nchọpụta na ịkọkọrịta ozi. N'ezie, ihe achọrọ bụ ịdọrọ uche gaa na akụ ndị a dị ugbu a, mee ka njikọ na nkwukọrịta dị mfe, ma leba anya na oghere ọ bụla na mmebi ọ bụla nke eserese dị otú ahụ na-ekpughe.

Iji bụrụ nke kacha dị irè, ndị nyocha Africa na ndị nwere okike ọhụụ ga-arụ ọrụ na akụkụ dị ugbu a ma dịkwa ọnụ ala iji hụ na data ewepụtara n'oge ọrịa a na-emezu ụkpụrụ data FAIR, yana nyochapụta nke ọ bụla na-arụpụta na nyiwe ihe eji emeghe. mepee data nchekwa.

Atingtọlite ​​ụdị omume ahụ ga-aba uru ọ bụghị naanị maka nyocha COVID-19, mana maka nyocha Africa n'ozuzu ya, ọ ga-emekwa ka usoro ọrụ mmeghe ọzọ na-arụ ọrụ yana usoro mbipụta akwụkwọ. Nessbawanye na mmeghe n’ime mmụta mmụta Africa bụ ihe dị mkpa na kọntinent ahụ, ọtụtụ nkwupụta isi dị adị iji kwado mgbalị. Ndị a gụnyere nkwupụta Dakar na Open Access Publishing na Africa na Global South (2016) na ụkpụrụ Africa ndị ka nso nso maka Open Access Scholarly Communication (2019). Ndụmọdụ ndị a na-akọwapụta ọhụụ maka nchọpụta emepe emepe nke Africa nke na-ekwupụta ihe ndị a.

  • Site na Northern, Central, Eastern, Western na South Africa ma na-ejikọ ha na gburugburu ebe obibi nyocha ụwa.
  • Gwa ndị na-egbochi asụsụ ịsụ asụsụ esp francophone / anglophone / arabic yana asụsụ mpaghara obodo na nke ọdịnala Africa.
  • Mepụta oghere ọrụ na usoro nke teknụzụ na-enyere teknụzụ ndị kwesịrị ekwesị maka ọrụ nyocha nke Africa iji mee ka mmekọrịta ngwa ngwa na ohere ha nhata iji nweta data na ọrụ n'agbanyeghị ọnọdụ, asụsụ na ọnọdụ ndị ọzọ.
  • Njikota site na atumatu ndi ozo, isi mmalite, na oru ndi kwesiri ekwesi n’ime na n’obodo Africa n’obodo ma n’azu oke iji mepee Ohere na mgbanwo uzo n’enweghi nsogbu.

Ohere nke oria ojoo a na-enye aka ichoputa ya na ogbe ndi mmadu dika ndi n’eto ihe, (bio) ndi n’abia na ndi ochichi bu ichegharia usoro mgbanwe ndi aputagoro n’ihu Corona, nke anyi nwere ugbua nwere ezi ohere iji gboo onu.

Uzo eji ele Afrika anya n’azu oria ojoo COVID-19

Onwere ihe di nkpa maka nbulite ikike oru n’ime ulo akwukwo di elu na ulo oru nyocha nke ndi mmadu na aculite. Dịka ịnyefe ebumnuche Sustainable Development Gos (SDG), a ga-eweghachi mmeghachi omume na nsogbu Covid-19 site na mkpokọta ọnụ. Nzaghachi mba ụwa mere n'oge gbadoro ụkwụ na ike ijikọ ọha mmadụ site na mgbasa ozi na teknụzụ, ihe ka ukwuu na-elekwasị anya n'obodo ukwu nke ọtụtụ mba ndị dị n'Africa. Ntinye ego na ndu mmadu na nke Africa bu nke choro mmeghachi omume zuru ụwa ọnụ maka otu kacha esi jiri akụ na ụba wee kwado obodo ndị ahụ na nsogbu dị iche iche nke ndụ kwa ụbọchị esp. n’ime ime obodo (Adegbeye, 2020).

Togetherchịkọta ndị otu na ndị nwere isi, dị ka:

  • ScienceCommunication & Science Literacy Initiative (PR sayensi na ndi oru nta akuko)
  • Nchoputa (biomedical & socio-Economical)
  • Tech & Innovation Hubs (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Ndị na-eme amụma (ọchịchị ime obodo, mba, mpaghara)

Na Machị 18, onye AfricaArXiv weputara mbọ a na-ekpuchita maka akụrụngwa gburugburu COVID-19 na mpaghara Africa. Na Machị 26, 2020, Academylọ Akwụkwọ Ihe Ọmụma nke Africa (AAS) kpọkọtara webinar maka ndị ọkachamara n'Africa na ndị na-abụghị ndị Africa ka ha malite ịmalite echiche maka ịkọwapụta usoro nyocha maka ntiwapụ COVID19 & nye nkwado siri ike na sayensị maka ịlụso ọgụ. oria ojoo a n’Afrika. Ebumnuche abụọ a kwenyere na usoro a ga-etinyerịrị na ijere na ichebe ndị Afrịka niile, yabụ ndị otu na-adịghị ike na ndị a napụrụghị onwe ha dịka ụmụ mgbei, ndị na-enweghị ebe obibi (IDP) na ndị gbara ọsọ ndụ. A kọwara ụzọ izi ihe nke ihe ọhụrụ gụnyere site na McPhee et al. (2018) site na usoro ọdịnala nke nnabata ma jide n'aka na anyị na-atụle Afrịka n'oge ya.

Knowledgemụ amaala na nke ọdịnala

N'ọtụtụ mba Africa, iji ọgwụ eme ihe bụ ihe a na-ahụkarị n'etiti obodo. A na-ejikarị ọgwụ ọdịnala na njikọta, ma ọ bụ dochie anya, ọgwụ allopathic. Nzaghachi ndị a na-ahụ maka COVID-19 na Afrịka na-adabere na ndị ọrụ ọdịnala ọdịnala, ndị ọrụ ahụike allopathic na ụkpụrụ gọọmentị na-enye ozi na-agbanwe agbanwe. Ka osi dị, a ga-akpọbata ndị isi maka ndị na-agwọ ọrịa ọdịnala na mkparịta ụka COVID-19 nke nzaghachi mba COVID-19.

Nnyocha nyocha nke ọgwụ ọdịnala na sistemụ ihe ọmụma nke ụmụ amaala na-arị elu n'ọtụtụ ụlọ ọrụ ndị Africa, ndị ọkachamara a na-eme nchọpụta nwere ike ime dị ka ụzọ bara uru n'etiti ndị ọrụ ọdịnala ọdịnala, gọọmentị na usoro ahụike mba (REF).

N'ọtụtụ mba Africa, mmekorita dị n'etiti obodo ndị na-enye ahụike esitelarị. Dịka ọmụmaatụ, Ndị Ọrụ Ahụike ọdịnala (THPs) na South Africa na-enye ọnọdụ achikọtara ọnụ na COVID-19 ma na-akụda ebubo ụgha na-eduhie eduhie banyere ike ịgwọ ma ọ bụ ịmara otu esi agwọ ma ọ bụ ọgwụgwọ coronavirus (Covid-19). Ihe atụ nke omume dị otú ahụ kwesịrị ịkekọrịta maka ozi na arụmọrụ kachasị mma.

Ọ dịkwa mkpa na nchebe siri ike nke ihe ọmụma banyere ụmụ amaala (dị ka egosiri na ụkpụrụ CARE) adịghị agabiga ngwa ngwa nke nzaghachi COVID-19. Karịsịa, nyocha n'ime mpaghara nwere njikọ jikọrọ COVID-19, ahụike na ọdịmma ga-aga n'ihu ka e chebere. Iji maa atụ, atumatu iji kwalite mmepụta na ojiji nke akwụkwọ nri ụmụ amaala Afrịka maka nchekwa nri na mbelata ịda ogbenye (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2019). A na-etinye ndị ọrụ nyocha nke Afrịka nke ọma iji nyocha mgbe niile na mpaghara ndị a iji chebe data, ụkpụrụ omume na iji nkwanye ugwu na ihe ọmụma ọdịnala.

Dị mkpa, mpaghara ndị a chọrọ nyocha n'ime yana n'etiti obodo nyocha nke Africa na mba na ọgbakọ ndị na-akwado ndị mmadụ (dịka Ndị otu na-ahụ maka ndị na-ahụ maka ndị ọbịa n'Africa, IPACC). Ọtụtụ ngalaba nyocha mba ụwa nwere mmekọrịta ogologo oge na obodo ndị Africa, na kọntaktị ndị dị otú a nwekwara ike ịdabere na njikọta n'akụkụ niile iji kwalite mkparịta ụka kachasị mma na imekọ ihe ọnụ, na-ejide n'aka na ntinye nke ụkpụrụ CARE, na-agbaso na Nkwupụta UN banyere ikike nke ụmụ amaala (UNDRIP) yana ikwu okwu ‘‘ Ihe ndị nwere ọgụgụ isi na ihe nketa ọdịnala ’’ (ihe oru IPinCH).

Nkwado mba ụwa

Ihe ozo choro ime ma ndi ochichi nke ndi sayensi na ndi n’enye ego bu ikwado mmekorita South-South. Mmekorita di otua nwere ike ikwado nke oma ime ihe na imekorita ihe di iche iche iji wee choputa uzo uzo na uzo esi agha n’Afrika, site na Latin na Amercia na South-East Asia. Enwere ama atụ dị mma nke usoro mbufe na-aga nke ọma, dịka nnabata nke Latin American Open Access na-ebi akwụkwọ SciELO maka South Africa.

Enweela nkwado buru ibu site na ndị na-enye ego maka ọrụ na Africa na-edu ndị Africa na-ewusi ike nyocha. Ihe atụ ndị a gụnyere African Open Science Platform (nke National Research Council nke South Africa na-akwado) na Alliance for Accelerating Excellence in Science in Africa (AESA - mmekorita nke African Academy of Sciences (AAS)), Mmekọrịta Ọhụụ maka mmepe nke Africa (NEPAD) Agencylọ ọrụ nwere US $ 5.5 na mkpụrụ akụ mbụ sitere na Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Wellcome Trust na Ngalaba UK maka International Development (DFID). Ndi oru ego a n’egosiputa uzo di nkpa obughi naani ego maka mmepe oru odi n’ihu, kama ha bu ndi amuma, ya na ndi okacha amara nke ndi mba uwa na ndi n’abia ha.

Onodu ndi ozo ndi ozo nookwara n’usoro ihe omumu nke Africa nke na aru oru n’oru ikwado oghe. Ọ bụrụ na ejikọtara ya nke ọma ọ ga-ekwe omume na ngwa ọrụ dijitalụ a na ndị nwere ya nwere ike itinye aka n'ụzọ dị mkpa maka imezu ebumnuche ndị akọwapụtara na nkwupụta ndị dị n'elu. Netwọk ụwa na atụmatụ dị ka JOGL ma ọ bụ GIG agbakọtawo ahụmihe dị ukwuu na njikwa na ijikwa obodo nke omume ụwa karịa inye nchekwa data na nchekwa.

Ka o sina dị, maka ime ka South-South na-eme nke ọma, ọ dị mkpa itinyekwu mgbalị n'ime ime ka ọdịmma nke mmeghe, nkekọrịta na mmekorita mpaghara. A nabatala nke a dika ihe kacha mkpa maka nyocha Africa (REF). Zụlite ntụkwasị obi n'etiti ndị otu obodo sitere na mba dị iche iche, asụsụ na ọdịnala na mgbakwunye na ịzụlite ikike teknuzu bụ otu n'ime nsogbu ndị na-achọsi ike na mpaghara ụwa mepere sayensị ugbu a. Uzo o bula aghaghi ichota njikwa obodo, mmepe nke ihe onyonye ya, yana otu esi ejiko ndi obodo sayensi nke Africa n’etiti ndi ozo di mkpa. Ihe atụ sitere na mpaghara ndị dị adị, dịka H3Africa na MalariaGen, yana mmemme DELTAS na-apụta ga-enye ihe enyemaka na ụzọ ga -eme ka usoro nyocha dịrị.

Dịka anyị na-amụta site na mpaghara ụwa ndị ọzọ bụ ihe dị ka izu abụọ n'ihu oge ịmị mkpụrụ nke coronavirus, nyocha na ozugbo metụtara ya & ihe omume ọhụụ ga-agụnye nyocha zuru oke nke ịtụle ọnụọgụ ọrịa ugbu a na nyocha ndekọ ọnụ ọgụgụ banyere ọrịa, ọnwụ, na mgbake na mpaghara , ọkwa mba, mpaghara na nke panti n'Afrika yana nyocha nke mmetụta mmekọrịta obodo na nke akụ na ụba abụghị naanị metụtara ọnụego ọrịa kama na-echebara ọkwa niile nke ọha mmadụ na ọnọdụ ọdịnihu ihu.

Tebụl 1: Ndị metụtara ya, nka na akụrụngwa ha

Chọta ndepụta na-eto eto nke ihe karịrị otu narị ndị mmekọ na iri abụọ na info.africarxiv.org/stakeholders/.

Ndị na-akwado yaAhụmahụ / ibu ọrụỤlọ ọrụ
Ndị na-eme amụma na ụlọ ọrụ egoIjikwa nkwado egoAfDB, AU, ndị isi obodo, nyocha na ministri ahụike, AfDB, African UnionGates Foundation, CZI, World Bank,
Ụlọ ọrụ ahụikenlekọta ahụikeụlọ ọgwụ, ụlọ ọgwụ, ndị na-agwọ ọrịa ọdịnala
Ebe a na -emepụta ihe na ihe ndị na-eme ọhụụ

Ndozi, ntughari na ikpopu ihe eji eme ihe na ngwa mebiri emebi, ihe mepere emepe nke oru, ijikọ nyocha na ime ihe, imeputa na iji ihe ndi ozo eji emeghe akwukwo (OER) AfricaOSH, Open Science na Akụrụngwa Akụrụngwa - OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Impact Hub Network, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, tinyere ihe karịrị narị mmadụ anọ na-ahụ maka ihe ọhụrụ na mpaghara Afrịka dịka Vilsquare (Nigeria), MboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (Ghana), STICLab (Tanzania), Robotech Labs (Tanzania), na ọtụtụ ndị ọzọ
Ndị nta akụkọGbaa mbọ hụ na agụmakwụkwọ sayensịNetwork network guru ndi Africa
Ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị na ndị nchọpụtaNchịkọta data, ule viral / enyocha, nyocha dataMahadum na ụlọ ọrụ nyocha, NREN
Ebe a na-akụzi akwụkwọ na ikpo okwuOwuwu na ikike n’ile banyere isiokwu niile dị mkpaTCC Africa, OER Africa, INASP,…
Ohaneze ọhaChọọ ozi sitere na isi mmalite ndị tụkwasịrị obi, ndị na-achọ ịda mba
International obodo & otu (zuru ụwa ọnụ)Ijikọ na obodo omume ụwa, ịkekọrịta ahụmịhe na omume kachasị mma, jikọọ isiokwu niile, dịka mmepe akụrụngwaNaanị otu Giant Lab (JOGL), Global Innovation Gathering (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC

Ọtụtụ ma ọ bụrụ na ọ bụghị ndị niile metụtara ya akwadogoro maka azịza echiche na raara onwe ha nye COVID-19. Ọ dị mkpa na kama ime ihe nalos anyị anyị ga - ahazi atụmatụ na ụzọ dị iche iche gafee mba, ndị nwere nsogbu, ihe mgbochi asụsụ na mpaghara nke ọha mmadụ.

Imekota na ngwaike maka ogwugwo ogwu

Site na imezi ngwaike nke mba uwa n’iru nwere nsogbu ndi aka ya. Edebere ụkpụrụ ndị a iji nyere aka mmekorita ọhụụ iji zere nsogbu ndị a na-enwekarị. Akụkụ a na-elekwasị anya na ndị na-eme nchọpụta na Global North nke na-achọ inye aka chepụta ngwaike nke enwere ike iru ma jiri na Africa

  1. Mepụta mmekorita n'etiti ndị na-eme ya, ndị ọrụ ahụike na ndị ọrụ njedebe iji ghọta gburugburu ebe a ga-eji ngwaike ahụ. Nke a dị mkpa maka ịhazi nkọwa kwesịrị ekwesị. Ndị ọrụ mmekọrịta mpaghara ga-enwe ahụmịhe na ngwaọrụ ndị yiri ya ma mara etu ha si arụ ọrụ na gburugburu mpaghara. Chebara echiche maka ihe akụrụngwa na-akwado (ọ bụrụ na ventilashị gị chọrọ ikuku ọkọnọ oxygen?), Tulee ọnọdụ amamịghe (kedu nso ọ̀dịdị bekee nke ngwaike ahụ?), Ma ọ bụ ntụkwasị obi nke ọkọnọ ọkụ eletrik mpaghara. N'ime afọ abụọ gara aga, ihe omume Horizon2020 mepere emepe Ahụike enwetawo ahụmịhe dị ukwuu na njikọta ndị a n'etiti ndị nwere oke dị iche iche ma na-enye nchekwa data nke ihe ndị dị adị yana nkwado maka akwụkwọ.
  1. Mepụta mmekorita maka nrụpụta / mmezi nke mpaghara iji ghọta nke ọma ka enwere ike ewu ma rụkwaa ya n'ime obodo. Nrụpụta na imezi obodo dị mkpa iji melite nnweta na oge nke akụrụngwa ọ bụla. A ga-eterịrị ma ọ bụ wepụta mpaghara nnọchi anya mpaghara maka nrụpụta mpaghara ma rụkwaa ọrụ nke ọma. Ọ dị mma ịmara na ngwa ndị dị ọnụ ala / dị ala na Europe ma ọ bụ America apụtaghị ihe dị ọnụ ala / ngwa ngwa dị na mpaghara. Maka nke a ọ dị mkpa ịgụnye ndị na - emekọ ihe ọnụ site na ngalaba izizi mbụ.
  1. Tụlee ọsọ nke agịga ọkọnọ nke mba dị iche iche. Soro ndị na - emekọrịta ihe na mpaghara iji ghọta ụzọ maka ịzụta akụrụngwa n'ụwa. Ọsọ na ntụkwasị obi nke ụdọ n'usoro ụwa dịgasị iche site na mpaghara. Echekwala na n'ihi na otu akụkụ nwere ike ịme ya site na ụlọ ọrụ na kọntinent ọzọ na ụlọ nyocha gị ụbọchị ole na ole na ọ nwere ike iru ndị ọrụ gị n'otu oge. Nwalee agbụ n'usoro ebe enwere ike ọ bụrụgodị na enwere ike izipu obere ọkọnọ n'etiti ndị na - emekọrịta ihe. Enwere ike ịkwụ ụgwọ ụkọ ma ọ bụ enweghị akụrụngwa nyocha ga-akwụghachi ụgwọ site na ịgbanye Open Source Hardware, mmezi na ikpochapu ihe dị (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Imekorita ma rụkwaa veti protypes. Ọ bụ ezie na ọ nwere ike ịdị ka mbipụta nke mbọ iji rụpụta ụdị nnabata n'otu oge n'ọtụtụ ebe, ọ na-enye ndị mmekọ niile dị mkpa aka itinye aka na atụmatụ ahụ. Ọ na - enye ohere maka nsogbu nchọpụta mbụ nke nwere ike ihu n'oge mmepụta mpaghara. Njikọ aka na-achọpụta usoro dị iche iche, dịka a na-eme n'ime JOGL Covid19 Project, bụ mbọ bara uru zuru ụwa ọnụ iji kwado nrụpụta mpaghara nke atụmatụ ndị ahụ gosipụtara bara oke uru na ọnọdụ dị iche iche.

Oru Oru nyocha a n'ime onodu ndi Afrika

Na ngalaba na-eso, anyị na-emebi usoro ọrụ nyocha iji mee atụmatụ doro anya na usoro nke ọ bụla site na Nchọpụta, Nnyocha (gụnyere atụmatụ oru ngo, usoro, nyocha data, nyocha nke nsonaazụ), ide na mbipụta.

Nchọpụta nke akwụkwọ nyocha dị mkpa

Ọtụtụ ndị na - ebi akwụkwọ agụmakwụkwọ emeela ka COVID-19 nwee nyocha dị mkpa site na (nwa oge!) Na-atụfu ụgwọ ndenye aha.

Web of Science na Scopus anaghị anọchite anya nyocha nyocha nke nnukwu ụwa (Tennant et al., 2019). O di nwute, ihe ịma aka na-aga n’ihu nwere ike iputa n’akwụkwọ Bekee nke edepụtara n’ime akwụkwọ akụkọ edepụtara na ọdụ data mba ụwa (dịka DOAJ) bu ụzọ. Nke a bụ eziokwu karịsịa maka obere akwụkwọ akụkọ Afrịka mpaghara na-enweghị ike iji kwado ọdịnaya ha zuru oke n'ịntanetị. Nke a nwere ike ịpụta na nchoputa nyocha nke Africa siri ike ịchọta na ịnweta.

Achọpụtara na otu ụzọ dị mkpa iji kwụsị enweghị visibiliti maka nyocha Africa bụ ime ka ọrụ nke ihe ndị dijitalụ na-arụ na mpaghara nyocha Africa. Ruo ugbu a, visibiliti, njikọta yana nchọta nke ndị a na-edebe ihe agbanweela nke ukwuu. Nke a dị mkpa ịhazigharị mbara ala ahụ ma chekwaa njikọta ahụ. Ihe ntinye aka na nso nso a bu mbiputa ihe omuma nke ihe nyocha dijitalụ nke Afrika nke nwere eserese nlele di anya (Bezuidenhout, Havemann, Kitchen, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). A ga-akpachara ma gbasaa ihe ndị dị otú ahụ iji nye ozi kachasị ọhụrụ na netwọkụ a dị mkpa maka ịkekọrịta data.

O dikwa nkpa na ihe mmeputakwa ihe ndi ozo n’Afrika na-aga n’ihu isoro ndi okacha amara nke mba uwa, di ka ndi Re3data iji hu na okike ha na omume ha na eme ihe ndi n’uwa dum ma me ka mmekorita ha. Na mgbakwunye na ịkwado ebe a na-akwado akwụkwọ, a ga-emekwu mgbalị iji wuo ikike na ịkekọrịta data ma mepee ohere n'etiti obodo nyocha Africa. Nkwado na ọzụzụ mmuta dijitalụ bụ ya mere ihe dị mkpa maka njigide mmụta sayensị mepere emepe. Ekwesịrị imepụta ma ọ bụ mepụta akwụkwọ mmụta dị n'ịntanetị nke na-akwado akwụkwọ ọgụgụ dijitalụ. Ekwesịrị ime mgbalị ịsụgharị ọdịnaya gaa n'asụsụ ndị bụ isi dịka Bekee, French, Swahili na Arabic.

Ngwaọrụ dijitalụ maka Sayensị nke dị mma maka ntọala dị ala / Dabere na REF

N'afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, enwere mgbasawanye ngwa ngwa nke ngwaọrụ ntanetị na-eme ka usoro dị iche iche nke nyocha nyocha dịrị ngwa ngwa. Amalitere ngwa ọrụ ndị a n’Africa, ejighi oke. O yikarịrị ka nke a bụ n'ihi nsogbu dị iche iche, gụnyere mmata, ọdịnala nyocha, asụsụ, ihe ịma aka ihe mgbochi na okwu metụtara atụmatụ. Ọ dị mkpa na ndị na-eme nchọpụta n'Africa jiri ngwa ngwa depụta ndepụta nke ngwaọrụ dijitalụ dabara adaba, masịrị ma na-adigide.

Nchọpụta: Ngwaọrụ dijitalụ maka ịchọpụta ọrụ agụmakwụkwọ dị mkpa.

1) = Africa akọwapụtara, 2) = ụwa, ihe na - emeghe, 3) ụwa, azụmahịa


Inyocha akwụkwọ, akwụkwọ ọgụgụNtuziaka ntụgharị
1)African Journals Online (AJOL), AfricanArXiv, DICAMES - - -
2) Mepee Maapụ Ihe Ọmụma, Nchọta BASEZotero, Ntughari
3)Ọkà mmụta Google, Lens, ScienceOpenSciLit, ResearchGate, Paperhive.orgMendeley

Usoro & nyocha data

Nnyocha: Ngwaọrụ dijitalụ maka nyocha nke ọrụ ndị ọkà mmụta bara
1) = Africa akọwapụtara, 2) = ụwa, ihe na - emeghe, 3) ụwa, azụmahịa


UsoroEbe nchekwa dataIhe ngosi nke data
1)
imeghe Port of Africa, Africa Information Highway Portal, Africa Infrastructure እውቀት Programme PortalKoodu maka Afrika
2)Umunarian.ioR-OpenSci, Re3Data, Ihe data, Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
FigshareKumu,

Njikwa Ọrụ Agile

Ihe omuma nile nke imekorita ihe bara uru bara uru site na iji usoro agile mee ihe, nke n’eme ka uru ozo si na ya di nfe karie otua.

Isi Iyi: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/

Na isi ya, mmepe ngwa ngwa ihe banyere agile na-agụnye usoro nzaghachi ugboro ugboro na ime ihe cyclical (iterative) na ọkwa niile: na-eme nke ọma, n'ogbe otu, yana njikwa.

Agile Agile na-aghota na enweghi ike ibupute mmepe ngwa ngwa n’iru n’iru, dika ihe ndi choro gha aghagharia n’oge oru ngo a ma obu ndi n’adighi aghota ya na mbido oru a.

Kama, usoro agile na-agbanwe atụmatụ dị mkpirikpi na mmepe. Ndị otu otu ekwenyero na ebumnuche ndị a ga-erite na oge egwuregwu dị iche iche, nyochaa oge na ibe gị kwa ụbọchị ma tụlee mmụba na njedebe nke ngwụcha ọ bụla. Site na ngbanwe ụzọ, enwere ike inweta usoro ihe omimi ndị ọzọ.

Ihe dị mkpa dị mkpa maka njikọta agile ọ bụla bụ: ọrụ ndekọ ọrụ; osisi na-arụkọ ọrụ maka mpaghara na-esote ya; na ịgachi nzukọ anya. Odi nkpa maka usoro agile ka enyere ha aka site na oru ndi ozo n’enye ha dika oru ha (dika site n’aka onye nwe ahia) na ndi n’ile ha aka (dika site n’aka onye isi scrum ma obu onye nkuzi agile).


Isi mmaliteIsi Iyi
Ime atụmatụ / ogwe ọchahttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/
Board Taskhttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/
Nzukọ Nzukọ / Okuhttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/
Na ogehttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/ https://github.com/funretro/distributed
Suite Softwarehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/

Na mgbakwunye na akụrụngwa ndị a dị n'elu, Coronavirus Tech Handbook bụ igwe mmadụ nwere ugbua nke teknụzụ ndị ọzọ maka ọrụ dịpụrụ adịpụ. Ọ dị mkpa ịmara na imekọ ihe ọnụ agile bụ ụdị nyocha nke akwụkwọ maka ọtụtụ ndị nyocha na LMICs na HICs. Ọ ga-aba uru maka ndị nyocha Africa nke nwere ahụmịhe n’usoro a iji nye ọmụmụ na ihe atụ maka inwekwu mkparịta ụka.

Hardware

Imewe ngwaike imewe na mmepe bụ usoro nke obodo ụwa n’eto ụwa. Ngwá ọrụ dị iche iche na ọdụ data dị adị ma ejiri ya rụọ ọrụ n'ọtụtụ ebe na ntanetị, nke bara uru na nzaghachi Covid19 ngwa ngwa. Ọtụtụ puku ndị na-emepụta gburugburu ụwa amalitela iji ndị na-ebi akwụkwọ 3D na ndị na-ebipụta laser iji mepụta ọta dị ka onyinye nye ụlọ ọgwụ na ụlọ ọrụ nlekọta gburugburu ụwa, ndị na-emepụta igwe ndị dị mkpa na-akwado:

Ebe nchekwa data obodoIhe okike 3DEletrọniki / Nhazi Koodu
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/ https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/ https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/ https://www.prusaprinters.org/ https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/

DIY Bio na Community Biotechnology

Na mgbakwunye na ihe ịma aka nke iji ngwaọrụ nyocha dijitalụ, ndị na-eme nchọpụta Africa na-arụkarị ọgụ na ụkọ akụrụngwa nyocha anụ ahụ. DIYBio na Community bayoloji Community na-enye usoro na-etolite ala na-eme nchọpụta nke na-eme ka sayensị gbasa sayensị na teknụzụ mepere emepe iji kwalite nyocha na mmepe. Ọgbakọ ndị a na - abawanye bụ isi ihe na - emepe nchọpụta nyocha na - esite na Africa ma na - eme ka mmepe mmezi ga - adịgide. Mgbalị ndị sitere na nyocha dị ka Open Bioeconomy Lab na ọkwa ya na Africa, Hive Biolab, na-ewulite ngwa ọrụ emepere emepe iji mee ka ụlọ nyocha na mpaghara nyocha na Africa na Asia, Eshia na Latin America mepụta mpaghara nyocha dị ka enzymes. nke nwere ikike maka nnwale maka nje SARS-CoV 2.

Njikwa data nyocha

Nlekọta nke data COVID-19 bụ isiokwu nke mba niile, hụkwala ọtụtụ ndị otu data na-akpa ike, dị ka Research Data Alliance (RDA) na-etolite otu na-arụ ọrụ iji wepụta usoro nyocha njikwa nyocha (RDM). Omume RDM ndị a na-atụle ụkpụrụ FAIR na CARE, mana ọ dị mkpa ka ndị otu Africa nke mba ndị a sonyere na mkparịta ụka ndị a iji hụ na ụkpụrụ na omume ndị na-apụta na-egosipụta data na-esite na Africa.

Bmalite njikọ aka nke ndị na-eme nchọpụta n'Africa na mkparịta ụka RDM ga-enye ohere sara mbara iji nyochaa omume RDM dị ugbu a, ọzụzụ na inye ihe na mpaghara Afrika. Nke a ga - enye ohere maka mgbanwe nke omume RDM kwekọrọ na omume mba ụwa ma gosipụta ịdị adị nke nyocha na Africa. Ọ ga-emetụtakwa atụmatụ nke data n'ọdịnihu na ibipụta ihe mgbochi. ?

Ide & Mbipụta

1) = Africa akọwapụtara, 2) = ụwa, ihe na - emeghe, 3) ụwa, azụmahịa


imekota akwukwoEbe nchekwa ụlọ ọrụakwụkwọ akụkọ (OA), na-ebipụta usoro ikpo okwu
1)
AfricaArXiv, IAI / repositories,
essa-africa.org/AERD, EGO
Nnyocha nyocha nke AAS, AJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ African Scientific, Uche Ndi Africa
2)Akwụsị, Na-agafe, GitHubAkwukwo nke OSFPeerJDOAJ, acadejournals.org/journal, Sistemụ Nchịkwa PKP mepere emepe, Productlọ maka ngwaahịa Coko Foundation, Mepee Nkwuputa E Biputara, Janeway / PubPub, Ọkà mmụta, Akwụkwọ ndekọ akụkọ nke Ndị Mmụta na-eduzi
3)Google Docs
Qeios.com, acadejournals.org/

Usoro mbipụta ọsọ ọsọ (>>>)

Nchoputa & Nchoputa Ederede na data Mepee ohere ịnweta nchekwa data Nyochaa ndị ọgbọ obodoMbipụta akwụkwọ akụkọ
Inyocha na ịnakọta akwụkwọ nyocha dị mkpa na data,
nyocha ozugbo / nnukwu ihe gbasara mgbaàmà, nje nje, mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya na mmekọrịta akụ na ụba nke mkpọchi ahụ
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
AfricArXiv, DICAMES, bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgPREreview
PeerCommunityIn
Hypothes.is
AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, DOAJ-depụtara akwụkwọ akụkọ

Mbido ihe nlere anya nke Afrika na Open Access dika ulo pan African-repotitory AfricanArXiv, nke Kenya dabere. Nnyocha nyocha nke AAS usoro ntụrụndụ yana usoro mmezi nke ụwa, dị ka Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv na ScienceOpen / preprints, na-emejuputa usoro ihe nlebara anya nke Africa ma bụrụkwa nke jikọrọ mba ụwa, dịka site na isonye na mba ụwa na-achụ ọsọ ọsọ ọsọ. mmeghachi omume nzaghachi dị ka Mmepụta Science Rapid PREreview.

Ọ dị mkpa ịghọta na ụlọ ọrụ Afrịka tụkwasịrị obi na mbipụta akwụkwọ nyocha dị iche iche enyocha ogo nyocha ma kọwaa njirisi nkwalite. A na-atụle usoro nyocha dị otú a gburugburu ụwa, mana o yighị ka ọ ga-agbanwe n'ọdịnihu dị nso. N'ihi ya, ekwesịrị ịkwanye mkpa ndị nchọpụta Africa mere iji bipụta akwụkwọ ọgụgụ ndị agụgharịrị n'ime akwụkwọ mba ụwa niile. Ka o sina dị, enwere ike iji usoro mbipụta ọhụụ, dị ka nyocha ndị ọgbọ na-eme n'ogo mmalite site na ọrụ dị ka hypothes.is na peercommunityin.org, nwere ike itinye akwụkwọ a n'akwụkwọ.

Nzute, Ntụle & Nnyefe

1) = Africa akọwapụtara, 2) = ụwa, ihe na - emeghe, 3) ụwa, azụmahịa


Mkpesa ọha na eze & ScienceObodo Tech na ndị na-ahụ maka ịchọrọ ndị mmadụ
1)Network Lab, Ọrịa, Nkwukọrịta Science Science Nigeria, Café Scientifique, Network Science Literacy Network, N'okpuru MicroscopeKoodu maka Afrika, AfricaOSH, Vilsquare, African Open Data, EthLagos.io, Mepee Sayensi na Ogwe Ngwaike (OSHNet), STICLab, Robotech Labs
2)ORCIDAtherchịkọta maka Hardware Science (GOSH)

Obere, ma na-eto, ọnụ ọgụgụ nke Sayensị Science na network dị na kọntinent na-enyekwa ụzọ maka mgbasa ozi gbasara. Enwere ike nweta nsonye ha site na ịtọlite ​​mmekorita, dị ka ime ka ụmụ amaala mara ọkwa n'ọtụtụ asụsụ site na ịkekọrịta ozi ntụgharị na-agbanwe agbanwe n'ofe netwọk mmekọrịta (Bezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Mkpesa ọha na eze na akwụkwọ akụkọ sayensị bụ obere, mana mpaghara na-apụta na Africa. Ọ bụ ezie na enwere nsogbu ndị metụtara agụmakwụkwọ sayensị dị ala na enweghị aka akụkọ ihe mere eme n'etiti agụmakwụkwọ na ọha, enwere ọtụtụ mgbanwe dị mma n'oge na-adịbeghị anya. Ọ dị mkpa ka ndị na-eme nchọpụta na-eso ndị ọha na eze na-eme ihe iji gbochie nkọwa na-ezighi ezi na ịnye ozi kachasị ọhụrụ gbasara nyocha obodo na mba niile. Maka nke a, inwekwu mmekọrịta na ndị nta akụkọ Africa iji meziwanye ohere ọha na eze nyocha.

Achingbịaru ụmụ amaala niile chọrọ ka a mata maka asụsụ dị iche iche site n'ụzọ ndị odeakụkọ dị ka Africanlọ Ọrụ Mmụta Na-ahụ Maka Afrịka nke Africa si kwuo okwu, dịka site na ozi ntanetị vidiyo na mgbasa nke ozi ndị isi dịka ndị WHO nyere site na njikọta mmekọrịta, dịka Bezuidenhout, McNaughton & Havemann (na-atụ aro) 2020) ma ọ bụ ụzọ ọgụgụ isi (AI) na-abịaru nso dị ka '' sachaa aka gị '' n'asụsụ 500+.

Mmelite visibiliti nke nyocha Africa

Interoperability bu isi ihe di na nkwukọrịta sayensị na nyocha. Ihe omuma ndi mmadu kwesiri ibu ihe kwesiri ntukwasi obi iji wuo oru nyocha na akụrụngwa agụmakwụkwọ. Njikọ nyocha na-arụ ọrụ na sistemụ nyocha agụmakwụkwọ dị iche iche na-akọwapụta mmekọrịta na ịkwado nchoputa gafee ọzụzụ, ala na oge.

Ndi otutu Africa di iche-iche etinyeworị aka na okwu ndị a. Karịsịa, nyocha data na-arụsi ọrụ ike / kọmpụta arụmọrụ dị elu (dị ka DIRISA na South Africa) na-azụlite ọkachamara dị ukwuu na nkekọrịta data na nyiwe nyocha. Nkwado ụlọ ọrụ obodo na nke mba na nke mba na nke mba na nke nkwado na njikwa mara ọrụ na-akwado ya, ma na-anọchitekwa mpaghara dị mkpa maka akụrụngwa Open Science na-apụta

Ọzọkwa, ọtụtụ ndị otu nọọrọ onwe ha, dịka AfricaArXiv na akwụkwọ mbipụta akwụkwọ mbipụta akwụkwọ ndị ọzọ na-enye aka na-enyere ndị mmadụ aka ịkwado ịkọkọrịta ozi n'ofe nyiwe. Site na nkwado nke ndị mmekọ network Afrika na - emeghe ohere, AfricaArXiv na - enye ndị Africa nyocha ihe dị mkpa. Site na njiri aka nke ORCID na ikike ịgụ onyinye onye nyocha ahụ maka nkesa ya site na usoro na ọwa ndị ọzọ dị ka nke Zenodo.

Ike na ọzụzụ

Maka ndị nyochaMaka ndị ọrụ ahụike
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/
CDC Africa COVOD-19 ọzụzụ ọzụzụ ahụike webinar: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Uzo nke mgbasa oria ojoo nke COVID-19 nke bidoro na China, mechara gafee Europe na United States, enyela ohere nke nnwale nnchoputa, na ntinye nke otutu ihe nyocha COVID-19, ma nyekwa oge iji mpaghara Africa iji kwado mmeghachi omume ya. Mahadum na ụlọ ọrụ nyocha ndị ọrụ nọ n'ọtụtụ mba nke ọrịa oria ojoo butere nke ọma amalitela ịmalite ihe na-egbochi nje na-egbochi mkpụrụ ndụ mmadụ, na-enyocha ụzọ ọgwụ dịnụ na nnwale ụlọ ọgwụ, ma na-enyocha ịdị mma nke ọgwụ nje anakọtara site n'aka ndị ọrịa gbakere. site n'ọrịa coronavirus, n'etiti ọtụtụ ọrụ ndị ọzọ.

Njikọ mba ụwa na ndị ọkà mmụta sayensị si Africa na njem dị oke ọnụ bụ mbọ dị ukwuu iji belata mbibi ọrịa a na kọntinent, mepụta usoro ndị a ga-adaba na mpaghara (dịka ọnụ ala / nnwale mobile), ma dị mkpa ịbawanye ọrụ nke ndị ọgbọ. North America / Europe site na iweta ọrụ nka, nka, na echiche dị iche na ọrụ ahụ. Liketù dị ka Science maka Africa, nke na-ebido ma na-akwado mmekorita nyocha nke mba ụwa, nwere ike ikwado mgbalị iji wulite ikike nyocha COVID-19 ngwa ngwa na kọntinent ahụ. Site na iji otu nyocha dị na mba Africa were amamihe, nka, na teknụzụ mee ụdị ụdị nyocha a, yana ndị otu nọ na North America na Europe na-arụ ọrụ na mmezi, nzukọ a nwere ike jikọtara ọnụ - dabere na ụdị nyocha a kapịrị ọnụ, mkpa imekọ ihe ọnụ. , na nka nka nka - ma jikota otu nyocha site na enyemaka nke ikpo okwu eji aka eme

(Mepee) Akụ Nkuzi

Enwerela ọhụụ banyere ịdị anya na mmụta n'ịntanetị na Africa. Dịka ọmụmaatụ Mahadum South Africa, nke hiwere na 1946, bụ otu n'ime ụlọ akwụkwọ mmụta kacha ochie na ndị kasị ibu n'ụwa. Ọzọkwa, ụlọ ọrụ dịka Center maka Innovation nke Teaching na Mmụta na Mahadum Cape Town, na-enye ọrụ ụwa dum mara maka mmụta dijitalụ. Ndi ulo oru na ikpo okwu buru ihe ndi ozo di otua na obodo ndi ozo.https://oerafrica.org/). Inyocha ihe omimi dị ugbu a na mpaghara ndị a ga - ewepụta ihe bara uru maka mgbasawanye nke OER n'Africa. Ọzọkwa, ịnakọta akwụkwọ ndụmọdụ maka iji OER / ngwaọrụ mmụta dijitalụ na ntọala ndị ala dị ala (dịka nke ahụ site na UCT) ga-eweta ihe bara uru.

Akwukwo eLearning Africa Report 2019 deputara obodo 55 nke Africa nwere ihe nlere anya na ikike maka ICT maka mmuta (profaịlụ obodo), otutu ha nwekwara ike itinye ya n'ọrụ n'oge nyocha nyocha site na mmepe oru ngo gaa mbipụta nke nsonaazụ (Elletson na Stromeyer, 2019).

Nkwado ego

Na-ebuli ego ngwa ngwa

Iji mee ka mmalite nke mmepe akụrụngwa maka mmeghachi omume COVID-19, ọ dị mkpa na ego achọtara iji mee ka nhazi na-arụ ọrụ. E nwere ọtụtụ ụzọ enwere ike isi nweta ego ndị a, gụnyere:

  • Ikwenye ihe maka ihe ichotara
  • Chọpụta ọrụ ndị dị ugbu a na ndị na-enye aka na-arụ ọrụ na-agwa mgbanwe ihe mgbochi (ma mepụta nchekwa data)
  • Họta ndepụta oku oku emepere iji rụkọ ọrụ
  • Gakwuru ndị nyere aka na ndị na-arụ ọrụ na gọọmentị ozugbo

Nkwado ego ogologo oge

Nchikota ihe mgbochi nile n’Afrika ga enwe uru diri nyocha nke ndi Africa karia oria ojoo nke COVID-19. Ijide nkwado ego ga-adịte aka iji kwado ịkwado ihe owuwu na-esite na nsogbu dị ugbu a, yana ịchọpụta ndị ọhụrụ ga-enyere aka na mbido ahụ, ga-abụ isi. Okwu ndị a ga-elebara anya ga-abụ:

  • Kpọkọtanụ ihe banyere ihe nhazi COVID-19 na-akpata na mmetụta nke ihe owuwu ndị a na-emeghe
  • Nọgide na-akwụ ụgwọ maka obere nke 1% GDP maka nyocha sitere n'aka gọọmentị mba, wee hụ na ịbawanye ụba itinye ego na akụrụngwa nyocha dị na mbido.
  • Nyochaa nyocha nke mba dị iche iche maka ịkekọrịta data yana nyocha iji mee mgbanwe nke ga - akwado ihe mgbochi
  • Soro ndị kansụl na-emefu ego iji hụ na ihe mgbochi sayensị Science mepere emepe ha
  • Kpọọ maka imekọ ihe ọnụ site na mpaghara Open Science obodo
  • Chọpụta ụdị ego, ma ọ bụ ụdị azụmaahịa azụmahịa nke na-arụ ọrụ na mpaghara nyocha Africa. Anyị na-ewepụta usoro maka ego na mbuaha, gụnyere ya:
  • pan-African: African Union, AfDB,…
  • Gọọmentị mba nke Africa (ministri R&E)
  • otu nyocha obodo dị ka ASSAf (SA) na SRF (Sudan)
  • Ntọala Africa dịka Mandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • Ego site na nkwado mba ụwa site na B&M Gates Foundation, Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, Mozilla Foundation, Sloan Foundation, wdg.
  • USAID; Ndị ọrụ nkwado ego Europe: (UK) Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Ọrụ ndị ọkà mmụta: ntụgharị asụsụ, Nkwukọrịta sayensị na nke ọha na eze (na-eme ka agụmakwụkwọ dị mfe), na-azụ ikike ọzụzụ maka ndị sayensị, ECR na ụmụ akwụkwọ // onye na-akwụ ụgwọ maka ọrụ dị a whataa?

Amachi & nsogbu

Mkparịta ụka maka ị nweta ihe owuwu ihe owuwu teknụzụ sayensị ga-adị mkpa ịkọwapụta banyere onye na-erite uru na nsonaazụ nyocha a na-ekerịta n'ihu ọha n'oge, yana ụdị usoro ndị a na-akwado nke a. Odi nkpa igbakogharia usoro ego ndi n’ile ego maka mgbe na mgbe. Akwukwo akwukwo na ihe omuma banyere data kwesiri ibu ihe edere n’usoro nyocha; mana onye na-akwụ ụgwọ maka arụmọrụ / njikwa, nkenke DOI, nnabata data wdg. kedu ọkwa dị na usoro a?

Kpachara anya maka mba ndị ama ama na mmetụta ọ nwere ike inwe na nyocha nke mba: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Enweghi njikọ ịntanetị a pụrụ ịdabere na ya, ọnụ ọnụ, ka na-ebute nsogbu kachasịnụ ọ bụla na mmekorita ntanetị n'ọtụtụ mpaghara Africa.

Outlook

Anyi na-akpọ oku maka imekọ ihe ọnụ na imekọ ihe ọnụ na kọntinenti na nkwado mba ụwa site na mpaghara ụwa ndị ọzọ na mba ndị na-enye onyinye.

References

Adegbeye OT, (2020). Gịnị kpatara na ịhapụ ọdịmma ndị mmadụ agaghị abara anyị uru. Onye nzirita ozi (NG)

Prinkpụrụ nke Africa maka Nkwukọrịta OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-principles/

Platform Na - emeghe Saịtị africanopenscience.org.za

Abukutsa-Onyango, Mary O. (2019). Ahụmịhe na Nnyocha Na-emeghe & Mmụta Maka Mmepe Epepepe na Africa. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

Ayebare R, Waitt P, Okello S et al. Itinye ego itinye ego na nkwadebe Ebola maka COVID-19 na Sub-Saharan Africa [ụdị 1; ntụle ndị ọgbọ: na-eche nyocha ndị ọgbọ. AAS Mepee Res 2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1)

Ahinon et al. (2019). Otutu ihe omuma banyere akwukwo di iche site na na ihe banyere Africa: na-acho ihe ndebe nke ntoala AfricaArXiv. eLearning Africa News Portal. E si na ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic-knowvidence-exchange-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Havemann, Jo, Restrepo, Martin, & Obanda, Johanssen. (2020). Na-emechi mmeghachi omume COVID-19 zuru ụwa ọnụ: site na ndị mmadụ ruo na gọọmentị [Data setịpụrụ]. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Reakiti nke dijitalụ Nkwado maka Afrịka: Esem ese nke Landscape. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) mmachi akụ na ụba na agụmakwụkwọ: Nlele anya na nsonaazụ ga-adịte aka. PLoS ANYA 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & Havemann J (2020, Mach 26). Multilingual COVID-19 Vidiyo Ozi. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shirts CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Worldee inequality na ohere iji nweta ederede ederede sayensị zuru oke: ihe atụ nke ophthalmology. PeerJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

Cárdenas, OVL (2019) Igwe oyuyo nke mbu nke uzo ugboigwe nke gomenti nke Ozo site na Global South. mutabit.com

Elletson, H. na Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. ELearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: Germany. E si na https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, Jenụwarị). Egwurugwu nke omume sayensị mepere emepe. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025

Maia Chagas, A .; Molloy, J .; Prieto Godino, L .; Baden, T. Leveraging Open Hardware iji belata Burden nke COVID-19 na Sistemụ Ahụike Global. Mpempe akwụkwọ 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1.

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Forkpụrụ maka Nkwukọrịta Ndị Nwere Nnabata Ọpụpụ: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/

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Ihe omume: Ndi otu na oru dijitalụ

Africanlọ ọrụ Afrịka na ndị na-abụghị ndị Africa na ọrụ dijitalụ dị ka akọwara n'akwụkwọ a. Maka ụdị okpokoro a dị ogologo, gaa https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn

nzukọurlmba
Ihe Omumu Ihe Omuma Nke Afrikahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/Pan-African
Bank Development Bank (AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enTunisia
African Ozi HIghway Portalhttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/PanAfrican
Akwụkwọ akụkọ Africa (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/South Africa
Ihe Omuma Egwuregwu Africahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Network Sayensị Afrịkahttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nigeria
AfricaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
AfricaArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-African
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nigeria
Chọọ BASEhttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/USA
Café Scientifiquehttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/Nigeria | Gburugburu
Ihe nlekọtahttps://www.careables.org/ EU | Gburugburu ụwa
Koodu maka Afrikahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Kenya
Ihe datahttps://dataverse.org/USA
EGOhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagascar
EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Nigeria
Figsharehttps://figshare.com/London | USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Mkpokọta Innovation zuru ụwa ọnụ (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Germany | Gburugburu ụwa
Network Labhttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Google Ọkà mmụtahttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Hypothes.ishttps://hypothes.is/USA
Netiwọkihttps://impacthub.net/Austria
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/United Kingdom
Jokkolabs Networkhttps://www.jokkolabs.net/France
Naanị otu nnukwu ụlọ nyocha (JOGL)https://jogl.ioFrance | Gburugburu ụwa
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/USA
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaCameroon
medrXivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Mendeleyhttps://www.mendeley.com/United Kingdom
Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapore
OER Africahttps://www.oerafrica.org/South Africa
Mepee Africahttps://africaopendata.org/Kenya
Mepee Ihe Ọmụmahttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Austria
Mepee Sayensi na Ngwa Ngwunye (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaTanzania
emegheAfricahttps://open.africa/South Africa
ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/USA
Mepee Science Science (OSF)http://OSF.ioUSA
Akwụkwọhttp://Paperhive.orgGermany
PeerCommunityInhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/France
Ọrịahttp://pollicy.orgPan-African
Preprints.orghttps://www.preprints.org/Switzerland
PREreviewhttps://www.prereview.org/USA
Umunarian.iohttps://www.protocols.io/USA
rOpenScihttps://ropensci.org/USA
Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Ntugharihttps://refigure.org/Global
ResearchGatehttps://www.researchgate.net/Germany
Netiwu RLabshttps://rlabs.orgSouth Africa
Bolọ nyocha ụlọ ọrụ Robotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzTanzania
Hub Nkwukọrịta Sayensihttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNigeria
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/USA
SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Switzerland
STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzTanzania
TCC Africahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Kenya
Ihe ogherehttps://www.lens.org/Australia
N'okpuru Microscopehttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Kenya
Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nigeria
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/USA


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