Olemba & Othandizira mu zilembo
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Hasmann, Jo, Khitchini, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). African Digital Research Repositories: Kuyika Mapangidwe a Landscape [Data set]. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Mapu Owona: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Dataset: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Zosungidwa pa https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Fomu yolembetsa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Kupereka malayisensi: Mapu Olemba ndi Owona - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Public Domain) // Kupatsa chilolezo kwa database iliyonse kumatsimikiziridwa ndi database pawokha

Chithunzithunzi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Zambiri Zojambula: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // akupezeka m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) mogwirizana ndi AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) Kupereka mapu olumikizana a zolembedwa zolemba zakale zaku Afirika. Izi zidachokera ku ntchito yoyambirira ya IAI kuyambira chaka cha 2016 kupita mtsogolo kuti adziwe ndikulemba mndandanda wamabungwe aku Africa omwe amayang'ana kuzindikiritsa zapadera zochokera m'malaibulale a ku yunivesite ya Africa. Zomwe tili nazo zakale zilipo https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Mapu olumikizana amakulitsa ntchito ya IAI kuphatikiza zolemba, zaboma ndi mayiko. Ikuwonetsanso kuyanjana pakati pazosungira zakafukufuku. Patsamba ili, timayang'ana kwambiri pazomwe mabungwe amagwira ntchito zamaphunziro, monga akufotokozera ndi Wikipedia omwe amapereka (Marichi 2020).

cholinga

Mapu a zolembedwa zapamwamba za mu Africa adapangidwa kuti ndigwiritse ntchito pokwaniritsa zolinga izi:

  1. Sinthani kupezeka kwa kafukufuku waku Africa ndi zofalitsa
  2. Kupititsa patsogolo mgwirizano pakati pa zolemba zakale za ku Africa zomwe zilipo
  3. Dziwani njira zomwe zosakira zaukadaulo zamakono zimathandizira kupezeka kwa kafukufuku waku Africa

Timalimbikitsa kufalitsa chidziwitso chofukufuku kuchokera ku zolemba za ku Africa monga gawo lalikulu kwambiri lopezekanso ndi zolemba za pa intaneti, zolemba za kafukufuku ndi akatswiri osindikiza mabuku kuti apititse patsogolo kulumikizana ndi kupezeka kwa zolembedwa zoterezi kumayiko aku Africa komanso kuti zitheke. kumvetsetsa kwapang'onopang'ono kwa zida zaukadaulo za akatswiri.

Kusunga ndi kusungitsa deta

Mapu ndi mapepala ofananirako amatsogozedwa patsamba la AfricArXiv pansi pa 'Resources' pa https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Mndandandandawu siwotopetsa chifukwa chake tikulimbikitsa malo aliwonse oyenerera ku Africa omwe sanatchulidwe pano fomu yoperekera ku https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, kapena kudziwitsa International African Institute (imelo sk111@soas.ac.uk). AwiriArXiv ndi IAI apitiliza kusungabe mndandanda wa zolembedwazo monga chofunikira kwa ofufuza aku Africa ndi ena omwe akutenga nawo mbali kuphatikizapo mayiko apadziko lonse la Africa.

Njira

Mndandanda woyambira pazithunzi zama digito udapangidwa ndi International African Institute mu 2016 ndikusinthidwa mu 2019 (onani https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories mwatsatanetsatane). Makonda adachokera pazomwe zidapezedwa ndi African Study Center, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), makamaka polojekiti yake ya 'Kulumikiza Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Directory of Open Access repositories (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), ndi Registry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) Mwa ena. Mndandanda woyambirira udakulitsidwa ndikutsatira ntchito zaubungwe zomwe zimachitanso maphunziro aukadaulo aku Africa: Zophatikiza ScienceOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Zonodo Communityhttps://zenodo.org/communities/), Misonkho ya Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), ndi zolembedwa zapamwamba.

Pazowonera tinagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu ya Kumu (https://kumu.io/) kupanga mapangidwe azosungidwa zakafukufuku ndi dziko, mapulogalamu apansi, mabungwe omwe ali ndi mabungwe ndi mabungwe oponderezedwa. Tidawonjezeranso mtundu wazilankhulo, mawonekedwe ndi ntchito zomwe zimasungidwa pazosungira.

Results

Pamasamba, South Africa (40) ndi Kenya (32) ndi omwe anali ndi chiwerengero chokwera kwambiri. M'mayiko ena monga Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, ndi Zimbabwe, manambala anali otsika kwambiri (5-15). M'mayiko 16 kuphatikiza Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia ndi Eswatini (omwe kale anali Swaziland), palibe zomwe zingachitike pazakafukufuku wa digito.

Zilankhulo zomwe zikuyimiridwa pamadatawa zimaphatikizapo Chingerezi (en), Chifalansa (fr), Chiarabu (ar), Amaranth (amh), Chipwitikizi (pt), Chiswahili (sw), Chisipanishi (es), Chijeremani (de).

Chithunzi 1: Zambiri pamapu owoneka pamitundu yapa digito ya ku Africa (n = 229). Ma Node akuimira maiko omwe ali ndi zolumikizana zamitundu yosiyanasiyana monga chosiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wamitundu (onani nthano).
Url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Chithunzi 2: Zowunikira zabwino pa Sudan pakuwunikira zambiri za West Kordufan University repository, incl. Mapulogalamu, zilankhulo zomwe zilipo, kupezeka ndi url.
Chithunzi 3: Chiwerengero cha zaposachedwa dziko lililonse la mu Africa ndi peresenti. Mayiko ena akuti 'mayiko ena' amaphatikizira omwe ali ndi 0-3 malo omwe alipo,
Chithunzi 4: Mapulogalamu omwe amapereka ndi manambala omwe adasungidwamo, momwemo. Zosadziwika

Kukambirana

Makina ofufuza opangidwa mwaluso a digito ayenera kupangitsa kuti zotsatira za kafukufuku zikwaniritsidwe komanso kuti zitheke pa intaneti. Kuphatikiza apo, malo otseguka ayenera kuthandiza ogwiritsa ntchito kuzungulira padziko lonse lapansi kuti athe kulumikizidwa. Mitundu yotsegulidwa ya digito imakhala ndi gawo lofunikira mu Open Science mawonekedwe ndipo ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakufalitsa kwa Open Access. Kuti mumve zambiri komanso malingaliro pa kakulidwe ndi kaonedwe kazinthu zokhudzana ndi maphunziro aku Africa ndi Africa, onani Molteno (2016).

Timazindikira zovuta za kupanga mapu okhala ndi mbiri yakale. Mosasamala za zovuta zopezera deta, zovuta zowonjezera zovuta zimadza pakufufuza njira za kuperewera, kuchepa kwa kufalikira, kusaka, kutalika / kusungika ndi mitundu ya mitundu ya ma data. Komabe, tikukhulupirira kuti mamapu monga omwe afotokozedwera m'munsimu akadali othandiza. Kukhala ndi kumvetsetsa komwe kulipo - limodzi ndi mphamvu zake ndi zofooka zake - kumathandizira mayankho ndi kuwongolera. Kuphatikiza apo, kuwonjezera maonekedwe a zolembazi - zonse kwa omvera ku Africa ndi padziko lonse lapansi - zitha kuyendetsa nawo machitidwe abwino, zokumana nazo ndi ukadaulo. Izi zikuthandizira otengawo mbali, omwe ndi alembi ndi ena ogwira ntchito zamaphunziro kuti apange zisankho zothandiza pa momwe angagwiritsire ntchito kwambiri matekinoloje asungidwe osungirako mbiri yakale aku Afirika amagwiritsa ntchito zolembedwa zotsogola za mu Africa kuti akhale omvera ku umisiri watsopano ndikupanga njira "zopumira" kasamalidwe ka digito komwe kuli koyenera komanso kokhazikika ku Africa.

Zomwe zimatanthauzidwa monga chosungira zimasiyana osati ku Africa kokha, koma padziko lonse ophunzira padziko lapansi. Ndalama zomwe zaperekedwa kuti zikwaniritse malo okhala ndi kupititsa patsogolo mphamvu za ogwira ntchito ndizochepa ndipo zimasiyana kwambiri, makamaka kutengera ndalama zaboma pazofufuza ndi nzeru zatsopano kapena zopereka. Kusintha kwamakina omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana ndi kusungiramo zinthu zaumisili kumalepheretsa kulumikizana kwina ndipo potero kusaka kwa zaposachedwa kudera lonselo komanso mayiko ena apadziko lonse lapansi. Nkhani zonsezi zikufunika kuthana ndi mavuto kuti zafotokozedwe kuti kafukufuku waku Africa asinthe kuchoka pa digito kupita kumalo osinthika.

Tikuyembekeza kuti mapu awa ndi gawo la kuwunika kwakukulu kwamtsogolo kwa zolemba zomwe zikubwera ndi zikubwera. Potsatira tsatanetsatane wa ntchitoyi, tikukonzekera kuphatikiza polemba ndi mapu ojambulidwa a Africa digito monga zodziwikiridwa ndi kafukufuku wamaphunziro a Africa Open Science Platform (AOSP) (2019). Cholinga china ndikukhala kuti tipeze njira zaumisiri zopangira kuti malo osiyanasiyana azitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndikufufuzidwa kudera lonse / zigawo / zilankhulo - kufikirika komanso kuthandizika pompano ku Africa komwe kulibe malire a bandwidth, mwachitsanzo, pakupanga ntchito za pa intaneti / pa intaneti.

Palinso gulu lina lomwe liziwonjezerapo zomwe mudzakhale nawo omwe azidzaphunzitsidwa ndi ku Africa kuno; mndandanda umodzi wotere ndi Kulumikiza-Africa (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Mndandanda womwe ukukula wamalonda oyeneranso ukukonzedwa pa Wikidata, onani mwachitsanzo en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Olembawa amalandila momveka bwino mayankho omwe aperekedwa pamwambapa komanso kuwunikira pazosungidwa zamabungwe zomwe sizinasungidwe kapena zomwe zikukonzekera ndikugwiritsa ntchito pano. Tikuyembekeza kulumikizana ndi ena omwe akutenga nawo gawo ku Africa R&I komanso mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi kuti apitilizenso kusanthula zakale ndi kusindikiza mapulatifomu ndi kuyesetsa kuchitira zinthu mogwirizana.

Zothandizira

Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), African Open Science Platform - Landscape Study. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

African Open Science Platform - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Kulumikiza-Africa - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

Molteno, R. (2016), Chifukwa chake zolemba zakale zaku Africa posungira zolemba zakafukufuku ndizofunikira kwambiri, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Ophunzira pa African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workhop, Seputembara 2018, Ophunzira pa African Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, Marichi 2018, Advisory Council, African Open Science Platform Project, Technical Advisory Board, African Open Science Platform, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disembala 12). Tsogolo la Sayansi ndi Sayansi Yamtsogolo: Masomphenya ndi Njira ya African Open Science Platform (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Zolemba za Wikidata - mwach https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Wikipedia omwe amapereka. (2020, Marichi 18). Library yapa digito. Ku Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Zabwezedwa 18:02, Marichi 27, 2020, kuchokera https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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