Olemba & Othandizira motsatira zilembo
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Chimwemwe. (2020). Malo Osungira Zinthu Zapa Africa: Kujambula Pamalo (Zosintha). Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Mapu Owona: https://kumu.io/a2P/african-digital-research-repositories 
Zambiri: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Zosungidwa pa https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Fomu yolembetsa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Kupereka malayisensi: Mapu Olemba ndi Owona - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Public Domain) // Kupatsa chilolezo kwa database iliyonse kumatsimikiziridwa ndi database pawokha

Chithunzithunzi: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Zambiri Zojambula: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // akupezeka m'mitundu yosiyanasiyana (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) mogwirizana ndi AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) akuwonetsa mapu oyanjana azosungidwa zakale zaku Africa. Izi zidachokera pantchito yoyambirira ya IAI kuyambira 2016 kupita patsogolo kuti izindikire ndikulemba mndandanda wazosungidwa zaku Africa zomwe zimayang'ana kwambiri posungira malo osungidwa m'malaibulale aku yunivesite yaku Africa. Zomwe tili nazo kale zimapezeka ku https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Mapu ophatikizira amapititsa patsogolo ntchito ya IAI kuphatikiza nkhokwe zabungwe, maboma komanso mayiko ena. Imawonanso kuyanjana pakati pa malo osungira kafukufuku. M'masamba awa, timayang'ana kwambiri m'malo osungira mabungwe ophunzira, monga amafotokozera a Wikipedia (Marichi 2020).

cholinga

Mapu a zolembedwa zapamwamba za mu Africa adapangidwa kuti ndigwiritse ntchito pokwaniritsa zolinga izi:

  1. Sinthani kupezeka kwa kafukufuku waku Africa ndi zofalitsa 
  2. Kupititsa patsogolo mgwirizano pakati pa zolemba zakale za ku Africa zomwe zilipo
  3. Dziwani njira zomwe zosakira zaukadaulo zamakono zimathandizira kupezeka kwa kafukufuku waku Africa

Timalimbikitsa kufalitsa chidziwitso chofukufuku kuchokera ku zolemba za ku Africa monga gawo lalikulu kwambiri lopezekanso ndi zolemba za pa intaneti, zolemba za kafukufuku ndi akatswiri osindikiza mabuku kuti apititse patsogolo kulumikizana ndi kupezeka kwa zolembedwa zoterezi kumayiko aku Africa komanso kuti zitheke. kumvetsetsa kwapang'onopang'ono kwa zida zaukadaulo za akatswiri.  

Kusunga ndi kusungitsa deta

Mapu ndi mapepala ofananirako amatsogozedwa patsamba la AfricArXiv pansi pa 'Resources' pa https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Mndandandandawu siwotopetsa chifukwa chake tikulimbikitsa malo aliwonse oyenerera ku Africa omwe sanatchulidwe pano fomu yoperekera ku https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, kapena kudziwitsa International African Institute (imelo sk111@soas.ac.uk). AwiriArXiv ndi IAI apitiliza kusungabe mndandanda wa zolembedwazo monga chofunikira kwa ofufuza aku Africa ndi ena omwe akutenga nawo mbali kuphatikizapo mayiko apadziko lonse la Africa.

Njira

Mndandanda woyambira pazithunzi zama digito udapangidwa ndi International African Institute mu 2016 ndikusinthidwa mu 2019 (onani https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories mwatsatanetsatane). Makonda adachokera pazomwe zidapezedwa ndi African Study Center, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), makamaka polojekiti yake ya 'Kulumikiza Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Directory ya malo osungira Open Open (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), ndi Registry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) Mwa ena. Mndandanda woyambirira udakulitsidwa ndikutsatira ntchito zaubungwe zomwe zimachitanso maphunziro aukadaulo aku Africa: Zophatikiza ScienceOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Zonodo Communityhttps://zenodo.org/communities/), Misonkho ya Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), ndi zolembedwa zapamwamba. 

Pakuwonera tidagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu ya Kumu (https://kumu.io/) kupanga mapangidwe azosungidwa zakafukufuku ndi dziko, mapulogalamu apansi, mabungwe omwe ali ndi mabungwe ndi mabungwe oponderezedwa. Tidawonjezeranso mtundu wazilankhulo, mawonekedwe ndi ntchito zomwe zimasungidwa pazosungira.

Results

Pamasamba, South Africa (40) ndi Kenya (32) ndi omwe anali ndi chiwerengero chokwera kwambiri. M'mayiko ena monga Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, ndi Zimbabwe, manambala anali otsika kwambiri (5-15). M'mayiko 16 kuphatikiza Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia ndi Eswatini (omwe kale anali Swaziland), palibe zomwe zingachitike pazakafukufuku wa digito.

Zilankhulo zomwe zikuyimiridwa pamadatawa zimaphatikizapo Chingerezi (en), Chifalansa (fr), Chiarabu (ar), Amaranth (amh), Chipwitikizi (pt), Chiswahili (sw), Chisipanishi (es), Chijeremani (de).

Chithunzi 1: Zambiri pamapu owoneka pamitundu yapa digito ya ku Africa (n = 229). Ma Node akuimira maiko omwe ali ndi zolumikizana zamitundu yosiyanasiyana monga chosiyanitsidwa ndi mtundu wamitundu (onani nthano).
Url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Chithunzi 2: Zowunikira zabwino pa Sudan pakuwunikira zambiri za West Kordufan University repository, incl. Mapulogalamu, zilankhulo zomwe zilipo, kupezeka ndi url.
Chithunzi 3: Chiwerengero cha zaposachedwa dziko lililonse la mu Africa ndi peresenti. Mayiko ena akuti 'mayiko ena' amaphatikizira omwe ali ndi 0-3 malo omwe alipo,
Chithunzi 4: Mapulogalamu omwe amapereka ndi manambala omwe adasungidwamo, momwemo. Zosadziwika 

Kukambirana

Makina ofufuza opangidwa mwaluso a digito ayenera kupangitsa kuti zotsatira za kafukufuku zikwaniritsidwe komanso kuti zitheke pa intaneti. Kuphatikiza apo, malo otseguka ayenera kuthandiza ogwiritsa ntchito kuzungulira padziko lonse lapansi kuti athe kulumikizidwa. Mitundu yotsegulidwa ya digito imakhala ndi gawo lofunikira mu Open Science mawonekedwe ndipo ndichinthu chofunikira kwambiri pakufalitsa kwa Open Access. Kuti mumve zambiri komanso malingaliro pa kakulidwe ndi kaonedwe kazinthu zokhudzana ndi maphunziro aku Africa ndi Africa, onani Molteno (2016).

Tikuzindikira zovuta zakusunga malo osungira digito. Ngakhale panali zovuta zakusonkhanitsa deta, zovuta zina zovuta zimabwera pofufuza njira zothanirana, kuchepa kwa mwayi, kusaka, moyo wautali / kukhazikika ndi mitundu yambiri yazosankhika. Komabe, tikukhulupirira kuti mamapu monga omwe aperekedwa pansipa amakhalabe othandiza. Kukhala ndi chidziwitso pazomwe zilipo kale - pamodzi ndi mphamvu zake ndi zofooka - kumathandizira mayankho ndikuwongolera. Kuphatikiza apo, kukulitsa kuwonekera kwa nkhokwe izi - kwa omvera aku Africa komanso padziko lonse lapansi - zitha kuthandiza kugawana njira zabwino, zokumana nazo komanso ukatswiri. Izi zithandizira otenga nawo mbali, omwe ndi oyang'anira laibulale ndi ena ophunzira kuti athe kupanga zisankho zanzeru zamomwe angasinthire matekinoloje azama digito kuti asungidwe zakale za akatswiri aku Africa kuti azitha kuyankha ukadaulo watsopano ndikupanga njira "zoyambira" kasamalidwe ka digito komwe kuli koyenera komanso kosatha ku Africa.

Zomwe zimatanthauzidwa monga chosungira zimasiyana osati ku Africa kokha, koma padziko lonse ophunzira padziko lapansi. Ndalama zomwe zaperekedwa kuti zikwaniritse malo okhala ndi kupititsa patsogolo mphamvu za ogwira ntchito ndizochepa ndipo zimasiyana kwambiri, makamaka kutengera ndalama zaboma pazofufuza ndi nzeru zatsopano kapena zopereka. Kusintha kwamakina omwe amagwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana ndi kusungiramo zinthu zaumisili kumalepheretsa kulumikizana kwina ndipo potero kusaka kwa zaposachedwa kudera lonselo komanso mayiko ena apadziko lonse lapansi. Nkhani zonsezi zikufunika kuthana ndi mavuto kuti zafotokozedwe kuti kafukufuku waku Africa asinthe kuchoka pa digito kupita kumalo osinthika.

Tikuwona kuti mapuwa ndi omwe adzawunikenso zamtsogolo m'mabuku omwe amapezeka komanso omwe akutuluka posungira zakale. Potsatira ntchito yotsatira ya ntchitoyi, tikukonzekera kuphatikizira pamasamba ndi mapu owonera zinthu zaku Africa zomwe zimadziwika ndi African Open Science Platform (AOSP) landscape study (2019). Cholinga china chidzakhala kupeza mayankho aukadaulo opangira malo osungika osiyanasiyana kuti azitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndikufufuzidwa pamagawo / zigawo / zilankhulo zonse - zopezeka ndikugwira ntchito munthawi ino yaku Africa yopanda malire mwachitsanzo pakupanga mayendedwe apaintaneti / akunja. 

Palinso gulu lina lomwe liziwonjezerapo zomwe mudzakhale nawo omwe azidzaphunzitsidwa ndi ku Africa kuno; mndandanda umodzi wotere ndi Kulumikiza-Africa (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Mndandanda womwe ukukula wamalonda oyeneranso ukukonzedwa pa Wikidata, onani mwachitsanzo en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Olembawo amalandila bwino malingaliro pazosungidwazo zomwe zafotokozedwazo komanso zolowetsa m'malo osungira mabungwe omwe adasiyidwa mosazindikira kapena akukonzekera ndikuchitika. Tikuyembekezera kulumikizana ndi omwe akutenga nawo mbali mu R & I yaku Africa komanso mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansi kuti tiwunikenso masanjidwe omwe ali kale aukadaulo komanso kufalitsa nsanja ndikugwirira ntchito mogwirizana. 

Zothandizira

Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), African Open Science Platform - Phunziro Landscape. onetsani: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Dongosolo la African Open Science - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Kulumikiza-Africa - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

Molteno, R. (2016), Chifukwa chake zolemba zakale zaku Africa posungira zolemba zakafukufuku ndizofunikira kwambiri, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Ophunzira pa African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workhop, Seputembara 2018, Ophunzira pa African Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, Marichi 2018, Advisory Council, African Open Science Platform Project, Technical Advisory Board, African Open Science Platform, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disembala 12). Tsogolo la Sayansi ndi Sayansi Yamtsogolo: Masomphenya ndi Njira ya African Open Science Platform (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Zolemba za Wikidata - mwachitsanzo https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Wikipedia omwe amapereka. (2020, Marichi 18). Library yapa digito. Ku Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Zabwezedwa 18:02, Marichi 27, 2020, kuchokera https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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