Malo ogulitsira, aulere pa intaneti ndi amodzi mwa omwe akukula kumene ophunzira pamaphunziro azigawenga omwe amagawana nawo ntchito yawo

Smriti Mallapaty

[Wolemba koyamba mu Index Yachilengedwe]

Gulu la owerenga asayansi otseguka ndi adakhazikitsa malo oyamba osakira asayansi aku Africa okha. AfricaArxiv akufuna kukonza kuwonekera kwa sayansi ya ku Africa pothandiza akatswiri ophunzira kugawana ntchito yawo mwachangu, atero oyambitsa nawo a Justin Ahinon, wopanga mawebusayiti komanso wopanga mawerengero ku National School of Statistics, Planning and Demography ku Parakou, Benin, West Africa, ndi Jo Havemann, mphunzitsi paupangiri wolumikizana za sayansi, Access 2 Perspectives, wokhala ku Berlin, Germany.

Akukhulupirira kuti seva yoyambirira idzakulitsa mgwirizano pakati pa ofufuza, ndikupangitsa chidziwitso kukhala chofikira kwa opanga, ochita malonda, ogwira ntchito zamankhwala, alimi, atolankhani, pakati pa ochita nawo.

Pulatifomuyo izikhala ndi pulogalamu ya Open Science Framework (OSF), yaulere, yopatsa mwayi yomwe imalola ofufuza kulumikizana ndikugawana ntchito yawo. Ithandizira ma prerints, zikwangwani, code ndi data, ndikuvomera kutumizidwa kuchokera ku zilankhulo zonse zaku Africa, kuphatikiza Akan, Twi, Kiswahili ndi Chizungu.

AfricArxiv ndiwoposachedwa kwambiri pamasamba angapo ofalitsa omwe adayambika kuyambira kumayambiriro kwa chaka cha 2018. M'mwezi wa Marichi, bungwe la African Institute for Mathematics, Sayansi, ndi Elsevier adalengeza kuti apanga magazini yotseguka-yotseguka Asayansi aku Africa, ndipo mu Epulo, bungwe la African Academy of Science (AAS) ndi F1000 lidakhazikitsidwa Kafukufuku Wotseguka wa AAS, yomwe imafalitsa zolemba pamanja zomwe zimayendera njira zowunikira za anzanu. Kafukufuku wa AAS Open wafalitsa nkhani 17 kuyambira pomwe ukadalipo, pomwe zina zisanu ndi zitatu zikusinthidwa.

Chiyembekezo choyambira

Lingaliro la AfricArxiv linapangidwa ndi ma tweets ndi opezekapo pamsonkhano wapamwamba wa sayansi ku Kumasi, Ghana mu Epulo 2018. Patangotha ​​miyezi itatu, KiaArxiv ali ndi pulatifomu, tsamba la Facebook, akaunti ya Twitter, komanso gulu la asayansi 12, odzipereka nthawi yawo yolimbikitsira ntchitoyi, ndikuwona ngati zomwe zalembedwazi zili zoyenera?

Kuthamanga kwa ntchito kumachitika makamaka chifukwa chofulumira momwe Center for Open Science imasinthira nsanja yake ya OSF. AfricArxiv ndi amodzi mwa mabungwe 21 ogwira ntchito omwe amapangidwa pa OSF, kuphatikizapo Arabixiv, yomwe imafalitsa chidziwitso mu Chiarabu, ndi INA-Rxiv kwa asayansi aku Indonesia.

Izi ndi zina mwazosunga bwino kwambiri, atero a Rusty Speidel, yemwe ndi director of COS. Kuyambira kukhazikitsidwa mu Ogasiti 2017, apeza timapepala 2,920.

Poyerekeza, mbiri yokhazikitsidwa bwino pa fizikisiti arXiv imalandira ma 10,000 mwezi uliwonse, ndipo bioRxiv idalandira kutumizira mwezi uliwonse, patatha zaka zinayi atapangidwa mu 1,000.

Kupambana kwa AfricArxiv kudzadalira kukula ndi kufunitsitsa kwa ammudzi kuti agawane ntchito yawo wina ndi mnzake ndi dziko lapansi, atero Speidel.

Madera ena adafotokozera nkhawa zawo kuti ntchito yawo idachotsedwa, koma akhutitsidwa ndi zabwino zomwe angapeze poyambira kuchokera kwa anzawo, akuti, makamaka popeza m'mabuku ambiri ayamba kulimbikitsa ofufuza kuti nawonso agawire zolemba zawo. Preprints imapatsidwa DOI yovomerezeka, yomwe akuti imachepetsa chiopsezo cha wina kutenga mbiri ya ntchito.

"Gawo losavuta ndikulimbikitsa nsanja. Gawo lovuta limakulitsa, kuichirikiza ndikusunthira patsogolo, ”akutero a Speidel.

Pezani ndi kuchitapo kanthu

Tolu Odumosu, wofufuza za sayansi komanso wofufuza zaumunthu ku Yunivesite ya Virginia, akuti mwayi wopezeka ndi wovuta pakati pa ofufuza m'derali. Ngakhale makonzedwe atha kuthana ndi vutoli, zotchinga zina zimafunikanso chisamaliro, monga zoletsa zolembetsera zolemba zama magazine okhazikitsidwa ndi chindapusa. Bungweli likufunikanso kuwerengera nthawi yochulukirapo, zida ndi malo ofufuzira, atero Odumosu. Angakhale ndi chidwi chofuna kuthandiza pantchito yake ku AfricArxiv ngati atadziwa kuti idzafike pagulu la asayansi ku Africa, akutero.

Chodandaula china ndi kuzindikira. "Anthu akadali otukuka mdziko lapansi," atero a Nelson Torto, katswiri wofufuza zamankhwala komanso wamkulu wa AAS. "Padzatenga kanthawi kuti anthu achoke pamadongosolo omwe amatchedwa apamwamba kwambiri ndikupanga nsanja pomwe amatha kugawana ndi anzawo mwachangu momwe angathere." Komabe, pankhaniyi, awiriwa sayenera kukhala onse awiri kupatula.

Kwa ofufuza ambiri m'derali, zinthu zambiri zimakhala bwino. Koma ena amadandaula kuti asayansi amatha kusokoneza mayendedwe ndi zolemba zomwe anzawo amachita. Torto anati: “Nthawi zonse pamakhala zofunikira kukambirana nkhani. "Koma anthu ayenera kudziwa mtundu wa chidziwitsochi, ndi momwe angachigwiritsire ntchito."

Ahinon ndi Hasmann akuyembekeza kuti matanthauzidwe omveka bwino ndi malangizo azitsogolera malingaliro olakwika aliwonse.

Kukonza 26 June 2018: Nelson Torto pano sakulumikizana ndi University of Botswana.


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