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Mliri wa COVID-19 (Coronavirus) ndiumodzi wazovuta kwambiri masiku athu ano. Pakadali pano, anthu opitilila miliyoni adatenga kachilombo, ndipo opitilira 60 afa. Mavutowa abweretsa ngakhale mayiko otsogola kwambiri kuchita chisokonezo, zikuchitika padziko lonse lapansi chuma zolimba, zomwe zidapangitsa kuti padziko lonse lapansi pakayimidwe zinthu zambiri (mwachitsanzo Masewera), kutsekeka kwa mizindayi, kukhala kwa anthu okhawo otchuka kwambiri, mwachitsanzo Prime Minister waku Britain. Zotsatira zake, dziko tsopano likuyang'ana kwa asayansi yankho lalitali. Ambiri mwa mayiko otukuka akutengera upangiri wa sayansi popanga mapulani awo kuti achepetse kapena kuchedwetsa kufalitsa kwa COVID-19 kuti asawononge dongosolo lawo laumoyo. Pomwe mayiko akupitilizabe kugwiritsa ntchito njira kuti “sansani pamapindikira', dziko lapansi likuwonetsetsa ndi kudikirira kuti asayansi apange katemera kapena mankhwala kuti aletse mliriwu.

Tsoka ilo, ku Nigeria, asayansi alibe nkhawa. Komanso pali malingaliro olakwika ambiri pazokhudza asayansi. Nthawi zambiri, anthu amasokoneza asayansi ndi akatswiri azachipatala. Ngakhale onse akhoza kukhala ofanana nthawi zina, nthawi zambiri, amasewera magawo osiyanasiyana. Ndipo ngakhale akatswiri azachipatala amatenga gawo lofunikira kwambiri pankhani zonse zaumoyo wa anthu, nkhaniyi makamaka imanena za mayankho omwe amayendetsedwa ndi sayansi. Ngati pali phunzilo limodzi lomwe tonsefe tiyenera kuphunzira kuchokera ku mliri wa COVID-19, ndikuti tikufunika kuthandizira sayansi! Apa ndikufotokozera mwachidule zifukwa zanga komanso zotchingira zina zomwe zikukhudza sayansi ku Nigeria.

Njira zamakono za COVID-19 ndizogula nthawi asayansi asanapeze yankho lalitali

Pankhondo yapano yolimbana ndi COVID-19, imodzi mwamaukadaulo ofunsira ndi World Health Organisation (WHO), ndikuyesera anthu ambiri momwe angathere. Chifukwa chochitira izi ndi kuzindikira, kudzipatula, kulumikizana ndi anthu ndi matendawa ndikukonzekera kuti alandire chisamaliro chofunikira, potero kuchepetsa kufala kwa kachilomboka. Kuyesedwa sikungaletse kufala kwa kachilomboka, koma kumathandizira mayiko kuti athe kufalitsa matendawa chifukwa chochepetsa zovuta zomwe zingachitike chifukwa cha kuchuluka kwa anthu omwe ali ndi kachilombo nthawi imodzi. Njira iyi ipangitsa kuti azaumoyo apitirize kupereka chithandizo chisanakhale chothandiza katemera, kapena mankhwala amapangidwa kudzera mufukufuku wa sayansi. Izi zikutsindika kufunikira kwa kafukufuku wasayansi!

Kodi tiyenera kudalira Global North?

Katemera wa COVID-19 akuchulidwa masiku ano. Palibe chomwe chikuchitika ku Sub-Saharan Africa. Monga nthawi zonse, timadikirira asayansi ochokera ku "Global North" kuti apange katemera yemwe pamapeto pake timagula, kupempha kapena kudikirira kuti ayesedwe ngati nkhumba za ku Guinea monga momwe ena amafunira Asayansi aku France. Panthawi yamavuto, anthu amakhala ndi chizolowezi chodzidalira. M'mwezi wa Marichi, Purezidenti Trump mosagwirizana adapereka ndalama yayikulu mwayi wokhawokha waku US katemera wa COVID-19 amene pakali pano akupangidwa ndi kampani yaku Germany ya zamankhwala. Masiku angapo apitawo, adayima kampani yopanga ku US yotumiza opuma ku Canada. Zitsanzozi zikuyenera kukhala chizindikiro kuti tikuyenera kukweza luso lathu la sayansi. Chifukwa nthawi zina sitipeza thandizo pomwe timafunikira kwambiri ngati timadalira ena nthawi zonse. Ngakhale ngati katemera wa COVID-19 ndi mankhwala amapangidwa ndikupezeka padziko lonse lapansi, monga mtundu, tidzakhalanso ndi mavuto ena omwe ndi achilendo kwa ife (mwachitsanzo Lassa fever). Ndani angatithandizire ngati sitikugwirizana ndi kafukufuku wakwanuko kuthana ndi ena mwa mavutowa?

Chosangalatsa ndichakuti, Ministry of Science and Technology mu February analengeza kuti adzapereka mphotho kwa N36 miliyoni kwa asayansi aliyense yemwe amapanga mankhwala a COVID-19 ndi Lassa fever. Ngakhale izi zili zoyamikika, kodi asayansi angatani kuti apeze zomwe zidapezekazo popanda labotale yabwino komanso ndalama kuti achite kafukufuku? 

Tiyenera kuwonjezera thandizo lathu la sayansi ndi kuthandiza asayansi kuti achite kafukufuku 

Kutsogolera gulu la asayansi opitilira 10, chaka chatha ife adasindikiza pepala mu European Journal of Neuroscience pomwe tidawonetsa kuti pazaka 20 zapitazi, ndi 8% yokha ya kafukufuku yemwe anachitika ku Nigeria omwe amagwiritsa ntchito njira zazikulu "zapamwamba" zomwe zimapezeka mosavuta kwa ofufuza kunja kwa Africa, monga polymerase chain reaction (PCR) , fluorescence kapena ma elekitirofoni ma elekitironi, pakati pa ena. Kuti tiwone izi, opambana theka la mphotho za Nobel zomwe adapambana mu Physiology kapena Medicine m'zaka makumi awiri zapitazi adagwiritsa ntchito njira zapamwamba zotere. Komanso, izi ndi njira zomwe asayansi akugwiritsa ntchito pano poyesa ndikumvetsetsa matenda a COVID-19 ndi njira ya matenda. Kuti tithane ndi mavuto athu azasayansi, tiyenera kupanga ndalama kuti tiwapangitse ma labotale aku Nigeria ndi zida zamakono zofufuzira komanso kuthandizira asayansi ndi zopereka pakufufuza. 

Komanso, chifukwa cha mliri wa COVID-19, masauzande asayansi kuzungulira padziko lonse lapansi akudzipereka nthawi yawo kuti athandize kuthana ndi kachilomboka, mwachitsanzo, pakuwonjezera kuyesa kwa COVID-19. Ku Germany, 500, 000 PCR pa sabata amathandizidwa kuyesa anthu pa COVID-19. Ngati malo athu ofufuzira za sayansi atakhala ndi zida, asayansi athu atithandizanso panthawi zoyeserazi kuti tithandizire kuyesetsa kwathu kuthana ndi mliriwu.

Apatseni asayansi nthawi yambiri yakuchita kafukufuku

Apanso, vuto limodzi lalikulu lomwe limakhudza asayansi aku Nigerian ndilochulukitsa pophunzitsa. Ku Global North, malo ophunzitsira ndi ofufuza nthawi zambiri amalekanitsidwa. M'mikhalidwe yomwe sizili choncho, asayansi amapatsidwa nthawi yokwanira kuti achite kafukufuku. Ku Nigeria, mayunivesite ambiri amayang'ana kwambiri kuphunzitsa kuposa kufufuza. Izi zikutanthauza kuti ophunzira sapeza nthawi yofufuzira ndikupanga zomwe apeza. Izi zimakhudza phindu ndi kuchuluka kwa kafukufuku womwe amapanga. Mpaka izi zisinthe, ngakhale boma litayipitsa ndalama zambiri pakufufuza, asayansi sangakhale othandiza pamlingo womwe akuyembekezeka. Ili ndiye vuto lomwe Unduna wa zamaphunziro uyenera kuyankha.

Dr Mahmoud Bukar mu labu yake ya University ya Sussex

Imalimbikitsa ntchito zolumikizana za sayansi 

Zofanana ndi nthawi zoyesera zoterezi, malingaliro olakwika a sayansi ndi ma disinformation ali pamlingo wanthawi zonse, makamaka pama media a media. Izi zikuphatikiza malingaliro a chiwembu chokhudza komwe kunachokera COVID-19, kuchiritsa kwa COVID-19 kuchokera ku mankhwala osachiritsika azitsamba ndi kukana kukhalapo kwa kachilomboka. Momwemonso, asayansi angapo aku Nigeria adathandizira chisokonezochi pofotokoza kuti apanga mankhwala a COVID-19, popanda kupereka umboni wawo wasayansi. Malinga ndi lipoti lina, Pulofesa wa pa Yunivesite adati wapeza mankhwala a COVID-19. Motero, "amakangana ndi bungwe lililonse la zaumoyo kapena bungwe lililonse abweretse vuto lililonse la coronavirus kwa iye ndikuwona momwe lidzasowonekera patangotha ​​masiku ochepa. ” Umu si momwe sayansi imachitidwira! Zomwe asayansi atulutsa zimalengezedwa koyamba kudzera m'mabuku asayansi, osati kufalitsa nkhani. Wasayansi aliyense wothamangira atolankhani kukanena izi popanda kudutsa pakati pa asayansi sayenera kutengedwa mtima. 

Asayansi ambiri ku Global North amalumikizana ndi sayansi kuti athane ndi malingaliro olakwika awa komanso zabodza. Komabe, pakadali pano, kulumikizana kwa sayansi sikumaganiziridwa kwambiri ndi asayansi aku Nigeria. Munthawi za mantha komanso kusatsutsika ngati momwe zinthu ziliri masiku ano, asayansi aku Nigeria atha kuthana ndi malingaliro olakwikawa ndikuzitsutsa m'madela awo. Izi zithandiza boma posungitsa bata ndi thanzi la nzika. Ichi ndichifukwa chake tidakhazikitsa tsamba wodzipereka la COVID-19 pa Science Communication Hub Nigeria (www.SciComNigeria.org) ndi African Science Literacy Network (www.AfricanSciLit.org) kuthana ndi malingaliro olakwika a sayansi mu chingerezi ndi zilankhulo zakomweko. Kuti tithe kulimbikitsa izi ku Nigeria, kulumikizana kwa sayansi kuyenera kulimbikitsidwa. Mwachitsanzo, itha kupangidwa kukhala gawo lokwezeka kwamaphunziro, kufunikira kwa zopereka zofufuzira za dziko komanso / kapena ochita nawo sayansi asangalatsidwa kuyenera kuvomerezedwa ndi mphotho chifukwa chogwira ntchito yawo ndi boma komanso mabungwe asayansi.

Pomaliza, vuto la COVID-19 likutsimikiziranso kufunika kwa sayansi komanso chifukwa chake tiyenera kupitiliza kuthandizira asayansi. Nigeria ikuyenera kugwiritsa ntchito izi ngati phunzirolo kukonza dziko la sayansi mdzikolo ndikuthandizira asayansi ake kuti achite kafukufuku wapadziko lonse lapansi. Matenda akupitilirabe. Asayansi ndi gawo limodzi lodzitchinjiriza ku izi. Tiyenera kuwathandiza kuti azikhala okonzekera nthawi zonse.

Maina ndi wasayansi waku Nigeria, wophunzitsa, komanso wofufuza, wochokera ku University of Sussex ku United Kingdom. Kafukufuku wake amayang'ana pa neurodegeneration. Kuphatikiza pa kafukufuku wake, a Mahmoud amalumikizana ndi sayansi. Ndiye woyamba wa Science Communication Hub Nigeria ndi African Science Literacy Network kudzera momwe amagwira ntchito yotuluka kuti alimbikitse achinyamata ku Africa kuti azitsatira sayansi komanso kuwonjezera kumvetsetsa kwa sayansi. Amatha kufikira @alirezatalischioriginal


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