Blog iyi yatumizidwa kuchokera ASAPbio ndikugwiritsidwanso ntchito pansi CC-BY 4.0 chiphaso. Chonde onjezani malingaliro ndi zolemba patsamba loyamba asapbio.org/force2019-preprints-vision-dinner.

Kutsatira zokambirana za "Ndani angagwiritse bwino ntchito zoyambira ndikuti?" Ku FORCE2019 (Mwachidule Pano), tidapitilizanso zokambirana pa chakudya chamadzulo ndi ochita panja ndi ena omwe akukhudzapo:

Pa tebulo 1:

  • Emmy Tsang (otsogolera), eLife
  • Theo Bloom, BMJ ndi medRxiv
  • Andrea Chiarelli, Kafukufuku Wamafukufuku
  • Scott Edmunds, GigaScience
  • Amye Kenall, Springer Wachilengedwe
  • Fiona Murphy, mlangizi wodziyimira payekha
  • Michael Parkin, Europe PMC, EMBL-EBI
  • Alex Wade, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Pa tebulo 2:

  • Naomi Penfold (otsogolera), ASAPbio
  • Juan Pablo Alperin, ScholCommLab / Publick Chidziwitso
  • Humberto Dheat, National Institute of Agricultural Technology (Argentina)
  • Jo Havemann, AfricArXiv
  • Maria Levchenko, Europe PMC, EMBL-EBI
  • Lucia Loffreda, Kafukufuku Wakufufuza
  • Claire Rawlinson, BMJ ndi medRxiv
  • Dario Taraborelli, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative

Kuti tithe kuthana ndi zovuta monga gulu lomwe lili ndi malingaliro osiyanasiyana, takambirana ziganizo zisanu za anthu ammene zimayambira kapena momwe sizingagwire ntchito. Tebulo la Emmy lidakambirana:

  • Mlingo wa kuwunika kwa mkonzi komanso / kapena kuwunikiridwa kwa anzeru komwe chimaliziridwa chiyenera kufotokozedwera pang'onopang'ono pamalo pofikira chidziwitso
  • Ziyenera kukhala zaulere nthawi zonse kuti wolemba alembe zomwe zidzachitike
  • Malangizo sangagwiritsidwe ntchito pofuna kukhazikitsa zofunika kupeza
  • Ma seva oyang'anira ayenera kukhala achikunja mpaka kukweza ndi kutsika kwa zida ndi njira

Pakali pano tebulo la Naome (lomwe likujambulidwa pamwambapa) likufotokoza "maseva oyamba sayenera kuthandizidwa ndi omwe amapanga kafukufuku pokhapokha ngati akuwonetsa kuyang'anira", asanasinthane masomphenya osiyanasiyana pazomwe zingakhale.

Chidule cha munthu 1: Mulingo wa kuwunika kwa owunikira ndi / kapena kuwunikanso kwa anzanu omwe adakwaniritsidwa ayenera kufotokozedwa momveka bwino pamalo pofikira poyambira.

Pomwe tidagwirizana kuti macheke a mkonzi ndi kuwunikanso konse koyenera kuchitidwe kuyenera kufotokozedwera, tidazindikira mwachangu kuti tili ndi masomphenya osiyanasiyana kutanthauza kuwonekera kwa nkhani iyi. Ndikofunikira kuti titengere zosowa za owerenga ndi zokumana nazo m'moyo wathu: wofufuza yemwe akungofufuza mosakhalitsa angangofunika kudziwa kuchuluka kwa kutsimikizira komwe wadutsako (palibe? Kuwunika mwachangu kuti agwirizane ndi zofunikira ndi zovomerezeka komanso zasayansi) zakufunika? Kuwunika kwina koti zakuya? Zambiri, monga zobwezeretsa, ziyenera kufotokozedwa momveka bwino kwa owerenga onse. Kuti muthe kugwiritsa ntchito bwino, ndikofunikanso kuti chidziwitso chofufuza ndi kuwunikanso zigwiritsidwe ntchito moyenera. Koma zingatheke bwanji kuti deta ngati imeneyi igwiritsidwe ntchito pamaseva omwe amagawidwa? Kuwunikanso kwa anzanu ndi njira za mkonzi masiku ano zimasiyana kwambiri pakati pamajambulidwe ndi ma seva achitetezo, ndiye titha kulinganiza bwino njirazi motani?

Mfundo ya 2: Munthu ayenera kukhala waulere nthawi zonse kuti wolemba alembe.

Tinagwirizana mogwirizana kuti mawu oyamba ayenera kukhala aufulu pamalo ogwiritsira ntchito.

Ndemanga ya munthu Straw 3: Zoyala siziyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuti zizindikire zomwe zapezeka.

Zoyenera, kufunikira kwakupezeka siziyenera kukhala zofunikira, koma tidazindikira kuti, pankhani ya kafukufuku waposachedwa, nkhaniyi iyenera kuthetsedwa. Cholembera chikangosindikizidwa pagulu, patsogolo pazasayansi ntchito yomwe ikufotokozedwayi ikhazikitsidwa. Tikuzindikira kuti zida zamalamulo zomwe zilipo masiku ano sizingagwire ntchito motere: mwachitsanzo, malamulo apamwamba a US akupitilizabe kukhazikitsidwa pofotokoza momwe ntchito ikuyendera, komanso kuwulula pagulu lililonse - posankha kapena msonkhano wapadera - zitha kufooketsa izi. Kuwunikanso ndikuwunikanso bwino ndikofunikira polemba momwe zinthuzo zingayambire ndi zomwe zimafunikira patsogolo komanso zomwe zimatanthawuza kuti apeza zinthu komanso nzeru zaluso.

Sitiroko 4: Ma seva oyang'anira ayenera kukhala osadziwa kukwera ndi kutsika kwa zida ndi njira.

Kuti mugwiritse ntchito zida zawo momwe mungathere, tikuganiza kuti ma seva oyamba ayenera kukhala ogwirizana komanso ogwirizana ndi zida zoyambira ndi zotsika, mapulogalamu ndi othandizana nawo, ndipo nthawi yomweyo osagwirizana ndi chidziwitso kapena zolozera kuzinthu zomwe zikubwera kumene, mfundo za mdera ndi zina. Mwachitsanzo, njira zakumwamba zolanda ndi kupotera metadata zitha kukhala zothandiza kwambiri kuti zizipezeka. Ma seva oyang'anira ammudzi angathenso kulangizidwa pazabwino zomwe zingachitike pakuyenda kwakanthawi kochepa, ndikuwonjezera phindu pa ntchitoyi ndikuthandizanso kugwiritsanso ntchito komanso zopereka zina.

Sitiroko ya amuna 5: Ma seva owongolera sayenera kuthandizidwa ndi omwe amapereka ndalama pakafukufuku pokhapokha atawonetsa kuwongolera.

Kodi maboma amatanthauza chiyani chifukwa chake ndikofunikira?

Takambirana kuti cholinga chachikulu chothandizira kukhazikitsa madera omwe amatsogozedwa ndi anthu ndikuchepetsa mwayi wazomwe zimayendetsedwa patsogolo pa phindu la sayansi, monga zachitika ndi kutayika kwa umwini ndi mwayi wopeza zolemba pamanja zoyerekeza (ndi gulu) kumathandizo ofalitsa ofalitsa. Pano, titha kukhala tikufunsa: kodi zokonda zamalonda zimayikidwa patsogolo pazolinga zogawana chidziwitso ndikuwongolera zokambirana, ndipo tingatsimikizire bwanji kuti sizili choncho kwa oyang'anira oyamba?

Kupatula oyendetsa malonda, tavomereza kuti othandizira / othandizira maofesi (osindikiza, akatswiri amisala) akupanga njira ndi zisankho zomwe zimakhudza momwe ogwiritsira ntchito. Izi sizinakwezedwe ngati chotsutsa - m'malo mwake, angapo a ife tidavomereza kuti machitidwe a ofufuza pawokha nthawi zambiri amatsogozedwa ndi zosowa zawo zapadera osati phindu, chifukwa chotsatira chakakamizo ndi zopinga zomwe malo omwe akugwirako ntchito. Anthu omwe amagwira ntchito yofalitsa mabungwe amabweretsa luso ndi chidziwitso pakubwera kwa sayansi yomwe imakwaniritsidwa ndi owunikira maphunziro, owunikira komanso olemba. Funso ndi momwe mungatsimikizire njira ndi zisankho zoyenera zikugwirizana ndi zomwe zimapangitsa patsogolo maphunziro.

Takambirana momwe palibe m'modzi yemwe angayimire zofuna za sayansi, komanso palibe lingaliro limodzi momwe tingakwaniritsire. Kodi kupititsa patsogolo kukula kwa seva inayake ndi mwayi kwa gulu lonse? Kapena zisankho zonse ziyenera kuchitika mokomera onse? Kodi tiyenera kusamala ndi za ndani, ndipo tingadziwe bwanji kuti tikhulupirire? Kodi njira zomwe gulu lirilonse limasankha limakhalapo bwanji? Tidawafunsa mafunso awa limodzi ndi kumvana komwe magazini ambiri amagwira ntchito ngati mgwirizano pakati pa mamembala ophunzira ndi ogwira ntchito yofalitsa, ndikuti ma seva ena oyambira (monga bioRxiv) amagwira ntchito limodzi. Komabe, ngati izi ndi momwe zimagwirira ntchito sizingakhale zowonekera, ndipo kusowonekera poyera kungakhale vuto lalikulu pakukhulupirira kuti zosankha ndizabwino. Kusiya lingaliro la yemwe muyenera kudalira omwe amapereka ndalama kapena opanga ndalamazi mwina sikuwonetsa zomwe anthu ambiri akufuna,.

Chifukwa chake, zisankho pamtundu wa prerint server zingapangidwe bwanji momwe anthu ambiri angadalire? Tidayang'ana ku zitsanzo zina za kayendetsedwe kotsogozedwa ndi anthu ammudzi - ngakhale ndiwo anthu okhala mdera omwe akuyenera kuchitapo kanthu pazosankha zawo kapena kuwapangitsa opanga zisankho kuwayankha, makamaka kuti asankhe zosankha zilizonse zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndi malonda. Njira imodzi ndikuyendetsa pempho lotseguka (RFC; mwachitsanzo, onani https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Requests_for_comment) kuti aliyense athe kupereka zopereka. Komabe, payenera kukhala njira yowoneka bwino komanso yolondola yosankha yomwe ikulowetsedwa, ndikuzindikira kuti njirazi sizitsimikizira zotulukapo zabwinoko. Mwinanso, mapulojekiti amatha kugwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo kumvetsera kwa omwe akukhudzidwa osiyanasiyana: mwachitsanzo, gulu lomwe lili ku Europe PMC limamvetsera ogwiritsa ntchito pakufufuza kwazinthu, ophunzitsira kudzera pa komiti yolangizira za sayansi, komanso opanga mfundo kudzera mu mgwirizano wa othandizira. Njira yomalizirayi imatha kupereka malingaliro olimba mtima, osayendetsedwa mosavuta ndi omwe akuchita nawo gawo (monga aliyense amene akuimira gawo lazamalonda), koma akhoza kukhala okwera mtengo malinga ndi kayendetsedwe ka kasamalidwe.

Khalidwe laogwiritsa ntchito limayendetsedwa ndi zisankho zokhudzana ndi chikhalidwe komanso ukadaulo zomwe zimapangidwa pamlingo wa zomangamanga, momwe ma seva oyambira amayendetsedwera, ndipo ndi ndani, omwe angathandizire kuti masomphenya omwe amapanga sayansi yazinthu zamtsogolo azichita zenizeni. The kukambirana kunapitilira pa intaneti tikatha kudya.

Kodi tingathe kuyambitsa masanjidwe ogawana mu biology?

Zomwe takumana nazo, magawo a chidziwitso ndi zofunikira zonse zimakhudza zomwe timaganiza kuti zikhale ndi kukhala: kuchokera pakuthandizira zotsatira zogawidwa munthawi yake, kusokoneza bizinesi yatsopano yotsatsa.

Tebulo la Emmy lidakambirana momwe chisokonezo pazomwe zimapangidwira ndizopangira (komanso zomwe sizichita) zimabweretsa zovuta popanga zida, mfundo ndi magawo awo. Ndi milandu yosiyanasiyana yogwiritsira ntchito makina oyambira, komanso komwe anthu angafune kugawana zotuluka zofufuzira, zinalembedweratu kuti kufotokozera tanthauzo la "zolembedwazi zomwe zakonzedwa kuti zithandizidwe kujambula" kungathandizire kukulitsa ntchito zaukadaulo, kuyankhulana ndi ntchito yofalitsa. Ma seva owongolera atha kukhala ndi cholinga chokhazikika chanyumba ndikuwathandizira. Izi sizingagwire zolemba zogwiritsa ntchito zokonzekera, koma zidawoneka kuti ndizoyenera kuchititsa kuti anthu azigwirizana pakadali pano. Komabe, patebulo la Naomi, tidavomereza kuti zitha kukhala zothandiza kuwonekera paziwonetsero zovuta komanso / kapena masinthidwe owonjezera, kupewa kuti kusasunthika kamodzi kokhazikika kutanthauzidwe kosavuta kumeneku kukhazikike.

Chofunika, tinakambirana zokhuza nkhawa yathu, nthawi zina poganizira zomwe sitinkafuna kuti ziwonekere:

  • Zilangizo sizitha kukhala zaulere nthawi zonse kuwerengera ndi kuwerenga, kutengera mitundu yazachuma yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti ipititse ndalama zokwanira kukhazikika - panali liwu la chenjezo lokhudza momwe gulu lotsegulira ku US ndi Europe likufunsira ntchito processing mitengo (APCs) kuti mulipire mwayi wotseguka. Izi zitha kukhala momwe zopangira zimaperekedwera pokhapokha ngati njira zina, monga chithandizo chachindunji ndi omwe amapereka ndalama ndi mabungwe (mwachitsanzo, kudzera m'malaibulale).
  • Ndi makina opezeka pagulu, bwanji ngati samvetsedwa kapena kutanthauziridwa molakwika? Kodi mungatani ngati sayansi yolakwika ifala ngati “nkhani zabodza”? Takambirana momwe magulu ena odwala amatha kudzudzula mabuku popanda maphunziro asayansi ndipo ndikuti zomwe anzawo amachita sizititsimikizira kuti zinali zolondola. Kuthandiza owerenga kuwonekera kwambiri komanso kudziwa ngati ntchitoyo idawunikiridwa ndi akatswiri ena kungakhale kothandiza.
  • Zoyang'anira sizingasokoneze maphunziro - titha kupitiliza kugwira ntchito mdziko lapansi komwe kufalikira, kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu mwachangu, moyenera, sikupangidwa. Izi zitha kuonedwa lero pogwiritsa ntchito makonzedwe achitetezo ofunzira kuti apeza zofunika kupezako popanda kupezeka ndi zomwe zikusungidwa, komanso chifukwa cha zofalitsa zomwe zaphatikizidwa ndi atolankhani komwe olemba angawonetse kuti adutsa gawo lazosangalatsa pazotulutsa zolemba ndi mbiri yabwino .
  • Mapulatifomu osindikiza amatha kupanga zokhoma, pomwe olemba amaika zolemba zawo papulatifomu ndipo kenako amawalangiza kuti azikhala mu njira zowunikira za wosindikiza.
  • Takambirana mwachidule za kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zotseguka kuti tipeze phindu: kodi zida zotsogola zimafunikira kutetezedwa kuzunzidwa kwa malonda pogwiritsa ntchito zigawo zalamulo, monga share ofanana (-SA)? Mwinanso ayi: kubweretsa phindu pazinthu zotseguka sikungakhale vuto, malinga ngati anthu ammudzi angavomereze kuti phindu la kutseguka limapitiliza kufalikira kulikonse, monga zikuwonekeranso kuti ndi Wikipedia.

Ndiye tinkafuna kuti tiwone zikuchitika? Timaliza mwakugawana masomphenya athu okonzekereratu, kuphatikizapo:

  • Malo akuluakulu ophunzitsira kufalitsa, munthawi yake, omasuka kwa olemba ndi owerenga, pomwe kuwunika kwa anzawo kumachitika. Zowunika izi itha kukhala yothandiza komanso nthawi yake ngati izi zikufunika, mwachitsanzo pakubuka kwamatenda opatsirana. Kutsimikizika ndi kutsimikizika kwa chidziwitso kumatha kusintha pakapita nthawi, ndipo kusinthaku kumapangitsa kuti mbiri yonse ikhale yofufuzidwa.
  • Mbiri yowoneka bwino ya nkhani ya sayansi yomwe ndi gwero la kuphunzira kuvomerezedwa ndi / kapena machitidwe omwe amafunidwa, pakulangidwa (mwachitsanzo, njira yoyenera yowerengera zakagwiritsidwe ntchito poyesa) wowunikirana ndi anzawo komanso wolemba maudindo).
  • Kuthandizira kupita patsogolo kwamankhwala mosavuta #WeAreNotWaiting) kapena kuwonetsa umboni wawo kuchokera kwa mabuku awo.
  • Galimoto yomwe ofufuza amatha kulumikizana ndikuchita nawo omvera ena (odwala, opanga mfundo), ndikuphunzira momwe angachitire izi bwino.
  • Njira yobweretsera chidziwitso ndikugwiritsa ntchito kuti ikhale yofanana komanso yophatikizika, mwachitsanzo pakuwonjezera kuwonekera kwa ofufuza padziko lonse lapansi (monga AfricArXiv ndi ena akuchitira kwa ofufuza ku kapena ochokera ku Africa).
  • Galimoto yolankhulira mwaphunziro yomwe sikutanthauza kuti anthu azikhala pamisonkhano, kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito maulendo a ndege ndikupewa kudzipatula chifukwa cha mtengo, nkhani za ma visa ndi zina zopatula.

Kupitiliza patsogolo, malingaliro adayenera kuphatikiza mawu osiyanasiyana pokambirana, kupereka malingaliro owongolera, kukhazikitsa malingaliro a tsogolo la tsogolo, kukhazikitsa malangizo abwino ogwiritsira ntchito ma seva oyamba, ndikuwapatsa ogwiritsa ntchito chidziwitso chokwanira komanso chidziwitso chothandiza kuwathandiza kusankha (pazochita) tsogolo lomwe akufuna kuwona.

Kodi ndi tsogolo liti lomwe mukufuna kukawona? Tikukupemphani kuti mukambilane izi ndi anzanu ndikusiyirani ndemanga mtundu woyambirira wa izi.


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