Tchulani monga: Hasmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Kukhazikitsa maziko a Open Science kuti mayankho ogwira ntchito ku Africa athandizire ku COVID-19 [prerint]. doi.org/10.5281 /


olemba

Gulu: 

  • Jo Hasmann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Kufikira 2 Zochitika & AfricArXiv, Germany
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, Oxford University, AfricArXiv & Access 2 Perspectives, South Africa & UK 

Makalata: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org 

Othandiza omwe amathandizira (motsatira zilembo):


Chonde dziwani: Chikalatachi mu mtundu wake waposachedwa (v1.1) ndi chotseguka kuti anthu ayankhe. 

Chonde lembani mwachindunji mawuwo tinyurl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, kapena tumizani imelo olemba. Potengera zomwe zili zofunikira palemba, mutha kulumikizana nafe pamndandanda wa olemba.

Kuti muthandizire pamavuto othandizirana munjira zina ndi / kapena mwandalama, chonde pitani https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

Introduction

Malo osindikizira apadziko lonse lapansi pano akusintha kwambiri ku Open Science machitidwe ndi zochitika zokhudzana ndi kafukufuku wa COVID-19 zonse zikuwunikiridwa poyera kuti zitheke kuchitidwa mwachangu ndi kafukufuku wowunika (Akligoh et al. 2020; Ntchito ya JOGL COVID19, Kalata Yotseguka: Lumikizanani Kutsata ndi NHSX). M'mawu ake a Financial Times, Prime Minister waku Ethiopia komanso wopambana mphotho ya Nobel ya Mphotho ya 2019 Abiy Ahmed adafotokoza zakufunika kwa mgwirizano wapadziko lonse wothana ndi mliriwu mwachidule kuti: ingobwereranso kudziko lonse lapansi ”. Kukula kwachuma komanso ndale komwe Ahmed akuyang'ana kuyenera kukhazikitsidwa pakufufuza kwamasayansi - kwanuko kwapaderadera, pomwe kulumikizidwa padziko lonse lapansi. Kutsegulira kafukufuku m'maiko otukuka sikungakhale kokwanira, tikuyenera kuwonjezera, kulimbikitsa ndi kulumikiza ukadaulo womwe ulipo mu Open Science ku Africa. 

Ndi mliri waposachedwa wa coronavirus, kufunikira kofulumira kwa Open Kufikira pazakafufuza kudzakulitsa chidziwitso cha sayansi chaposachedwa kwa mabuku okhudzana ndi COVID-19 kotero kupangitsa ofufuza aku Africa kupanga njira zoyambira za mu Afirika polimbana ndi kachilombo ka SARS-CoV 2, pomwepo kulimbikitsa ntchito zachilengedwe zakumayiko aku Africa ndikuwonjezera kukonzekera kwawo kumatuluka mtsogolo. Izi zikugwira ntchito kumadera onse apadziko lonse komanso akumadera onse. Matenda obwera kachilombo kam'mbuyomu, monga mliri waposachedwa wa Ebola ku Zika ku Zika, awonetsa zakusokoneza zomwe zimalepheretsa anthu kudziwa zambiri komanso njira zoyenera zosakanizika. Ndi pokhapokha ngati kuchotsera zolipira, kuwonjezera njira zopezera ndalama, komanso kulimbikitsa njira zogwirira ntchito limodzi zomwe zimalimbikitsa kuyesa kuchepetsa zotsatira za kachilomboka. Izi ndizowona osati kungoyankha kwakanthawi pamavuto azaumoyo, komanso chifukwa cha zovuta zakutali pazachuma cha ku Africa, malo achitetezo ndi zothandizira anthu kudutsa kontinenti. 

Omwe akutenga nawo gawo pakati ndi mayiko omwe ali ndi ndalama zochepa komanso apakatikati (LMICs) akhala akutsogolera njira yotseguka ndi Open Access - makamaka gulu lapawebusayiti lomwe likusakidwa ndi anthu aku Brazil la SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online) lomwe likuyimiridwanso ku South Africa. Timalimbikitsa omwe akutenga nawo gawo ku Africa kuti aziyang'ana patsogolo maluso omwe alipo kale. Ndikofunikira kuzindikira kuti kuyankha kogwirizana pakugawana zidziwitso ku Africa kumatha kudalira magawo osiyanasiyana omwe akupezeka mosabisa pakufufuza ndikugawana zambiri. Zowonadi, chomwe chikufunika ndikuwonetsa chidwi pazomwe zilipo, kuthandizira kulumikizana ndi kulumikizana, ndikuthana ndi zoperewera zilizonse zomwe mapu amenewo akuwulula.

Kuti zitheke bwino, ofufuza aku Africa ndi omwe akutenga nawo mbali pazinthu zatsopano ayenera kugwira ntchito zomwe zilipo komanso zotsika mtengo kuti zitsimikizire kuti zomwe zatulutsidwa munthawi ya mliriyi zikukwaniritsa miyezo ya data ya FAIR, ndikuti kusanthula kulikonse komwe kumachitika kumafotokozeredwa pamapulatifomu a Open Access ndikupanga zidziwitso zosavomerezeka pa malo osungira zinthu. 

Kulimbikitsa machitidwe otere kungakhale kopindulitsa osati kokha pa kafukufuku wa COVID-19, komanso kafukufuku waku Africa wonse, ndipo akhazikitsa mayendedwe otseguka komanso ogwirira ntchito limodzi ndi njira zosindikizira. Kupititsa patsogolo kutseguka m'maphunziro aku Africa ndichofunika kwambiri pa kontrakitala, ndipo zidziwitso zazikuluzikulu zilipo pothandizira zoyesayesa. Izi zikuphatikiza Chidziwitso cha Dakar pa Open Access Publishing ku Africa ndi Global South (2016) ndi mfundo zaposachedwa kwambiri zaku Africa za Open Access Scholarly Communication (2019). Malangizowa akufotokoza masomphenya a kafukufuku wapa Africa yemwe amakwaniritsa izi:

  • Zochita zachilengedwe zophunzitsira zapadziko lonse lapansi kuchokera Kumpoto, Central, Eastern, Western ndi Southern Africa ndikuzigwirizanitsa ndi chilengedwe cha kafukufuku wapadziko lonse.
  • Kuthandizira chidwi cha zoletsa za chilankhulo esp francophone / anglophone / arabic komanso zilankhulo zachi Africa ndi zachikhalidwe.
  • Khazikitsani malo ogwirira ntchito ndi zida zothandizira ukadaulo zomwe ndizoyenera kugwiritsa ntchito pazofufuza zaku Africa kuti zithandizire kugwirana ntchito mwachangu komanso mwayi wofanana pakupeza deta ndi ntchito mosasamala komwe kuli, chilankhulo ndi zina.
  • Lumikizanani ndi zoyesayesa zina, magwero, ndi ma projekiti oyenerera mkati ndi kunja kwa Africa onse mkati ndi kunja kwa bizinesiyo kuti muwonjezere kutseguka ndi kusinthana kwa chidziwitso munjira yolimba.

Mwayi womwe mliriwu umapereka kuti asanthule komanso magulu ochitapo kanthu monga opanga, (bio) obera ndi maboma akuwunikira kusintha kwazinthu zomwe zikuwoneka pamaso pa Corona, ndikuti tsopano tili ndi mwayi weniweni wogwirizana. 

Njira yaku Africa ku mliri wa COVID-19

Pakufunika njira yokwanira yomanga mabungwe mkati mwa maphunziro apamwamba komanso malo ophunzirira omwe amalipiridwa ndi anthu padziko lonse lapansi. Zofanana ndi kutumiza kwa Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), yankho ku vuto la Covid-19 lidzafunika kubweretsedwa kudzera mukuchita zinthu pamodzi. Mayankho apadziko lonse lapansi mpaka pano ali ndi kuthekera kolumikizana ndi anthu ambiri kudzera pazowonera komanso ukadaulo, zomwe zambiri zake zimakhudzidwa ndi mizinda ikuluikulu yamayiko ambiri a ku Africa. Zowopsa m'moyo wa anthu komanso zachuma zaku Africa ndizomwe zimafunikira kuyanjana padziko lonse lapansi momwe zingagwiritsire ntchito bwino ntchito komanso kugwiritsa ntchito ndalama zothandizira mayiko amenewa kukhala zovuta kwambiri ndi zochitika zenizeni za moyo watsiku ndi tsiku. m'matawuni (Adegbeye, 2020).  

 Kubweretsa magulu ndi anthu omwe akutenga nawo mbali monga: 

  • SayansiKulumikizana & Sayansi Kuwerenga Kuwerenga (Asayansi a PR & atolankhani)
  • Kafukufuku (biomedical & socio-economical)
  • Maofesi a Tech & Innovation (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Opanga mfundo (maboma, dziko, zigawo)

Pa Marichi 18, AfricArXiv idakhazikitsa kuyesayesa kogwiritsa ntchito zida mozungulira COVID-19 munthawi ya Africa. Pa Marichi 26, 2020, The African Academy of Science (AAS) idayitanitsa tsamba lawebusayiti kuti akatswiri aku Africa komanso omwe si Afirika ayambe kulingalira mozama pofotokozera zomwe zingachitike pofufuza za kufalikira kwa COVID19 ndikupereka zoyeserera zogwirizana za sayansi zolimbana. mliriwu ku Africa. Njira ziwirizi zikuvomereza kuti njirayi iyenera kukhala yothandizira poteteza ndi kuteteza anthu onse aku Africa, mwachitsanzo, magulu omwe ali pachiwopsezo komanso ana amasiye monga ana amasiye, othawa kwawo (IDP) ndi othawa kwawo. Njira yophunzitsira yophatikizira zatsopano idafotokozedwa ndi McPhee et al. (2018) kuchokera pamachitidwe achikhalidwe ophatikizira ndipo onetsetsani kuti timaganizira zaku Africa munthawiyo.

Chidziwitso chachilengedwe komanso chikhalidwe

M'mayiko ambiri a ku Africa, kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala achikhalidwe kumakhala kofala pakati pa anthu. Mankhwala achikhalidwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito molumikizana, kapena m'malo mwake, mankhwala a allopathic. Kuyankha koyanjidwa kwa COVID-19 ku Africa motero kumadalira akatswiri azachipatala, akatswiri azaumoyo komanso malangizo aboma omwe amapereka uthenga wosagwirizana. Makamaka, makhonsolo a ochiritsa azikhalidwe amayenera kubweretsedwa pazokambirana za COVID-19 pazoyankha za COVID-19.

Kafukufuku wazamankhwala azikhalidwe komanso njira zachikhalidwe zakudziwika kukukula m'mabungwe ambiri aku Africa, ndipo ofufuzawo akatswiri atha kukhala ngati chofunikira pakati pa akatswiri azachipatala, maboma ndi machitidwe azachipatala a dziko (REF). 

M'mayiko angapo a ku Africa kuno, mgwirizano pakati pa magulu azachipatala wayamba kale. Mwachitsanzo, Traditional Health Practitioners (THPs) ku South Africa amapereka malo ogwirizana pa COVID-19 komanso kuletsa zonama zabodza komanso zosokeretsa za mphamvu zochiritsa kapena kudziwa momwe mungachiritsire kapena kuchiza coronavirus (Covid-19). Zitsanzo za machitidwe otere ziyenera kugawidwa pambiri kuti mudziwe zambiri komanso momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito bwino.

Ndikofunikanso kuti chitetezo cholimba chopambana chazidziwitso zachilengedwe (monga zikuwonetsedwera mu mfundo za CARE) sichikhala chopitilira mwachangu chifukwa cha kuyankha kwa COVID-19. Makamaka, kafukufuku wokhudza madera omwe alumikizidwa kwambiri ndi COVID-19, thanzi ndi thanzi ziyenera kupitiliza kutetezedwa. Mwachitsanzo, mapulojekiti olimbikitsa kupititsa patsogolo ntchito ndikugwiritsira ntchito masamba azikhalidwe zachilengedwe ku Africa poteteza chitetezo cha m'thupi ndi kuchepetsa umphawi (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2019). Ofufuzira aku Africa ali ndi mwayi wopitiliza kusanthula kafukufuku m'magawo awa kuti asunge chitetezo cha deta, zoyenera kutsata ndikulemekeza kugwiritsanso ntchito mwaumboni wazidziwitso zakale komanso zachikhalidwe. 

Makamaka, madera amenewa amafunika kusanthula mkati komanso pakati pa anthu ofufuza ku Africa ndi mayiko ena ndi mabungwe owalimbikitsa (mwachitsanzo, The Indian Naturals of Africa Coordinating Committee, IPACC) pamagawo onse. Magawo ambiri ofufuza apadziko lonse lapansi ali ndi mgwirizano wokhala ndi anthu a ku Africa, ndipo kulumikizana koteroko kungathandizidwenso kulumikizana m'malo onse kuti athe kuyambitsa zokambirana ndi mgwirizano wabwino, kutsimikizira kukhazikitsidwa kwa mfundo za CARE, kutsatira Chidziwitso cha UN cha Ufulu Wachibadwidwe (UNDRIP) komanso kuthana ndi 'Intellienti Property Issue in Cultural Heritage' (pulojekiti ya IPinCH). 

Mgwirizano wapadziko lonse

Chofunikira kwambiri pakuwongolera asayansi ndi othandizira ndalama ndi kuthandiza mgwirizano waku South-South. Kugwirizana kotereku kumathandizanso kuyeseza bwino kugawana komanso kuphunzira pakati kuti athe kudziwa njira zomwe zingatheke ndikuyenda modutsa Africa, komanso kudzera mu kusinthana kwa chidziwitso ndi ukatswiri pakati pa Africa, Latin-Amercia, ndi South-East Asia. Pali zitsanzo zabwino za kusuntha kochita bwino, monga kusintha kwa bungwe la Latin American Open Access kufalitsa buku la SciELO la South Africa. 

Pakhala kuthandizidwanso kwakukulu ndi omwe amapereka ndalama kumapulojekiti otsogozedwa ndi Africa ndi ma network omwe amalimbikitsa mphamvu zakufufuza. Zitsanzo ngati izi ndi African Open Science Platform (yothandizidwa ndi National Research Council of South Africa) ndi Alliance for Accelerating Excellence in Science in Africa (AESA - mgwirizano wa African Academy of Sciences (AAS), New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) Agency yokhala ndi US $ 5.5 miliyoni yothandizira mbewu yoyamba kuchokera ku Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Wellcome Trust ndi UK department for International Development (DFID)). Omwe amapereka ndalama amapereka magwero ofunikira osati ndalama zokomera zomangamanga mtsogolo zokha, komanso ukatswiri, komanso kulumikizana ndi ukadaulo wapadziko lonse lapansi ndi omwe akutenga nawo mbali pazoyang'anira.

Othandizira ena osiyanasiyana amakhalaponso machitidwe azofufuza zakale aku Africa omwe amagwira ntchito kale kuti athandizire kutseguka. Ngati zili zolumikizidwa bwino ndizotheka kuti zida zamtunduwu ndi otenga nawo mbali atha kuthandiza kwambiri pokwaniritsa zofuna zomwe zalembedwa pamwambapa. Ma network ndi zoyeseza zapadziko lonse lapansi monga JOGL kapena GIG m'zaka zaposachedwa zakhala ndi chidziwitso chachikulu chotsogolera ndikuwongolera madera azinthu zapadziko lonse lapansi kupitilira kuperekedwa kwa malo osungirako zakale ndi malo osungira. 

Komabe, kuti mgwirizano waku South-South ukule bwino, kulimbikira kuyenera kuyikidwa kuthandizire zikhalidwe za kutseguka, kugawana ndi mgwirizano wamchigawo. Izi zadziwika kuti ndizofunikira kwambiri pakufufuza kwamu Africa (REF). Kupanga kukhulupirirana pakati pa mamembala ochokera kumayiko osiyanasiyana, zilankhulo, ndi zikhalidwe kuwonjezera pa kukulitsa luso, ndichimodzi mwazovuta kwambiri kwa asayansi apadziko lonse lapansi pakali pano. Njira iliyonse iyenera kulingalira kasamalidwe ka anthu ammudzi, chitukuko cha njira zopitira, komanso njira yolumikizira gulu la asayansi lotseguka ku Africa ndi ena onse okhudzidwa. Zitsanzo kuchokera kumadera omwe alipo, monga H3Africa ndi MalariaGen, komanso mapulogalamu omwe akutuluka a DELTAS adzakupatsani zothandizira ndi njira zowongolera zothandizirana pakafukufuku.

Monga tikuphunzirira kuchokera kumadera ena adziko lapansi omwe ali pafupi milungu iwiri ndi nthawi ya makulitsidwe a coronavirus, kafukufuku wapafupipafupi komanso mwachindunji & zochitika zatsopano ziyenera kuphatikiza kuwunika kwathunthu kwa kuwunika kwa kachirombo ka HIV ndikufufuza momwe ziwopsezo ziliri, kufa, ndi kuchira , mayiko, madera komanso madera aku Africa komanso kafukufuku wazachuma komanso zachuma zomwe zimakhudzanso anthu osati matendawa komanso kulingalira za magulu onse azomwe zikuchitika mtsogolo.

Tebulo 1: Omwe akuchita nawo ntchitoyi, luso lawo komanso zofunikira zawo

Pezani mndandanda womwe ukukula wa anthu oposa 120 omwe ali nawo info.africarxiv.org/stakelings/

Ogwira nawo ntchitoKatswiri / udindoMipingo
Opanga mfundo ndi mabungwe othandizira ndalamaKuwonetsetsa kuti ndalama zikuyenda bwinoAfDB, AU, atsogoleri a boma, ofufuza ndi mabungwe azaumoyo, AfDB, African UnionGates Foundation, CZI, World Bank, 
Malo azaumoyochithandizo chamankhwalazipatala, zipatala, ochiritsa achikhalidwe
Kubwezeretsa malo ndi makina opanga

Kukonza, kuyang'anira ndi kukweza zida zosakidwa ndi zida zosweka, zolembedwa zatseguka za ntchito, kulumikiza kafukufuku ndi kuchitapo kanthu, kupanga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito zida za maphunziro zotseguka (OER) AfricaOSH, Open Science ndi Hardware Network - OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Impact Hub Network, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, komanso malo opitilira 400 opangira zinthu ku Africa monga Vilsquare (Nigeria), MboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (Ghana), STICLab (Tanzania), Robotech Labs (Tanzania), ndi ena ambiri
AtolankhaniKuwonetsetsa Sayansi YophunziraMtundu wa African Science Literacy network
Asayansi ndi ofufuzaKutola deta, kuyesa kwa ma viral / skrini, kusanthula kwa detaMayunivesite ndi mabungwe ofufuza, NRENs
Malo ophunzitsira komanso nsanjaKupanga maluso ndi kuphunzitsa pamitu yonse yoyeneraTCC Africa, OER Africa, INASP,…
PaguluPezani zidziwitso kuchokera kwa magwero odalirika, kusamukira pagulu
Madera & mabungwe (padziko lonse)Kulumikizana kumadera apadziko lonse lapansi ochita masewera olimbitsa thupi, kugawana zomwe akumana nazo komanso njira zabwino, kulumikizana ndi mitu yathunthu, mwachitsanzo, kukhazikitsa mazikoJust Giant Lab imodzi (JOGL), Global Innovation Gathering (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC 

Ambiri ngati si onse omwe akutenga nawo mbali adakonzekera kale yankho loganizira komanso lodzipereka la COVID-19. Ndikofunikira kuti m'malo mochita zinthu zasiliva tigwirizane njira ndi njira m'maiko onse, omwe akutenga nawo mbali, zolepheretsa zilankhulo ndi magawo am'magulu. 

Kuphatikiza pa chitukuko cha chipangizo cha zida zamankhwala

Kupanga zida zamagetsi padziko lonse lapansi kumakhala ndi zovuta zake. Maupangiri adapangidwa kuti azithandizira othandizira kuti apewe zovuta zomwe zingachitike. Gawoli limapangidwa makamaka ndi ofufuza ku Global North omwe akuyang'ana kuti athandizire kupanga zojambula zamagetsi zomwe zimatha kumangidwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito ku Africa

  1. Pangani mgwirizano pakati paopanga, akatswiri azaumoyo komanso ogwiritsa ntchito kumapeto kuti mumvetsetse malo omwe zida zogwiritsira ntchito zidzagwiritsidwire ntchito. Izi ndizofunikira popanga mawonekedwe oyenera. Othandizira m'deralo atha kukhala ndi chidziwitso ndi zida zofananira ndipo adziwa momwe amagwirira ntchito mdera lanu. Ganizirani kupezeka kwa malo othandizira (kodi makina anu amathandizira kuti pakhale mpweya wabwino?), Lingalirani za momwe ziliri (kodi kutentha kwa ntchito kwa Hardware ndi chiyani?), Kapena kudalirika kwa magetsi am'deralo. Pakadutsa zaka ziwiri zapitazi, ntchito yotseguka ya Opton2020 yakhala ikuthandizira kwambiri pakubwera pakati pa ochita nawo osiyanasiyana ndipo imapereka dongosololi la mayankho omwe alipo komanso kuthandizira zolemba. 
  1. Pangani mgwirizano wopanga / kukonza kwanuko kuti mumvetsetse bwino kuchuluka kwa mapangidwe omwe angapangidwe ndikukonzedwa kwanuko. Kupanga komanso kukonza zakomweko ndikofunikira kuti pakhale kupezeka komanso nthawi yokwanira ya chipangizo chilichonse. Zina zofunikira m'malo mwake ziyenera kuwunikidwa kapena kupangidwira kwanuko kuti zipangeko ndikukonza kuti zizigwira bwino ntchito. Ndizofunikira kudziwa kuti zinthu zotsika mtengo / zopezeka mosavuta ku Europe kapena America sizikukhudzana ndi zomwe zili zotsika mtengo. Pachifukwa ichi ndikofunikira kuphatikiza ochita nawo mdera lanu kuchokera pagawo loyamba la prototyping.
  1. Ganizirani kuthamanga kwa maunyolo apadziko lonse lapansi. Gwirani ntchito limodzi ndi omwe mukugwira nawo ntchito kuti mumvetsetse nthawi zowatsogolera zogulira zida zapadziko lonse lapansi. Kuthamanga ndi kudalirika kwa maunyolo othandizira apadziko lonse lapansi kumasiyana kwambiri ndi dera. Musaganize kuti chifukwa gawo lingapangitse kuchoka ku fakitoreya ku kontinenti ina kupita ku labotor yanu m'masiku ochepa kuti ikhoza kufikira othandizira nawo nthawi yomweyo. Yesani maunyolo ogulitsa ngati nkotheka ngakhale ochepa atha kutumizidwa mwachindunji pakati pa othandizira. Kuchepa kapena kusowa kwa zida zofufuzira zitha kulipidwa pang'ono ndi kubwereketsa kwa Open Source Hardware, kukonza ndi kukweza zomwe zikupezeka (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Pangani-palimodzi ndikugwirira ntchito mogwirizana ma vet. Ngakhale zitha kuwoneka ngati kubwereza kuyesayesa kuti mupange ziwonetsero munthawi yomweyo m'malo osiyanasiyana zimaloleza onse omwe akutenga nawo mbali kuti atenge nawo gawo pakupanga. Zimaperekanso mwayi wazidziwitso zoyambirira zomwe zitha kukumana nazo pakupanga kwanuko. Kuwunikira mogwirizana kwa ma prototypes, monga zakhala zikuchitikira mu JOGL Covid19 Project, ndichinthu chofunikira padziko lonse lapansi chothandizira kupanga mapangidwe am'deralo omwe awoneka kuti ndi othandiza m'malo osiyanasiyana.

The Work Workflow mu Africa

Mu gawo lotsatirali, tikuphwanya mayendedwe ofufuzira ambiri kuti apange malingaliro enieni ofanana ndi gawo lililonse kuchokera ku Kupeza, Kusanthula (kuphatikizapo kukonza mapulani, njira, kupangira deta, kusanthula zotsatira), kulemba ndi kufalitsa.

Kupezeka kwa mabuku ofunikira 

Ofalitsa ambiri ophunzira apanga kafukufuku woyenera wa COVID-19 kuti afikirane ndi (kwakanthawi!) Amalipiritsa ndalama zolembetsa.

Web of Science ndi Scopus sikuyimira zomwe zapezeka pakufufuza kwapadziko lonse (Tennant et al., 2019). Tsoka ilo, zovuta zomwe zikupangika zimatha kutanthauza kuti mabuku achingelezi omwe amasindikizidwa m'magazini omwe amalembedwa pamadongosolo apadziko lonse lapansi (monga DOAJ) amawatsogolera. Izi ndizowona makamaka kwa omwe ali ndi magawo ang'onoang'ono, aku Africa omwe alibe mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito zomwe zili pa intaneti. Izi zitha kutanthauza kuti zotsatira za kafukufuku wa ku Africa ndizovuta kupeza komanso kupeza.

Ndizodziwika kuti njira yayikulu yothetsera kusoweka kwa kuwonekera kwa kafukufuku waku Africa ndikulimbikitsa gawo lomwe malo okhala ndi digito amathandizira pamafukufuku aku Africa. Mpaka pano, kuwonekera, kulumikizana komanso kusaka kwa malo awa kwasiyanasiyana kwambiri. Kujambula mapangidwe a malo osungiramo malo ndikukonzekera kulumikizana ndikofunikira. Chopereka chaposachedwa pantchitoyi ndikutulutsa kwa nkhokwe zosungitsa zofufuza za digito zaku Africa zomwe zili ndi mapu owonera (Bezuidenhout, Havemann, Kitchen, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). Zida zoterezi ziyenera kusungidwa ndikuwonjezeredwa kuti zizipereka chidziwitso chatsopanochi pa netiweki iyi yofunikira yogawana deta. 

Ndikofunikanso kuti chilengedwe chomwe chikubwera kumene ku Africa chikupitiliza kulumikizana ndi akatswiri apadziko lonse lapansi, monga gulu la Re3data kuti awonetsetse kuti mapangidwe awo ndi machitidwe awo akukwaniritsa miyezo yapadziko lonse lapansi ndikuwathandizira kuti azigwirizana. Kuphatikiza pakuthandizira zolembedwazo, kuyesayesa Kwakuonjezereka kuyenera kuchitika kuti pakhale mwayi wogawana zambiri ndikutseguka kwa anthu ofufuza aku Africa. Kuthandizira maphunziro aukadaulo wa digito ndikofunikira kwambiri pakuwonetsa mapangidwe a Open Science. Pulogalamu yapaintaneti yomwe imalimbikitsa maphunziro a digito iyenera kupangidwa ndi kuphunzitsidwa. Zoyeserera ziyenera kuchitika kuti zimasulire nkhani m'zilankhulo zazikulu monga Chingerezi, French, Kiswahili ndi Chiarabu.

Zida za digito za Science zomwe ndizoyenera kuzikonza zochepa / Kutengera REF

M'zaka zaposachedwa pakhala kuwonjezereka mwachangu kwa zida za pa intaneti zomwe zimathandizira magawo osiyanasiyana amitundu yofufuzira. Kutenga kwa zida mu Africa, komabe, kuli ndi malire. Ndizotheka kuti izi zimachitika chifukwa cha zovuta zosiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza kuzindikira, miyambo yakufufuza, chilankhulo, zovuta zamapangidwe ndi zovuta zina. Ndikofunikira kuti ofufuza aku Africa azithandizira mndandanda wazida zamakono zomwe zili zabwino, zomwe zimakondedwa komanso ndizokhazikika.

Kupeza: Zida za digito pakupeza ntchito zoyenera zaukadaulo. 

1) = Africa mwapadera, 2) = dziko lonse, gwero lotseguka, 3) padziko lonse lapansi, malonda


Kusaka zolembedwa, ZolembaKasamalidwe ka Reference
1)African Journals Online (AJOL), AfricArXiv, DICAMES - - - 
2) Tsegulani Mapu a Chidziwitso, Kusaka kwa BASEZatero, Kukonzanso
3)Google Scholar, The Lens, ScienceOpenSciLit, KafukufukuKulimbikitsa

Njira & Kusanthula Zambiri

Kusanthula: Zipangizo za digito pakuwunikira zomwe akatswiri amaphunzira amachita
1) = Africa mwapadera, 2) = dziko lonse, gwero lotseguka, 3) padziko lonse lapansi, malonda


NjiraZosunga detaZithunzi zowonetsera
1) 
openAfrica, Africa Information Highway Portal, Africa Infource information PortalKhodi ya Africa
2)Pofikira.ioR-OpenSci, Re3Data, Zosiyanasiyana, Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
FigshareKumu

Kuphatikiza Kwadongosolo Kutali

Ntchito zonse zothandizirana zimapindula pogwiritsa ntchito njira yodalirika, yomwe imapatsanso phindu kuti ndizosavuta kuyeseza ndi magulu akutali. 

Source: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/  

Pakatikati pake, chitukuko cha mankhwala okalamba chimaphatikizapo njira zoyankhira pafupipafupi komanso zochita za cyclical (iterative) pamilingo yonse: pochita zenizeni, pagulu la gulu, komanso koyang'anira.

Njira zomwe Agile amayendera zimadziwa kuti zovuta kupanga sizingakonzedwe pasadakhale, chifukwa zomwe zingasinthidwe mwina nthawi yamapulojekitiyo ndipo nthawi zambiri sizimveka bwino kumayambiriro kwa ntchitoyo.

M'malo mwake, njira yodikirayi imasinthiratu gawo lalifupi ndikukonzekera. Otsatira amagwirizana pazolinga zomwe zingakwaniritsidwe pazokambirana zotsatirazi, onetsetsani mwachidule tsiku ndi tsiku ndikuwunikira zowonjezera kumapeto kwa gawo lililonse. Mwakugwiritsa ntchito njira, njira zowonjezera zitha kupezedwa. 

Zojambula zofunikira pa mgwirizano uliwonse wogwira ntchito ndi izi: ntchito zomwe mwakhala mukugawana kale; gulu logawana nawo ntchito yotsatira; ndi misonkhano yokhazikika. Ndikofunikira kuti magwiridwe antchito amathandizidwe pochita maudindo awiri, monga chinthu (mwachitsanzo ndi mwini wake) ndi magawo a ndondomeko (mwachitsanzo ndi mtsogoleri wa Scum kapena wothandizira agile).


Source YotsekaChotsani Chotsegula
Kukonza / Whiteboardhttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/ 
Ntchito Boardhttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/ 
Misonkhano Yakutali / Kuyitanitsahttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/ 
Kubwereransohttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/  https://github.com/funretro/distributed 
Mapulogalamu Suitehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/ 

Kuphatikiza pazomwe zatchulidwa pamwambapa, Coronavirus Tech Handbook ndi gwero lazinthu zamakono zogwirira ntchito yakutali. Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuti mgwirizano wakutali ndi mtundu wa bungwe lofufuzira kwa ofufuza ambiri muma LMIC ndi ma HIC. Zingakhale zothandiza kwa ofufuza aku Africa omwe akudziwa mwanjira iyi kuti apereke maphunziro amilandu ndi zitsanzo kuti mukambirane.

hardware

Kuphatikiza kwa zida zamagetsi ndi chitukuko ndiyo njira yofunika kwambiri yopanga gulu lapadziko lonse lapansi. Zida zosiyanasiyana komanso zowerengera zilipo ndipo zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kupanga ndikuwunikira mapangidwe apa intaneti, omwe awonetsa kale kuti ndiothandiza poyankha mwachangu ku Covid19. Makampani zikwizikwi opanga padziko lonse lapansi ayamba kugwiritsa ntchito osindikiza awo a 3D ndi zodulira za laser kupanga zida zaphaso ngati zopereka ku zipatala ndi malo osamalira padziko lonse lapansi, mothandizidwa ndi opanga makina ofunikira:

Malo achidziwitso ammudziKamangidwe ka 3DZamagetsi / kapangidwe ka Code
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/  https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/  https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/  https://www.prusaprinters.org/  https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ 

DIY Bio ndi Community Biotechnology

Kuphatikiza pa zovuta zogwiritsa ntchito zida zofufuzira za digito, ofufuza aku Africa nthawi zambiri amayenera kuthana ndi kuchepa kwa zida zakufufuza kwakuthupi. DIYBio ndi Community biotechnology imapereka njira yowonjezerapo pansi yofufuzira yomwe imapereka mwayi wotsegulira sayansi ndi matekinoloji otseguka kuti ayendetse kafukufuku ndi chitukuko. Gulu lomwe likukula lino ndikofunika kuti liwunike zotsatira za kafukufuku wochokera ku Africa pomwe zikuthandizira chitukuko chokhazikika. Zoyeserera kuchokera m'magulu ofufuza ngati Open Bioeconomy Lab ndi malo ake olemba ku Africa, Hive Biolab, akupanga zida zofufuzira zotseguka kuti zithandizire kuti ma labu omwe ali ndi malo ochepa okhala ndi labu ku Africa, Asia ndi Latin America apange komweko ma kafukufuku ofanana ndi ma enzymes omwe ali ndi kuthekera koyezetsa matenda a SARS-CoV 2.

Management Data Management

Kuwongolera kwa C19ID-XNUMX ndi nkhani yapadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo awona mabungwe ambiri ofunikira, monga Research Data Alliance (RDA) amapanga magulu ogwirira ntchito kuti afotokozere zomwe amachita (RDM). Izi machitidwe a RDM amalingalira za mfundo za FAIR ndi CARE, koma ndikofunikira kuti mamembala aku Africa omwe ali m'mabungwe apadziko lonse lapansiwa amatenga nawo mbali pazokambiranazi kuti zitsimikizire kuti zomwe zikubwera zikuwonetsa zomwe zikuwoneka ku Africa.

Kulimbikitsa kutengapo gawo kwa ofufuza aku Africa mu zokambirana za RDM kudzapereka mwayi wambiri wowunika machitidwe a RDM apano, maphunziro ndi kapangidwe kazomangamanga pamayiko aku Africa. Izi zimalola kusintha kwa machitidwe a RDM omwe amagwirizana ndi zochitika zapadziko lonse lapansi ndikuwonetsa zenizeni zofufuzira ku Africa. Zidzathandizanso kapangidwe kazosankha zamtsogolo komanso zofalitsa. ?

Kulemba & Kusindikiza

1) = Africa mwapadera, 2) = dziko lonse, gwero lotseguka, 3) padziko lonse lapansi, malonda


kulemba mogwirizanaMalo oyang'aniramagazini (OA), osindikiza nsanja
1)
AfricaArXiv, IAI / zolemba,
essa-africa.org/AERD, ZITHUNZI
Kafukufuku Wotseguka wa AASAJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Asayansi aku Africa, Malingaliro Aafirika
2)Authorea, Kupitiliza, GitHubZopangira za OSFPeerJMULUNGU, maphunziro.journal, Njira Yotsegulira PKP ya PKP, Coko Foundation product Suite, Tsegulani Mphotho Zofalitsa, Janeway / PubPub, Wophunzira, Directory of Press-motsogozedwa ndi Maphunziro
3)Google Docs
Qeios.com, zamaphunziro.org/

Njira yofalitsa mwachangu (>>>)

Kafukufuku & Kusanthula Kulemba ndi kusaka Open Open Archive Ndemanga yapadziko lonse lapansiKufalitsa nkhani
Kuwona ndi kusonkhanitsa mabuku ndi kafukufuku woyenera, 
Kafukufuku wapafupi / wowopsa pazizindikiro, tizilombo ta viral, zotsatira za chikhalidwe cha anthu komanso zachuma zomwe zatseka
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
AfricArXiv, DICAMES, bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgKawonedwe
Zochita Zanga
Pmanga.it
AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, Makalata olembedwa a DOAJ

Mapulogalamu oyang'ana ku Africa komanso malo otseguka osatseguka ngati Africa -Xivivos yaku Kenya Kafukufuku Wotseguka wa AAS pulatifomu komanso zikuluzikulu zamayiko otsogola, monga Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv ndi ScienceOpen / madongosolo oyambira, kukhazikitsa njira zowunikira za ku Africa koma zogwirizana ndi mayiko ena, mwachitsanzo ndi kujowina mwachangu mayiko omwe akukhudzidwa ndi mayiko ambiri zoyankha monga Outfallak Science Rapid PREreview.

Ndikofunikira kuzindikira kuti mabungwe aku Africa amadalira kwambiri kusindikizidwa kwa mapepala owunikiridwa ndi anzawo kuti awonetsetse momwe ziliri pakufufuzira ndikutanthauzira njira zotsatsira. Njira zowunikira zoterezi zimakambidwa padziko lonse lapansi, koma sizingatheke posachedwa. Chifukwa chake, kufunikira kwa ofufuza aku Africa kuti alenge mapepala owonedwa ndi anzawo m'magazini odziwika padziko lonse lapansi ayenera kulemekezedwa. Komabe, ndizotheka kuti kugwiritsa ntchito mitundu yatsopano yofalitsa, monga kuwunika kwa anzawo kuchitidwa pamlingo woyambira kudzera pa ntchito ngati zomangamanga.is ndi piercommunityin.org, ikhoza kufalitsa buku lino. 

Kufalitsa, Kufufuza & Kusamutsa Chidziwitso

1) = Africa mwapadera, 2) = dziko lonse, gwero lotseguka, 3) padziko lonse lapansi, malonda


Kuchita pagulu & Sayansi ya CitizenMagulu a Tech ndi akatswiri
1)Global Lab Network, Ulemu, Science Communication Hub Nigeria, Café Scientifique, Network ya African Science Literacy Network, Pansi pa MicroscopeCode for Africa, AfricaOSH, Vilsquare, African Open Data, EthLagos.io, Open Science ndi Hardware Network (OSHNet), STICLab, Robotech Labs
2)ORCIDKusonkhanitsa kwa Open Science Hardware (GOSH)

Ocheperako, koma akuchulukirachulukira, ambiri mwa njira za Citizen Science komanso ma kontrakitala pano amaperekanso njira yofalitsira chidziwitso. Kutenga nawo mbali kumatha kuchitika pokhazikitsa dongosolo la mgwirizano, monga kudziwitsa nzika zambiri m'zilankhulo zambiri mwakugawana mauthenga otanthauzira mosasinthika pama social network (Bezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Zochita pagulu ndi utolankhani wa sayansi ndi gawo laling'ono, koma lomwe limamera kumene ku Africa. Ngakhale pali zovuta zina zomwe zimakhudzana ndi kusaphunzira pang'ono pa sayansi komanso kusowa kwa mbiri yakale pakati pa ophunzira ndi anthu, zasintha zambiri posachedwa. Ndikofunikira kuti ofufuza apitilize kucheza ndi anthu kuti aletse zolakwika ndikupereka chidziwitso chatsopano chokhudza kafukufuku wapadziko lonse komanso wapadziko lonse lapansi. Pachifukwa ichi, kulumikizana kwina ndi atolankhani aku Africa kuti athandize kupeza mwayi wofufuzira anthu ndikofunikira. 

Kufikira nzika zonse kumafuna chisamaliro cha kusiyanasiyana kwa zilankhulo kudzera munjira zolembedwa monga momwe bungwe la African Science Literacy Network likuyankhulira, mwachitsanzo kudzera pa kutumizirana mameseji komanso kufalitsa uthenga wofunikira womwe waperekedwa ndi WHO kudzera pa malo ochezera a pa Intaneti, monga ananenera a Bezuidenhout, McNaughton & Havemann ( 2020) kapena Artificial Intelligence (AI) njira ngati "Sambani m'manja" m'zinenero 500+.

Kupititsa patsogolo Kuwonekera kwa Kafukufuku wa ku Africa 

Kugwirira ntchito ndi gawo lofunikira pakulankhulana kwa sayansi ndi kafukufuku. Kuyenda kwazidziwitso kuyenera kukhala kodalirika kuti kumange kafukufuku wokhazikika komanso zomangamanga pamaphunziro. Kuphatikiza kafukufuku kumagwirira ntchito pamapulogalamu osiyanasiyana ofufuza zamaphunziro ndikulongosola kuyanjana ndikuthandizira kupezeka pamitundu yonse, malire ndi nthawi. 

Mabungwe osiyanasiyana aku Africa agwirizana kale pankhanizi. Makamaka, maofesi othandizira kafukufuku / makina apamwamba kwambiri (monga DIRISA ku South Africa) akupanga ukadaulo wambiri pakugawana idatha komanso nsanja zothandizirana. Mabungwe oterowo amathandizidwa ndi ndalama komanso ukadaulo wadziko lonse lapansi komanso ukadaulo, ndipo akuyimira chida chofunikira kwambiri cha zomangamanga za Open Science ku Africa.

Kuphatikiza apo, mabungwe angapo odziyimira pawokha, monga AfricArXiv ndi malo ena ofanana osindikizira amathandizanso kuyesetsa kuthandiza kugawana zidziwitso pamapulatifomu. Mothandizidwa ndi omwe amagwirizana ndi Africa Open Access, AfricArXiv imapereka chida chofunikira kwa ofufuza aku Africa. Kuyambira kutsimikizika ndi kuvomerezedwa kwa ORCID kuti muwerenge zomwe wofufuzirayo adapereka pogawira ena nsanja ndi njira zina malinga ndi Zenodo.

Kupanga maluso ndi kuphunzitsa

Kwa ofufuzaKwa ogwira ntchito zachipatala
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/ 
Webusayiti ya CDC Africa COVOD-19 yolemba: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Njira yakufalikira kwa mliri wa COVID-19 womwe udayamba ku China, pambuyo pake kudutsa ku Europe ndi United States, waloleza kusintha kwa mayeso ozindikira, komanso kukwera kwa njira zambiri zofufuzira za COVID-19, komanso nthawi yanthawi yoti dziko la Africa kukonzekera kuyankha. Ofufuza a m'mayunivesite ndi mabungwe omwe ali kale ndi mayiko omwe akhudzidwa kale ndi mliriwu ayamba kupanga mankhwala omwe amalepheretsa kuti ma cell asamange ma cell aanthu, kuwunika mndandanda wamankhwala omwe alipo m'mayesero azachipatala, komanso akuwunika mphamvu ya mankhwala omwe asungidwa kuchokera kwa odwala omwe achira. kuchokera ku matenda a coronavirus, mwa zina zambiri.

Kugwirizana kwapadziko lonse ndi asayansi aku Africa pamachitidwe otere ndiwothandiza kwambiri pakuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa mliri ku kontinenti, kukulitsa mayankho omwe amasinthidwa malinga ndi malo am'deralo (mwachitsanzo, kuyesa kotsika mtengo / mafoni), ndikulemetsanso ntchito ya anzanu mu North America / Europe pobweretsa luso, luso komanso malingaliro pantchito. Mabungwe monga Science for Africa, omwe amayambitsa ndi kuthandizira mgwirizano wapadziko lonse, atha kuyendetsa ntchito pakumanga mwachangu mphamvu zakufufuzira za COVID-19 ku kontrakitala. Pozindikiritsa magulu ofufuza m'maiko a ku Africa ali ndi luso, ukadaulo, komanso ukadaulo wofufuzira amtunduwu, komanso anzawo ku North America ndi Europe omwe akugwira ntchito kale pazomwe akwaniritsa, bungweli lingathe kukhazikika - kutengera mtundu wa kafukufuku, zosowa za mgwirizano , ndi ukadaulo waluso - ndikulumikiza magulu ofufuza pogwiritsa ntchito pulatifomu yokhala ndi zida zokha

(Tsegulani) Zophunzitsira

Pali mbiri yayitali yautali ndi kuphunzira pa intaneti ku Africa. Mwachitsanzo, University of South Africa, yomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 1946, ndi amodzi mwa ophunzira kwambiri komanso ophunzirira patali kwambiri padziko lapansi. Komanso, malo monga Center for Innovation of Teaching and Study ku University of Cape Town, amapereka luso lodziwika bwino padziko lonse mu maphunziro a digito. Zochita zofananazi zimachitika ndi mabungwe ndi mapulatifomu onse m'dziko lonse lapansi komanso padziko lonse lapansi (https://oerafrica.org/). Kupanga ukadaulo ulipo m'derali kumapereka zofunikira pakukula kwa OER ku Africa. Kuphatikiza apo, kusonkhanitsa zikalata zothandizira kugwiritsa ntchito zida za OER / digito pazida zopanda zida zochepa (monga chija ndi UCT) kudzakuthandizani.

ELearning Africa Report 2019 yatchula maiko 55 aku Africa omwe ali ndi zitsanzo ndi kuthekera kwa ICT ya maphunziro (mbiri ya dziko), yambiri yomwe ingagwiritsidwenso ntchito pakuwonetsa kafukufuku kuchokera pakukula kwa projekiti mpaka kufalitsa zotsatira (Elletson ndi Stromeyer, 2019). 

Kukhazikika kwachuma 

Kukonzekeretsa ndalama mwachangu

Kuti athandizire kusinthika kwa magawo otseguka poyankha kwa COVID-19, ndikofunikira kuti ndalama zimapezeka kuti zithandizire kulumikizana. Pali njira zambiri zomwe ndalamazi zingapangidwire, kuphatikizapo:

  • Phatikizani zochitika zochulukitsa 
  • Dziwani ma projekiti apano komanso othandizira othandizira kukonza masanjidwe (ndikupanga chidziwitso chotseguka)
  • Pakani mndandanda wamapulogalamu opempha kuti agwirizane nawo
  • Lankhulani ndi omwe amapereka ndalama kwa maboma / maboma ndi maboma mwachindunji

Kukhazikika kwachuma

Kugwirizana kwamadongosolo otseguka mu Africa kudzakhala ndi zopindulitsa pakufukufuku wa ku Africa kupitilira pa mliri wa COVID-19. Kuwonetsetsa kuti kusungika kwachuma kwakanthawi yayitali kuthandizira kukonza maboma omwe akukumana ndi mavuto omwe akukumana nawo, ndizofunikira kwambiri. Mavuto omwe atchulidwa ndi:

  • Pezani umboni pazogwirizanitsa za COVID-19 komanso zomwe zimachitika potseguka
  • Pitilizani kukakamiza GDP yocheperako ya 1% yofufuza kuchokera kumaboma adziko, ndikuonetsetsa kuti ndalama zomwe zikuwonjezedwa pang'onopang'ono pazofukula zofufuza zili kutsogolo
  • Dziwani bwino za mfundo zadziko pazogawana deta ndikusanthula kuti zisinthe zomwe zithandizire kukhazikitsa
  • Chitanani ndi mabungwe othandizira ndalama kuti atsimikizire kuti zomangamanga za Science Science zili pa mapulani awo
  • Pemphani mgwirizano padziko lonse lapansi kuchokera ku gulu la Open Science lapadziko lonse
  • Dziwani mitundu yazandalama, kapena mitundu yamabizinesi yomwe ingagwire ntchito limodzi ndi gulu lofufuza ku Africa. Tikupereka ndalama zowonekera komanso zosakanikirana, kuphatikiza:
  • Pan-African: African Union, AfDB,…
  • Maboma aku Africa (mautumiki a R&E)
  • magulu ofufuza padziko lonse monga ASSAf (SA) ndi SRF (Sudan)
  • Maziko aku Africa monga Mandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • Amathandizidwa ndi thandizo lapadziko lonse lapansi kudzera pa B&M Gates Foundation, Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, Mozilla Foundation, Sloan Foundation, ndi zina zambiri.  
  • USAID; Mabungwe othandizira othandizira ku Europe: (UK) Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Ntchito zamaphunziro: kumasulira, Science Communication kwa anthu wamba (kupangitsa kuti ophunzira asamavutike), maphunziro olimbitsa maphunziro a asayansi, ECR ndi ophunzira // omwe amalipira ntchito yanji?

Zofooka & zovuta

Zokambirana pazachuma kwanthawi yayitali za makanidwe otseguka a Open Science ayenera kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane za omwe amapindula ndi zotsatira zakfufuzidwa zomwe zimagawidwa poyambilira, komanso zomwe zimapangidwira moyenera. Pakufunika kukonzanso dongosolo la zachuma lomwe limalipira chani komanso liti. Zolemba ophunzira komanso zolemba zamasamba ziyenera kukhala gawo lofunikira pofufuza; koma amene amalipira kuti azigwira / kugwira, Kugawa zamtundu wa DOI, kusungitsa deta etc. pamlingo wotani?

Chenjerani ndi mayiko omwe asankhidwa ndi zomwe zingakhudze zomwe akufufuza: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Kuperewera kwa njira yolumikizirana yodalirika, yotsika mtengo, yolumikizira intaneti kumabweretsabe vuto lalikulu kwambiri pakulimbana kwapaintaneti m'malo ambiri ampingo wa ku Africa. 

Chiyembekezo

Tipempha kuti pakhale mgwirizano komanso mgwirizano padziko lonse lapansi komanso mothandizidwa ndi mayiko ena kuchokera kumadera ena padziko lonse lapansi.

Zothandizira

Adegbeye Muchipangano chakale, (2020). Zomwe kusokoneza anthu sizingatithandizire. Mlembi (NG) 

Mfundo Zoyenera Ku Africa Zoyankhulana Pamaphunziro a OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-principles/

Dongosolo la African Open Science - africanopenscience.org.za 

Abukutsa-Onyango, Mary O. (2019). Zochitika mu Open Research & Education for Sustainable Development ku Africa. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

Ayebare R, Waitt P, Okello S et al. Mabizinesi obwereza okonzekera Ebola pokonzekera COVID-19 ku Sub-Saharan Africa [mtundu 1; kuwunikiranso: AAS Open Res 2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1

Ahinon et al. (2019). Maphunziro osiyanasiyana ophunzitsira ochokera ku Africa kochokera ku Africa: kuwunikira malo ena oyang'anira ECRA. eLeution Africa News Portal. Kupezeka kuchokera ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic-nownow-exchange-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Havemann, Jo, Restrepo, Martin, & Obanda, Johanssen. (2020). Kujambula mayankho apadziko lonse a COVID-19: kuchokera kumunsi mpaka kumaboma [Zosungidwa]. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377 

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Chimwemwe. (2020). Malo Osungira Zinthu Zapa Africa: Kujambula Mapu [preprint]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274 

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) Zachuma ndi maphunziro aukadaulo: Zotsatira zopitilira ndi zotsatira zazitali. MALO A 14 10 (0222669): eXNUMX. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & Havemann J (2020, Marichi 26). Makanema Azidziwitso a COVID-19. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534 

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Kusagwirizana kwadziko lonse mukumapeza zolemba zathunthu zasayansi: chitsanzo cha ophthalmology. PeerJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

Cárdenas, OVL (2019) Technosocial bootstrging yam'tsogolo yamadzi a solarpunk / kuchokera ku Global South. mutabit.com

Elletson, H. ndi Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019 The eLearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: Germany. Kupezeka kuchokera https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php 

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, Januware). Utawaleza wamachitidwe otseguka a sayansi. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025 

Maia Chagas, A .; Molloy, J .; Prieto Godino, L .; Baden, T. Leveraging Open Hardware Kuti muchepetse Burden wa COVID-19 pa Global Health Systems. Preprints 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1

McPhee, C., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. Mkonzi: Kuphatikiza Kukonzekera M'mayiko Otukuka. Kubwereza kwa Technology Innovation Management, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134  

Poynder, R (Okutobala 31, 2019, Mafunso a OA: K. Vijay Raghavan, Mlangizi Waukulu Wa Sayansi, Boma la India. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-interviews-k-vijayraghavan.html 

Mfundo Zoyambilira Kutseguka Mwapadera Phunziro: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/ 

Smith I (2019). DOAJ Guest Post: Zambiri za mawonekedwe a Africa OA ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ntchito izifalitsidwa. Blog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; Korona, H .; Crick, T.; Davila, J .; Enkhbayar, A .; Havemann, J .; Kramer, B.; Martin, R .; Masuzzo, P .; Nobes, A .; Mpunga, C.; Rivera-López, B .; Ross-Hellauer, T .; Sattler, S .; Thacker, PD; Vanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Mitu Yotentha Khumi kuzungulira Scholarly Publishing. Zofalitsa 2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/mayiko7020034

Zowonjezera: Mabungwe ndi ntchito zama digito

Mabungwe a ku Africa ndi omwe si a ku Africa kuno ndi ntchito za digito monga zanenedwa m'ndimeyi. Kuti mumve zambiri za tebulo ili https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn 

guluurldziko
Program ya Chidziwitso cha Zachilengedwe ku Africahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/Pan-Africa
African Development Bank (AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enTunisia
Information African Highway Portalhttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/PanAfrican
Magazini a Africa online (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/South Africa
Data Open Africanhttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
African Science Literacy Networkhttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nigeria
Chimamandahttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
AfricaArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/poto-African
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nigeria
Fufuzanihttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/USA
Café Scientifiquehttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/Nigeria | Global
Zosamalidwahttps://www.careables.org/ EU | Padziko lonse
Khodi ya Africahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Kenya
Zosiyanasiyanahttps://dataverse.org/USA
ZITHUNZIhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagascar
Zamgululihttps://ethlagos.io/Nigeria
Figsharehttps://figshare.com/London | USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Kusonkhanitsa Kwatsopano Padziko Lonsehttps://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Germany | Padziko lonse
Global Lab Networkhttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Google Scholarhttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Pmanga.ithttps://hypothes.is/USA
Impub Hub Networkhttps://impacthub.net/Austria
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/United Kingdom
Network ya Jokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/France
Mlembi Mmodzi Wamphamvu Basi (JOGL)https://jogl.ioFrance | Padziko lonse
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/USA
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaCameroon
ndigohttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Kulimbikitsahttps://www.mendeley.com/United Kingdom
Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapore
Africa OERhttps://www.oerafrica.org/South Africa
Tsegulani Africahttps://africaopendata.org/Kenya
Tsegulani Chidziwitso cha Mapuhttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Austria
Open Science ndi Hardware Network (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaTanzania
openAfricahttps://open.africa/South Africa
ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/USA
Tsegulani Sayansi Yoyeserera (OSF)http://OSF.ioUSA
Pepahihttp://Paperhive.orgGermany
Zochita Zangahttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/France
Ulemuhttp://pollicy.orgPan-Africa
Preprints.orghttps://www.preprints.org/Switzerland
Kawonedwehttps://www.prereview.org/USA
Pofikira.iohttps://www.protocols.io/USA
ROpenScihttps://ropensci.org/USA
Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Kukonzansohttps://refigure.org/Global
Fufuzani Zotsatirahttps://www.researchgate.net/Germany
Network ya RLabshttps://rlabs.orgSouth Africa
Ma Laboti a Robotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzTanzania
Sayansi Yoyankhulana ndi Sayansihttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNigeria
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/USA
SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Switzerland
STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzTanzania
TCC Africahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Kenya
Akutihttps://www.lens.org/Australia
Pansi pa Microscopehttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Kenya
Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nigeria
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/USA


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Siyani Mumakonda