Kufalitsa chidziwitso chokhudzana ndi machitidwe abwino komanso malingaliro amachitidwe kuti achepetse kufalikira kwa ma coronavirus amaperekedwa kwambiri mchingerezi. Pafupifupi 2000 zilankhulo zakumaloko zimayankhulidwa ku Africa ndipo anthu ali ndi ufulu wodziwitsidwa m'chinenedwe chawo pazomwe zikuchitika komanso momwe angadzitetezere, mabanja, abwenzi, ndi anzawo.

Zilankhulo zaku Africa patsamba lathu

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Chonde dziwani: Tsamba la AfricArXiv limasinthidwa ndi GTranslate.io kudzera pa wp plugin kuchokera ku Chingerezi kupita ku zilankhulo 19. Kumasuliraku ndikwabwino koma osakhala angwiro. Kodi mutha kutithandiza Sinthani zomwe zalembedwa patsamba lathu? Chonde imelo ku assist@africarxiv.org. | Chitsogozo: github.com/AfricArxiv/.../translations.md

Werengani zambiri za kusiyanasiyana kwa zilankhulo zaku Afirika zolankhula ku africarxiv.org/languages/.


Chonde pezani zambiri pansipa zoperekedwa ndi Ofesi yapadera ya WHO ku Africa // opezeka pa Marichi 25, 2020:

WHO Q&A pa coronaviruses (COVID-19)

Mayiko aku Africa asuntha kuchoka ku COVID-19 kuti ayankhe momwe milandu yambiri ingatsimikizire

>> afro.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus-covid-19

Gulu la anthu padziko lonse lapansi likuthamanga kuthamanga pang'onopang'ono ndipo kenako kuimitsa kufalikira kwa COVID-19, mliri womwe wapha anthu masauzande ambiri komanso kudwalitsa anthu ena masauzande ambiri. Ku Africa, kachilomboka kamafalikira kumayiko ambiri pasanathe sabata. Maboma ndi olamulira azachipatala kudutsa kontrakitala akuyesetsa kuchepetsa matenda omwe afala.

Chiyambireni kufalikira kwa bungwe la World Health Organisation (WHO) lakhala likuthandiza maboma aku Africa kuti adziwe koyambirira kwawo popereka mazana ambiri a zida zoyezetsa za COVID-19 kupita kumayiko ena, kuphunzitsa ambiri ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo komanso kulimbikitsa kuwunika anthu ambiri. Mayiko makumi anayi mphambu zisanu ndi chiwiri ku dera la WHO ku Africa tsopano atha kuyesa COVID-19. Kumayambiriro kwa kubalalaku ndi awiri okha omwe angatero.

WHO yapereka chitsogozo kumayiko, omwe amasinthidwa pafupipafupi kuti agwirizane ndi zomwe zikuchitika. Ndondomekozi zikuphatikiza miyeso monga kupatula malo okhala, kubwezeretsa nzika ndi kukonzekera m'malo antchito. Bungweli likugwiranso ntchito ndi akatswiri kuti azigwiritsa ntchito njira zodziyang'anira, kufewetsa matenda opatsirana, kufananiza, kuzindikira, kusamalira ndi kulandira chithandizo ndi njira zina zodziwitsira, kutsata matendawa ndikuchepetsa kufala.

WHO ikuthandizira kumayiko akutali pogwiritsa ntchito zida zamagetsi zamagetsi, kotero maboma azachipatala amatha kumvetsetsa bwino zomwe zikuchitika m'maiko awo. Kukonzekera komanso kuyankha miliri yam'mbuyomu kumapereka maziko olimba a mayiko ambiri a ku Africa kuthana ndi kufalikira kwa COVID-19.

Makamaka, njira zopewetsera zomwe aliyense payekhapayekha ndi madera amakhalabe chida champhamvu kwambiri chopewa kufalikira kwa COVID-19. WHO ikuthandizira olamulira a m'deralo kupanga mauthenga pa wailesi ndi malo owonera pa TV kudziwitsa anthu za kuopsa kwa COVID-19 ndi njira zomwe akuyenera kuchita. Bungweli likuthandizanso kuthana ndi zotsutsana ndipo likuwongolera mayiko pakukhazikitsa malo oyimbira foni kuti anthu adziwe.

Q & A pa coronaviruses (COVID-19)

>> Who.int/news-room/qa-detail/qa-coronaviruses // 9 Marichi 2020 | Q&A

WHO ikuwunikira mosalekeza ndikuyankha pamwambowu. Q & A iyi isinthidwa monga momwe zimadziwikira za COVID-19, momwe imafalikira komanso momwe ikukhudzira anthu padziko lonse lapansi. Kuti mumve zambiri, fufuzani pafupipafupi Masamba a coronavirus a WHO.

Kodi coronavirus ndi chiani?

Coronaviruses ndi banja lalikulu la ma virus omwe angayambitse kudwala kwa nyama kapena anthu. Mwa anthu, ma coronavirus angapo amadziwika kuti amayambitsa matenda opumira kuyambira ku chimfine wamba kupita kumatenda owopsa monga Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) ndi Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Kona yomwe yapezeka posachedwa kwambiri imayambitsa matenda a coronavirus COVID-19.

COVID-19 ndi chiyani?

COVID-19 ndi matenda opatsirana omwe amayambitsidwa ndi coronavirus omwe apezeka posachedwa kwambiri. Kachilombo katsopano ndi matenda sizinadziwike kufalikira ku Wuhan, China, mu Disembala 2019.

Zizindikiro za COVID-19 ndi ziti?

Zizindikiro zodziwika bwino za COVID-19 ndi kutentha thupi, kutopa, ndi chifuwa chowuma. Odwala ena amatha kupweteka m'mimba, kupweteka m'mphuno, mphuno, mmero kapena m'mimba. Zizindikirozi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofatsa ndipo zimayamba pang'onopang'ono. Anthu ena amatenga kachilomboka koma samakhala ndi zizindikiro zilizonse ndipo samamva kuti sakukwanira. Anthu ambiri (pafupifupi 80%) amachira matendawa osafunikira chithandizo chapadera. Pafupifupi munthu m'modzi pa 1 aliyense amene amadwala COVID-6 amadwala kwambiri ndipo amayamba kupuma movutikira. Akuluakulu, komanso omwe ali ndi mavuto azachipatala monga kuthamanga kwa magazi, mavuto amtima kapena matenda ashuga, atha kudwala kwambiri. Anthu omwe ali ndi malungo, kutsokomola komanso kupuma movutikira ayenera kufunsa chithandizo chamankhwala.

Zizindikiro za COVID-19 ndi ziti?

Zizindikiro zodziwika bwino za COVID-19 ndi kutentha thupi, kutopa, ndi chifuwa chowuma. Odwala ena amatha kupweteka m'mimba, kupweteka m'mphuno, mphuno, mmero kapena m'mimba. Zizindikirozi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zofatsa ndipo zimayamba pang'onopang'ono. Anthu ena amatenga kachilomboka koma samakhala ndi zizindikiro zilizonse ndipo samamva kuti sakukwanira. Anthu ambiri (pafupifupi 80%) amachira matendawa osafunikira chithandizo chapadera. Pafupifupi munthu m'modzi pa 1 aliyense amene amadwala COVID-6 amadwala kwambiri ndipo amayamba kupuma movutikira. Akuluakulu, komanso omwe ali ndi mavuto azachipatala monga kuthamanga kwa magazi, mavuto amtima kapena matenda ashuga, atha kudwala kwambiri. Anthu omwe ali ndi malungo, kutsokomola komanso kupuma movutikira ayenera kufunsa chithandizo chamankhwala.

Kodi COVID-19 imafalikira bwanji?

Anthu amatha kugwira COVID-19 kuchokera kwa ena omwe ali ndi kachilomboka. Matendawa amatha kufalikira kuchokera kwa munthu kupita kwa munthu kudzera m'miyendo yaying'ono kuchokera pamphuno kapena pakamwa yomwe imafalikira munthu akamadwala chifuwa cha 19 kapena 19. Madontho awa amagwera pazinthu komanso pamalo oyandikana ndi munthu. Anthu ena amagwira COVID-19 pokhudza zinthu izi kapena mawonekedwe, kenako ndikukhudza maso awo, mphuno kapena pakamwa. Anthu amathanso kugwira COVID-19 ngati apumira m'malovu kuchokera kwa munthu yemwe ali ndi COVID-1 yemwe amatsokomola kapena kutulutsa m'malovu. Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndikofunikira kuti munthu asadutse kupitirira mita imodzi (3).

WHO ikuwunika kafukufuku wopitilira njira za COVID-19 zofala ndipo apitilizabe kugawana zomwe zapezedwa.


Kodi ma virus omwe amayambitsa COVID-19 amatha kufalikira kudzera mumlengalenga?

Kafukufuku mpaka pano akuwonetsa kuti kachilombo kamene kamayambitsa COVID-19 kamakhudzidwa makamaka kudzera pakukhudzana ndi m'malo opumira m'malo kudzera mumlengalenga. Onani yankho lapitali pa "COVID-19 ikufalikira bwanji?"


Kodi ma COVID-19 angagwidwe kuchokera kwa munthu yemwe alibe zizindikiro?

Njira yayikulu yomwe matendawa amafalikira ndi kudzera m'malovu opumira omwe amachotsedwa ndi munthu amene akutsokomola. Chiwopsezo chogwira COVID-19 kuchokera kwa munthu wopanda zizindikiro konse ndi chotsika kwambiri. Komabe, anthu ambiri omwe ali ndi COVID-19 amakumana ndi zofooka zochepa chabe. Izi zimachitika makamaka kumayambiriro kwa matendawa. Chifukwa chake ndizotheka kuti mugwire COVID-19 kuchokera kwa munthu yemwe, mwachitsanzo, amangokhala chifuwa ndipo samva kudwala. WHO ikuwunika kafukufuku womwe akupitilira pa nthawi yomwe COVID-19 itumiza ndikugawana zomwe zapezedwa.


Kodi ndingatenge COVID-19 kuchokera kuzimbudzi za winawake yemwe ali ndi matendawa?

Chiwopsezo chogwira COVID-19 kuchokera kuzimbudzi za munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilombo zimawoneka kuti ndizochepa. Ngakhale kufufuzidwa koyambirira kukusonyeza kuti kachilomboka kangakhalepo mu ndowe nthawi zina, kufalikira mwa njirayi sichinthu chachikulu chakuphulika. WHO ikuwunika kafukufuku wopitilira njira za COVID-19 zofala ndipo apitilizabe kugawana zomwe zapezedwa. Chifukwa izi ndi zoopsa, komabe, ndi chifukwa china chotsuka manja pafupipafupi, mutatha kugwiritsa ntchito bafa komanso musanadye.

Ndani ali pachiwopsezo cha kudwala kwambiri?

Tidakali kuphunzira za momwe COVID-2019 imakhudzira anthu, achikulire ndi anthu omwe ali ndi mikhalidwe yachipatala yomwe ilipo (monga kuthamanga kwa magazi, matenda a mtima, matenda am'mapapo, khansa kapena matenda ashuga) amawoneka kuti amadwala kwambiri nthawi zambiri kuposa ena.

Kodi maantibayotiki amagwira bwino ntchito poletsa kapena kuchiza COVID-19?

Ayi. Maantibayotiki samagwira ntchito kuthana ndi ma virus, amangogwira ntchito pakufalitsa mabakiteriya. COVID-19 imayambitsidwa ndi kachilombo, kotero maantibayotiki sagwira ntchito. Maantibayotiki sayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ngati njira yoletsa kapena kuchiza ya COVID-19. Zingoyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito monga adalangizidwa ndi adokotala pochiza matenda oyambitsidwa ndi bakiteriya.

Kodi COVID-19 ndi SARS?

Ayi. Kachilombo komwe kamayambitsa COVID-19 ndi komwe kanayambitsa kuphulika kwa Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) mu 2003 ndi kogwirizana, koma matenda omwe amachititsa ndi osiyana.

SARS inali yakufa kwambiri koma yocheperako kuposa COVID-19. Sipanakhalepo kufalikira kwa SARS kulikonse padziko lapansi kuyambira 2003.

Kodi ndingatani kuti ndidziteteze komanso ndiletse kufalikira kwa matenda?

Njira zoteteza aliyense

Dziwani zambiri zomwe zatulutsidwa pa COVID-19, zomwe zikupezeka patsamba la WHO komanso kudzera muulamuliro waboma lanu lapadziko lonse lapansi komanso kwanuko. Maiko ambiri padziko lonse lapansi awona milandu ya COVID-19 ndipo angapo awona ziwopsezo. Akuluakulu aku China komanso maiko ena atha kuchepetsa kapena kusiya kufalikira kwawo. Komabe, momwe zinthu ziliri mosayembekezereka kotero fufuzani pafupipafupi nkhani zatsopano.

Mutha kuchepetsa mwayi wokhala ndi kachilombo kapena kufalitsa COVID-19 pogwiritsa ntchito njira zingapo zosavuta:

  • Nthawi zonse muziyeretsa manja anu ndi dzanja lopukutira kapena lotsuka ndi sopo ndi madzi.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Kusamba m'manja ndi sopo kapena kugwiritsa ntchito dzanja pogwiritsa ntchito mowa kumapha ma virus omwe angakhale m'manja mwanu.
  • Sungani mtunda wokwanira mita imodzi (1) pakati panu ndi wina aliyense amene akakhosomola kapena kusisima.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Wina akakhosomola kapena kusisima amapopera madontho pang'ono amadzimadzi kuchokera m'mphuno kapena pakamwa lomwe lingakhale ndi kachilombo. Ngati muli pafupi kwambiri, mutha kupumira m'malovu, kuphatikiza kachilombo ka COVID-19 ngati munthu akutsokomola ali ndi matendawa.
  • Pewani kukhudza maso, mphuno ndi pakamwa.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Manja amakhudza mbali zambiri ndipo amatha kunyamula ma virus. Manja akangosokonezeka, manja amatha kusamutsa kachilomboka m'maso, mphuno kapena pakamwa. Kuchokera pamenepo, kachilomboka kangalowe mthupi lanu ndikukudwalitsani.
  • Onetsetsani kuti inu, ndi anthu okuzungulirani, tsatirani ukhondo wabwino. Izi zikutanthauza kuphimba pakamwa panu ndi mphuno ndi mkono wanu wokulirapo kapena minofu mukakhosomola kapena kufinya. Ndiye kutaya minofu yogwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi yomweyo.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Madontho amafalitsa kachilombo. Kutsatira ukhondo wabwino pakupuma mumateteza anthu okuzungulirani kumavairasi monga chimfine, chimfine ndi COVID-19.
  • Khalani kunyumba ngati mukumva kusowa. Ngati muli ndi malungo, kutsokomola komanso kupuma movutikira, pezani chisamaliro chachipatala ndikuyitanirani pasadakhale. Tsatirani malangizo aboma lanu.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Akuluakulu adziko ndi akumalo azidziwa zambiri zakomwe zikuchitika mdera lanu. Kuimbira foni pasadakhale kudzakuthandizani kuti omwe akukuthandizani azakuwongoletsani mwachangu kupita kuchipatala choyenera. Izi zidzakutetezanso ndikuthandizira kupewa kufalikira kwa ma virus ndi matenda ena.
  • Lemberani za malo aposachedwa kwambiri a COVID-19 (mizinda kapena madera komwe COVID-19 ikufalikira kwambiri). Ngati ndi kotheka, pewani kupita kumalo - makamaka ngati ndinu wokalamba kapena muli ndi matenda a shuga, mtima kapena m'mapapo.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Muli ndi mwayi wopeza COVID-19 mu amodzi mwa madera awa.

Njira zodzitchinjiriza kwa anthu omwe akukhala kapena adayendera posachedwa (masiku 14 apitawo) madera omwe COVID-19 ikufalikira

  • Tsatirani malangizo omwe afotokozedwa pamwambapa (Njira zoteteza aliyense)
  • Kudzipatula pakukhalabe panyumba ngati muyamba kumva kuti simunasinthe, ngakhale muli ndi zofowoka monga mutu, kutentha thupi (37.3 C kapena kupitilira) ndi mphuno pang'ono, mpaka mutachira. Ngati nkofunikira kuti wina azikubweretserani zakudya kapena kutuluka, mwachitsanzo kukagula chakudya, ndiye kuvala chigoba kuti musayambukire anthu ena.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Kupewa kulumikizana ndi ena komanso kupita ku malo azachipatala kumathandizira kuti maofesiwa azigwira ntchito bwino ndikukuthandizani kukutetezani inu ndi ena ku ma COVID-19 ndi ma virus ena.
  • Ngati mukuyamba kutentha thupi, kutsokomola komanso kupuma movutikira, pitani kuchipatala msanga chifukwa izi zitha kukhala chifukwa cha kupuma kapena matenda ena akulu. Imbirani pasadakhale ndikuuzeni opereka chithandizo chamtundu uliwonse waposachedwa kapena kulumikizana ndi apaulendo.
    Chifukwa chiyani? Kuimbira foni pasadakhale kudzakuthandizani kuti omwe akukuthandizani azakuwongoletsani mwachangu kupita kuchipatala choyenera. Izi zikuthandizanso kupewa kufalikira kwa COVID-19 ndi ma virus ena.

Kodi ndingapeze bwanji COVID-19?

Chiwopsezo chimatengera komwe muli - makamaka makamaka, ngati pali kufalikira kwa COVID-19 kumene kukuchitika.

Kwa anthu ambiri m'malo ambiri chiopsezo chogwira COVID-19 akadali chotsika. Komabe, pali malo padziko lonse lapansi (mizinda kapena madera) kumene matendawa amafalikira. Kwa anthu omwe akukhalamo, kapena kuchezera, madera awa chiopsezo chogwira COVID-19 ndiwokwera. Boma ndi akuluakulu azachipatala akuchitapo kanthu mwamphamvu nthawi iliyonse yomwe mlandu wapadera wa COVID-19 utadziwika. Onetsetsani kuti mukutsatira zoletsa zilizonse zakomwe komwe mukuyenda, kuyenda kapena misonkhano yayikulu. Kuchita nawo zoyesayesa zamagetsi kumachepetsa chiopsezo chanu chogwira kapena kufalitsa COVID-19.

Ziphuphu za COVID-19 zitha kupezeka ndipo kufalitsa kumayimitsidwa, monga zasonyezedwera ku China komanso mayiko ena. Tsoka ilo, kutuluka kwatsopano kumatha kutuluka mwachangu. Ndikofunika kudziwa momwe zinthu zilili kapena kumene mukufuna kupitako. WHO imasindikiza zosintha za tsiku ndi tsiku pa COVID-19 padziko lonse lapansi.

Mutha kuziwona izi Who.int/emergency/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/

Kodi makulitsidwe a COVID-19 atalika bwanji?

Nthawi yopanga kachilombo imatanthauza nthawi pakati pakubwera ndi kachilombo ndikuyamba kukhala ndi zizindikiro za matendawa. Ziwerengero zambiri za nthawi ya makulidwe a COVID-19 kuyambira masiku 1 mpaka 14, ambiri masiku pafupifupi asanu. Ziwerengerozi zidzasinthidwa pomwe deta yochulukirapo ipezeka.

Kodi ndingathe kulanda COVID-19 kuchokera pachiweto changa?

Pomwe pali gawo limodzi la galu yemwe ali ndi kachilombo ku Hong Kong, mpaka pano, palibe umboni kuti galu, amphaka kapena chiweto chilichonse chimatha kufalitsa COVID-19. COVID-19 imafalikira makamaka kudzera m'malovu omwe amapangika pomwe munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilomboka akakhosomola, amaseka, kapena amalankhula. Kuti mudziteteze, yeretsani manja anu pafupipafupi komanso mokwanira.

WHO ikupitiliza kuwunikira kafukufuku waposachedwa pa izi ndi mitu ina ya COVID-19 ndipo ikusintha monga zomwe zatsopano zikupezeka.

Kodi ndichabwino kulandila phukusi kuchokera kudera lililonse komwe COVID-19 yatchulidwa?

Inde. Kuthekera kwa munthu yemwe ali ndi kachilombo koyipitsa zinthu zamalonda kumakhala kocheperako ndipo chiopsezo chotenga kachilombo kamene kamayambitsa COVID-19 kuchokera phukusi lomwe wasunthira, kuyendayenda, ndikuwonetsedwa panjira zosiyanasiyana ndipo kutentha kumachepera.

Kodi ndiyenera kuda nkhawa za COVID-19?

Kudwala chifukwa cha matenda a COVID-19 nthawi zambiri kumakhala kofatsa, makamaka kwa ana ndi akulu achinyamata. Komabe, zimatha kudwala kwambiri: munthu m'modzi pa anthu asanu alionse omwe amazigwira amafunikira chithandizo kuchipatala. Chifukwa chake sizachilendo kwa anthu kuda nkhawa kuti kufalikira kwa COVID-1 kudzawakhudza bwanji iwo ndi okondedwa awo.

Titha kusintha malingaliro athu ndikuchitapo kanthu kuti tidziteteze, okondedwa athu ndi madera athu. Choyambirira komanso chofunikira kwambiri mwa izi ndi kusamba m manja nthawi zonse komanso ukhondo wabwino. Kachiwiri, dziwani zambiri ndikutsatira malangizowo kuchokera kwa oyang'anira zaumoyo kuphatikizapo zoletsa zilizonse zomwe zimayikidwa paulendo, kuyenda ndi kusonkhana .Dziwani zambiri zamomwe mungadzitetezere ku Who.int/emergency/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public

Kodi pali mankhwala kapena chithandizo chomwe chingaletse kapena kuchiritsa COVID-19?

Ngakhale njira zina zakumadzulo, zachikhalidwe kapena zam'nyumba zimatha kupereka chitonthozo ndikuchepetsa zizindikiro za COVID-19, palibe umboni kuti mankhwala omwe alipo pakadali pano atha kuletsa kapena kuchiritsa matendawa. WHO simalimbikitsa kuti muzidzipatsa nokha mankhwala aliwonse, kuphatikiza maantibayotiki, monga kupewa kapena kuchiza a COVID-19. Komabe, pali mayesero angapo azachipatala omwe akuphatikizapo onse akumadzulo ndi mankhwala achikhalidwe. WHO ipitilizabe kupereka zidziwitso zisinthidwa mukangozipeza zipatala.

Kodi pali katemera, mankhwala kapena mankhwala a COVID-19?

Osati pano. Mpaka pano, palibe katemera ndipo palibe mankhwala enieni othandizira kupewa kapena kuchiza COVID-2019. Komabe, omwe akhudzidwa akuyenera kulandira chisamaliro kuti athetsere zizindikiro. Anthu omwe ali ndi matenda akulu amayenera kugonekedwa m'chipatala. Odwala ambiri amachira chifukwa chothandizidwa ndi chisamaliro.

Katemera wothekera ndi njira zina zachithandizo zamankhwala akufufuzidwa. Amayesedwa kudzera m'mayesero azachipatala. WHO ikugwirizanitsa ntchito yopanga katemera ndi mankhwala kupewa ndi kuchiza COVID-19.

Njira zabwino kwambiri zodzitetezera komanso kupulumutsa ena ku COVID-19 ndikutsuka manja anu pafupipafupi, kuphimba chifuwa chanu ndi mphini kapena chingwe, ndikukhalabe mtunda wa pafupifupi mita imodzi kuchokera kwa anthu omwe akutsokomola kapena kusisita. (Onani Njira zodzitetezera ku coronavirus yatsopano).

Kodi ndiyenera kuvala chigoba kuti ndiziteteze?

Ingovalani chigoba ngati mukudwala ndi COVID-19 zizindikiro (makamaka kutsokomola) kapena kusamalira wina yemwe angakhale ndi COVID-19. Chotupa chamaso choyipa chitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kamodzi. Ngati simukudwala kapena kusamalira munthu amene akudwala ndiye kuti mukungowononga chigoba. Pali kuchepa kwapadziko lonse kwamasamba, kotero WHO imalimbikitsa anthu kuti azigwiritsa ntchito masks mwanzeru.

WHO imalangiza ogwiritsa ntchito masks azachipatala kuti apewe kuwononga ndalama zamtengo wapatali komanso kugwiritsa ntchito molakwa masks (onani Upangiri pakugwiritsa ntchito masks).

Njira zabwino kwambiri zodzitetezera komanso kupulumutsa ena ku COVID-19 ndikutsuka manja anu nthawi zonse, kuphimba chifuwa chanu ndi mulingo kapena minofu ndikusunga mtunda wa mita imodzi kuchokera kwa anthu omwe akutsokomola kapena akufinya. . Mwaona njira zodzitetezera ku coronavirus yatsopano kuti mudziwe zambiri.

Momwe mungavalire, kugwiritsa ntchito, kuvula ndi kutaya chigoba?

  1. Kumbukirani, chigoba chimayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ogwira ntchito yazaumoyo, othandizira, ndi anthu omwe ali ndi zizindikiro zopumira, monga kutentha thupi komanso kutsokomola.
  2. Musanagwire chigoba, manja oyera ndi opaka ndi sopo ndi madzi pamanja
  3. Tengani chigoba ndi kuyang'ana ngati misozi kapena mabowo.
  4. Mbali yomwe mbali yakutsogolo ndi (komwe kuli mzere wachitsulo).
  5. Onetsetsani kuti mbali yolondola ya chophimba imayang'ana kunjaku (mbali yakuda).
  6. Ikani chigoba pamaso panu. Tsinani chingwe chachitsulo kapena m'mphepete mwa chogwirira kotero chimawumbira mawonekedwe a mphuno yanu.
  7. Kokani pansi pansi pa chigoba kuti chimakwirira pakamwa panu ndi chibwano.
  8. Mukatha kugwiritsa ntchito, chovani chigoba; chotsani totsegulira kumbuyo kwa makutu kwinaku mukusungira chigoba kutali ndi nkhope yanu ndi zovala, kuti musamakhudzike ndi mbali ya chigoba.
  9. Tayani chovalacho muchikwama chotsekedwa mukangogwiritsa ntchito.
  10. Pezani ukhondo pamanja mukakhudza kapena kutaya chigoba - Gwiritsani ntchito popukutira dzanja kapena, ngati pakuwoneka kuti ndiodetsa, sambani m'manja ndi sopo ndi madzi.

Kodi anthu angathe kutenga kachilombo ka COVID-19 kochokera ku nyama?

Ma Coronaviruses ndi banja lalikulu la ma virus omwe ali ndizinyama. Nthawi zina, anthu amatenga kachilomboka komwe kamatha kufalikira kwa anthu ena. Mwachitsanzo, SARS-CoV idalumikizidwa ndi amphaka a civet ndipo MERS-CoV imafalitsidwa ndi ngamila zokhala ndi ma dromedary. Zowoneka zachilengedwe za COVID-19 sizinatsimikizidwebe.

Kuti mudziteteze, monga ngati mukuchezera misika yamoyo, pewani kulumikizana mwachindunji ndi zinyama ndi malo ake polumikizana ndi nyama. Onetsetsani kuti muli ndi nthawi zonse zotetezeka za chakudya. Sungani nyama yaiwisi, mkaka kapena ziwalo mosamala kuti mupewe kuipitsidwa kwa zakudya zosaphika komanso kupewa kudya zinthu zosaphika kapena zosamwa.

Kodi vutoli limakhala mpaka pati?

Sindikudziwika kuti kachilombo kamene kamayambitsa COVID-19 kamakhala pamtunda, koma kumawoneka ngati kawonedwe kazinthu zina. Kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti ma coronaviruses (kuphatikiza chidziwitso choyambirira cha kachilombo ka COVID-19) amatha kupitilira pamalo kwa maola ochepa kapena mpaka masiku angapo. Izi zimatha kukhala zosiyanasiyana pamitengo yosiyanasiyana (mwachitsanzo, mawonekedwe, kutentha kapena chinyezi).

Ngati mukuganiza kuti malo angathe kutenga kachilomboka, yeretsani ndi mankhwala osavuta opha tizilombo kuti muphe kachilomboka kuti mudziteteze komanso kupulumutsa ena ndi ena. Sambitsani manja anu ndi burolo yochokera kumanja kapena muitsuke ndi sopo ndi madzi. Pewani kukhudza maso, pakamwa, kapena mphuno.

Kodi pali chilichonse chomwe sindiyenera kuchita?

Njira zotsatirazi SIZO yogwira mtima motsutsana ndi COVID-2019 ndipo itha kukhala yopweteka

  • kusuta
  • Kuvala maski angapo
  • Kumwa maantibayotiki (Onani funso 10)Kodi pali mankhwala ena azithandizo omwe angalepheretse kapena kuchiritsa COVID-19?")

Mulimonsemo, ngati muli ndi malungo, chifuwa komanso kupuma movutikira pitani kuchipatala msanga kuti muchepetse chiopsezo chotenga kachilomboka kwambiri ndikuonetsetsa kuti mukugawana ndi mbiri yanu yoyendayenda yaposachedwa ndi omwe akukuthandizani.

Ziyankhulo zinanso


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