Cinwaan sida: Havemann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Xaraashka kaabayaasha furitaanka ee sayniska furan ayaa loogu talagalay jawaabcelin hufan oo Afrikaan ah oo loogu talagalay COVID-19 [diyaarinta]. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3733768


qorayaal

Kooxda Muhiimka ah:

  • Jo Havemann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Helitaanka 2 Aragtida & AfrikArXiv, Jarmalka
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, Jaamacada Oxford, AfricanArXiv & Helitaanka 2 Muuqaal, South Africa & UK

Fariin: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org

Qaadhayaasha tabarucaada ah (qaab alifbeetada ah):


Fadlan la soco: Dukumintigan oo ah nooca hadda loo diyaariyey (v1.1) wuxuu u furan yahay faallooyinka.

Fadlan u soo jeedi talooyin toos ah qoraalka meesha ጥቃቅንurl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, ama emayl ku habboon qorayaasha. Adoo ku tabarucaya waxyaabo muhiim ah qoraalka, wali waad ku soo biiri kartaa liiska qorayaasha.

Si aad ugu biiriso jawaab celinta iskaashiga ah qaar ka mid ah tallaabooyinka shaqada iyo / ama dhaqaale ahaan, fadlan booqo https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

Hordhac

Muuqaalka guud ee daabacaadda caalamiga ah wuxuu hadda marayaa isbeddel ba'an oo ku wajahan dhaqamada sayniska furan iyo howlaha cilmi baarista ee la xiriira COVID-19 oo dhammaantood si furan loogaga heli karo mashruuc cilmi baaris deg deg ah iyo dadaal qiimeyn ah (Akligoh et al. 2020; JOGL COVID19 project, Open Letter: La xiriir Raad-raaca iyo NHSX). Qayb fikir ah oo loogu talagay 'Financial Times', Raiisel wasaaraha Itoobiya iyo abaalmarinta Nobel Peace Prize Abiy Ahmed ayaa iftiimisay muhiimadda ay leedahay dadaallada isku dhafan ee caalamiga ah ee lagula dagaallamayo masiibada oo soo koobaya: "[Waxaan] in fayraska aan laga adkaan Afrika, waxay noqon doontaa kaliya la soo noqo dunida inteeda kale ”. Dhinacyada dhaqaale iyo siyaasadeed ee Axmed diiradda saaray waa in lagu saleeyaa cilmi baaris cilmiyeed - maxalli gaar ah, halka adduunku ku xiran yahay. Furitaanka cilmi-baaris lagu sameeynayo dhaqalaha horumaray ma ahan mid ku filnaan doonta, waa inaan ku darno taageero, sare u qaadis iyo isku xirnaanno meelo badan oo khibrad u leh cilmiga furan ee qaaradda Afrika.

Iyada oo la socota hargabka coronavirus ee hadda jira, baahida degdegga ah ee loo qabo furitaanka natiijooyinka cilmi-baarista ayaa kordhin doonta aqoonta sayniska guud ee cilmiga bulshada ee loo yaqaan 'COVID-19' oo suurta gal u ah cilmi-baarayaashan Afrikaanka ah inay horumariyaan xalka Afrikaanka ah ee ku wajahan la-dagaallanka fayraska SARS-CoV 2, iyadoo isla isla Waqtiga lagu xoojinayo ilaha dabiiciga ah ee waddamada Afrika iyo kordhinta u diyaarsanaanta cudurka dillaaca mustaqbalka. Tani waxay quseysaa heerarka caalamiga ah iyo kan gobolka labadaba. Faafitaano hore oo fayras ah, sida cudurrada faafa ee Galbeedka Afrika ee Ebola iyo Zika, waxay muujiyeen saamaynta xun ee marin-u-helka xogta iyo dariiqooyinka si xun u habaysan ee faafinta. Kaliya waa iyada oo meesha laga saarayo khidmadaha lacagta lagu bixiyo, kordhinta helitaanka dhijitaalka ah ee ilaha, iyo kobcinta hababka wadaagga shaqsiyadeed ee isku-duwidda iskudayada lagu yareyn karo saameynta fayraska ayaa lagu guuleysan karaa. Tani waa run maahan kaliya jawaabaha muddada-gaaban ee dhibaatooyinka caafimaad, laakiin sidoo kale saamaynta muddada fog ah ee dhaqaalaha Afrika, xarumaha bulshada iyo hab-nololeedka dadka ee qaaradda oo dhan.

Daneeyayaasha wadamada dakhligoodu hooseeyo iyo kuwa dhexdhexaadka ah (LMICs) daneeyayaal ayaa hogaaminayay wadada loo maro barnaamijka 'Open Access' - gaar ahaan shabakada xog aruurinta ee Brasilie oo ah shabakad xog uruurineed oo buuxa oo SciELO (Khadka Internetka ee SaynELO Elektarooniga ah) oo isna wakiil ka ah Koonfur Afrika. Waxaan ku dhiirigelinaynaa daneeyayaasha Afrikaanka inay horay ugu sii sheegaan jeebabka jira ee khibradda leh. Waxaa muhiim ah in la garto in jawaab isku-dubbarid ah lala wadaago macluumaadka ku saabsan Afrika ay ku tiirsanaan karto qaabab badan oo jira oo taageeraya furnaanshaha cilmi baarista iyo wadaagista macluumaadka. Runtii, waxa loo baahan yahay waa in fiiro gaar ah loo yeeshaa ilahaas jira, fududeynta isku xirnaanta iyo isgaarsiinta, iyo in wax laga qabto nusqaamaha iyo qaladaadka khariidadaha noocan ah.

Si ay u noqoto mid wax ku ool ah, cilmi baarista Afrika iyo saamilayda hal abuurka ah waa inay ka shaqeeyaan qaab dhismeedka jira iyo kuwa la awoodi karo iyo dhuftoyinka si loo hubiyo in xogta la soo saaray intii lagu jiray cudurkaan inuu buuxiyo heerarka xogta FAIR, iyo in baaritaan kasta oo natiijo ah lagu soo daabaco aagaga Helitaanka Furan iyo xogta hoose ee xogta la heli karo. furitaannada xogta furan.

Hirgalinta dhaqamada noocaas ah ayaa faa iido u leh oo keliya cilmi baarista COVID-19, laakiin cilmi baarista Afrika guud ahaan, iyo waxay abuuri doontaa furitaan iyo wadashaqeyn dheeraad ah iyo sidoo kale hababka daabacaadda. Kobcinta furfurnaanshaha deeqda waxbarasho ee Afrika waa mudnaanta hore ee qaaradda, waxaana jira dhowr bayaan oo muhiim ah oo jira oo lagu taageerayo dadaallada. Kuwaas waxaa ka mid ah Baaqa Dakar ee Baahiyaha Fure ee Furan ee Afrika iyo Global South (2016) iyo mabaadi'da Afrika ee dhawaanta u furneyd ee Xiritaanka Furan ee Wada-xiriirka (2019). Tilmaamahaani waxay sharraxayaan aragti cilmi baaris furan oo Afrikaanka ah oo ka hadlaysa arrimaha mudnaanta leh:

  • Xiriirka nidaamka deegaanka ee cilmiga deegaanka ee waqooyiga, bartamaha, bariga, galbeedka iyo koonfurta Afrika kuna xiraya deegaanka cilmiga deegaanka.
  • Fududeex u yeelidda xannibaadaha luqadaha esp francophone / anglophone / carabi iyo waliba afafka gobolka iyo afafka dhaqameed ee Afrika.
  • Samee goobo shaqo iyo noocyo qalabyo awood u leh teknolojiyad ku habboon oo loogu talagalay in lagu isticmaalo xaalladaha cilmi baarista ee Afrika si loo fududeeyo iskaashi dhakhso leh iyo fursad loo wada siman yahay helitaanka xogta iyo adeegyada iyadoon loo eegeyn goobta, luqadda iyo xaaladaha kale.
  • Ku xirnow dadaallada kale, ilaha, iyo mashaariicda la xiriira gudaha iyo dibadda Afrika labadaba gudaha iyo dibadaba si kor loogu qaado furfurnaanta iyo isweydaarsiga macluumaadka qaab aan kala go 'lahayn.

Fursadda in masiibada ay fidiso si cilmi-baaris loogu sameeyo iyo sidoo kale bulshada wax ka qabata sida kuwa sameeya, (noolaha) haakariska iyo dowladaha ayaa ah in aan ka fikirno isbeddelada nidaamsan ee horay uga muuqday Corona, oo aan hadda fursad dhab ah aan si wadajir ah wax uga qaban karno.

Qaabka Afrika ee loo wajahayo cudurka faafa ee COVID-19

Waxaa jira lagama maarmaan in loo maro qaab guud si loo dhiso awooda hay'ad gudaha waxbarashada sare iyo xarumaha cilmi baarista ee ay maalgaliso dadweynaha qaarada. Si la mid ah keenida Yoolalka Horumarinta Joogtada ah (SDG), jawaabta xiisadda Covid-19 waxay u baahan doontaa in lagu soo qaado ficil wadareed. Jawaabta caalamiga ah ee ilaa maanta waxay udub dhexaad u tahay awoodda lagu xiriirto dadweynaha iyadoo loo marayo warbaahinta iyo teknolojiyadda, oo badankood ay ku urursan yihiin magaalooyinka waaweyn ee inta badan waddamada Afrika. Kharashaadka nolosha aadanaha iyo dhaqaalaha Afrika waa mid u baahan u baahan jawaab caalami ah oo wadajir ah oo ku saabsan sida ugu wanaagsan ee looga faa'iideysto loona adeegsado kheyraadka lagu taageerayo waddammadaas sida ugu adag uguna dhaca xaqiiqda gaarka ah ee kala duwan ee nolol maalmeedka. meelaha magaalooyinka ah (Adegbeye, 2020).

Isukeenida kooxaha saamileyda muhiimka ah iyo bulshooyinka, sida:

  • Dadaallada ScienceCommunication & Wax-qorista Sayniska (saynisyahannada PR & suxufiyiinta)
  • Cilmi baarista (biomedical & dhaqan-dhaqaale)
  • Hub iyo Teknolojiyad Casri ah (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Kuwa dejiya siyaasada (dawlada hoose, heer qaran, heer gobol)

Markay ahayd Maarso 18, AfricanArXiv waxay bilawday iskudhac baahin uruurinta kheyraadka ku xeeran COVID-19 iyadoo lagu saleynayo macnaha guud ee Afrika. Markay ahayd Maarso 26, 2020, Akademiyada Cilmiga Afrika (AAS) waxay u qabatay webinar khubaro Afrikaan ah iyo kuwa aan Afrikaan ahayn inay bilaabaan fikir guud oo ku aaddan qeexitaanka ajendaha cilmi baarista ee dillaaca COVID19 & bixinta dadaal ku saleysan sayniska ku saabsan la dagaallanka Faafidaani Afrika. Labada mashruucba waxay isku raaceen in dariiqaasi uu ka kooban yahay adeegsiga iyo ilaalinta dhammaan dadka Afrikaanka ah, sida oo kale kooxaha nugul iyo kuwa la fogeeyo sida agoonta, dadka barakacay iyo barakacayaasha. Habka fikradeed ee hal abuurka loo dhan yahay waxaa sharxay McPhee et al. (2018) marka laga yimaado qaab dhaqameedka guud ee loo dhan yahay oo aan hubno inaan tixgelinno Afrikaan ahaan waqtigeedii.

Aqoonta wadaniga iyo dhaqanka

Inta badan waddamada Afrika, isticmaalka dawooyinka dhaqameed ayaa caan ku ah bulshooyinka dhexdooda. Daawooyinka dhaqanka waxaa badanaa loo isticmaalaa isku-darka, ama beddelashada, dawooyinka allopathic. Jawaabaha iskudhafan ee COVID-19 ee qaarada Afrika ayaa waxay kuxirantahay xirfadlayaal caafimaad dhaqameed ahaan, dhakhaatiirta caafimaadka allopathic iyo tilmaamaha dowlada oo bixiya farriin joogto ah. Gaar ahaan, golayaasha loogu talo galay dhakhaatiirta dhaqanku waa in lagu soo daraa wadahadalada COVID-19 ee jawaabaha qaran ee COVID-19.

Baadhitaanka ku saabsan dawooyinka dhaqameed iyo nidaamyada aqoonta ee asaliga ah ayaa ku sii kordhaya xarumo badan oo Afrikaan ah, cilmi-baarayaashan cilmi-baadhista ku xeel dheerna waxay u dhaqmi karaan sidii marin qaali ah oo dhexmara dhakhaatiirta caafimaadka dhaqameed, dawladaha iyo nidaamyada caafimaadka ee qaranka (REF).

In badan oo ka mid ah waddamada Afrika, iskaashiga ka dhexeeya bulshooyinka bixinta caafimaadka ayaa durba soo ifbaxaya. Tusaale ahaan, Dhakhaatiirta Caafimaadka Dhaqanka (THPs) ee South Africa waxay bixiyaan boos isku duuban oo ku saabsan COVID-19 waxayna niyad jabiyaan sheegashooyinka beenta ah iyo marin habaabinta ee ku saabsan awoodaha si loo daaweeyo ama loo ogaado sida loo daaweeyo ama loo daweeyo coronavirus (Covid-19). Tusaalooyinka waxqabadka noocaas ah waa in si ballaaran loogu wadaago macluumaadka iyo hab-dhaqanka ugu wanaagsan.

Sidoo kale waa muhiim in ilaalinta adag ee lagu guuleysto ee aqoonta asaliga ah (sida lagu cadeeyay mabaadi'da CARE) aan laga leexin deg-degga jawaabta COVID-19. Gaar ahaan, cilmi baarista meelaha sida weyn ugu xiran COVID-19, caafimaadka iyo wanaagsanaanta waa in la sii wadaa si loo ilaaliyo. Tusaale ahaan, mashaariicda lagu hormarinayo wax soo saarka waara iyo ka faa iideysiga khudradda asaliga ah ee Afrikaanka loogu talagalay amniga nafaqada iyo yareynta saboolnimada (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2019). Baarayaasha Afrikaanka waxaa si fiican loogu meeleeyay inay si joogto ah u indha indheeyaan baarista aaggan si loo ilaaliyo ilaalinta macluumaadka, anshaxa iyo adeegsiga xushmada leh ee indiegnous iyo aqoonta dhaqameed.

Muhiimad ahaan, meelahan waxay u baahan yihiin in lagu dabagalo gudaha iyo inta u dhexeysa bulshooyinka cilmi baarista Afrika iyo kuwa caalamiga ah iyo ururada u dooda (tusaale. Gudiga Iskuxirka Dadka Asaliga ah ee Isuduwaha, IPACC) heerarkasta. Qeybo badan oo caalami ah oo cilmi baaris ah ayaa leh wadashaqeyn dheer oo ay la leeyihiin jaaliyadaha Afrikaanka ah, xiriirada noocan oo kale ahna waxaa laga dheehan karaa isku xirka dhammaan meelaha si loo fududeeyo wadahadalada ugu wanaagsan iyo iskaashiga, hubinta hirgelinta mabaadi'da CARE, u hoggaansanaanta Baaqa QM ee xuquuqda dadka asaliga ah (UNDRIP) iyo sidoo kale kahadalka 'Arimaha Aqoonsi ee Maskaxda ee Dhaxalka Dhaqanka' (mashruuca IPinCH).

Wadashaqeynta caalamiga ah

Ahmiyada dheeraadka ah ee maamulka sayniska iyo maal geliyaasha labadaba waa taageerida iskaashiga South-South. Wadashaqeynta noocan oo kale ah waxay fududeyn kartaa wada shaqeynta iyo barashada wadajirka ah si loo aqoonsado dariiqyada suurtagalka ah iyo qaababka hawlgalka ee guud ahaan Afrika, iyo isweydaarsiga aqoonta iyo khibradda u dhexeysa Afrika, Latin-Amercia, iyo South-East Asia. Waxaa jira tusaalooyin fiican oo ku saabsan wareejinta dhaqanka guusha, sida la qabsiga ee Latin American Open Access abaabulka ururka SciELO ee Koonfur Afrika.

Waxaa sidoo kale jiray taageero aad u weyn oo laga helayo maal-galiyayaasha mashruucyada ay hoggaaminayaan Afrika iyo shabakadaha xoojiya awoodda cilmi baarista. Tusaalooyinka noocan ah waxaa ka mid ah Madasha Sayniska ee loo yaqaan "African Open Science Platform" (oo ay maalgaliso Golaha Qaranka ee Cilmi-baarista ee Koonfur Afrika) iyo Isbaheysiga Dardargelinta heer sare ee Sayniska ee Afrika (AESA - iskaashiga Akademiga Akademiga Afrika ee AASA, Iskaashiga Cusub ee Horumarinta Afrika (NEPAD) Hay'ad leh $ 5.5 milyan oo doollar bilow ah oo abuur ah oo ka timid Hay'ada Bill & Melinda Gates, Hay'adda Wellcome Trust iyo Waaxda Horumarinta Caalamiga ah ee UK (DFID). Maalgaliyeyaashaani waxay bixiyaan ilo muhiim ah maahan kaliya lacagaha loogu talagalay horumarinta kaabayaasha mustaqbalka, laakiin sidoo kale khibrad, iyo xiriiryo lala yeesho khubarada caalamiga ah iyo daneeyayaasha maamullada heer gobol / heer gobol.

Tiro badan oo daneeyayaal kale ah ayaa sidoo kale ka jira deegaanka dabiiciga ah ee cilmi baarista Afrika ee durba ka shaqeynaya fududeynta furfurnaanta. Haddii si sax ah loogu xidho waxa suurto gal ah in aaladan dijitaalka ah iyo saamilayduba ay marwalba gacan weyn ka geysan karaan gaarista himilooyinka ku qeexan bayaanada kor ku xusan. Shabakadaha caalamiga ah iyo dadaallada sida JOGL ama GIG waxay sannadihii ugu dambeeyay soo urursadeen waayo-aragnimo aad u weyn xagga fududeynta iyo maareynta jaaliyadaha adduunka ee kudhaqan ka baxsan bixinta xog-uruurinta iyo kaydka.

Si kastaba ha noqotee, iskaashiga South-South si loo horumariyo, dadaal dheeri ah ayaa loo baahan yahay in lagu daro fududeynta dhaqamada furfurnaanta, wadaagida iyo iskaashiga gobolka. Tan waxaa si weyn loogu aqoonsaday inay ahmiyad u leedahay cilmi baarista Afrika (REF). Horumarinta kalsoonida ka dhexeysa xubnaha bulshada ee ka kala imanaya dalal kala duwan, luqado, iyo dhaqamo ay weheliso kobcinta awooda farsamo waa mid ka mid ah caqabadaha ugu adag ee bulshada sayniska furan ee hadda. Dariiqo kasta waa inuu tixgeliyaa maamulka bulshada, horumarinta talaabooyinka saaran, iyo sidoo kale qaab lagu xiriiriyo bulshada sayniska furan ee Afrikaanka ah iyo qeybaha kale ee ay quseyso. Tusaalooyin ka socda bulshooyinka jira, sida H3Africa iyo MalariaGen, iyo sidoo kale barnaamijyada soo socda ee DELTAS waxay bixin doonaan ilo waxtar leh iyo hagitaanno loo maro dhaqamada baarista wadashaqeynta.

Sida aan wax uga baranayno gobollada kale ee adduunka ee ku dhow laba toddobaad ee soo socda waqtiyada cudurka cudurka coronavirus, cilmi-baaris deg deg ah oo toos ah oo laxiriira dhaqdhaqaaqyada & hal-abuurka waa inay kujiraan qiimeyn buuxda oo lagu sameeyo qiimeynta heerka hadda ee cudurka iyo falanqaynta tirakoobka ee cudurka, dhimashada, iyo soo kabashada deegaanka , heerarka qaran, heer gobol iyo Afrika-ba iyo sidoo kale baaritaanka saameynta dhaqan-dhaqaale ma ahan oo keliya toos ula xiriirta heerarka cudurka laakiin tixgelinta ayaa la siiyaa dhammaan heerarka bulshada iyo xaaladaha mustaqbalka.

Shaxda 1: daneeyayaasha, khibradooda iyo kheyraadkooda

Ka hel liistada soo kordheysa ee inka badan 120 daneeyayaasha at info.africarxiv.org/stakeholders/.

Kuwa daneeyaKhibrad / masuuliyadHay'adaha
Kuwa dejiya siyaasada iyo wakaalada maal gelintaXaqiijinta xasilloonida dhaqaaleAfDB, AU, madaxda waddamada, cilmi-baarista iyo wasaaradaha caafimaadka, AfDB, African UnionGates Foundation, CZI, World Bank,
Goobaha caafimaadkadaryeelka caafimaadkarugo caafimaad, isbitaallo, dhakhaatiir dhaqameedyo
Xarumaha hal-abuurnimada iyo meheradaha wax lagu sameeyo

Dayactirka, laambadda iyo dib-u-warshadaynta qalabka duugga ah iyo qalabka jabay, dukumiintiyada furan ee shaqada, isku xidhka cilmi-baarista iyo ficil, abuurista iyo adeegsiga ilaha waxbarasho ee furan (OER) AfricaOSH, Shabakadda Sayniska Furan iyo Qalabka - OSHNet (Tansaaniya), AfriLabs, Shabakadda Impact Hub, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, iyo sidoo kale in kabadan 400 oo xarumood oo hal-abuurnimo ah oo ku yaal qaaradda Afrika sida Vilsquare (Nigeria), MboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (Gaana), STICLab (Tansaaniya), Robotech Labs (Tansaaniya), iyo qaar kaloo badan
SaxafiyiintaHubinta Cilmiga SuugaantaShabakadda Akhriska Sayniska Afrikada
Seynisyahanno iyo cilmi baarayaalXog aruurinta, baaritaanada viral / shaashad, falanqaynta xogtaJaamacadaha iyo Machadyada cilmi baarista, NRENs
Xarumaha waxbarasho iyo aaladaha waxbarashadaAwood dhisid iyo tababar dhammaan mawduucyada la xiriiraTCC Africa, OER Africa, INASP,…
Dadweynaha guudKa raadso macluumaad laga helo ilo aamin ah, jeedinta bulshada
Bulshooyinka caalamiga ah iyo ururada (caalamiga ah)Ku xirnaanshaha bulshooyinka caalamka ee waxqabadka, wadaagga khibradda iyo waxqabadka ugu wanaagsan, ku xir mawduucyada guud, sida horumarinta kaabayaashaKaliya Hal Giant Lab (JOGL), Ururinta Hal-abuurka Caalamiga ah (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC

Intooda badan haddii aysan dhammaan daneeyayaasha mar horeba isku diyaarineynin fakir iyo u heellan jawaab celin COVID-19. Waxaa muhiim ah halkii aan ku dhaqmi lahayn silosoo aan isku dubaridno istiraatiijiyad iyo wajiyo ku saabsan waddamada, daneeyayaasha, caqabadaha luqadeed iyo waaxaha bulshada.

Wadashaqeynta horumarka qalabka ee sahayda caafimaadka

Wadashaqeynta iskaashiga ah ee ka dhaxaysa caalamka guud ahaan waxay leedahay caqabado u gaar ah. Tilmaamahaan waxaa loogu talagalay inay ka caawiso wadashaqeynta cusub in laga fogaado khaladaadka caamka ah. Qaybtani waxaa si gaar ah loogu talagalay cilmi baarayaasha Global North kuwaas oo raadinaya inay gacan ka gaystaan ​​naqshadeynta qalabka lagu dhisi karo laguna isticmaali karo Afrika

  1. Samee wadashaqeyn dhexmarta sameeyeyaasha, xirfadleyda caafimaadka iyo adeegsadayaasha dhamaadka si loo fahmo jawiga halka aaladda loo adeegsan doono. Tani waxay muhiim u tahay sameynta tilmaamo ku habboon. Wada-hawlgalayaasha maxalliga ah waxay u badan tahay inay khibrad u leeyihiin aalado la mid ah oo way ogaan doonaan sida ugu wanaagsan ee ay uga shaqeeyaan deegaanka deegaanka. Tixgeli helitaanka kaabayaasha taageeraya (hawo-mareenkaagu wuxuu u baahan yahay hawo ogsijiin oo go'an?), Tixgeli xaaladaha deegaanka (waa maxay kala-duwanaanta heer-kulka shaqada ee qalabka?), Ama ku-xirnaanta korantada maxalliga ah. Labadii sano ee la soo dhaafay, mashruuca furfuran ee Horizon2020 ee loo yaqaan 'Carefree' wuxuu ku kasbaday khibrad badan iskaashiga noocan ah ee ka dhexeeya daneeyayaasha kaladuwan wuxuuna soo bandhigayaa xog ku saabsan xalalka jira iyo sidoo kale taageerada dokumentiyada.
  1. Samee iskaashi ku sameynta wax soo saarka / dayactirka maxalliga ah si aad si fiican u fahamto inta naqshadda gudaha lagu dhisi karo loona hagaajin karo. Waxsoosaarka maxalliga ah iyo dayactirka ayaa muhiim u ah hagaajinta jiritaanka iyo waqtiga-walxaha qalabka. Waaxyada bedelka waa in looqeeyaa ama laga soosaaraa gudaha si waxsoosaarka maxaliga ah loona dayactiro si hufan looga shaqeeyo. Waxaa xusid mudan in qeybaha jaban / sida fudud looga heli karo Yurub ama Ameerika aysan qasab aheyn inay la jaan qaadaan waxa qiime jaban / si fudud looga heli karo gudaha. Sababtaas awgeed waa lagama maarmaan in laga qaybqaato wada-hawlgalayaasha maxalliga ah marxaladaha ugu horreeya ee tallaabo qaadista.
  1. Tixgeli xawaaraha silsiladaha sahayda caalamiga ah. La shaqee iskaashatada maxalliga ah si aad u fahanto waqtiyada hogaaminta ee soo iibsashada qalabka caalamiga ah. Xawaaraha iyo isku hallaynta silsiladaha sahayda adduunka ayaa si weyn ugu kala duwan gobollada. Ha u qaadanin sababta oo ah qayb ayaa ka samayn karta warshad ku taal qaarad kale ilaa sheybaarkaaga dhawr maalmood in ay wada gaadhsiin karto la-hawlgalayaashaada isla waqtigaas. Tijaabi silsiladaha saadka halka ay suuragal tahay xitaa haddii saad yar oo toos ah loogu diri karo wada-hawlgalayaasha. Yaraanta ama la'aanta qalabka cilmi baarista waxaa qeyb ahaan lagu magdhabayn karaa iyadoo la kabayo Cilmiga Qalabka 'Open Source Hardware', dayactirka iyo dib-u-isticmaalidda waxa jira (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Wadashaqayn iyo iskaashi noocyo leh tusaalayaal kala duwan. In kasta oo ay u muuqato in ay tahay isku-duubnaan dadaal ah oo ah in la dhiso tusaalooyin isku mar ah meelo badan haddana waxay u oggolaaneysaa dhammaan la-hawlgalayaashu in ay ku lug yeeshaan qaabeynta. Waxay kaloo u oggolaaneysaa arrimaha aqoonsiga hore oo laga yaabo inay wajaho inta lagu jiro wax soo saarka maxalliga ah. Kala shaqeynta kala shaandhaynta tusaalooyinka, sida lagu sameeyay mashruuca JOGL Covid19, waa isku day caalami ah oo waxtar leh si loo taageero soosaarka maxalliga ah ee nashqadahaas oo la cadeeyay inay aad ugu faa iidaystaan ​​duruufaha kaladuwan.

Qulqulka baarista ee xaalada Afrika

Qaybta soo socota, waxaan ku burburinaynaa qulqulka guud ee cilmi baarista si aan u soo jeedino qaas ah talaabo kasta oo ka soo baxa daahfurka, Falanqeynta (oo ay ku jirto qorsheynta mashruuca, habka loo adeegsado, soosaarista xogta, qorista iyo daabacaada).

Soo saarista suugaanta cilmi baarista ee laxiriirta

Inta badan daabacayaasha tacliinta waxay u sameeyeen COVID-19 cilmi baarista ku habboon helitaanka (si ku meelgaar ah!) Oo laga tanaasulayo khidmadaha isqorista.

Web of Science and Scopus ma matalaan wax soo saarka guud ee cilmi baarista guud (Tennant et al., 2019). Nasiib darrose, caqabadaha naqshadeynta joogtada ah waxay macnaheedu noqon karaan in suugaanta Ingiriiska oo lagu daabaco joornaalada ku taxan xog-uruurinta caalamiga ah (sida DOAJ) la sii qorsheeyay. Tani waxay si gaar ah run ugu tahay joornaallada yaryar, ee afrikaanka gobolka ee aan awood u lahayn inay ku xareeyaan waxyaabaha ay ku qoran yihiin oo buuxa internetka. Tani waxay macnaheedu noqon kartaa in natiijooyinka Cilmi-baarista Afrika ay adagtahay in la helo oo la helo.

Waxaa la aqoonsan yahay in hab muhiim ah oo lagu carqaladeeyo maqnaanshaha aragtida baarista Afrika ay tahay in la xoojiyo doorka ay xawaaladaha dijitaalka ah ka ciyaaraan muuqaalka baarista Afrika. Ilaa hadda, aragtida, isku xirnaanta iyo raadinta kaydadka xawaaladaha ayaa aad u kala duwan. Qaab-dhismeedka muuqaalka kaydka iyo isku-xirnaanta ayaa sidaas muhiim ah. Ku biiridii ugu dambeysay ee tan ayaa ahayd daabacaadda xog uruurin firfircoon ee kaydka dijitaalka ah ee Afrikaanka ah oo leh khariidad muuqaal leh oo isdhaxeysa (Bezuidenhout, Havemann, jikada, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). Kheyraadka noocan oo kale ah waa in la xiraa oo la ballaariyo si loo bixiyo macluumaadka ugu dambeeya ee shabakaddan muhiimka ah ee wadaagga macluumaadka.

Waxaa kale oo muhiim ah in bay'ada kaydka dabiiciga ah ee soo ifbaxay ee Afrikaanka ah ay sii waddo la shaqaynta khubarada caalamiga ah, sida bulshada Re3data si loo hubiyo in naqshadooda iyo wax qabadkooduba ay la kulmaan heerarka caalamiga ah isla markaana ay fududeeyaan is dhexgalka. Ka sakow taageeridda xawaaladaha, dadaal dheeri ah waa in la sameeyaa si loo dhiso awoodda wadaagga macluumaadka iyo marin u helka bulshada cilmi baarista Afrika. Caawinta tababarka barashada farbarashada dhijitaalka ah ayaa qayb muhiim ah ka ah isbedelka muuqaalka sayniska ee Furfuran. Xusuus-qor oo ah koorsooyinka khadka tooska ah ee kobcinaya akhris-qorista dhijitaalka ah waa in la soosaaraa oo la dajiyaa. Waa in la sameeyaa dadaallo loogu tarjumi karo nuxurka luuqadaha muhiimka ah sida Ingiriiska, Faransiiska, Sawaaxiliga iyo Carabiga.

Qalabka dhijitaalka ah ee sayniska ee ku habboon jaangooyooyin hooseeya / Ku saleysan REF

Sanadihii la soo dhaafay waxaa jiray fiditaan deg deg ah aaladaha internetka oo fududeynaya heerar kala duwan oo nolosha cilmi baarista ah. Soo qaadashada aaladaha Afrika, si kastaba ha noqotee, way koobnaatay. Waxay u badan tahay in tani ay ugu wacan tahay arrimo badan oo kala duwan, oo ay ka mid yihiin wacyigelinta, caadooyinka cilmi baarista, luqadda, caqabadaha kaabayaasha kaabayaasha iyo arrimaha la xiriira qaabaynta. Waa muhiim in cilmi-baareyaasha Afrikaanka ah ay si firfircoon u sixi karaan liiska aaladaha dijitaalka ah ee ku habboon, la doorbido oo waara.

Daahfurka: Aaladaha dhijitaalka ah ee helitaanka cilmiyaysan ee ku habboon.

1) = Afrika-gaar ah, 2) = caalami, il furan, 3) caalami, ganacsi


Raadinta suugaanta, XisaabaadkaMaareynta Tixraaca
1)Journals African African Online (AJOL), AfricanArXiv, DICAMES - - -
2) Fur Khariidadaha Aqoonta, Raadinta BASEZotero, ReFigure
3)Google Aqoonyahanka, Lens-ka, ScienceOpenSciLit, ResearchGate, Paperhive.orgMendeley

Habka & Falanqaynta Xogta

Falanqaynta: Aaladaha dhijitaalka ah ee loogu talagalay falanqaynta shaqooyinka cilmiyaysan ee ku habboon
1) = Afrika-gaar ah, 2) = caalami, il furan, 3) caalami, ganacsi


Mabaadi'daXawaaladaha macluumaadkaMuujinta xogta
1)
OpenAfrica, Wadada Wadooyinka Macluumaadka Afrika, Portal Barnaamijka Kaabayaasha Kaabayaasha AfrikaNambarka Afrika
2)Hab-maamuusyada.ioR-OpenSci, Re3Data, Xog xogeed, Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
Sawir-wadaagKumuun,

Wadashaqeynta Agile Remote

Dhammaan aqoon isweydaarsiga aqoonta shaqo waxay ka faa iideystaan ​​adeegsiga dariiqa deg-degga ah, kaas oo bixiya faa'iidada dheeriga ah inay fududahay in si fudud loola dhaqmo kooxaha fog fog sidoo kale.

Source: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/

Gundhig ahaan, horumarinta wax soo saarka agile waxay ku lug leedahay socodsiinta jawaab celinta soo noqnoqda iyo ficil-wareegga (isweydaarsiga) heerarka oo dhan: waxqabadka dhabta ah, heerka kooxda, iyo maareynta.

Qaababka Agile waxay qirayaan in horumarinta waxsoosaarka isku-dhafan ee aan horay loogu sii qorsheyn karin si faahfaahsan, maaddaama shuruudaha badiyaa ay isbeddelayaan inta lagu gudajiro mashruuca oo inta badan aan si buuxda loo fahmin bilowga mashruuca.

Hase yeeshe, habka agile wuxuu beddelayaa wejiyada gaagaaban iyo wejiyadaha horumarinta. Xubnaha kooxdu waxay ku heshiinayaan hadafyada in la gaaro inta ay ka kalahoreeyaan soosaaraha soo socda, si kooban u hubso midba midka kale maalin kasta oo dib u eegis ku sameeyo isugeynta dhammaadka qeyb kasta. Iyada oo loo marayo dib-u-eegis qaab, aqoon dheeri ah ayaa lagu kasbanayaa.

Waxyaabaha muhiimka ah ee muhiimka u ah iskaashi kasta oo xun ayaa ah: taariikh guud oo hawleed; guddi hawleed la wadaago ee isugeynta soo socota; iyo shirar joogto ah. Aad ayey muhiim ugu tahay howlaha agile in ay fududeeyaan doorar heersare ah laba heer, oo ah sheyga (tusaale ahaan milkiilaha alaabada) iyo heerka howsha (sida maamulaha scrum ama Tababaraha agile).


Source XirmayIlaha furan
Qorshaynta / Caddaarkahttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/
Guddi Hawleedhttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/
Kulamada / Wicitaanada foghttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/
Dib u laabashohttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/ https://github.com/funretro/distributed
Suite Suitehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/

Ka sokow agabyada kor ku xusan, Buugga Coronavirus Tech Handbook ayaa ah ilo badan oo dadku ku urursan yihiin ee teknoolojiyad badan oo loogu talagalay shaqada fog. Waxaa muhiim ah in la ogaado in iskaashiga durugsan ee fog uu yahay qaab sheeko urur cusub oo cilmi baaris ah oo loogu talagalay cilmi baarayaal fara badan oo labadaba LMICs iyo HICs labadaba. Waxay faa'iido u yeelan doontaa cilmi-baarayaashan Afrikaanka ah oo waayo-aragnimo u leh qaabkan inay bixiyaan daraasado kiisas iyo tusaalooyin si looga munaaqashoodo.

hardware

Nashqadeynta qalabka dhismaha iyo horumarintu waa habka asaasiga u ah bulshada samaynta adduunka. Aalado kala duwan iyo xog uruurinta ayaa jira waxaana si balaadhan loogu isticmaalaa qaabeynta iyo dib u eegista naqshadaha khadka tooska ah, oo horeyba u muujisay faa iidooyin jawaabo deg deg ah Covid19. Kumaan kun oo sameeyayaal daafaha adduunka ayaa bilaabay inay adeegsadaan qalabkooda wax daabaca oo 3D ah iyo kuwa wax jarjaraya si ay u soo saaraan gaashaamo sida tabarucaad ah isbitaalada iyo xarumaha daryeelka adduunka oo dhan, oo ay taageerayaan soosaarayaasha mashiinnada lagama maarmaanka u ah:

Xogta bulshadaNaqshadeynta 3DNaqshad elektiroonig ah / Nakhshad
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/ https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/ https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/ https://www.prusaprinters.org/ https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/

Biyoolajiga DIY iyo Bulshada

Marka lagu daro caqabadaha adeegsiga aaladaha baarista dhijitaalka ah, baarayaashan Afrikaanka ah badanaa waxay la tacaamulaan yaraanta qalabka baarista jirka. DIYBio iyo cilmiga bayoolajiga bulshada ayaa bixinaya qaab kor u kacaya oo ah habka cilmi baarista ee awood u leh furitaanka sayniska iyo teknolojiyadaha furan si ay u wadaan cilmi baaris iyo horumarin. Dhaqdhaqaaqa bulshada ee sii kordhaya ayaa fure u ah furitaanka wax soo saar cilmi baaris ah oo ka imanaya Afrika iyadoo loo saamaxayo horumar waara. Dadaallada ka socda kooxaha cilmi-baarista sida 'Open Bioeconomy Lab' iyo shahaadooyinka shaybaarada ee Afrika, Hive Biolab, waxay soosaarayaan qalab qalab cilmi-baaris oo furan si ay awood ugu siiso sheybaarrada deegaannada xadidan ee awoodda iyo shaybaarka ee Afrika, Aasiya iyo Latin America in ay gudaha ka soo saaraan reagagga cilmi-baarista sida enzymes kuwaas oo leh awooda lagu tijaabiyo fayraska SARS-CoV 2.

Maareynta Xogta Cilmi baarista

Maareynta xogta COVID-19 waa mowduuc caalami ah, waxayna soo aragtay ururo badan oo data ah oo saameyn ku leh, sida Isbahaysiga Xogta Cilmi baarista (RDA) oo sameeya kooxo wada shaqeyn ah si ay u soo bandhigaan hababka maaraynta xogta cilmi baarista (RDM). Kuwani dhaqamada RDM waxay tixgeliyaan mabaadi'da FAIR iyo CARE, laakiin waxaa muhiim ah in xubnaha Afrikaanka ah ee ka socda ururradan caalamiga ah ay kaqaybqaataan wada-hadaladaas si loo hubiyo in heerarka soo ifbaxaya iyo dhaqannada ka tarjumaya xogta laga soo saaray Afrika.

Isku-dubbarididda hawlgelinta baarayaashu Afrikaanka ee wadahadallada RDM waxay siin doonaan fursad ballaadhan oo lagu qiimeeyo ku-dhaqannada hadda jira ee RDM, tababarka iyo bixinta kaabayaasha qaaradda Afrika. Tani waxay u oggolaaneysaa abuurista dhaqamada RDM ee la jaanqaadaya dhaqamada caalamiga ah kana tarjumaya xaqiiqada baaritaanka Afrika. Waxay sidoo kale saameyn ku yeelan doontaa qaabeynta xogta mustaqbalka iyo daabacaadda kaabayaasha. ?

Qoraalka & Daabacaadda

1) = Afrika-gaar ah, 2) = caalami, il furan, 3) caalami, ganacsi


qoraal wada shaqeyn ahXawaaladaha Hay'adahajoornaalada (OA), buugaagta daabicida
1)
AfrikArXiv, IAI / xawaaladaha,
essa-africa.org/AERD, CADAALADAHA
Cilmi baarista Furan ee AAS, AJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Aqoonyahan Afrikan ah, Maskaxda Afrika
2)Authorea, Kursiga, GitHubDiyaarinta OSFPeerJDOAJ, acadejournals.org/journal, Nidaamka joornaalka furan ee PKP, Qeybta wax soo saarka ee Coko Foundation, Abaalmarinada Daabacaadda Furan, Janeway / PubPub, Aqoonyahan, Tilmaamaha War-Saxaafadeedka ay Hogaaminayaan
3)Google Docs
Qeios.com, acadejournals.org/

Habka daabacaada deg degga ah (>>>)

Daraasaadka & Falanqaynta Qoraal iyo xog Furan kaydinta gelitaanka Dib u eegista bulshada islaamka ahDaabacaadda joornaalka
Baaritaanka iyo aruurinta suugaanta cilmi baarista iyo macluumaadka la xiriira,
baaris deg deg ah / daran oo ku saabsan astaamaha, noocyada fayraska, bulshada iyo saameynta dhaqaale ee xannibaadda
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
AfricArXiv, DICAMES, bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgDib u eegis
PeerCommunityIn
Khayaamo.is
AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, DOAJ-joornaalada la taxay

Diyaargarowga diiradda saare ee Afrika iyo qaabab kale oo loo yaqaan 'Open Access pẹpẹ' sida bakhaarka Afrikaanka ah ee loo xayeysiinayo AfrikaArXiv, oo fadhigiisu yahay Kenya Cilmi baarista Furan ee AAS madal iyo sidoo kale xawaalado diyaarin diyaarin caalami ah, sida Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv iyo ScienceOpen / preprints, hirgelinta qaarada Afrika ee diirada saareysa hadana qaababka dib u eegista caalamiga ah ee iskuxiran, tusaale ahaan adigoo ku soo biiraya bulshada caalamka ee wadata wadida degdega ah ee bulshada. waxqabadka jawaabta sida Sayniska Sayniska Degdegga ah ee Hore.

Waxaa muhiim ah in la aqoonsado in hay'adaha Afrika ay inta badan ku tiirsan yihiin daabacaadda waraaqaha asaaga ah ee dib loo eegay si loo qiimeeyo heerka sare ee cilmi baarista loona qeexo shuruudaha kor u qaadista. Nidaamyada qiimeynta noocan oo kale ah ayaa looga wada hadlayaa adduunka oo dhan, laakiin uma badna inay isbeddelaan mustaqbalka dhow. Sidaa daraadeed, baahida loo qabo cilmi baarayaasha Afrikaanka inay daabacaan waraaqaha asaaga ah ee joornaallada caalamiga lagu aqoonsan yahay waa in la ixtiraamo. Si kastaba ha noqotee, waxaa suurtagal ah in loo isticmaalo moodello daabacan hal abuur leh, sida dib u eegista asaaga ah oo lagu sameeyo heerka diyaarinta iyada oo loo marayo adeegyada sida fikir.is iyo peercommunityin.org, waxaa laga yaabaa in ay toos u daabacdo qoraalkan.

Gaarsiinta, Qiimeynta & Aqoonta gudbinta

1) = Afrika-gaar ah, 2) = caalami, il furan, 3) caalami, ganacsi


Ka Qaybqaadashada Dadweynaha & Cilmiga MuwaadinkaBulshooyinka farsamada iyo latalinta
1)Shabakada Caalamiga ah ee Lab, Pollicy, Isgaarsiinta Sayniska Hub Nigeria, Café Scientifique, Shabakadda Akhriska Sayniska ee Afrikada, Under Microscope-kaCode for Africa, AfricaOSH, Vilsquare, Africa Open Data, EthLagos.io, Shabakadda Sayniska Furan iyo Qalabka Qalabka (OSHNet), STICLab, Shaybaarada Robotech
2)ORCIDUruurinta Qalabka Sayniska ee Furan (GOSH)

Tiro yar, laakiin koraya, tiro ah hindisayaasha Cilmiga Muwaadiniinta iyo shabakadaha qaaradda ayaa sidoo kale bixiya fursad ay ku faafiyaan aqoonta. Ku lug lahaanshahooda waxaa lagu gaari karaa dejinta mashaariic iskaashi ah, sida in muwaadiniinta lagu wargeliyo afaf kala duwan iyadoo la wadaagayo farriimaha tarjumada joogtada ah ee shabakadaha bulshada (Bezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Kaqeyb galinta dadweynaha iyo joornaalista sayniska waa mid yar, laakiin waxay soo ifbaxaysaa Afrika gudaheeda. In kasta oo ay jiraan caqabado la xidhiidha akhris-qorista sayniska ee hooseeya iyo ka -qeybgalka kaqeybgalka tacliinta iyo dadweynaha, waxaa jiray isbedelo badan oo wanaagsan oo dhawaanahan dhacay. Waa muhiim in cilmi-baarayaashu ay sii wadaan la shaqeynta dadweynaha si looga hortago khaldanaanta iyo in la bixiyo macluumaad ku habboon oo ku saabsan cilmi baarista maxalliga ah iyo kuwa caalamiga ah. Sidaas darteed, wadashaqayn dheeraad ah oo lala yeesho suxufiyiinta Afrika si kor loogu qaado helitaanka dadweynaha ee cilmi baarista ayaa fure ah.

Gaaritaanka dhammaan muwaaddiniintu waxay dalbanaysaa in la helo kala duwanaansho luqadeed iyada oo la adeegsanayo qaab wariyeyaal ah sida ay ka hadashay Shabakadda Akhriska Akhriska Afka ee Nigeria, tusaale ahaan farriinta fiidiyowga iyo baahinta macluumaadka muhiimka ah ee ay WHO ka siiso shabakadaha bulshada, sida uu soo jeediyay Bezuidenhout, McNaughton & Havemann ( 2020) ama hagida Artificial Intelligence (AI) sida “gacmahaaga dhaq” 500 luqadood ++.

Hagaajinta Muuqaalka Cilmi baarista Afrika

Is dhexgalka bulshada waa cunsur muhiim u ah isgaarsiinta sayniska iyo cilmi baarista. Qulqulka macluumaadka waa inuu ahaadaa mid la isku halleyn karo si loo dhiso cilmibaaris waara iyo kaabayaasha aqoonta. Ku-xirnaanta cilmi-baarista waxay u shaqeysaa aaladaha cilmi-baarista ee kala duwan ee waxbarashadu waa qeexidda wada-shaqeynta iyo taageeridda daahfurka guud ahaan edbooyinka, xuduudaha iyo waqtiga.

Hay'ado kala duwan oo Afrikaan ah ayaa horeyba ugu hawlanaa arrimahan. Gaar ahaan, cilmi-baaris deg-deg ah oo xog aruurin ah / hay'adaha xisaabinta waxqabadka sare leh (sida DIRISA ee Koonfur Afrika) waxay horumarinayaan khibrad aad u ballaaran oo ku saabsan wadaagidda xogta iyo aagag cilmi-baaris oo isku-duuban. Hay'adaha noocan ah waxaa taageeraya maalgalin qaran iyo mid caalami ah iyo khibradba, waxayna matalaan ilaha muhiimka u ah kaabayaasha furan ee sayniska ee furan ee Afrika.

Intaa waxaa dheer, dhowr urur oo madax-bannaan, sida AfricanArXiv iyo waraaqaha daabacaada ee horay loo soo qorey ayaa sidoo kale gacan ka geysanaya dadaallada lagu fududeynayo wadaagga macluumaadka ee ka kala socda dhammaan baraha internetka. Iyada oo taageero laga helayo la-hawlgalayaasha shabakadda Afrika Open Access, AfricanArXiv waxay siisaa ilo muhiim ah cilmi-baarayaasha Afrika. Laga bilaabo xaqiijinta ORCID iyo ruqsad si loo akhriyo tabaruca cilmi-baare ee qeybinta iyadoo loo maro aagag kale iyo kanaalo ahaan halkii Zenodo.

Awood dhisid iyo tababar

BaarayaashaLoogu talagalay shaqaalaha caafimaadka
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/
CDC Africa COVOD-19 tababbarka webinar: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Qaabka faafidda cudurka 'COVID-19 pandemic' kaasoo ka biloowday Shiinaha, oo markii dambe u sii gudbay Yurub iyo Mareykanka, wuxuu oggolaaday in la wanaajiyo baaritaannada baaritaanka, iyo kororka dadaallo badan oo cilmi baarista ah ee COVID-19, iyo sidoo kale waqti la siiyay Qaaradda Afrika inay diyaariso jawaabteeda. Baarayaasha jaamacadda iyo shirkadaha gaarka loo leeyahay ee dalal horeyba si weyn saameyn ugu yeeshay cudurka ayaa waxay bilaabeen inay soo saaraan xeryo ka horjoogsanaya viruska inuu ku xirmo unugyada aadanaha, baaritaanno badan oo daawooyinka jira ee tijaabooyinka caafimaad, iyo waxay qiimeyn ku sameynayaan waxtarka cudurada ka soo uruuriyay bukaannada soo kabsaday. infekshanka coronavirus, iyo dadaallo kale oo badan.

Wadashaqeynta caalamiga ah ee saynisyahannada Afrikaanka ah ee ku saabsan dhaqdhaqaaqyada noocan ahi waa kuwo ku dayasho mudan si loo yareeyo waxyeelada faafa ee qaaradda, loona horumariyo xalal la waafajin karo xaaladda maxalliga ah (tusaale qiime jaban / tijaabada guur guura), oo muhiimad u leh kobcinta shaqada isku faca. North America / Europe adoo keenaya xirfado kala duwan, khibrad, iyo aragti shaqada. Hay'adaha sida Sayniska loogu talagalay Afrika, oo bilaaba oo taageera wada-shaqeynta cilmi-baarisyada caalamiga ah, waxay fududeyn kartaa dadaallada si deg deg ah loogu dhiso awoodda cilmi baarista ee COVID-19 qaaradda. Iyada oo la aqoonsanayo kooxaha cilmi baarista ee dalalka Afrika xirfadaha, khibradda, iyo teknolojiyadda si ay u qabtaan cilmi baaris noocan ah, iyo sidoo kale kuwa dhiggooda ah ee Waqooyiga Ameerika iyo Yurub oo horeyba uga shaqeynayay xallinta, hay'addu way iswadaagi kartaa-ku saleysan nooca gaarka ah ee cilmi baarista, baahiyaha iskaashiga , iyo khibrad farsamo - oo kuxirida kooxaha cilmi baarista iyadoo la kaashanayo madal qalab iswada leh

(Fur) Kheyraadka waxbarashada

Horaa u jira taariikh fog oo masaafada dheer iyo barashada khadka tooska ah ee Afrika. Tusaale ahaan Jaamacadda South Afrika, oo la aasaasay 1946, waa mid ka mid ah machadyada waxbarashada masaafada ugu weyn uguna weyn adduunka. Intaa waxaa dheer, xarumaha sida Xarunta Hal-abuurka ee Waxbarista iyo Waxbarashada ee Jaamacadda Cape Town, waxay bixiyaan khibrad caalami ah oo caalami ahaan looga aqoonsan yahay barashada barashada dhijitaalka ah. Hawlaha la midka ah waxaa qabta hayadaha iyo aaladaha ka hawl gala dalka iyo heer qaaradeed (https://oerafrica.org/). Khariidaynta khibradaha jira ee goobahan waxay siin doontaa ilo qiimo leh oo ku saabsan ballaarinta OER ee Afrika. Waxaa intaa dheer, aruurinta dukumiintiyada talo bixinta ee loogu talagalay adeegsiga qalabka OER / aaladaha waxbarasho ee dhijitaalka ah ee goobaha danyarta ah (sida midka ay u adeegsato UCT) ayaa bixin doonta ilo waxtar leh.

Warbixinta eLearning Africa Report 2019 ayaa qoreysa 55 dal oo Afrikaan ah oo leh tusaalooyin iyo awoodaha ICT ee waxbarashada (astaamaha dalka), inbadan oo waliba waliba waa la istcimaali karaa inta lagu gudajiro baaritaanka cilmibaarista laga soo bilaabo hormarinta mashruuca ilaa daabacaada natiijooyinka (Elletson iyo Stromeyer, 2019).

Jiritaanka dhaqaale

Ufiirinta dhaqaala dhaqaale

Si loo fududeeyo abuuritaanka kaabayaasha furan ee loogu talagalay jawaabta COVID-19, waxaa muhiim ah in lacago la helo si loo fududeeyo isuduwidda. Waxaa jira siyaabo badan oo lacagahaas loo isticmaali karo, oo ay ka mid yihiin:

  • Isku-darka howlaha isku-dhafka ah
  • Aqoonso mashaariicda imminka jira iyo maal-galiyayaasha firfircoon ee wax ka qabanaya dib-u-habeynta kaabayaasha (oo samee xog furan)
  • Sax Liiska wicitaannada deeq-lacageedka furan si ay ula wada shaqeeyaan
  • Si toos ah ula xiriir maal gashadayaasha gudaha / qaranka iyo dowladaha

Jiritaanka maaliyadeed muddada-dheer

Isuduwidda kaabayaasha furan ee Afrika waxay lahaan doontaa faa iidooyin cilmi-baaris Afrikaan ah oo ka fog faafidda cudurka COVID-19. In la hubiyo joogteynta maaliyadeed ee muddada fog si loo taageero dayactirka qaab dhismeedka ka soo ifbaxaya dhibaatada hadda jirta, iyo in la garto saamileyda cusub ee gacan ka geysanaya isbeddelka, ayaa fure u noqon doonta. Arimaha la doonayo in wax laga qabto waxay noqon doonaan:

  • Soo ururi caddeyn ku saabsan isuduwidda ay waddo COVID-19 iyo saamaynta kaabayaasha furan ee furan
  • Sii wad u ololaynta ugu yaraan 1% GDP ee cilmi baarista dawladaha qaranka, oo aad hubiso in si isdaba joog ah u kordhiso maalgashiga kaabayaasha baarista waa safka hore.
  • Si taxaddar leh u qiimee siyaasadaha qaran ee ku saabsan wadaagista macluumaadka iyo cilmi baarista si loo helo isbedel taageeraya kaabayaasha furan
  • La shaqee golayaasha maaliyadeed si loo hubiyo in kaabayaasha cilmiga furani ay ajanadooda wataan
  • U yeer iskaashi caalami ah oo ka yimaada bulshada Sayniska Furan ee adduunka
  • Aqoonso moodooyinka maalgelinta, ama moodooyinka ganacsi ee la heli karo ee u shaqeeya iyo bulshada cilmi baarista ee Afrika. Waxaan soo jeedineynaa hannaan maalgelin oo daahfuran oo isku dhafan, kana kooban:
  • pan-Afrika: Midowga Afrika, AfDB,…
  • Dawladaha Afrikaanka ah (Wasaaradaha R&E)
  • bulshada cilmi baarista qaranka sida ASSAf (SA) iyo SRF (Sudan)
  • Aasaaska afrikaanka sida Mandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • Waxaa kabiya kaalmada caalamiga ah ee loo maro B&M Gates Foundation, Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, Mozilla Foundation, Sloan Foundation, iwm.
  • USAID; Hay'adaha maalgelinta ee Yurub: (UK) Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Adeegyada cilmiga: tarjumaadaha, Isgaarsiinta Sayniska ee dadweynaha guud (fududaynta barashada cilmiga tacliinta), tabobar dhisidda awooda aqoonta ee saynisyahano, ECR iyo ardayda // yaa bixiya adeega?

Xadidyada & caqabadaha

Wadahadalka ku saabsan maalgelinta muddada-dheer ee kaabayaasha cilmiga furan ayaa u baahan in si gaar ah loo qeexo cidda ka faa'iidaysanaysa natiijooyinka cilmi-baarista ee si furan loo wadaagi doono howsha, iyo qaababka si sax ah u fududeeya tan. Waxaa jira baahi degdeg ah oo dib loogu habeynaayo nidaamka maaliyadeed ee yaa bixinaya waxa iyo goorta. Suugaanta si cilmiyaysan iyo xog uruurintu waa inay ahaadaan qayb muhiim ka ah geedi socodka cilmi baarista; laakiin yaa bixiya hawlgallada / maaraynta, qoondeynta DOI, xog-ururinta iwm. heerkee ayaa lagu marayaa hawsha?

Ka digtoonow wadamada cunaqabateynaya iyo saameynta ay ku yeelan karto muuqaalka baarista qaran: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). La'aanta isku-xirnaan la isku halleyn karo, la awoodi karo, isku-xirka xawaaraha internetka ayaa weli caqabadda ugu weyn ku leh isku day kasta oo ah iskaashiga khadka internetka ee qaybo badan oo ka mid ah qaaradda Afrika.

Muuqaalka

Waxaan ku baaqeynaa dhisme iskaashi iyo iskaashi qaaradaha oo dhan iyo taageero caalami ah oo laga helo gobollada kale ee adduunka iyo waddamada deeqaha bixiya.

tixraacyada

Adegbeye OT, (2020). Maxay fogeynta bulshada noogu shaqeynaynin. Wakiilka (NG)

Mabaadi'da Afrika ee Isgaarsiinta Aqoonta ee OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-principles/

Platform Sayniska Afrikada Furan - africanopenscience.org.za

Abukutsa-Onyango, Mary O. (2019). Khibradaha laga leeyahay Cilmi-baarista Furan & Waxbarashada loogu talagalay Horumarka Joogtada ah ee Afrika. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

Ayebare R, Waitt P, Okello S et al. Kharashaadka maalgashiga ee loogu talagalay u diyaargarowga Ebola ee COVID-19 ee ka hooseeya Saxaraha Afrika [nooca 1; faallooyinka asaaga ah: sugitaanka dib u eegista asaaga ah]. AAS Fur Res 2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1)

Ahinon et al. (2019). Isweydaarsiga aqoonta jihooyinka badan ee ka socota iyo ku saabsan Afrika: sahaminta kaydka hore ee alaabada AfrikaArXiv. eLearning Africa News Portal. Waxaa laga heli karaa ela-newsportal.com/multi-directal-academic- Aqoon-sadayn-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Havemann, Jo, Restrepo, Martin, & Obanda, Johanssen. (2020). Naqshadeynta jawaabta caalamiga ah ee COVID-19: laga soo bilaabo dowladihii hoose ilaa dowladaha [Xogta ayaa la dejiyey]. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Xisaabaadka Cilmi-baarista Dijitaalka ah ee Afrikaanka: Khariidaynta Muuqaalka [muuqaalka]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) cunaqabateyn dhaqaale iyo akadeemiyadeed: Ka fikir saameyn iyo cawaaqib xumo mustaqbalka fog. PLoS HALKAN 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & Havemann J (2020, Maarso 26). Muuqaallo Luqadaha badan ku hadla COVID-19. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. si loo helo qoraallo qoraal ah oo dhammaystiran: tusaale ahaan indhaha. PeerJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

Cárdenas, OVL (2019) Xiritaanka tikniyoolajiyada bulsheed ee mustaqbal-qorraxda / ka-socda Global South. mutabit.com

Elletson, H. iyo Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. eLearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: Jarmalka. Waxaa laga heli karaa https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, Janaayo). Qaanso-roobaadka barmaamijka sayniska furan. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025

Maia Chagas, A.; Molloy, J.; Prieto Godino, L.; Baden, T. Kireynta Qalabka Fudud ee loo Yareeyo Burburinta COVID-19 ee Nidaamyada Caafimaadka Caalamka. Diyaar garowyada 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / udiyaarin202003.0362.v1.

McPhee, C., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. Tafatiraha: Hal-abuurka loo dhan yahay ee Wadamada horumaray. Dib-u-eegista Maareynta Maareynta Teknolojiyada, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134

Poynder, R (Oktoobar 31, 2019, Wareysiyada OA): K. Vijay Raghavan, Lataliyaha Madaxa Sayniska, Dowlada Hindiya. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-interviews-k-vijayraghavan.html

Mabaadi'da Xaga Furan ee Isgaarsiinta Aqoonta: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/

Smith I (2019). DOAJ Guest Post: Dulmarka muuqaalka muuqaalka Afrika OA iyadoo diiradda la saarayo daabacaadda aqooneed. Blog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; Crane, H .; Crick, T.; Davila, J.; Enkhbayar, A .; Hasmann, J.; Kramer, B.; Martin, R .; Masuzzo, P.; Nobes, A.; Bariiska, C .; Rivera-López, B.; Ross-Hellauer, T .; Sattler, S .; Thacker, PD; Vanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Toban Mawduuc oo Kulul oo kusaabsan Soosaarista Aqoonta. Daabacaadda 2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/publications7020034

Lifaaqa: Ururada iyo adeegyada dijitaalka ah

Ururada Afrikaanka iyo kuwa aan Afrikaanka ahayn iyo adeegyada dijitaalka ah sida ku xusan dukumiintigan. Qaybta dheeraadka ah ee shaxdaan tag https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn

Ururkaurldalka
Barnaamijka Aqoonta Kaabayaasha Afrikahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/Pan-African
Bangiga Horumarinta Afrika (AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enTunisia
Xariirka Macluumaadka Afrika ee HIghwayhttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/PanAfrican
Journals-ka Afrikada Online (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/Koonfur Afrika
Xogta furan ee Afrikahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Shabakadda Akhriska Sayniska Afrikadahttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nigeria
AfricaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
AfrikArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-African
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nigeria
Raadinta BADKAhttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/USA
Café Scientifiquehttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/Nigeria | Caalami
Xannaanadahttps://www.careables.org/ EU | Caalamka
Nambarka Afrikahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Kenya
Xog xogeedhttps://dataverse.org/USA
CADAALADAHAhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagascar
EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Nigeria
Sawir-wadaaghttps://figshare.com/London | USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Uruurinta Caalamiga ah ee Caalamiga ah (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Jarmalka | Caalamka
Shabakada Caalamiga ah ee Labhttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Aqoonyahan Googlehttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Khayaamo.ishttps://hypothes.is/USA
Shabakadda Saamaynta Hubhttps://impacthub.net/Austria
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/Boqortooyada Ingiriiska
Shabakada Jokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/France
Hal Lab oo Raaxad Leh (JOGL)https://jogl.ioFaransiiska | Caalamka
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuunhttp://kumu.io/USA
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaCameroon
medrXivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Mendeleyhttps://www.mendeley.com/Boqortooyada Ingiriiska
Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapore
OER Afrikahttps://www.oerafrica.org/Koonfur Afrika
Afrika furanhttps://africaopendata.org/Kenya
Fur Khariidadaha Aqoontahttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Austria
Shabakad Sayniska iyo Qalabka Furan (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaTansaaniya
furAfricahttps://open.africa/Koonfur Afrika
ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/USA
Qaab dhismeedka sayniska ee furan (OSF)http://OSF.ioUSA
Paperhivehttp://Paperhive.orgGermany
PeerCommunityInhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/France
Pollicyhttp://pollicy.orgPan-African
Preprints.orghttps://www.preprints.org/Switzerland
Dib u eegishttps://www.prereview.org/USA
Hab-maamuusyada.iohttps://www.protocols.io/USA
rOpenScihttps://ropensci.org/USA
Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Dib-u-dejintahttps://refigure.org/Global
Cilmi baarishttps://www.researchgate.net/Germany
Shabakada RLabshttps://rlabs.orgKoonfur Afrika
Shaybaarada Robotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzTansaaniya
Hub Isgaarsiinta Sayniskahttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNigeria
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/USA
SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Switzerland
STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzTansaaniya
TCC Africahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Kenya
Laydhkahttps://www.lens.org/Australia
Under Microscope-kahttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Kenya
Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nigeria
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/USA


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