Bangoli le ba kenyang letsoho ka tatellano ea alfabeta
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kichine, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, le Owango, Joy. (2020). Lipoletiki tsa Patlisiso ea Digital Digital: Ho etsa 'Mapa oa Tikoloho [Setete sa data]. Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

'Mapa oa Pono: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Dataset: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
E ngotsoe ka boitsebiso https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Foromo ea tlhahiso: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ho laela mangolo: 'Mapa oa Mongolo le Pono e Bontšang - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Domain ea sechaba) // License la database e ngoe le e ngoe e behiloe ke database ka boeona

Selelekela: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Seo u se etsang: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // E fumaneha ka mefuta e fapaneng (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Setheo sa Machabeng sa Afrika (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ka tšebelisano-mmoho le AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) hlahisa 'mapa o kopanetsoeng oa polokelo ea lingoliloeng tsa mahlale tsa Afrika. Sena se thehiloe mosebetsing oa pejana oa IAI ho tloha ka 2016 ho ea pele ho khetholla le ho beha lethathamo la litsi tsa sekolo tsa Afrika tse shebaneng le ho tseba libaka tse thehiloeng lilaeboraring tsa univesithi tsa Afrika. Lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa pejana li fumaneha ho https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

'Mapa o sebetsanang o atolosa mosebetsi oa IAI ho kenyelletsa likhakanyo tsa mokhatlo, tsa mmuso le tsa machabeng. E boetse e bontša tšebelisano lipakeng tsa polokelo ea lipatlisiso. Lethathamong lena la litaba, re tsepamisa likheo tsa setheo sa mesebetsi ea borutehi, joalo ka ha ho hlalositsoe ke bafani ba Wikipedia (Hlakubele 2020).

sepheo

'Mapa oa libaka tsa polokelo ea dijithale tsa Afrika o entsoe joalo ka mohloli o ka sebelisoang mesebetsing e rarollang sepheo se latelang:

  1. Ntlafatsa kholo ea lipatlisiso le lingoliloeng tsa Maafrika
  2. Ntlafatsa ts'ebelisano 'moho ea li-reporter tsa Afrika tse seng li ntse li hlaha
  3. Qolla mekhoa eo li-injini tsa ho batla tsa dijithale tse ka ntlafatsang ho fumanoa ha lipatlisiso tsa Afrika

Re khothaletsa phasalatso ea tsebo e thehiloeng patlisisong e tsoang lipolokelong tsa Afrika joalo ka karolo ea naha e kholo e kenyelletsang limakasine tsa inthanete, lipalo tsa datha tsa lipatlisiso le baphatlalatsi ba libuka tsa boithuto ho matlafatsa khokahanyo le phihlello ea litlaleho tse joalo kantle ho kontinenteng ea Afrika le ho kenya letsoho ho kutlwisiso e nang le botsitso haholoanyane mabapi le lisebelisoa tsa borutehi tsa kontinenteng.

Ho boloka data le ho li boloka

'Mapa le limmapa tse tsamaellanang li tšoareloa webosaeteng ea AfricArXiv tlasa' lisebelisoa 'ho https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Lethathamo ha le felle ka hona re khothaletsa libaka tsohle tse nepahetseng bakeng sa kontinenteng ea Afrika tse sa thathamisitsoeng mona foromo ea ho fana ka https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, kapa ho tsebisa Setsi sa Machaba sa Afrika (imeile sk111@soas.ac.uk). Ka bobeliAfricaArXiv le IAI li tla tsoela pele ho boloka lethathamo la matlotlo e le sesebelisoa sa bafuputsi ba Maafrika le ba bang ba nkang karolo ho kenyeletsa le sechaba sa machaba sa lithuto tsa Afrika.

Methodology

Lethathamo la mantlha la litheolelo tsa dijithale le hlophisitsoe ke Setsi sa Machabeng sa Afrika ka 2016 mme sa ntlafatsoa ka selemo sa 2019 (bona https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories bakeng sa lintlha). Menyako e thehiloe tlhahisoleseling e fumanoeng ke Setsi sa Afrika sa Thupelo, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), haholo-holo projeke ea hae ea 'Connecting Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Seteishene sa polokelo ea Open Access (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), le Registry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) hara ba bang. Lethathamo la mantlha le ile la eketsoa ke lits'ebeletso tse latelang tsa polokelo le tse tsamaisang lithuto tsa Afrika tsa boithuto: Likhoele tsa ScienceOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Pokello ea sechaba sa Zenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Pokello ea Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), le lirekoto tsa motho oa boraro.

Bakeng sa pono re sebelisitse software Kumu (https://kumu.io/) ho etsa lipampiri tsa lipatlisiso ka naha, software e ikemetseng, litsi tsa kamohelo le litsi tsa curating. Re boetse re kenyelletsa sehlopha bakeng sa lipuo tsa sebali, sistimi le mesebetsi e behiloeng ho e mong le e mong ea fumanehang.

Results

Lethathamong la libuka, Afrika Boroa (40) le Kenya (32) li ile tsa amohela palo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea polokelo. Linaheng tse ling tse kang Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda le Zimbabwe lipalo li ne li le tlase haholo (5-15). Dinaheng tse 16 ho kenyelletsa Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia le Eswatini (eo pele e neng e le Swaziland), ha ho na tlhahiso-leseling e mabapi le litlaleho tsa lipatlisiso tsa dijithale tse ka fumanoang.

Lipuo tse emeloang lethathamong li kenyelletsa Senyesemane (en), Sefora (fr), Searabia (ar), Amaranth (amh), Sepotoketsi (pt), Seswahili (sw), Sepanish (es), Sejeremane (de).

Setšoantšo sa 1: Kakaretso ea 'mapa oa pono libakeng tsa polokelo ea dijithale tsa Afrika (n = 229). Li-Node li emela linaha tse nang le khokahano ea tsona mefuteng e fapaneng ea polokelo kaha e khetholloa ke khoutu ea mebala (bona legend).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Setšoantšo sa 2: Maikutlo a tsepamisang mohlala ho Sudan a hlakisang lintlha tsa polokelo ea nalane ea Univesithi ea West Kordufan, incl. Software, lipuo tse fumanehang, ho fumaneha le url.
Setšoantšo sa 3: Palo ea lirekoto tsa naha ka 'ngoe ea Afrika le liperesente. Linaha tse ling li kenyeletsa tse nang le sebaka sa 0-3
Setšoantšo sa 4: Bafani ba software ba nang le lipalo tsa libaka tsa polokelo tse amohetsoeng, ka ho latellana. Ha e tsejoe

Puisano

Lipalo tsa lipatlisiso tsa dijithale tse entsoeng ka nepo li lokela ho etsa hore liphetho tsa lipatlisiso li fihlellehe le ho fumaneha inthaneteng. Ho feta moo, libaka tse bulehileng tsa polokelo li lokela ho nolofalletsa basebelisi ho tsoa lefats'eng ka bophara ho fihlella lintlha tse bolokiloeng. Li-repositori tse bulehileng tsa dijithale ka hona li bapala karolo ea bohlokoa tikolohong ea Open Science mme ke karolo ea bohlokoa ea phatlalatso ea Open Access. Bakeng sa nalane e eketsehileng le pono mabapi le nts'etsopele le pono ea libaka tsa polokelo mabapi le lithuto tsa Afrika le tsa Afrika, bona Molteno (2016).

Re hlokomela ho rarahana ha ho etsa limmapa tsa dijithale. Ntle le liphephetso tsa ho bokella datha, maemo a eketsehileng a mathata a rarahaneng a tla ho lekola mekhoa ea phetisetso, phihlello ea phihlello, ho tsoma, ho phela halelele / botsitso le mefuta ea data ea ho hlahisoa. Leha ho le joalo, re lumela hore limmapa tse kang ena e hlahisitsoeng ka tlase e lula e le mohloli oa bohlokoa. Ho ba le kutloisiso ea marang-rang a teng a polokelo - hammoho le matla le bofokoli ba eona - e tsamaisa likarabo le ntlafatso e lebisitsoeng. Ho feta moo, ho eketsa ponahalo ea mangolo ana - ho bamameli ba Maafrika le ba lefats'e - ho ka nolofalletsa ho arolelana mekhoa e metle, boiphihlelo le boiphihlelo. Sena se tla thusa ba nang le seabo, e leng barekisi ba libuka le basebetsi ba bang ba thuto ho etsa liqeto tse nepahetseng mabapi le mokhoa oa ho sebelisa theknoloji ea dijithale bakeng sa ho boloka boitsebiso ba Afrika bo sebetsang ho boloka litlaleho tse fumanehang tsa Afrika hore li arabele haholoanyane mahlale a macha le ho theha mekhoa ea "ho theha" ho taolo ya data ya dijithale e loketseng ebile e tsitsitse kontinenteng ya Afrika.

Se hlalosoang e le setsi sa polokelo se fapana haholo eseng feela Afrika, empa le mohlaleng oa lefatše oa borutehi. Lichelete tse reretsoeng ho ntlafatsa bokhoni ba ho bokella mesebetsi le ho aha bokhoni ba basebetsi ha li na letho ebile li fapana haholo, ho latela lichelete tsa mmuso oa naha ka lipatlisiso le bocha kapa menehelo ea bafani. Phapang pakeng tsa litsamaiso tse sebelisang software e fapaneng le ho boloka lisebelisoa tsa mahlale li sitisa ho hokahana ka mokhoa o hlakileng, ka hona ho batla ho fumanehang ha litlaleho ho pholletsa le kontinenteng le libakeng tse ling tsa lefatše. Litaba tsena kaofela li hloka ho rarolleha ho lumella lipatlisiso tsa Maafrika ho fetoha ho tloha ho silo ea dijithale ho ea sebakeng se kopanetsoeng.

Re nahana hore 'mapa ona e tla ba sebaka sa tlhahlobo e kholo ea bokamoso ba lingoliloeng tse teng le tse ntseng li hlaha tsa polokelo ea data. Ka tatellano ea ts'ebetso ea mosebetsi ona, re rera ho kenyelletsa lethathamong la litheolelo le limmapa tsa pono tsa naha tsa Afrika tse bonojoang ke phuputso ea naha ea African Open Science Platform (AOSP) ea naha (2019). Morero o mong e tla ba ho tseba tharollo ea mahlale a morao-rao ho etsa hore mefuta e mengata ea lipapatso e sebelisane 'moho e ka shebelloang libakeng tsohle / literekeng / lipuong - e fumanehang ebile e ka sebelisoa maemong a teng a Afrika ka bokhoni ba bandwidth bo fokolang ka mohlala ka ho theha mesebetsi ea inthanete / e sa sebetseng.

Leha ho le joalo mofuta o mong oa libaka tse tla eketsoa ke lithuto tsa Maafrika tse sebetsoang le ho ts'oaroa kantle ho kontinenteng; lenane le leng le joalo la curated ke Ho hokela-Afrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Lenane le ntseng le hola la mabitso a amehang le lona le ntse le qaptjoa ho Wikidata, bona mohlala en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Bangoli ba amohela ka mokhoa o hlakileng tlhahisoleseling ea database e hlahisitsoeng le tlatsetso ho li-polokelo tsa setheo tse sa tlohelletsoeng kapa li ntse li reriloe le ho kengoa tšebetsong. Re ikemiselitse ho hokahana le ba bang ba nkang karolo ho R&I ea Afrika le litsi tsa machabeng ho tsoela pele ho sekaseka lithupelo tse fumanehang tsa boithuto le tsa phatlalatso le ho sebeletsa ts'ebelisanong ea bona.

References

Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), Sethala sa Saense sa Aforika se bulehileng - Tikoloho ea Landscape. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

Sethala sa Saense se Butsoeng sa Afrika - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Khokahano-Afrika - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

Molteno, R. (2016), Hobaneng litlaleho tsa dijithale tsa Maafrika bakeng sa ho boloka lingoloa tsa lipatlisiso li bohlokoa haholo, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Barupeluoa ba Setsi sa Ts'ebetso ea Setsi sa Setsi se Akaretsang sa Aforika se tla ba selemong sa Loetse 2018, Barupeluoa ba Thupelo ea Leano la Saense e Bulehileng la Africa, ka Hlakubele 2018, Lekhotla la Boeletsi, Projeke ea Sethala sa Afrika e Bulehileng, Boto ea Boeletsi ea Boreki, Sethala sa Bohlale sa Aforika sa Aforika, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, December 12). Bokamoso ba Mahlale le Mahlale a Bokamoso: Pono le Leano la Sethala sa Saense se Butsoeng sa Afrika (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Likenyelletso tsa Wikidata - mohlala https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Bafani ba Wikipedia. (2020, Hlakubele 18). Laeborari ea dijithale. Ho Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. E khutlisoa 18:02, la 27 Hlakubele 2020, ho tloha https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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