Bangoli le Batsamaisi ka tatellano ea alfabeta
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Libaka tsa polokelo ea dijithale tsa Afrika: Ho etsa 'mapa oa naha (Litaba tse behiloeng). Zenodo. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732172

'Mapa oa Pono: https://kumu.io/a2P/african-digital-research-repositories 
Dataset: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
E ngotsoe ka boitsebiso https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Foromo ea tlhahiso: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ho laela mangolo: 'Mapa oa Mongolo le Pono e Bontšang - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Domain ea sechaba) // License la database e ngoe le e ngoe e behiloe ke database ka boeona

Selelekela: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Seo u se etsang: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // E fumaneha ka mefuta e fapaneng (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Setheo sa Machabeng sa Afrika (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ka tšebelisano-mmoho le AfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) hlahisa 'mapa o kopanetsoeng oa polokelo ea lingoliloeng tsa Afrika tsa lingoliloeng. Sena se thehiloe mosebetsing oa IAI oa pejana ho tloha ka 2016 ho ea pele ho khetholla le ho thathamisa libaka tsa polokelo tse thehiloeng Afrika tse shebaneng le ho khetholla libaka tsa polokelo tse thehiloeng lilaebraring tsa univesithi tsa Afrika. Lisebelisoa tsa rona tsa pejana li fumaneha ho https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Mmapa o kopanetsoeng o atolosa mosebetsi oa IAI ho kenyelletsa lits'oants'o tsa mokhatlo, tsa mmuso le tsa machabeng. E boetse e tšoaea likamano lipakeng tsa libaka tsa polokelo ea lipatlisiso. Bukeng ena ea litaba, re shebana le pokello ea litsi tsa mesebetsi ea borutehi, joalo ka ha ho hlalositsoe ke bafani ba Wikipedia (Hlakubele 2020).

sepheo

'Mapa oa libaka tsa polokelo ea dijithale tsa Afrika o entsoe joalo ka mohloli o ka sebelisoang mesebetsing e rarollang sepheo se latelang:

  1. Ntlafatsa kholo ea lipatlisiso le lingoliloeng tsa Maafrika 
  2. Ntlafatsa ts'ebelisano 'moho ea li-reporter tsa Afrika tse seng li ntse li hlaha
  3. Qolla mekhoa eo li-injini tsa ho batla tsa dijithale tse ka ntlafatsang ho fumanoa ha lipatlisiso tsa Afrika

Re khothaletsa phasalatso ea tsebo e thehiloeng patlisisong e tsoang lipolokelong tsa Afrika joalo ka karolo ea naha e kholo e kenyelletsang limakasine tsa inthanete, lipalo tsa datha tsa lipatlisiso le baphatlalatsi ba libuka tsa boithuto ho matlafatsa khokahanyo le phihlello ea litlaleho tse joalo kantle ho kontinenteng ea Afrika le ho kenya letsoho ho kutlwisiso e nang le botsitso haholoanyane mabapi le lisebelisoa tsa borutehi tsa kontinenteng.  

Ho boloka data le ho li boloka

'Mapa le limmapa tse tsamaellanang li tšoareloa webosaeteng ea AfricArXiv tlasa' lisebelisoa 'ho https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Lethathamo ha le felle ka hona re khothaletsa libaka tsohle tse nepahetseng bakeng sa kontinenteng ea Afrika tse sa thathamisitsoeng mona foromo ea ho fana ka https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, kapa ho tsebisa Setsi sa Machaba sa Afrika (imeile sk111@soas.ac.uk). Ka bobeliAfricaArXiv le IAI li tla tsoela pele ho boloka lethathamo la matlotlo e le sesebelisoa sa bafuputsi ba Maafrika le ba bang ba nkang karolo ho kenyeletsa le sechaba sa machaba sa lithuto tsa Afrika.

Methodology

Lethathamo la mantlha la litheolelo tsa dijithale le hlophisitsoe ke Setsi sa Machabeng sa Afrika ka 2016 mme sa ntlafatsoa ka selemo sa 2019 (bona https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories bakeng sa lintlha). Menyako e thehiloe tlhahisoleseling e fumanoeng ke Setsi sa Afrika sa Thupelo, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), haholo-holo projeke ea hae ea 'Connecting Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Directory ea libaka tsa polokelo ea Open Access (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), le Registry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) hara ba bang. Lethathamo la mantlha le ile la eketsoa ke lits'ebeletso tse latelang tsa polokelo le tse tsamaisang lithuto tsa Afrika tsa boithuto: Likhoele tsa ScienceOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Pokello ea sechaba sa Zenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Pokello ea Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), le lirekoto tsa motho oa boraro. 

Bakeng sa pono re sebelisitse software Kumu (https://kumu.io/) ho etsa lipampiri tsa lipatlisiso ka naha, software e ikemetseng, litsi tsa kamohelo le litsi tsa curating. Re boetse re kenyelletsa sehlopha bakeng sa lipuo tsa sebali, sistimi le mesebetsi e behiloeng ho e mong le e mong ea fumanehang.

Results

Lethathamong la libuka, Afrika Boroa (40) le Kenya (32) li ile tsa amohela palo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea polokelo. Linaheng tse ling tse kang Ethiopia, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda le Zimbabwe lipalo li ne li le tlase haholo (5-15). Dinaheng tse 16 ho kenyelletsa Angola, Benin, Chad, Gambia, Somalia le Eswatini (eo pele e neng e le Swaziland), ha ho na tlhahiso-leseling e mabapi le litlaleho tsa lipatlisiso tsa dijithale tse ka fumanoang.

Lipuo tse emeloang lethathamong li kenyelletsa Senyesemane (en), Sefora (fr), Searabia (ar), Amaranth (amh), Sepotoketsi (pt), Seswahili (sw), Sepanish (es), Sejeremane (de).

Setšoantšo sa 1: Kakaretso ea 'mapa oa pono libakeng tsa polokelo ea dijithale tsa Afrika (n = 229). Li-Node li emela linaha tse nang le khokahano ea tsona mefuteng e fapaneng ea polokelo kaha e khetholloa ke khoutu ea mebala (bona legend).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Setšoantšo sa 2: Maikutlo a tsepamisang mohlala ho Sudan a hlakisang lintlha tsa polokelo ea nalane ea Univesithi ea West Kordufan, incl. Software, lipuo tse fumanehang, ho fumaneha le url.
Setšoantšo sa 3: Palo ea lirekoto tsa naha ka 'ngoe ea Afrika le liperesente. Linaha tse ling li kenyeletsa tse nang le sebaka sa 0-3
Setšoantšo sa 4: Bafani ba software ba nang le lipalo tsa libaka tsa polokelo tse amohetsoeng, ka ho latellana. Ha e tsejoe 

Puisano

Lipalo tsa lipatlisiso tsa dijithale tse entsoeng ka nepo li lokela ho etsa hore liphetho tsa lipatlisiso li fihlellehe le ho fumaneha inthaneteng. Ho feta moo, libaka tse bulehileng tsa polokelo li lokela ho nolofalletsa basebelisi ho tsoa lefats'eng ka bophara ho fihlella lintlha tse bolokiloeng. Li-repositori tse bulehileng tsa dijithale ka hona li bapala karolo ea bohlokoa tikolohong ea Open Science mme ke karolo ea bohlokoa ea phatlalatso ea Open Access. Bakeng sa nalane e eketsehileng le pono mabapi le nts'etsopele le pono ea libaka tsa polokelo mabapi le lithuto tsa Afrika le tsa Afrika, bona Molteno (2016).

Re amohela ho rarahana ha 'mapa oa polokelo ea dijithale. Ho sa tsotelehe mathata a ho bokella data, maemo a mang a mathata a ho rarahana a hlaha ho fuputseng mekhoa ea ho folisa, ho fihlella phihlello, ho batla, bophelo bo bolelele / botsitso le mefuta ea mefuta ea data bakeng sa ho tsamaisa. Leha ho le joalo, re lumela hore limmapa tse kang e hlahisitsoeng ka tlase e lula e le sesebelisoa sa bohlokoa. Ho ba le kutloisiso ea marang-rang a teng a polokelo - hammoho le matla le bofokoli ba eona - ho thusa likarabo tse lebisitsoeng le lintlafatso. Ntle le moo, ho eketsa ponahalo ea libaka tsena tsa polokelo - ho bamameli ba Afrika le ba lefats'e - ho ka thusa ho arolelana mekhoa e metle, boiphihlelo le boiphihlelo. Sena se tla nolofalletsa bankakarolo, eleng boralaeborari le basebeletsi ba bang ba thuto ho etsa liqeto tse nang le tsebo mabapi le mokhoa oa ho fetola mekhoa ea mahlale ea dijithale bakeng sa ho boloka libuka tsa boithuto ba Maafrika tse bolokang libaka tsa polokelo tse teng tsa Afrika hore li arabele haholo ho mahlale a macha le ho nts'etsapele mekhoa ea "motheo" taolo ea data ea dijithale e loketseng ebile e tšoarellang kontinenteng ea Afrika.

Se hlalosoang e le setsi sa polokelo se fapana haholo eseng feela Afrika, empa le mohlaleng oa lefatše oa borutehi. Lichelete tse reretsoeng ho ntlafatsa bokhoni ba ho bokella mesebetsi le ho aha bokhoni ba basebetsi ha li na letho ebile li fapana haholo, ho latela lichelete tsa mmuso oa naha ka lipatlisiso le bocha kapa menehelo ea bafani. Phapang pakeng tsa litsamaiso tse sebelisang software e fapaneng le ho boloka lisebelisoa tsa mahlale li sitisa ho hokahana ka mokhoa o hlakileng, ka hona ho batla ho fumanehang ha litlaleho ho pholletsa le kontinenteng le libakeng tse ling tsa lefatše. Litaba tsena kaofela li hloka ho rarolleha ho lumella lipatlisiso tsa Maafrika ho fetoha ho tloha ho silo ea dijithale ho ea sebakeng se kopanetsoeng.

Re nahana hore 'mapa ona e tla ba karolo ea tlhahlobo e kholo ea bokamoso ba lingoliloeng tse teng le tse ntseng li hlaha le lits'oants'o tsa data. Ketsahalong e latelang ea mosebetsi ona, re rerile ho kenyelletsa ho dataset le 'mapa o bonoang oa polokelo ea nalane ea dijithale ea Afrika joalo ka ha e khethiloe ke thuto ea naha ea African Open Science Platform (AOSP) (2019). Morero o mong e tla ba ho supa tharollo ea mahlale a morao-rao ho etsa hore mefuta e mengata ea polokelo e sebelisane 'me e batloe hohle lithutong / libakeng / lipuong - e fihlellehe hape e sebetse maemong a hona joale a Afrika a nang le bokhoni bo lekanyelitsoeng ba bandwidth mohlala, ka ho nts'etsapele marang-rang a marang-rang le a kantle ho naha. 

Leha ho le joalo mofuta o mong oa libaka tse tla eketsoa ke lithuto tsa Maafrika tse sebetsoang le ho ts'oaroa kantle ho kontinenteng; lenane le leng le joalo la curated ke Ho hokela-Afrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Lenane le ntseng le hola la mabitso a amehang le lona le ntse le qaptjoa ho Wikidata, bona mohlala en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Bangoli ba amohela ka kotloloho karabo ea setatemente se hlahisitsoeng hammoho le kenyelletso litsing tsa polokelo tsa litsi tse sa tloheloang ka boomo kapa tse ntseng li hlophisoa le ho kengoa tšebetsong. Re lebelletse ho hokahana le bankakarolo ba bang ho R&I ea Aforika hammoho le litsi tsa machabeng ho tsoela pele ho sekaseka lits'oants'o tse teng tsa polokelo ea libuka tsa thuto le liphatlalatso le ho sebeletsa ts'ebelisano 'moho. 

References

Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), Sethala sa Afrika sa Saense e Bulehileng - Boithuto ba Naha. etsa: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Sethala sa Afrika sa Saense e Bulehileng - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Ho kopanya-Afrika - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

Molteno, R. (2016), Hobaneng litlaleho tsa dijithale tsa Maafrika bakeng sa ho boloka lingoloa tsa lipatlisiso li bohlokoa haholo, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Barupeluoa ba Setsi sa Ts'ebetso ea Setsi sa Setsi se Akaretsang sa Aforika se tla ba selemong sa Loetse 2018, Barupeluoa ba Thupelo ea Leano la Saense e Bulehileng la Africa, ka Hlakubele 2018, Lekhotla la Boeletsi, Projeke ea Sethala sa Afrika e Bulehileng, Boto ea Boeletsi ea Boreki, Sethala sa Bohlale sa Aforika sa Aforika, Boulton, Geoffrey, Hodson, Simon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, December 12). Bokamoso ba Mahlale le Mahlale a Bokamoso: Pono le Leano la Sethala sa Saense se Butsoeng sa Afrika (v02). Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Likenyelletso tsa Wikidata - mohlala https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Bafani ba Wikipedia. (2020, Hlakubele 18). Laeborari ea dijithale. Ho Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. E khutlisoa 18:02, la 27 Hlakubele 2020, ho tloha https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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