Fana joaloka: Hasmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Ho bokella lisebelisoa tsa Open Science bakeng sa karabelo e sebetsang ea Afrika ho COVID-19 [prerint]. doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3733768


bangodi

Sehlopha sa mantlha:

  • Jo havemann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Phihlello ea 2 Litlhahlobo le AfricArXiv, Jeremane
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, Univesithi ea Oxford, AfricArXiv & Access 2 Perspecadors, Afrika Boroa le UK

Lengolo: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org

Bangoli ba kenyang letsoho (ka tatellano ea alfabeta):


Ka kopo ela hloko: Tokomane ena ka har'a khatiso ea eona ea pele (v1.1) e bulehetse ho fana ka maikutlo.

Ka kopo fana ka litlhahiso tse tobileng temaneng ena ho tinyurl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, kapa romella lengolo-tsoibila lingoli tse lumellanang. Ka ho kenya letsoho haholo litabeng tsa sengoloa, o ntse o ka ikopanya le rona lenaneng la lingoli.

Ho kenya letsoho karabong e kopaneng ea a mang a mehato ea mosebetsi le / kapa ka lichelete, ka kopo etela https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

Selelekela

Sebaka sa phatlalatso sa machabeng sa phatlalatso se ntse se tsoela pele ka mokhoa o potlakileng oa ts'ebetso ea Science Science le lipatlisiso tse amanang le COVID-19 kaofela li etsoa ka mokhoa o bulehileng bakeng sa patlisiso e potlakileng e entsoeng ke sechaba le liteko tsa tlhahlobo (Akligoh et al. 2020; JOGL COVID19 projeke: Open Letlapa: Ts'ebetso ea ho ikopanya le NHSX). Lenaneong la Financial Times, Tonakholo ea Ethiopia le Mopresidente oa Khau ea Nobel ea 2019 Abiy Ahmed ba ile ba hlakisa bohlokoa ba boiteko bo kopanetsoeng ba lefats'e ba ho loantsoa ke seoa sena ka ho re: khutla hape lefats'eng lohle ”. Mefuta ea moruo le ea lipolotiki eo Ahmed a shebang ho eona e tlameha ho thehoa ho lipatlisiso tse nepahetseng tsa saense - tse ikhethang tsa lehae, ha li ntse li hokahane lefatšeng ka bophara. Ho bula lipatlisiso ho moruo o tsoetseng pele ka hona ho ke ke ha lekana, re tlameha ho eketsa tšehetso, ho ntlafatsa le ho hokahanya lipokotho tse teng tsa boitseanape ho Open Science k'honthinenteng ea Afrika.

Ka seoa sa hona joale sa coronavirus, tlhoko e potlakileng ea Phumano e bulehileng ea liphetho tsa lipatlisiso e tla eketsa tsebo ea mahlale a sechaba sa mahlale ho lingoliloeng tse amanang le COVID-19 ka hona e nolofalletsa bafuputsi ba Maafrika ho nts'etsapele likarabo tse thehiloeng ho Afrika ho loants'a vaerase ea SARS-CoV 2, ha ka nako e tšoanang ho matlafatsa nako ea lisebelisoa tsa tlhaho tsa linaha tsa Afrika le ho eketsa boikemisetso ba bona ba ho phatloha ha nako e tlang. Sena se sebetsa maemong ohle a lefatše le a tikoloho. Lits'oaetso tsa kokoana-hloko ea pejana, joalo ka seoa sa morao-rao sa Ebola ea Afrika Bophirimela le Zika, li bonts'itse litlamorao tse bohloko tsa phihlello ea phihlello ea data le litsela tse sa tsamaelaneng hantle tsa tsamaiso. Ke feela ka ho tlosa li-paywall, ho eketsa phihlello ea dijithale, le ho khothaletsa litloaelo tse arolelanoang tsa motho ka mong tsa ho fokotsa litlamorao tsa vaerase tse ka atlehang. Sena ha se 'nete feela bakeng sa likarabo tsa nakoana tsa koluoa ​​ea bophelo bo botle, empa le litlamorao tsa nako e telele ho moruo oa Afrika, lits'ebeletso tsa sechaba le mekhoa ea boipheliso ea batho kontinenteng eohle.

Dinaha tse tlase le tse bohareng tsa bankakarolo '(LMICs) bankakarolo ba ntse ba etella pele ka tsela e bulehileng - haholo-holo brasilian e ka batloang e fumanehang buka e fumanehang ea "database" ea "database" ea Sekhooa sa Saense sa Lekunutu se fumanehang hape Afrika Boroa. Re khothaletsa bankakarolo ba Maafrika hore ba shebane le mekotla e teng ea boitseanape. Ho bohlokoa ho amohela hore karabelo e kopanetsoeng ho arolelanoeng ha litaba Afrika e ka itšetleha ka meaho e mengata e teng e ts'ehetsang ho buleha ha lipatlisiso le ho arolelana tlhahisoleseling. Ho hlokehang ke ho lebisa tlhokomelo mehloling ena e seng e ntse e le teng, ho tsamaisa khokahano le puisano, le ho rarolla likhaohano le likheo tse haelloang ke 'mapa o joalo.

Ho sebetsa hantle, bafuputsi ba Maafrika le baatlelete ba ntlafalitsoeng ba tlameha ho sebetsa le likarolo le litefiso tse fumanehang ka theko ho netefatsa hore lintlha tse hlahisitsoeng nakong ena ea koluoa ​​li kopana le litekanyetso tsa data tsa FAIR, le hore tlhahlobo efe kapa efe e hlahisang e phatlalalitsoe ho li-platform tsa Open Access le tlhaiso-leseling e sa hlahisoang e fumanehang ho bula li-polokelo tsa data.

Ho kenya ts'ebetsong mekhoa e joalo ho ke ke ha thusa molemong oa lipatlisiso tsa COVID-19 feela, empa le bakeng sa lipatlisiso tsa Seafrika ka kakaretso, mme o tla theha tšebetso e eketsehileng e bulehileng le e sebetsang hammoho le mekhoa ea phatlalatso. Ho matlafatsa ho buleha ka hara thuto ea Seafrika ke ntho e tlang pele kontinenteng, 'me liphatlalatso tsa bohlokoa li teng ho tšehetsa boiteko. Tsena li kenyeletsa Phatlalatso ea Dakar on Open Access Publishing in Africa le Global South (2016) le metheo ea morao-rao ea Afrika bakeng sa Open Access Scholarly Communication (2019). Litataiso tsena li bontša pono ea lipatlisiso tse bulehileng tsa Afrika tse shebaneng le lintho tse tlang pele.

  • Li-ecosystems tsa thuto e phahameng tsa naha li kontinenteng ho tloha Leboea, Bohareng, Bochabela, Bophirima le Afrika Boroa le ho li hokahanya tsamaisong ea lefatše ea lipatlisiso.
  • Ho tsamaisa khahlisoa ea lithibelo tsa puo esp francophone / anglophone / arabic hape le lipuo tsa setso tsa Afrika le setso.
  • Theha libaka tsa ts'ebetso le litheko tsa lisebelisoa tse lumelloang ke mahlale tse loketseng ho sebelisoa maemong a lipatlisiso tsa Seafrika ho tsamaisa tšebelisano-pele e potlakileng le monyetla o lekanang oa phihlello ea data le lits'ebeletso ho sa tsotelehe sebaka, puo le maemo a mang.
  • Ikopanye le matsapa a mang, mehloli, le merero e amehang kahare le kantle ho Afrika kahare le kantle ho kholo ho bula Openness le phapanyetsano ea tlhahisoleseling ka tsela e ts'oanang.

Monyetla oo lefu lena la seoa le fanang ka lona la ho etsa lipatlisiso le sechaba sa ts'ebetso joalo ka baetsi, (bio) bahiruoa le mebuso ke ho nahana ka liphetoho tse hlakileng tse bileng teng pele ho Corona, le tseo joale re nang le monyetla oa ho sebetsana le tsona ka kopanelo.

Mokhoa oa Maafrika mabapi le seoa sa COVID-19

Ho na le tlhokahalo ea mokhoa o akaretsang oa ho aha bokhoni ba setheo kahare ho thuto e phahameng le litsi tsa lipatlisiso tse fuoang chelete ea sechaba kontinenteng. Haholo joalo ka phano ea Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), karabelo bothateng ba Covid-19 e tla hloka ho tlisoa ka ketso e kopaneng. Karabelo ea machabeng ho fihlela kajeno e shebane le bokhoni ba ho hokahana le sechaba ka mecha ea phatlalatso le theknoloji, eo boholo ba eona e shebaneng le litoropo tsa linaha tse ngata tsa Afrika. Phetoho maphelong a batho le moruong oa Afrika ke ena e hlokang karabo e kopaneng ea lefatše ka bophara mabapi le mekhoa e metle ea ho sebelisa le ho sebelisa lisebelisoa ho ts'ehetsa linaha tsena tse otlang ka thata linthong tse tobileng le tse fapaneng tsa bophelo ba letsatsi le letsatsi. libakeng tsa litoropo (Adegbeye, 2020).

Ho kopanya lihlopha tsa batho ba bohlokoa le sechaba sa sechaba, tse kang:

  • Maano a ScienceCommunication & Science Literacy (bo-ramahlale ba PR le boralitaba)
  • Patlisiso (biomedical & moruo le moruo)
  • Tech & Innovation Hub (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Baetsi ba maano (mananeo a masepala, a naha, a tikoloho)

Ka la 18 Hlakubele, AfricArXiv e ile ea qala ts'ebetso e matlafalitsoeng ea ho khothaletsa matla a lisebelisoa ho pota COVID-19 maemong a Afrika. Ka la 26 Hlakubele 2020, The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) e ile ea bopa webinar bakeng sa litsebi tsa Maafrika le bao e seng Maafrika ho qala mohopolo o tloaelehileng mabapi le ho hlalosa morero oa lipatlisiso bakeng sa ts'ibollo ea COVID19 le ho fana ka boiteko bo kopaneng ba mahlale a mahlale a ho loants'a lefu lena la seoa Afrika. Maiteko ka bobeli a lumela hore mokhoa ona o tlameha ho kenyelletsa ho sebeletsa le ho sireletsa maafrika ohle, joalo ka, lihlopha tse tlokotsing le tse sotloang joalo ka likhutsana, batho ba khelohileng ka hare ho naha (IDP) le baphaphathehi. Mokhoa oa khopolo-taba oa boqapi bo kenyeletsang o hlalositsoe ke McPhee et al. (2018) ho tsoa moetlong oa setso oa ho kenyeletsoa 'me re be le bonnete ba hore re nka Maafrika ka tsela e tšoanang.

Tsebo ea setso le setso

Dinaheng tse ngata tsa Afrika, tshebediso ya meriana ya setso e atile hara setjhaba. Meriana ea setso e sebelisoa hangata hammoho, kapa ho fetola meriana ea allopathic. Likarabo tse kopaneng tsa COVID-19 ho la Afrika ka hona li its'etleha ho lingaka tsa setso, litsebi tsa bophelo bo botle le litataiso tsa mmuso tse fanang ka molaetsa o lumellanang. Haholo-holo, makhotla a lingaka tsa setso a lokela ho tlisoa lipuisanong tsa COVID-19 tsa likarabo tsa naha tsa COVID-19.

Patlisiso mabapi le meriana ea setso le mekhoa ea tsebo ea matsoalloa e ntse e eketseha mekhatlong e mengata ea Afrika, mme bafuputsi bana ba litsebi ba ka sebetsa e le mokhoa oa bohlokoa lipakeng tsa lingaka tsa setso, mebuso le lits'ebetso tsa naha tsa bophelo bo botle (REF).

Linaheng tse ngata tsa Afrika, tšebelisano-'moho lipakeng tsa lits'ebeletso tsa bophelo bo botle e se e ntse e hlaha. Mohlala, Baetapele ba Bophelo bo Botle ba Setso (THPs) Afrika Boroa ba fana ka boemo bo hokahaneng ho COVID-19 le ho thibela lipelaelo tsa bohata le tse fosahetseng tsa matla a ho folisa kapa ho tseba ho phekola kapa ho phekola coronavirus (Covid-19). Mehlala ea tloaelo e joalo e lokela ho arolelanoa haholo bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling le ho sebetsa hantle.

Ho bohlokoa hape hore ts'ireletso e fumanoeng ka thata ea tsebo ea matsoalloa (joalo ka ha e bonts'oa melao-motheong ea CARE) ha e fetisoe ke ho potlaka ha karabelo ea COVID-19. Haholo-holo, lipatlisiso libakeng tse hokahantsoeng le COVID-19, bophelo bo botle le bophelo bo botle li tlameha ho tsoela pele ho sireletsoa. Mohlala, merero ea ho khothaletsa tlhahiso le ts'ebeliso ea meroho ea tlhaho ea Afrika bakeng sa ts'ireletso ea phepo le phokotso ea bofuma (Abukutsa-Onyango, 2019). Bafuputsi ba Maafrika ba behiloe hantle hore ba hlahlobisise lipatlisiso libakeng tsena ho boloka ts'ireletso ea datha, melao ea boitšoaro le tšebeliso e nang le tlhompho ea tsebo e sa tloaelehang le ea setso.

Habohlokoa, libaka tsena li hloka ho hlahlobisisoa kahare le lipakeng tsa lipatlisiso tsa Maafrika le tsa machabeng le mekhatlo ea bobuelli (mohlala, Komiti ea Ts'ebetso ea Baahloli ba Afrika, IPACC) maemong ohle. Litsi tse ngata tsa lipatlisiso tsa machabeng li na le tšebelisano ea nako e telele le sechaba sa Maafrika, 'me likhokahano tse joalo li ka khothaletsoa ho hokahanya libakeng tsohle ho tsamaisa lipuisano le tšebelisano-mmoho, ho netefatsa ho kengoa hoa melao-CARE, ho latela melao Phatlalatso ea Machaba a Kopaneng ka Litokelo tsa Sechaba sa Maindia (UNDRIP) hammoho le ho shebana le 'Litaba tsa Bohlale ba Lekunutu ho Cultural Heritage' (morero oa IPinCH).

Tšebelisano ea machabeng

Ntho e tlang pele bakeng sa taolo ea mahlale le bahlahisi ba lichelete ke ho ts'ehetsa tšebelisano-mmoho ea Amerika Boroa. Ts'ebelommoho e joalo e ka nolofalletsa ho arolelana ho ithuta le ho ithuta ka bobeli e le ho khetholla litsela tse sebetsang le mekhoa ea ts'ebetso ho pholletsa le Afrika, le ka phapanyetsano ea tsebo le boitseanape lipakeng tsa Afrika, Latin-Amercia, le Asia Boroa-bochabela. Ho se ho na le mehlala e metle ea phetisetso e atlehileng ea boikoetliso, joalo ka tloaelo ea mokhatlo oa khatiso oa Latin American Open Access e phatlalatsang SciELO ea Afrika Boroa.

Ho boetse ho na le tšehetso e kholo ea bafani ba lichelete bakeng sa merero le li-network tse etelletsoeng pele tsa Afrika tse matlafatsang bokhoni ba lipatlisiso. Mehlala e joalo e kenyelletsa Sethala sa Mahlale sa Afrika sa Saense sa Open Setsi se kopaneng le US $ 5.5 milione ho lithuso tsa peo tsa peo ho tsoa ho Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Wellcome Trust le Lefapha la UK la Nts'etsopele ea Machaba (DFID). Bareki bana ba fana ka mehloli ea bohlokoa eseng feela ea lichelete bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea moralo oa metheo, empa hape le boitseanape, le mabitso ho litsebi tsa machabeng le ba nang le kabelo ea puso ea naha / ea tikoloho.

Boholo ba ba bang ba karolo ba boetse ba teng ka har'a tikoloho ea lipatlisiso tsa Seafrika e seng e sebeletsa ho thusa ho buleha. Haeba e hokahane hantle ho ka etsahala hore lisebelisoa tsena tsa dijithale le bankakarolo ba se ba ka kenya letsoho haholo ho fihlella litabatabelo tse boletsoeng liphatlalatsong tse kaholimo. Likhokahano le ts'ebetso ea lefats'e tse kang JOGL kapa GIG lilemong tsa morao tjena li bokelletse boiphihlelo bo matla ba ho tataisa le ho tsamaisa mekhatlo ea lefats'e ea ts'ebetso ntle le ho fana ka datha le libaka tsa polokelo.

Leha ho le joalo, bakeng sa ts'ebelisano-mmoho ea Amerika-Boroa e atlehe, ho hlokahala boiteko bo matla ho kenya ts'ebetsong litso tse bulehileng, ho arolelana le tšebelisano-mmoho ea tikolohong. Sena se tsebisoe hohle e le ntho e tlang pele bakeng sa lipatlisiso tsa Afrika (REF). Ho nts'etsapele ts'ebelisano lipakeng tsa litho tsa sechaba tse tsoang linaheng tse fapaneng, lipuo le litso tse ling ho ekelletsa ho nts'etsopele bokhoni ba mahlale ke e 'ngoe ea liqholotso tse matla ho sechaba sa saense se bulehileng hona joale. Mokhoa o mong le o mong o lokela ho nka taolo ea sechaba, nts'etsopele ea mehato ea ho thea sekepe, hammoho le mokhoa oa ho hokahanya sechaba sa saense sa Afrika se bulehileng le ba bang ba amehang. Mehlala ho tsoa metseng e teng, e kang H3Africa le MalariaGen, hammoho le mananeo a hlahang a DELTAS a tla fana ka lisebelisoa tse thusang le mebila ea litsela ho ea mekhoeng ea lipatlisiso tse kopanetsoeng.

Ha re ntse re ithuta ho tsoa libakeng tse ling tsa lefats'e tse ka bang libeke tse peli tse tlang ka nako ea ho ikamahanya le maemo a lipono, lipatlisiso tsa kapele le tse amanang ka kotloloho li tlameha ho kenyelletsa tlhahlobo e felletseng ea ho lekola sekhahla sa ts'oaetso ea morao-rao le tlhahlobo ea lipalo mabapi le ts'oaetso, lefu le ho hlaphoheloa hoa lehae. , maemo a naha, a tikoloho le a Pan-Afrika hammoho le lipatlisiso tsa litšusumetso tsa sechaba le moruo eseng feela ka kotloloho le litekanyetso tsa ts'oaetso empa ho nahanoa ka maemo ohle a sechaba le maemo a kamoso.

Lethathamo la 1: Barupeluoa, litsebi tsa bona le lisebelisoa tsa bona

Fumana lenane le ntseng le hola la bankakarolo ba fetang 120 ho lisao.

Ba amehangSetsebi / BoikarabelloMekhatlo
Baetsi ba maano le mekhatlo ea lithuso tsa licheleteHo netefatsa botsitso ba licheleteAfDB, AU, lihlooho tsa makala, mafapha a lipatlisiso le tsa bophelo bo botle, AfDB, African UnionGates Foundation, CZI, World Bank,
Lits'ebeletso tsa bophelo bo botletlhokomelo ea bongakalingaka, lipetlele, lingaka tsa setso
Li-hubs tse ncha le libaka tsa moetsi

Ho lokisa, ho shebella le ho bokella lisebelisoa tsa khale le lisebelisoa tse senyehileng, lingoliloeng tse bulehileng tsa mosebetsi, khokahano ea lipatlisiso le ts'ebetso, ho theha le ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tse bulehileng tsa thuto (OER) AfricaOSH, Open Science and Hardware Network - OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Impact Hub Network, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, hammoho le li-hubs tse fetang 400 tsa motho e mong le e mong kontinenteng ea Afrika e kang Vilsquare (Nigeria), MboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (Ghana), STICLab (Tanzania), Robotech Labs (Tanzania), le tse ling tse ngata
Bangoli ba litabaHo netefatsa ho bala le ho ngola saenseKhokahano ea thuto ea mahlale ea Afrika
Bo-rasaense le bafuputsiPokello ea data, liteko tsa vaerase / skrini, tlhahlobo ea dataLiunivesithi le Litheo tsa Patlo, NRENs
Litsi tsa thuto le sethalaHo aha bokhoni le koetliso litabeng tsohle tse amehangTCC Africa, OER Africa, INASP,…
Sechaba ka kakaretsoBatla leseli ho mehloli e tšepahalang eo u ka e tšepang
Mekhatlo ea machaba le mekhatlo (ea lefatše ka bophara)Ho hokahana le lichaba tsa lefats'e tsa boikoetliso, ho arolelana boiphihlelo le mekhoa e metle, hokela lihlooho tse akaretsang, mohlalaLabone e le 'ngoe feela ea Giant Lab (JOGL), Global Innovation Gathering (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC

Boholo ba ha se bohle ba bankakarolo ba seng ba ntse ba ikemiseditse ho fana ka karabelo e nahannoeng le e ikemiselitseng ea COVID-19. Ho bohlokoa hore sebakeng sa ho sebetsa ka lipuo tse ling re hokahanya maano le mekhoa ho pholletsa le linaha, barupeluoa, lithibelo tsa lipuo le likarolo tsa mekhatlo ea batho.

Ho sebetsa 'moho nts'etsopele ea lisebelisoa tsa bongaka bakeng sa phepelo ea bongaka

Ho sebetsa ka thata ho ntlafatsa lisebelisoa tsa machabeng ho na le liphephetso tse ikhethileng. Litataiso tsena li etselitsoe ho thusa ho sebelisana 'moho ho qoba maraba a tloaelehileng. Karolo ena e reretsoe haholo bafuputsi ba Global North ba batlang ho thusa meralo ea lisebelisoa tse ka hahoang le ho sebelisoa Afrika

  1. Etsa tšebelisano 'moho pakeng tsa baetsi ba bophelo, litsebi tsa bophelo bo botle le basebelisi ba ho qetela ho utloisisa tikoloho eo lisebelisoa tsa maiketsetso li tla sebelisoa ho tsona. Sena se bohlokoa bakeng sa ho etsa litlhaloso tse nepahetseng. Basebelisi ba lehae ba tla ba le boiphihlelo ka lisebelisoa tse tšoanang mme ba tla tseba hore na ba sebetsa hantle hakae tikolohong ea lehae. Nahana ka ho fumaneha ha lisebelisoa tsa tšehetso (na mochini oa hau oa motlakase o hloka phepelo ea oksijene?), Nahana ka maemo a teng (mocheso oa thepa o joang?), Kapa ho ts'epahala ha phepelo ea motlakase oa lehae. Ho theosa le lilemo tse peli tse fetileng, Projeke ea Openon2020 e bulehileng e fumane boiphihlelo bo bongata lipakeng tsa tšebelisano lipakeng tsa bankakarolo ba fapaneng mme e fana ka lethathamo la litharollo tse teng le ts'ehetso ea lingoloa.
  1. Etsa tšebelisano 'moho bakeng sa tlhahiso ea / ho lokisa ea lehae ho utloisisa hantle hore na moralo o ka hahuoa le ho lokisoa sebakeng sa heno. Ho etsa thepa le ho lokisa sebakeng sa heno ho bohlokoa ho ntlafatsa ho fumaneha ha nako le nako ea lisebelisoa life kapa life. Likarolo tse ncha li tlameha ho ts'oaroa kapa ho hlahisoa sebakeng sa heno bakeng sa tlhahiso ea lehae le ho e lokisa ho sebetsa hantle. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore likarolo tse theko e tlase / tse fumanehang habonolo Europe kapa Amerika ha li hlile ha li lumellane le se fumanehang ka theko e tlase / se fumanehang habonolo sebakeng sa heno. Ka lebaka lena ho bohlokoa ho kenyelletsa batho ba sebetsang hammoho ho tsoa mehatong ea pele ea prototyping.
  1. Nahana ka lebelo la liketane tsa phepelo ea machabeng. Sebetsa 'moho le baahisani ba lehae ho utloisisa linako tse etellang pele tsa ho reka lisebelisoa ka hare ho naha. Lebelo le ts'episo ea liketane tsa phepelo ea lefats'e e fapana haholo ka libaka. Se ke oa nahana hore hobane karolo e ka e etsa ho tloha fekthering e 'ngoe k'honthinenteng e' ngoe ho isa laboratoring ea hau ka matsatsi a 'maloa hore e ka fihlela basebetsi-'moho le uena ka nako e le' ngoe. Lekola liketane tsa phepelo moo ho khonahala le haeba tlhahiso e nyane e ka romeloa ka kotlolloho lipakeng tsa ba sebetsang. Ho haella kapa ho haella ha lisebelisoa tsa ho etsa lipatlisiso ho ka buselitsoe ka mokhoa o fokolang ka ho leverfire Open Source Hardware, ho lokisa le ho phahama ka se fumanehang (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Li-prototypes tse kopanetsoeng ebile li sebelisana 'moho. Le ha ho ka bonahala e le ntho e pheta-pheta ea boiteko ba ho haha ​​li-prototypes ka nako e le ngoe libakeng tse ngata e lumella balekane bohle ba amehang ho ba karolo ea moralo. E boetse e lumella litaba tsa tlhaiso-leseling tsa pele tse ka 'nang tsa tobana le tsona nakong ea tlhahiso ea lehae. Ts'ebetso e kopanetsoeng ea lipapatso, joalo ka ha e se e entsoe ka hara Projeke ea JOGL Covid19, ke ts'ebetso e sebetsang ea lefats'e ho ts'ehetsa popo ea lehae ea meralo e ipakile e le thuso haholo maemong a fapaneng.

Tlhatlhobo ea Workflow maemong a Maafrika

Karolong e latelang, re ntse re senya tšebetso e akaretsang ea ho etsa lipatlisiso ho etsa litlhahiso tse ikhethang mohato ka mong ho tloha ho Discovery, Analysis (ho kenyeletsoa moralo oa projeke, mokhoa, tlhahlobo ea lintlha, tlhahlobo ea sephetho), ho ngola le ho phatlalatsa.

Ho sibolloa ha lingoliloeng tse amanang le lipatlisiso

Boholo ba baphatlalatsi ba thuto bo entse hore lipatlisiso tse loketseng tsa COVID-19 li fihlellehe ka (ka nakoana!) Ho lefa litefiso tsa peeletso.

Web ea Science le Scopus ha e emetse tlhahiso ea lipatlisiso tsa bongata ka bongata (Tennant et al., 2019). Ka bomalimabe, mathata a ntseng a tsoela pele a moralo a ka bolela hore lingoliloeng tsa Senyesemane tse phatlalalitsoeng ho li-magazineng tse thathamisitsoeng litsing tsa machaba tsa litaba (tse kang DOAJ) li ka pele. Sena ke nnete haholo bakeng sa koranta e nyane, ea tikoloho ea Afrika e se nang bokhoni ba ho amohela litaba tsa bona tse felletseng inthaneteng. Sena se ka bolela hore ho thata ho fumana litholoana tsa lipatlisiso tsa Afrika.

Ho amoheloa hore mokhoa oa bohlokoa oa ho felisa ho haella ha ponahalo ea lipatlisiso tsa Maafrika ke ho matlafatsa karolo eo likarolo tsa polokelo ea dijithale e e phethang tikolohong ea lipatlisiso tsa Afrika. Ho fihla joale, ponahalo, khokahano le ho phenya-phenngoa hoa matlapa ana li fapane haholo. Ho tseba 'mapa oa sebaka sa polokelo ea naha le ho hokahanya marang-rang ke hona ho bohlokoa. Tlatsetso ea morao-rao ho sena e bile phatlalatso ea "database" ea matla ea lipatlisiso tsa dijithale tsa Afrika tse nang le 'mapa oa lipono tse sebetsang (Bezuidenhout, Hasmann, Kitchen, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). Lisebelisoa tse joalo li tlameha ho khutsufatsoa le ho eketsoa ho fana ka tlhaiso-leseling e ncha mabapi le netweke ena ea bohlokoa bakeng sa ho arolelana data.

Ho bohlokoa hape hore tikoloho ea tlhaho ea naha e hlahang ea Afrika e tsoelepele ho ikamahanya le litsebi tsa machabeng, joalo ka sechaba sa Re3data ho etsa bonnete ba hore moralo oa bona le ts'ebetso ea bona li lumellana le litekanyetso tsa machabeng le ho thusa ho sebelisana. Ntle le ts'ebetso ea ts'ebetso ea polokelo, ho tlameha ho etsoa boiteko bo matla ho aha bokhoni ba ho arolelana data le ho fihlella phihlello har'a sechaba sa lipatlisiso tsa Afrika. Ts'ehetso ho lithupelo tsa ho bala le ho ngola tsa dijithale ke karolo ea bohlokoa ea tikoloho e bulehileng ea Science. Lethathamo la lithuto tsa inthanete tse khothalletsang ho bala le ho ngola tsa dijithale li lokela ho hlahisoa le ho khothatsoa. Ho lokela ho etsoa boiteko ba ho fetolela litaba ka lipuo tse ka sehloohong tse kang Senyesemane, Sefora, Seswahili le Searabia.

Lisebelisoa tsa dijithale tsa Saense tse loketseng li-setting tse nang le lisebelisoa tse tlase / E thehiloe ho REF

Lilemong tsa morao tjena ho bile le keketseho e potlakileng ea lisebelisoa tsa inthanete tse tataisang mehato e fapaneng ea bophelo ba lipatlisiso. Boholo ba lisebelisoa tsena Afrika ha bo na moeli. Ho ka etsahala hore sena se bakoa ke lintlha tse fapaneng tse fapaneng, ho kenyelletsa tlhokomeliso, litloaelo tsa lipatlisiso, puo, liphephetso tsa sebopeho le litaba tse amanang le moralo. Ho bohlokoa hore bafuputsi ba Maafrika ba kenye lenane la lisebelisoa tsa dijithale tse loketseng, tse ratoang le tse tsitsitseng.

Ho sibolla: Lisebelisoa tsa dijithale tsa ho sibolla mesebetsi e sebetsang ea thuto.

1) = Afrika e ikhethileng, 2) = mohloli oa lefats'e, mohloli o bulehileng, 3) lefats'e, khoebo


Patlo ea lingoliloeng, LibukaTsamaiso ea Ts'ireletso
1)Likoranta tsa Afrika Inthaneteng (AJOL), AfricArXiv, DICAMES - - -
2) Bula Limmapa tsa Tsebo, Patlo ea BASEZatero, TLHAKISO
3)Google Scholar, Lens, ScienceOpenSciLit, ResearchGate, Paperhive.orgMendeley

Mokhoa oa tlhahlobo le tlhaiso-leseling

Tlhahlobo: Lisebelisoa tsa dijithale tsa tlhahlobo ea litsebi tse sebetsang li sebetsa
1) = Afrika e ikhethileng, 2) = mohloli oa lefats'e, mohloli o bulehileng, 3) lefats'e, khoebo


MethodologyLirapa tsa polokelo ea dataTlhahlobo ea data
1)
openAfrica, Afrika Information Highway Portal, Portfolio ea Lits'oants'o tsa AfrikaKhoutu ea Afrika
2)Protocol.ioR-OpenSci, Re3Data, E sa sebetse hantle, Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
SetšoantšoKumu,

Ts'ebetsommoho ea Agile Remote

Mosebetsi oohle oa tsebo o kopanetsoeng o rua molemo ka ho sebelisa mokhoa oa ho tsofala, o fanang ka phaello eo ho leng bonolo hore o ka e etsa habonolo le lihlopha tse hole.

Source: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/

Motheong oa eona, nts'etsopele ea sehlahisoa se tsofetseng e kenyelletsa ts'ebetso ea ho arabela khafetsa le liketso tsa cyclical (iterative) maemong ohle: ho etseng hantle, sehlopheng sa sehlopha le ho botsamaisi.

Mekhoa ea Agile e ananela hore nts'etsopele ea sehlahisoa se rarahaneng e ke ke ea reroa esale pele ka botlalo, hobane litlhoko li tla fetoha haholo nakong ea morero mme hangata ha li utloisisoe hantle qalong ea morero.

Sebakeng seo, mokhoa oa agile o fetolela mefuta e mokhuts'oane ea moralo le nts'etsopele. Litho tsa sehlopha li lumellana ka lipheo tse tla hlahisoa nakong e latelang ea puisano, lekola ka bokhutšoanyane letsatsi le leng le le leng 'me le hlahlobe likeketseho qetellong ea karolo ka' ngoe. Ka ho sebelisa mokhoa oa ho iphelisa, tsebo e eketsehileng ea ts'ebetso e ka fumanoa.

Litšoantšo tsa bohlokoa tsa tšebelisano ea agile ke: mosebetsi oa bohlokoa o arolelanoang; boto ea mesebetsi e arolelanoeng bakeng sa sprint e latelang; le liboka tsa kamehla. Ho bohlokoa lits'ebetsong tsa maiketsetso hore ba tataisoa ke likarolo tse ineheletsoeng mehatong e 'meli, e leng sehlahisoa (mohlala ke mong'a sehlahisoa) le boemo ba tšebetso (mohlala, ke setsebi sa sekole kapa motlatsi oa agile).


Mohloli o KoetsoengMohloli o Hlahileng
Planning / Whiteboardhttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/
Mosebetsi oa Botohttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/
Likopano / Liboka tse holehttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/
Ho khutlela moraohttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/ https://github.com/funretro/distributed
Software Suitehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/

Ntle le lisebelisoa tse kaholimo, Coronavirus Tech Handbook ke sesebelisoa sa theknoloji e tsoetseng pele ho feta ea theknoloji e eketsehileng bakeng sa mosebetsi o hole. Ho bohlokoa ho hlokomela hore tšebelisano-'ngoe ea khale ke mofuta oa mokhatlo o hlophisitsoeng oa ho etsa lipatlisiso bakeng sa bafuputsi ba bangata ho li-LMIC le HIC. Ho ka ba molemo ho bafuputsi ba Maafrika ba nang le boiphihlelo ka sebopeho sena ho fana ka lithuto tsa mehlala le mehlala bakeng sa puisano e tsoelang pele.

Hardware

Moralo o kopaneng oa li-hardware le nts'etsopele ke mokhoa oa mantlha oa sechaba sa moetsi oa lefatše. Lisebelisoa le li-database tse fapaneng li teng ebile li sebelisoa haholo ho rala le ho lekola meralo marang-rang, e seng e bontšitse hore e na le molemo lipotsong tse potlakileng ho Covid19. Baqapi ba likete ho potoloha lefatše ba se ba qalile ho sebelisa li-printa tsa bona tsa 3D le li-laser cutter ho hlahisa lithebe tsa sefahleho e le liphallelo lipetlele le litsing tsa tlhokomelo lefatšeng ka bophara, ba tšehelitsoe ke baetsi ba mechine e hlokahalang:

Litaba tsa sechabaMoralo oa 3DLisebelisoa tsa elektroniki / Moralo
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/ https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/ https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/ https://www.prusaprinters.org/ https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/

DIY Bio le Biotechnology ea Sechaba

Ntle le mathata a ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tsa ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa dijithale, bafuputsi ba Maafrika hangata ba tlameha ho tobana le khaello ea lisebelisoa tsa ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa 'mele. DIYBio le Community biotechnology li fana ka mokhoa o ntseng o hola oa ho etsa lipatlisiso tse fanang ka mahlale a bulehileng mahlale le mahlale a bulehileng a ho khanna lipatlisiso le nts'etsopele. Mokhatlo ona o ntseng o hola oa sechaba ke senotlolo sa ho bula liphetho tsa lipatlisiso tse tsoang Afrika ha o ntse o thusa nts'etsopele ea tharollo. Boiteko bo tsoang lihlopheng tsa boithuto bo kang Open Bioeconomy Lab le libaka tsa eona tsa Afrika, Hive Biolab, ba theha lisebelisoa tse bulehileng tsa patlisiso ho nolofalletsa li-lab libakeng tse fumanehang ho lisebelisoa le labs Afrika, Asia le Latin America ho hlahisa libakeng tsa lipatlisiso tse kang li-enzyme. tse nang le bokhoni ba ho etsa tlhahlobo ea vaerase ea SARS-CoV 2.

Tsamaiso ea Boitsebiso ea Lipatlisiso

Tsamaiso ea data ea COVID-19 ke taba e buuoang ke machabeng, 'me e bone mekhatlo e mengata e nang le tšusumetso ea lintlha, joalo ka Research Data Alliance (RDA) li theha lihlopha tse sebetsang ho hlakisa litloaelo tsa taolo ea data (RDM). Ts'ebetso tsena tsa RDM li nka melao-motheo ea FAIR le CARE, empa ho bohlokoa hore litho tsa Maafrika tsa mekhatlo ena ea machabeng li kenelle lipuisanong tsena ho netefatsa hore litekanyetso le litloaelo tse hlahang li bonts'a data e hlahisoang Afrika.

Ho khothaletsa ho nka karolo ha bafuputsi ba Maafrika lipuisanong tsa RDM ho tla fana ka monyetla o pharaletseng oa ho lekola litloaelo tsa hona joale tsa RDM, koetliso le phepelo ea metheo kontinenteng ea Afrika. Sena se tla lumella phetoho ea mekhoa ea RDM e lumellanang le litloaelo tsa machabeng le ho bonts'a linnete tsa lipatlisiso tsa Afrika. E tla boela e susumetsa moralo oa data le bokamoso ba phatlalatso ea meralo. ?

Ho ngola le ho phatlalatsa

1) = Afrika e ikhethileng, 2) = mohloli oa lefats'e, mohloli o bulehileng, 3) lefats'e, khoebo


mongolo o kopanetsoengLibaka tsa polokelo ea litsilimakasine (OA), lipapatso tsa phatlalatso
1)
AfricArXiv, IAI / polokelo,
essa-africa.org/AERD, DITLHAKI
Patlisiso e bulehileng ea AAS, MOJALE, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Mahlale a Maafrika, Mehopolo ea Maafrika
2)Authorea, Overleaf, GitHubLitlhophiso tsa OSFPeerJDOAJ, thuto.journal, PKP's Open Journal System, Sehlahisoa sa sehlahisoa sa Coko Foundation, Melemo ea ho phatlalatsa likhau, Janeane / PubPub, ScholarLed, Seteishene sa Mechine ea Likhatiso e Eroang
3)Google Docs
Qios.com, hoellelopark.org/

Ts'ebetso ea phatlalatso e potlakileng (>>>)

Patlisiso le Tshekatsheko Mongolo le datha tse bulehileng Open Access Tlhahlobo ea lithaka tsa lefatše ka bopharaMecha ea phatlalatso
Ho hlahloba le ho bokella lingoliloeng le lipatlisiso tsa lipatlisiso,
hang-hang / lipatlisiso tse matla mabapi le matšoao, vaerase e ka fokola, tšusumetso ea sechaba le moruo oa ho koala
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
AfricArXiv, DICAMES, bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgTLHAKISO
PeerCommunity
Hypothes.is
MOJALE, Le grenier de Savoir, Likoranta tse thathamisitsoeng ka DoAJ

Libaka tsa pele tsa Afrika tse bulehileng pele le li-Open Access tse tšoanang le setsi sa polokelo sa Afrika sa pele Afrika Patlisiso e bulehileng ea AAS sethala le li-repositori tsa naha tsa pele tse ikemiselitseng machabeng, joalo ka Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv le ScienceOpen / maiketsetso, ho kenya tšebetsong mekhoa ea boithuto ea lithaka e shebaneng le lefats'e ka bophara, mohlala, ka ho ikopanya le sechaba sa machabeng se tsamaisoang ka potlako. Maiteko a ho arabela a kang Phallo ea Mahlale a Pholohileng Science Rapid PREreview.

Ho bohlokoa ho amohela hore mekhatlo ea Maafrika e itšetleha haholo ka phatlalatso ea lipampiri tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka ho lekola boleng bo phahameng ba lipatlisiso le ho hlalosa mekhoa ea ntlafatso. Litsamaiso tsa mofuta oo tsa tlhahlobo li tlas'a puisano lefats'eng ka bophara, empa ha ho na monyetla oa hore li fetohe haufinyane. Kahoo, tlhoko ea bafuputsi ba Maafrika ea ho phatlalatsa lipampiri tse hlahlojoang ke lithaka ka har'a limakasine tse amoheloang ke machabeng e tlameha ho hlomphuoa. Le ha ho le joalo, ho ka etsahala hore ts'ebeliso ea mefuta e mecha ea phatlalatso, joalo ka tlhahlobo ea lithaka e etsoang motheong oa pele ka lits'ebeletso tse joalo. hypothes.is 'me peercommunityin.org, e ka tsamaisa sengoliloeng sena.

Phetisetso, Teko le phetisetso ea tsebo

1) = Afrika e ikhethileng, 2) = mohloli oa lefats'e, mohloli o bulehileng, 3) lefats'e, khoebo


Boikopanyo ba sechaba le Saense ea BaahiSechaba sa theknoloji le boeletsi
1)Global Lab Network, Boko, Saense ea Khokahanyo ea Saense Hub Nigeria, Café Saense, Network Science Literacy Network, Tlas'a MicroscopeKhoutu ea Afrika, AfricaOSH, Vilsquare, Tokomane ea Open ea Afrika, EthLagos.io, Network Open and Hardware Network (OSHNet), STICLab, Labs tsa Robotech
2)ORCIDHo bokella Hardware Hardware Hardware (GOSH)

Palo e nyane, empa e ntse e hola, ea mananeo a Saense ea Citizen le marang-rang a k'honthinente le ona e fana ka mokhoa oa ho hasanya tsebo. Ho nka karolo ha bona ho ka fihlella ka ho theha merero e kopanetsoeng, e joalo ka ho boloka baahi ba tsebisoa ka lipuo tse ngata ka ho arolelana melaetsa e fetoletsoeng e feto-fetohang ho marang-rang a sechaba (Bezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Kopano ea setjhaba le boralitaba ba saense ke tšimo e nyane, empa e hlahang kahare ho Afrika. Le ha ho ntse ho na le mathata a amanang le ho ba le tsebo e tlase ea mahlale le ho hloka botsitso pakeng tsa thuto le sechaba, ho bile le liphetoho tse ngata tse sa tsoa feta. Ho bohlokoa hore bafuputsi ba tsoelepele ho sebelisana le sechaba ho thibela tlhahiso-leseling le ho fana ka tlhaiso-leseling e mabapi le lipatlisiso tsa lehae le tsa machabeng. Bakeng sa sena, ho sebelisana 'moho le baqolotsi ba litaba ba Afrika ho ntlafatsa phihlello ea sechaba lipatlisisong ke ntho ea bohlokoa.

Ho fihlella baahi bohle ho hloka hore ho kenyeletsoe phapang ea lipuo ka mekhoa ea boralitaba joalokaha ho laetsoe ke Nete ea Litaba tsa Mahlale a Afrika ho la Nigeria, mohlala ka melaetsa le phatlalatso ea lintlha tsa bohlokoa joalo ka ha li fanoe ke WHO ka marang-rang a sechaba, joalo ka ha ho laetsoe ke Bezuidenhout, McNaughton & Havemann ( 2020) kapa Artificial Intelligence (AI) e atamela joaloka "Hlatsoa matsoho" ka lipuo tse 500.

Ho ntlafatsa Ponahalo ea Patlisiso ea Afrika

Tšebelisano ke karolo ea bohlokoa puisanong ea mahlale le lipatlisiso. Phallo ea tlhaiso-leseling e lokela ho ba e tšepahalang ho haha ​​lipatlisiso tse tsitsitseng le lisebelisoa tsa thuto. Ho hokahanya lipatlisiso ho sebetsa ho li-platform tsa lipatlisiso tse fapaneng tsa thuto e hlalosang tšebelisano-'ngoe le ho ts'ehetsa ho sibolla ho laoloang, meeli le nako.

Mekhatlo e mengata e fapaneng ea Afrika e se e ntse e sebetsana le litaba tsena. Haholo-holo, litsi tse ngata tse etsang lipatlisiso / dikhomphutha tse sebetsang hantle (tse kang DIRISA e Afrika Boroa) li nts'etsapele tsebo e kholo ea ho arolelana data le sethala sa lipatlisiso tse sebelisanang. Ditheo tse joalo li ts'ehelitsoe ka lichelete le boiphihlelo ba naha le ba machabeng, mme li emela sesebelisoa sa bohlokoa bakeng sa metheo e hlahang ea Science Science ho Afrika.

Ho feta mona, mekhatlo e mengata e ikemetseng, joalo ka AfricArXiv le libaka tse tšoanang tsa pre-prints le tsona li ntse li thusa boiteko ba ho nolofatsa ho arolelana tlhahisoleseling ho feta sethaleng. Ka ts'ehetso ea balekane ba marang-rang ba Africa Open Access, AfricArXiv e fana ka sesebelisoa sa bohlokoa bakeng sa bafuputsi ba Maafrika. Ho qala ho tsoa ho netefatso ea ORCID le tumello ea ho bala tlatsetso ea mofuputsi mabapi le phetiso ka li-platform tse ling le liteishene joalo ka Zenodo.

Ho aha bokhoni le koetliso

Bakeng sa bafuputsiBakeng sa basebetsi ba bongaka
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/
CDC Africa COVOD-19 koetliso ea bongaka e fumanehang: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Mokhoa oa ho ata ha seoa sa COVID-19 se qalileng Chaena, hamorao o haola le Europe le United States, o lumelletse ntlafatso ea liteko tsa ho lemoha, le ho phahama ha maano a mangata a lipatlisiso tsa COVID-19, hammoho le nako e fuoeng nako ea ho kontinenteng ea Afrika ho itokisetsa karabelo. Bafuputsi ba univesithi le ba ikemetseng ba linaha tse seng li anngoe haholo ke seoa sena ba qalile ho theha likhomphutha tse thibelang vaerase hore e se ke ea kopana le lisele tsa batho, ba hlahlobisisa lethathamo la litlhare tse teng litekong tsa bongaka, 'me ba lekola ts'ebetso ea li-antibodies tse bokelitsoeng ho bakuli ba folile. ho tsoa ho tšoaetso ea coronavirus, har'a lintho tse ling tse ngata.

Tšebelisano ea machaba le bo-ramahlale ba Maafrika mabapi le lits'ebetso tse joalo e bohlokoa haholo boitekong ba ho fokotsa tšenyo ea seoa sebakeng sa kontinenteng, ho nts'etsapele tharollo e lumellanang le maemo a lehae (mohlala: tlhahlobo ea theko e tlase / ea mobile), 'me ka bohlokoa ho ntlafatsa mosebetsi oa lithaka ho Amerika Leboea / Europe ka ho tlisa litsebo tse ikhethileng tsa boiphihlelo, botsebi le pono ea mosebetsi. Mekhatlo e kang Science for Africa, e qalang le ho ts'ehetsa tšebelisano-mmoho ea lipatlisiso tsa machabeng, e ka nolofalletsa boiteko ba ho aha boiphihlelo ba lipatlisiso tsa COVID-19 ka potlako kontinenteng. Ka ho khetholla lihlopha tsa lipatlisiso tsa linaha tsa Afrika ka bokhoni, botsebi le theknoloji ea ho etsa lipatlisiso tsa mofuta ona, hammoho le bo-mphato ba Amerika Leboea le Europe ba seng ba ntse ba sebetsana le tharollo, mokhatlo o ka ikopanya-ipapisitse le mofuta o itseng oa lipatlisiso, litlhoko tsa tšebelisano , le bonono ba setegeniki — le ho hokahanya lihlopha tsa lipatlisiso ka thuso ea sethala se ikemetseng

(Bula) lisebelisoa tsa thuto

Ho se ho na le nalane e telele ea boithuto le thuto ea inthanete Afrika. Mohlala, Univesithi ea Afrika Boroa, e thehiloe ka 1946, ke e 'ngoe ea litsi tsa khale tsa thuto ea mahlale lefatšeng ka bophara. Ho feta moo, litsi tse kang Setsi sa Tlhabollo ea ho Ruta le ho Ithuta Univesithing ea Cape Town, li fana ka botsebi bo tsebahalang lefatšeng ka bophara lithutong tsa dijithale. Mesebetsi e ts'oanang e ts'oaroa ke litsi le sethala sa naha ka bophara le sethaleng sa naha (https://oerafrica.org/). Ho etsa litsebo tse teng libakeng tsena ho tla fana ka lisebelisoa tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa katoloso ea OER Afrika. Ntle le moo, ho bokella litokomane tsa likeletso bakeng sa ts'ebeliso ea lisebelisoa tsa ho ithuta tsa OER / dijithale maemong a nang le lisebelisoa tse tlase (joalo ka ea UCT) ho tla fana ka lisebelisoa tse nang le thuso.

ELearning Africa Report 2019 e thathamisa linaha tse 55 tsa Afrika tse nang le mehlala le bokhoni ba ICT bakeng sa thuto (profiles tsa naha), tseo tse ngata tsa tsona li ka sebelisoang nakong ea lipatlisiso tsa mosebetsi ho tloha ntlafatsong ea projeke ho isa ho phatlalatso ea liphetho (Elletson le Stromeyer, 2019).

Ts'ireletso ea lichelete

Ho ntlafatsa lichelete kapele

Bakeng sa ho nolofalletsa kholo ea phetoho ea mantlha e bulehileng bakeng sa karabo ea COVID-19, ho bohlokoa hore lichelete li fumanoe ho tsamaisa tšebelisano. Ho na le mekhoa e mengata eo lichelete tsena li ka fumanoang ka eona, ho kenyelletsa:

  • Kopanya mesebetsi e fetang
  • Ho tseba merero ea hajoale le bafani ba mafolofolo ba rarollang phetoho ea meralo (le ho theha database le bulehileng)
  • Curate lenane la lifono tse bulehileng tsa lithuso ho sebetsa le ho
  • Atamela ho baetsi ba lichelete ba machabeng / ba naha le mebuso ka kotloloho

Ts'ireletso ea nako e telele ea lichelete

Ho hokahana ha metheo e bulehileng Afrika ho tla ba le melemo bakeng sa lipatlisiso tsa Maafrika hole hole le seoa sa COVID-19. Ho netefatsa ho boloka chelete ka nako e telele ho ts'ehetsa tlhokomelo ea meaho e hlahang bothateng ba hona joale, le ho khetholla ba amehang ba bacha ho thusa ka thuto-kholo, e tla ba ntho ea bohlokoa. Litaba tse tla hlahisoa e tla ba:

  • Bokella bopaki mabapi le khokahano ea cOVID-19 e khothalletsoang le ka litlamorao tsa metheo ena e bulehileng
  • Tsoela-pele ho khothaletsa bonyane 1% ea GDP bakeng sa lipatlisiso tse tsoang mebusong ea naha, le ho netefatsa hore matsete a ntseng a eketseha ka sekhahla lithutong tsa motheo tsa lipatlisiso esale pele
  • Lekola ka nepo maano a naha mabapi le ho arolelana data le lipatlisiso ho hlahisa phetoho e tla tšehetsa litšebeletso tse bulehileng
  • Sebetsa le likhansele tsa lichelete ho netefatsa hore meralo ea Open Science e litabatong tsa bona
  • Kopa molemong oa tšebelisano ea machaba ho tsoa sechabeng sa Science Open
  • Qolla mefuta ea lithuso tsa lichelete, kapa mefuta e sebetsang ea khoebo e sebetsang le ea sechaba sa lipatlisiso sa Afrika. Re fana ka tlhahiso ea mofuta o hlakileng oa lichelete, o kenyelelitsoeng:
  • pan-African: African Union, AfDB,…
  • Mebuso ea naha ea Afrika (makala a R&E)
  • mekhatlo ea lipatlisiso ea naha e kang ASSAf (SA) le SRF (Sudan)
  • Metheo ea Maafrika e kang Mandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • E tšehelitsoe ke tšehetso ea machabeng ka B&M Gates Foundation, Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative, Mozilla Foundation, Sloan Foundation, jj.
  • USAID; Mekhatlo ea Europe ea lithuso tsa lichelete: (UK) Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Mokhatlo, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Litšebeletso tsa mahlale: Liphetolelo, Khokahano ea Mahlale ho sechaba ka kakaretso (ho nolofatsa borutehi), koetliso ea ho aha bokhoni bakeng sa bo-ramahlale, ECR le baithuti // ba lefang ts'ebeletso efe?

Meeli le liphephetso

Lipuisano mabapi le lichelete tsa nako e telele tsa meralo ea Open Science li hloka ho hlaka hore na ke mang ea ruang molemo liphetho tsa lipatlisiso tse arolelanoang pepeneneng pele ho ts'ebetso, le hore na lifomate li tsamaisa sena ka nepo joang. Ho na le tlhokahalo e potlakileng ea ho hlophisa tsamaiso ea lichelete ea hore na ke mang ea lefang bakeng sa eng le neng. Libuka tsa thuto le thuto ea litsebi e lokela ho ba karolo ea bohlokoa molemong oa lipatlisiso; empa ke mang ea lefang ts'ebetso / ts'ebetso, kabo ea DOI, ho tsamaisa data joalo-joalo ho latela boemo bofe?

Hlokomela linaha tse fuoeng tumello le hore na li ka ba le phello efe tikolohong ea lipatlisiso tsa naha: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Ho haella ha khokahano ea marang-rang e ka tšeptjoang, e theko e tlaase, e ntse e tlisa phephetso e kholo ho liteko tsohle tsa tšebelisano ea inthanete libakeng tse ngata tsa kontinenteng ea Afrika.

Outlook

Re kopa moaho oa tšebelisano 'moho le tšebelisano-kholo ho pholletsa le kontinenteng le ka tšehetso ea machabeng e tsoang libakeng tse ling tsa lefatše le linaha tse fanang ka liphallelo.

References

Adegbeye OT, (2020). Hobaneng likarohano tsa kahisano li ke ke tsa re thusa. Sengoli (NG)

Melaometheo ea Afrika bakeng sa Puisano ea OA Scholarly: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-principles/

Sethala sa Saense se Butsoeng sa Afrika - africanopenscience.org.za

Abukutsa-Onyango, Mary O. (2019). Liphihlelo liphuputsong tse bulehileng le thuto bakeng sa nts'etsopele e tsitsitseng Afrika. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

Ayebare R, Waitt P, Okello S et al. Ho tsetela matsete ho hobola ha Ebola bakeng sa COVID-19 ho la Afrika Boroa ho Sahara [mofuta oa 1; Tlhahlobo ea lithaka: e emetse tlhahlobo ea lithaka]. AAS Open Res 2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1)

Ahinon et al. (2019). Tsebo e fapaneng ea lithutong tsa thuto e tsoang lithutong tse ngata ho tsoa le ka Afrika: ho hlahloba sebaka sa pele sa polokeho ea li-villaArXiv. eLearning Africa News Portal. E fumaneha ho ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic-nownow-exchange-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Hasmann, Jo, restrepo, Martin, le Obanda, Johanssen. (2020). Ho tseba karabo ea lefats'e ea COVID-19: ho tloha mohloling o mong ho ea ho mebuso [Litaba tse behiloeng]. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kichine, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, le Owango, Joy. (2020). Lipolelo tsa Patlisiso ea Digital Digital: Ho etsa 'Mapa oa Tikoloho [Litšeho]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) likotlo tsa moruo le barutehi: Litlamorao tse fetang tekano le litlamorao tsa nako e telele. PLoS ONE 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & Havemann J (2020, Hlakubele 26). Livideo tse ngata tsa Tsebiso ea COVID-19. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, Hassanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Ho se lekane hohle phihlello ea lingoloa tse felletseng tsa mahlale: mohlala oa ophthalmology. PeerJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

Cárdenas, OVL (2019) Teknoloji ea tekenoloji ea bokaholimo ba bokamoso ba solurunkunk bakeng sa / ho tsoa Global South. mutabit.com

Elletson, H. le Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. TheLeLe Africa Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: Jeremane. E fumaneha ho https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, Pherekhong). Mookoli oa litloaelo tse bulehileng tsa mahlale. Zenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025

Maia Chagas, A .; Molloy, J .; Prieto Godino, L .; Baden, T. Leveraging Open Hardware ho Pholisa Burbur ea COVID-19 ho Lits'ebeletso tsa Bophelo tsa Global. Preprints 2020, 2020030362 Doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1.

McPhee, C., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. Sehloekisi: Nts'etsopele e Akarelletsang linaheng tse tsoetseng pele. Tlhahlobo ea Tsamaiso ea Tlhahiso ea Theknoloji, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134

Poynder, R (Mphalane 31, 2019, Lipuisano tsa The OA: K. Vijay Raghavan, Moeletsi oa Setsebi sa Saense, Mmuso oa India. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-interviews-k-vijayraghavan.html

Metheo ea puisano e bulehileng ea litsebi: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/

Smith I (2019). DOAJ Guest Post: Kakaretso ea naha ea Afrika OA e shebane haholo le phatlalatso. Blog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; Crane, H .; Crick, T .; Davila, J .; Enkhbayar, A .; Hasmann, J .; Kramer, B .; Martin, R .; Masuzzo, P .; Nobes, A .; Raese, C .; Rivera-López, B .; Ross-Hellauer, T .; Sattler, S .; Thacker, PD; Vanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Lihlooho tse leshome tse chesang ho pota Scholarly Publishing. Lipapatso tsa 2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/publications7020034

Sehlomathiso: Mekhatlo le lits'ebeletso tsa dijithale

Mekhatlo ea Afrika le eo eseng ea Afrika le lits'ebeletso tsa dijithale joalokaha ho boletsoe tokomaneng ena. Bakeng sa mofuta o atolositsoeng oa tafole ena ea https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn

mokhatlo o hlophisitsoeng oaurlnaheng
Lenaneo la Tsebo ea Metsoalle ea Afrikahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/Pan-African
African Bank Development (AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enTunisia
Tlhahisoleseling ea Afrika HIghway Portalhttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/PanAfrican
Liea-le-moea tsa Afrika Marang-rang (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/South Africa
Tlhahlobo e Butsoeng ea Afrikahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Network Science Literacy Networkhttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nigeria
AfricaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
AfricArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-Se-Afrika
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nigeria
Batla Patlohttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/usa
Café Saensehttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/Nigeria | Global
Tse hlokohttps://www.careables.org/ EU | Global
Khoutu ea Afrikahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Kenya
E sa sebetse hantlehttps://dataverse.org/usa
DITLHAKIhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagascar
EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Nigeria
Setšoantšohttps://figshare.com/London | USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Bokella ba Global Innovation (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Jeremane | Global
Global Lab Networkhttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Google Setsebihttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Hypothes.ishttps://hypothes.is/usa
Tšusumetso ea Hub Networkhttps://impacthub.net/Austria
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/united kingdom
Seteishene sa Jokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/France
Labone e le 'ngoe feela ea Giant (JOGL)https://jogl.ioFrance | Global
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/usa
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaCameroon
medrXivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Mendeleyhttps://www.mendeley.com/united kingdom
Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapore
OER Africahttps://www.oerafrica.org/South Africa
Bula Afrikahttps://africaopendata.org/Kenya
Bula Limmapa tsa Tsebohttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Austria
Network e bulehileng ea Science le Hardware (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaTanzania
openAfricahttps://open.africa/South Africa
ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/usa
Open Science Framework (OSF)http://OSF.iousa
Letlapa la pampirihttp://Paperhive.orgDuitsland
PeerCommunityhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/France
Bokohttp://pollicy.orgPan-African
Li-preprints.orghttps://www.preprints.org/Switzerland
TLHAKISOhttps://www.prereview.org/usa
Protocol.iohttps://www.protocols.io/usa
ROpenScihttps://ropensci.org/usa
Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Tlisahttps://refigure.org/Global
Lipatlisisohttps://www.researchgate.net/Duitsland
RLabs Networkhttps://rlabs.orgSouth Africa
Labs tsa Robotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzTanzania
Saense ea Khokahanyo ea Saensehttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNigeria
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/usa
SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Switzerland
STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzTanzania
TCC Africahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Kenya
Likenhttps://www.lens.org/Australia
Tlas'a Microscopehttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Kenya
Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nigeria
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/usa


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