Ababhali kunye nabanikeli ngokulandelelana kwealfabhethi
IBezuidenhout, Louise, Hasmann, Jo, Khitshi, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, kunye no-Owango, Uvuyo. (2020). IiRekhodi zoPhando ngeDijithali zase-Afrika: Ukwenza iimephu kwiLandscape [Iinkcukacha zeseti]. UZenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Imaphu ebonakalayo: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Dataset: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Kugcinwe kuyo https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Ifom yokungenisa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ilayisenisi: Isicatshulwa kunye neMephu yokubonakalayo - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Indawo yoLuntu) // Ukunikezelwa kwelayisenisi nganye yeenkcukacha kugqitywa yidatha ngokwayo

Imbonakalo yangaphambili: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Idatha esetiweyo: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // ifumaneka ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Iziko laseMelika laManye amazwe (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ngokusebenzisana neAfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) bonisa imephu edibeneyo yendawo yokugcina uncwadi lwedijithali. Oku kuthathwe kumsebenzi wangaphambili we-IAI ukusukela ngo-2016 ukubheka phambili nokudwelisa uluhlu lwamaziko asekwe e-Afrika agxile ekuchongeni iindawo ezigcina iincwadi kwilayibrari zaseyunivesithi zase-Afrika. Izixhobo zethu zangaphambili ziyafumaneka apha https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Imephu esebenzisana nayo yandisa umsebenzi we-IAI ukubandakanya ukuhlengahlengiswa kombutho, urhulumente kunye namazwe aphesheya. Ikwaphawula ukusebenzisana phakathi kwezikhundla zophando. Kule datha, sigxila ekugcinweni kwamaziko emisebenzi yezifundo, njengoko kuchaziwe ngabangeneleli beWikipedia (Matshi 2020).

injongo

Imephu yeepotifoliyo zedijithali zase-Afrika zenziwa njengovimba oza kusetyenziswa kwimisebenzi yokulungisa ezi njongo zilandelayo:

  1. Ukuphucula ukufunyanwa kophando lwase-Afrika kunye nokupapashwa
  2. Ukuphucula ukusebenzisana kweepostori ezikhoyo nezisakhasayo zaseAfrika
  3. Chonga iindlela apho iinjini zokukhangela zedijithali ezinokongeza ukufunyanwa kophando lwase-Afrika

Sikhuthaza ukuhanjiswa kolwazi olusekwe kuphando olusuka kuphando lweAfrika njengenxalenye yommandla omkhulu obandakanya amaphephandaba e-intanethi, iingxelo zedatha yophando kunye nabapapashi beencwadi zezifundo ukuphucula unxibelelwano kunye nokufikeleleka kweerekhodi ezinjalo naphaya kwilizwekazi laseAfrika kunye nokufaka igalelo Ukuqonda okuthe kratya kwezixhobo zokusebenza kwilizwekazi.

Ugcino lwedatha kunye nolondolozo

Imephu kunye nedatha ehambelana nayo isingathwe kwiwebhusayithi ye-KiaArXiv phantsi 'kwezixhobo' kwi https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Uluhlu alupheleli kwaye ke siyabakhuthaza bonke oovimba abalungileyo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika abangadweliswanga apha ifom yokungenisa e https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, okanye ukwazisa iZiko lamaZwe ase-Afrika (i-imeyile sk111@soas.ac.uk). Zombini iAfricArXiv kunye ne-IAI ziya kuqhubeka nokugcina uluhlu lweendawo ezigcina ubutyebi njengezixhobo zabaphandi base-Afrika kunye nabanye ababandakanyekayo kubandakanya nezifundo zamazwe aphesheya kweAfrika.

Indlela

Uluhlu lwentsusa lweengxelo ezigciniweyo zedijithali zaqulunqwa liZiko lase-Afrika laseMelika ngo-2016 lwaze lwahlaziywa ngo-2019 (bona https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories ngeenkcukacha). Amangenelo afunyenwe kulwazi olwenziwe ukuba lifumaneke iZiko leMfundo lase-Afrika, iLeiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ngakumbi iprojekthi yayo 'yokuDibanisa i-Afrika' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), uLawulo lweendawo ezigcina iVenkile (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), kunye noBhaliso lweeRekhodi zokuNgena eziVulekileyo (http://roar.eprints.org/) phakathi kwezinye. Uluhlu lwentsusa lwandiswa ziinkonzo zokugcina ingxelo ezithi zibambe imisebenzi yezemfundo yaseAfrika: Iingqokelela zeSayensiOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Iingqokelela zoLuntu lwaseZenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Iingqokelela zeFigshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), kunye neerekhodi zeqela lesithathu.

Ngumbono sisebenzise isoftware Kumu (https://kumu.io/) Ukubonisa indawo ekugcinwa kuyo uphando, ilizwe elingaphantsi kwesoftware, amaziko okubamba kunye namaziko abamba iingingqi. Songeze udidi lweilwimi zonxibelelwano, inkqubo kunye nomsebenzi ogciniweyo kwindawo nganye.

iziphumo

Kule datha, uMzantsi Afrika (40) kunye neKenya (32) babamba elona nani liphezulu lezikhundla. Kwamanye amazwe anje nge-Ethiopia, i-Egypt, neGhana, ne-Niene, iSenegal, iSudan, iTanzania, i-Uganda kunye ne-Zimbabwe, amanani lawo ayephantsi kakhulu (5-15). Kumazwe ayi-16 kubandakanya iAngola, iBenin, iChad, iGambia, iSomalia kunye ne-Eswatini (eyayisakuba yiSwaziland), akukho datha kwiifayile zophando zedijithali ezinokufunyanwa.

Iilwimi ezibonisiweyo kwi-datha zibandakanya isiNgesi (en), isiFrentshi (fr), isiArabhu (ar), iAmaranth (amh), isiPhuthukezi (pt), isiSwahili (sw), iSpanish (es), isiJamani (de).

Umzobo 1: Amagqabantshintshi kwimephu ebonakalayo kwizikhundla ezikhulu zedijithali zaseAfrika (n = 229). Indawo zibonisa amazwe ngokudibana kwawo kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zeerekhodi njengoko eyahluliweyo yikhowudi yemibala (jonga ilivo).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Umzobo 2: Umzekelo woku kugxila eSudan oqaqambisa iinkcukacha zobungqina beYunivesithi yase West Kordufan, Isoftware, iilwimi ezikhoyo, ukufikelela kunye ne-url.
Umzobo 3: Inani leendawo zokugcina izinto kwilizwe ngalinye laseAfrika kunye neepesenti. Amanye 'amazwe' afaka abo bane-0-3 yogcino,
Umzobo 4: Ababoneleli besoftware abanamanani oovimba abaziindwendwe, ngokulandelelana. Ayaziwa

ingxoxo

Iipotifoliyo zophando zedijithali eziyilwe ngokufanelekileyo kufuneka zenze ukuba iziphumo zophando zifikeleleke kwaye zifumaneke kwi-intanethi. Ngaphaya koko, iindawo ezigciniweyo ezivulekileyo kufuneka zenze ukuba abasebenzisi abavela kwihlabathi jikelele bakwazi ukufikelela kwiinkcukacha. Iimpawu ezivulekileyo zedijithali ke zidlala indima ebalulekileyo kumbono weSayensi evulekileyo kwaye ziyinto ebalulekileyo ekupapashweni kwe-Open Access. Ukufumana imvelaphi ethe kratya kunye nembono kuphuhliso kunye nembonakalo yeengxelo ngokubhekisele kwiAfrika nakwizifundo zaseAfrika, jonga uMolteno (ngo-2016).

Sivuma ubunzima beemephu zedigital digital. Ngaphandle kwemiceli mngeni yokuqokelela idatha, amanqanaba ongezelelweyo emiceli mngeni anzima eza ekuphandeni iindlela zokwenza i-curation, ukufikelela kumda, ukukhangela, ukuhlala ixesha elide / ukuzinza kunye nohlobo lweedatha zokuboniswa. Nangona kunjalo, sikholelwa ukuba iimephu ezinje ngezo zichazwe ngezantsi zihlala ziluncedo oluxabisekileyo. Ukuba nokuqonda kuthungelwano olukhoyo lokugcina - kunye namandla alo kunye nobuthathaka-kuqhuba iimpendulo ezichaziweyo kunye nokuphuculwa. Ngaphaya koko, ukwanda kokubonakala kwezi ndawo zokugcina iingxelo - kokubini kubaphulaphuli baseAfrika nakwilizwe liphela - kunokuqhubela phambili ukwabelana ngezona ndlela zibalaseleyo, amava kunye nobuchule. Oku kuyakwenza ukuba abathathi-nxaxheba, oko kukuthi, oosomathala kunye nabanye abasebenzi abafundileyo benze izigqibo ezifanelekileyo malunga nokusebenzisa ubuchwephesha kwezobuchwephesha bokugcina umlando wase-Afrika esebenza ngokukhuselekileyo indawo yase-Afrika ukuze iphendule kubuchwepheshe obutsha kwaye iphuhlise iindlela "zokuqalisa" Ulawulo lwedatha yedijithali efanelekileyo negcinekileyo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika.

Oko kuchazwa njengendawo yokugcina izinto kwahluke kakhulu, kungekuphela e-Afrika, kodwa kulo lonke ilizwe elijongileyo lokufunda. Iimali ezibekelwe ukugcinwa nokugcinwa kwezikhundla zabasebenzi zinqabile kwaye ziyahluka kakhulu, ubukhulu becala kuxhomekeke ekuphelelisweni kukarhulumente kazwelonke kutyalo-mali kuphando kunye nezinto ezintsha okanye igalelo labanikeli. Umahluko kwiinkqubo ezisebenzisa isoftware eyahlukeneyo kunye nokugcina amanqaku ezobuchwephesha kuthintela ukucwangciswa kobuchule kunye nokukhangela kokugcina indawo kulo lonke ilizwekazi nakweminye imimandla yehlabathi. Yonke le micimbi kufuneka iqwalaselwe ukuvumela uphando lwase-Afrika ukuba lutshintshe ukusuka kwisilo sedijithali ukuya kwisimo sokunxibelelana.

Sinqwenela ukuba le mephu ibe yindawo yohlalutyo lwexa elizayo lochwephesha okhoyo nosakhasayo noncwadi. Kumlandeli wokulandela lo msebenzi, siceba ukuquka kudatha kunye nemephu ebonakalayo yedatha yedijithali yedatha yaseAfrika njengoko ichongwe luphando lommandla we-African Open Science Platform (AOSP) wokuma komhlaba (ka-2019). Enye injongo iya kuba kukuchonga izisombululo zobuchwephesha zokwenza ukuba iintlobo ngeentlobo zeerekhodi zinxibelelane kwaye zikhangeleke kumacandelo / kwimimandla / kwiilwimi-ziyafikeleleka kwaye ziyasebenza kwimeko yangoku yase-Afrika ngobuchule be-bandwidth elingapheliyo, umzekelo, ngokuphuphuma kokuhamba komsebenzi kwi-intanethi / ngaphandle kweintanethi.

Elinye udidi lweendawo zokugcina eziya kuthi zongezwe iya kuba kwezo zifundo zase-Afrika ezenziwayo neziqhutywa ngaphandle kwilizwekazi; Uluhlu olunjalo olugqithisiweyo Ukudibanisa-iAfrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Uluhlu olukhulayo lwamangenelo afanelekileyo ayalungiswa kwi-Wikidata, jonga umz en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ababhali bamkela ngokucacileyo ingxelo kwidathabheyisi enikezelweyo kunye negalelo kwiipotori zeziko ebezishiywe ngabom okanye okwangoku kucetywa kwenziwa. Sijonge phambili ekunxibelelaneni nabanye abathathi-nxaxheba kwi-R&I yase-Afrika kunye namaziko aphesheya ukuze siqhubeke nokuhlalutya ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha ezikhoyo kwabafundi kunye nokupapasha amaqonga kunye nokusebenzela ukusebenzisana.

Ucaphulo

IAdvance of Science of South Africa (2019), iPlatform yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

Iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Unxibelelwano-iAfrika - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

I-Molteno, R. (2016), Kutheni indawo yokugcina izinto zedijithali zase-Afrika zokugcina imibhalo yophando ibaluleke kangaka, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Abathathi-nxaxheba kwiNdibano ye-Afrika eVulekileyo yeNzululwazi kwiQonga eliSebenzayo, kweyoMsintsi ngo-2018, Abathathi-nxaxheba kwi-Afrika evulekile yezeSayensi yeQonga lokuSebenza, nge-Matshi 2018, iBhunga leNgcebiso, iProjekthi yePlatifomu yeSayensi eVulekileyo, iBhodi yeNgcebiso ngezobuGcisa, iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika, iBoulton, uGeoffrey, uHodson, uSimon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ikamva leNzululwazi kunye neNzululwazi yeXesha elizayo: Umbono kunye nesiCwangciso seQonga leSayensi eliVulekileyo le-Afrika (v02). UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Amangeniso eWikidata- umz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Igalelo leWikipedia. (2020, Matshi 18). Ithala leencwadi ledijithali. Kwi-Wikipedia, i-Encyclopedia Free. Ibuyiselwe 18 :02, Matshi 27, 2020, ukusuka https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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