Ababhali kunye nabanegalelo kulandelelwano lwealfabhethi
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (Ngo-2020). Indawo eziGcina uphando ngeDijithali yase-Afrika: Imephu yeLandscape [Idatha esetiweyo]. UZenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Imaphu ebonakalayo: https://kumu.io/a2P/african-digital-research-repositories 
Datas: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
Kugcinwe kuyo https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Ifom yokungenisa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ilayisenisi: Isicatshulwa kunye neMephu yokubonakalayo - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Indawo yoLuntu) // Ukunikezelwa kwelayisenisi nganye yeenkcukacha kugqitywa yidatha ngokwayo

Imbonakalo yangaphambili: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Idatha esetiweyo: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // ifumaneka ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

Iziko laseMelika laManye amazwe (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ngokusebenzisana neAfricarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) bonisa imephu yokubonisana yophando lwedijithali. Oku kuthathwe kwimisebenzi yangaphambili ye-IAI ukusukela ngo-2016 ukubheka phambili ukuchonga nokudwelisa uluhlu lwamaziko asekwe e-Afrika agxile ekuchongeni indawo yokugcina izinto esekwe kumathala eencwadi aseyunivesithi aseAfrika. Izixhobo zethu zangaphambili ziyafumaneka kwi https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Imephu yokunxibelelana yandisa umsebenzi we-IAI ukubandakanya iindawo zokugcina zombutho, zikarhulumente nezamazwe aphesheya. Imaphu kwakhona unxibelelwano phakathi koovimba abagcina uphando. Kule datha, sigxila kugcino lwamaziko emisebenzi yobuchwephesha, njengoko kuchaziwe ngabanikeli beWikipedia (nge-Matshi 2020).

injongo

Imephu yeepotifoliyo zedijithali zase-Afrika zenziwa njengovimba oza kusetyenziswa kwimisebenzi yokulungisa ezi njongo zilandelayo:

  1. Ukuphucula ukufunyanwa kophando lwase-Afrika kunye nokupapashwa 
  2. Ukuphucula ukusebenzisana kweepostori ezikhoyo nezisakhasayo zaseAfrika
  3. Chonga iindlela apho iinjini zokukhangela zedijithali ezinokongeza ukufunyanwa kophando lwase-Afrika

Sikhuthaza ukuhanjiswa kolwazi olusekwe kuphando olusuka kuphando lweAfrika njengenxalenye yommandla omkhulu obandakanya amaphephandaba e-intanethi, iingxelo zedatha yophando kunye nabapapashi beencwadi zezifundo ukuphucula unxibelelwano kunye nokufikeleleka kweerekhodi ezinjalo naphaya kwilizwekazi laseAfrika kunye nokufaka igalelo Ukuqonda okuthe kratya kwezixhobo zokusebenza kwilizwekazi.  

Ugcino lwedatha kunye nolondolozo

Imephu kunye nedatha ehambelana nayo isingathwe kwiwebhusayithi ye-KiaArXiv phantsi 'kwezixhobo' kwi https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Uluhlu alupheleli kwaye ke siyabakhuthaza bonke oovimba abalungileyo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika abangadweliswanga apha ifom yokungenisa e https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, okanye ukwazisa iZiko lamaZwe ase-Afrika (i-imeyile sk111@soas.ac.uk). Zombini iAfricArXiv kunye ne-IAI ziya kuqhubeka nokugcina uluhlu lweendawo ezigcina ubutyebi njengezixhobo zabaphandi base-Afrika kunye nabanye ababandakanyekayo kubandakanya nezifundo zamazwe aphesheya kweAfrika.

Indlela

Uluhlu lwentsusa lweengxelo ezigciniweyo zedijithali zaqulunqwa liZiko lase-Afrika laseMelika ngo-2016 lwaze lwahlaziywa ngo-2019 (bona https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories ngeenkcukacha). Amangenelo afunyenwe kulwazi olwenziwe ukuba lifumaneke iZiko leMfundo lase-Afrika, iLeiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ngakumbi iprojekthi yayo 'yokuDibanisa i-Afrika' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), Isalathiso sezinto eziVulekileyo zokuFikelela (i-OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), kunye noBhaliso lweeRekhodi zokuNgena eziVulekileyo (http://roar.eprints.org/) phakathi kwezinye. Uluhlu lwentsusa lwandiswa ziinkonzo zokugcina ingxelo ezithi zibambe imisebenzi yezemfundo yaseAfrika: Iingqokelela zeSayensiOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Iingqokelela zoLuntu lwaseZenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Iingqokelela zeFigshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), kunye neerekhodi zeqela lesithathu. 

Ukuboniswa sisebenzise isoftware iKumu (https://kumu.io/) Ukubonisa indawo ekugcinwa kuyo uphando, ilizwe elingaphantsi kwesoftware, amaziko okubamba kunye namaziko abamba iingingqi. Songeze udidi lweilwimi zonxibelelwano, inkqubo kunye nomsebenzi ogciniweyo kwindawo nganye.

iziphumo

Kule datha, uMzantsi Afrika (40) kunye neKenya (32) babamba elona nani liphezulu lezikhundla. Kwamanye amazwe anje nge-Ethiopia, i-Egypt, neGhana, ne-Niene, iSenegal, iSudan, iTanzania, i-Uganda kunye ne-Zimbabwe, amanani lawo ayephantsi kakhulu (5-15). Kumazwe ayi-16 kubandakanya iAngola, iBenin, iChad, iGambia, iSomalia kunye ne-Eswatini (eyayisakuba yiSwaziland), akukho datha kwiifayile zophando zedijithali ezinokufunyanwa.

Iilwimi ezibonisiweyo kwi-datha zibandakanya isiNgesi (en), isiFrentshi (fr), isiArabhu (ar), iAmaranth (amh), isiPhuthukezi (pt), isiSwahili (sw), iSpanish (es), isiJamani (de).

Umzobo 1: Amagqabantshintshi kwimephu ebonakalayo kwizikhundla ezikhulu zedijithali zaseAfrika (n = 229). Indawo zibonisa amazwe ngokudibana kwawo kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zeerekhodi njengoko eyahluliweyo yikhowudi yemibala (jonga ilivo).
url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Umzobo 2: Umzekelo woku kugxila eSudan oqaqambisa iinkcukacha zobungqina beYunivesithi yase West Kordufan, Isoftware, iilwimi ezikhoyo, ukufikelela kunye ne-url.
Umzobo 3: Inani leendawo zokugcina izinto kwilizwe ngalinye laseAfrika kunye neepesenti. Amanye 'amazwe' afaka abo bane-0-3 yogcino,
Umzobo 4: Ababoneleli besoftware abanamanani oovimba abaziindwendwe, ngokulandelelana. Ayaziwa 

ingxoxo

Iipotifoliyo zophando zedijithali eziyilwe ngokufanelekileyo kufuneka zenze ukuba iziphumo zophando zifikeleleke kwaye zifumaneke kwi-intanethi. Ngaphaya koko, iindawo ezigciniweyo ezivulekileyo kufuneka zenze ukuba abasebenzisi abavela kwihlabathi jikelele bakwazi ukufikelela kwiinkcukacha. Iimpawu ezivulekileyo zedijithali ke zidlala indima ebalulekileyo kumbono weSayensi evulekileyo kwaye ziyinto ebalulekileyo ekupapashweni kwe-Open Access. Ukufumana imvelaphi ethe kratya kunye nembono kuphuhliso kunye nembonakalo yeengxelo ngokubhekisele kwiAfrika nakwizifundo zaseAfrika, jonga uMolteno (ngo-2016).

Siyakuqonda ukuntsokotha kwemephu yokugcina izinto ezidijithali. Ngaphandle kwemiceli mngeni yokuqokelela idatha, amanqanaba ongezelelweyo emiceli mngeni yobunzima eze ekuphandeni iindlela zokuphelisa, ukufikelela kumda, ukukhangela, ukuhlala ixesha elide / ukuzinza kunye noluhlu lweentlobo zedatha yokubekwa. Nangona kunjalo, siyakholelwa ukuba iimephu ezinje ngale iboniswe apha ngezantsi zihlala zizixhobo ezixabisekileyo. Ukuba nokuqonda kwenethiwekhi esele ikho- kunye namandla kunye nobuthathaka bayo-kuququzelela iimpendulo ezijolise ngqo kunye nokuphuculwa. Ngaphaya koko, ukwandisa ukubonakala kwezi ndawo zokugcina izinto - kokubini kubaphulaphuli baseAfrika nakwilizwe liphela- kunokuququzelela ukwabelana ngezona ndlela zibalaseleyo, amava kunye nobuchule. Oku kuyakwenza ukuba abathathi-nxaxheba, oosomathala eencwadi kunye nabanye abasebenzi bezemfundo bakwazi ukuthatha izigqibo ezinolwazi malunga nendlela ezinokulungiswa ngayo iitekhnoloji zedijithali zokugcina oomphengululi baseAfrika basebenza kwiindawo zokugcina zaseAfrika ukuze bakwazi ukuphendula ngakumbi kubuchwephesha obutsha kunye nokuphuhlisa iindlela Ulawulo lwedatha yedijithali efanelekileyo kwaye izinzileyo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika.

Oko kuchazwa njengendawo yokugcina izinto kwahluke kakhulu, kungekuphela e-Afrika, kodwa kulo lonke ilizwe elijongileyo lokufunda. Iimali ezibekelwe ukugcinwa nokugcinwa kwezikhundla zabasebenzi zinqabile kwaye ziyahluka kakhulu, ubukhulu becala kuxhomekeke ekuphelelisweni kukarhulumente kazwelonke kutyalo-mali kuphando kunye nezinto ezintsha okanye igalelo labanikeli. Umahluko kwiinkqubo ezisebenzisa isoftware eyahlukeneyo kunye nokugcina amanqaku ezobuchwephesha kuthintela ukucwangciswa kobuchule kunye nokukhangela kokugcina indawo kulo lonke ilizwekazi nakweminye imimandla yehlabathi. Yonke le micimbi kufuneka iqwalaselwe ukuvumela uphando lwase-Afrika ukuba lutshintshe ukusuka kwisilo sedijithali ukuya kwisimo sokunxibelelana.

Sicinga ukuba le mephu iyinxalenye yohlalutyo olukhulu lwexesha elizayo loncwadi esele lukhona kunye neendawo zokugcina idatha. Ekulandeleni okulandelayo kwalo msebenzi, siceba ukubandakanya kwindawo yedatha kunye nemephu ebonakalayo yedatha yedijithali yaseAfrika njengoko ichongiwe yi-African Open Science Platform (AOSP) yokufunda umhlaba (2019). Enye injongo iya kuba kukuchonga izisombululo zetekhnoloji zokwenza ukuba oovimba beenkcukacha basebenzisane kwaye bakhangeleke kuwo onke amacandelo / imimandla / iilwimi-zifikeleleke kwaye zisebenze kwimeko yangoku ye-Afrika ngamandla amancinci e-bandwidth umz. Ngokuphuhlisa ukusebenza kwe-intanethi / ngaphandle kweintanethi. 

Elinye udidi lweendawo zokugcina eziya kuthi zongezwe iya kuba kwezo zifundo zase-Afrika ezenziwayo neziqhutywa ngaphandle kwilizwekazi; Uluhlu olunjalo olugqithisiweyo Ukudibanisa-iAfrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Uluhlu olukhulayo lwamangenelo afanelekileyo ayalungiswa kwi-Wikidata, jonga umz EN.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ababhali bayayamkela ngokucacileyo ingxelo yedatha ebekiweyo kunye negalelo kwizinto zokugcina ezishiyiweyo ngokungazi okanye ezicwangcisiweyo nezizalisekiswayo ngoku. Sijonge ukuqhakamshelana nabanye abathathi-nxaxheba kwi-R & I yase-Afrika kunye namaziko aphesheya ukuqhubela phambili ukuhlalutya ukugcinwa kolondolozo lwabaphengululi kunye namaqonga okupapasha kunye nokusebenzela ukusebenzisana. 

Ucaphulo

I-Akhademi yeSayensi yoMzantsi Afrika (i-2019), iQonga leNzululwazi lase-Afrika elivulekileyo-uPhononongo loMhlaba. yenza: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yaseAfrika - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Ukudibanisa-Afrika - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

I-Molteno, R. (2016), Kutheni indawo yokugcina izinto zedijithali zase-Afrika zokugcina imibhalo yophando ibaluleke kangaka, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Abathathi-nxaxheba kwiNdibano ye-Afrika eVulekileyo yeNzululwazi kwiQonga eliSebenzayo, kweyoMsintsi ngo-2018, Abathathi-nxaxheba kwi-Afrika evulekile yezeSayensi yeQonga lokuSebenza, nge-Matshi 2018, iBhunga leNgcebiso, iProjekthi yePlatifomu yeSayensi eVulekileyo, iBhodi yeNgcebiso ngezobuGcisa, iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika, iBoulton, uGeoffrey, uHodson, uSimon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ikamva leNzululwazi kunye neNzululwazi yeXesha elizayo: Umbono kunye nesiCwangciso seQonga leSayensi eliVulekileyo le-Afrika (v02). UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Amangenelo eWikidata- umz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Igalelo leWikipedia. (2020, Matshi 18). Ithala leencwadi ledijithali. Kwi-Wikipedia, i-Encyclopedia Free. Ibuyiselwe 18 :02, Matshi 27, 2020, ukusuka https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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