The Iincwadi OAPEN Ithala leencwadi linerekhodi yakhe yokuqala yencwadi ebhalwe ngolwimi lwaseRwanda Kinyarwanda; -abhalwa ngu Evode Mukama noLaurent Nkusi kwaye epapashwe ngumshicileli woFikelelo oluvulekileyo lwaseMzantsi Afrika Iingqondo zaseAfrika.

Nge-Agasti ka-2018, saphehlelela iAfricArXiv ukukhuthaza iyantlukwano yolwimi kunye nonxibelelwano lwenzululwazi kwiilwimi zesintu zaseAfrika njengoko kubonisiwe I-QUARTZ iAfrika, kwaye ifakwe kwi Index Yendalo kwaye yamkele ukuphunyezwa nguProf Evode Mukama ngokusebenzisana neeAfrican Minds, iiCreative Commons kunye nee-OAPENbooks.

Sinethemba elikhulu lokuba uninzi lwezazinzulu zase-Afrika ziya kulandela lo mzekelo kwaye zibonelele ngoguqulo kunye nokushwankathelwa komsebenzi wabo ngesandla ngasinye kulo naluphi na ugcino oluvulekileyo lokufikelela kunye nejenali. Oku akuyi kuvumela kuphela ukuba abemmi bommandla babe nokuqonda okungcono kwiinkqubo zophando kwiiyunivesithi nakumaziko ophando, kodwa nokubandakanya okungcono bonke ababandakanyekayo kuphando kunye nokuyila kwilizwekazi.

Koku kulandelayo, nceda ufunde incwadi efihlakeleyo ngesiKinyarwanda okanye isiNgesi (ngezantsi) kumda wencwadi.

Abstract

IsiKinyarwanda: Mu bihugu byakataje mu majyambere, usanga ubushakasiri ari itara rimurikira ibikorwa ngu'amajyambere kandi bukaba n'umuyoboro w'iterambere rirambye haba mu bookngu, ubumenyi n'ikoranabuhanga, iZikoereho myiza y'abaturage, imiyoborere y'igihugu, umutek. Abash abash bo muonga mu boonga bib ikiriikiri abash abash abash abash abash r abash abash abash abash abash abash Gukandisa urimi abenegihugu bahuriyeho mu endle zose - abaakaseshuri, abanyeshuri n'abarimu, bafata ibyemezo, bafurage eNabandi bakhupha ibushakasheni cyangwa ibyabuvuyemo - bishobora gutuma hahangwa ubumenyi bwegereye abagenerwabikorwa, bakabugirawabwabo. Ngicyo icyatumwe twandika iki gitabo mu Kinyarwanda. Tugamije kuzamura ireme ry'ubushakasiri mu bumenyi nyamuntu n'imibanire y'abantu. Ugami andi kwim kwim andi kwim b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b b


IsiNgesi: Uphando kumazwe athuthukileyo luhlala lujongwa njengendlela yokufikelela kuphuhliso oluzinzileyo kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zoluntu kubandakanya isayensi kunye netekhnoloji, uqoqosho, ulawulo kunye nezokhuseleko. Abaphandi kumazwe asaphuhlayo kunqabile ukuba babe nethuba lokusebenzisa iilwimi zabo zomthonyama ukuyila, ukucwangcisa nokwenza uphando. Kwaye banganxibelelani kwiilwimi zabo zomthonyama ukuze babelane ngolwazi lwabo kunye nokufunda kwezinye iindawo zehlabathi kunye noogxa babo okanye abafundi. Ukusebenzisa iilwimi ezenziwa ngabaphengululi, abafundi kunye nootishala, abaphathi bemigaqo-nkqubo, abahlali, kunye nabanye abanomdla kuphando abaqonda ngcono kunganceda ukuvelisa ulwazi olutsha olungena kwizinto zangempela zasekhaya apho uphuhliso oluzinzileyo kufuneka luthathe indawo. Yiyo loo nto le ncwadi isiKinyarwanda. Ababhali banethemba lokuba ukubhala le ncwadi ngesiKinyarwanda kuya kukhulisa amandla ophando ebantwini nakwinzululwazi zentlalo eRwanda nakulo mmandla. Kwaye iya kwandisa intsebenziswano phakathi kwabo bonke abachaphazelekayo ekucwangcisweni nasekuqhubeni uphando nasekuhlalutyeni, ekubekweni kweliso nasekuvandlakanyeni inkqubo yophando kunye neziveliso zayo.

ISBN9781928331971
DOI10.5281 / zenodo.3608931
Amalungelohttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
ukufumanekaUmshicileli we-Webshop: Iingqondo zaseAfrika

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