Chaza njenge: U-Hadmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Ukudityaniswa kwezibonelelo zesayensi evulekileyo kwimpendulo esebenzayo ye-Afrika kwi-COVID-19 [ulwaziso]. doi.org/10.5281 /


Authors

Iqela elisentloko:

  • UJo havemann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Ukufikelela kwiiNkcazo ezi-2 kunye neAfriArXiv, eJamani
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, IYunivesithi yase-Oxford, iAfriArXiv kunye nokuFikelela kwiiNkcazo ezi-2, eMzantsi Afrika nase-UK

Imbalelwano: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org

Igalelo labalobi (ngokulandelelana koonobumba):

  • Joyce Achampong, 0000-0002-6694-8473, IQela lokuNxibelelanisa imfundo ngePivot Global, UkuFikelela kweZizathu ezi-2 kunye neAfriArXiv, e-UK
  • UHarry Akligoh, 0000-0002-6949-1392, I-Lab ye-Bioeconomy evulekileyo, i-Hive Biolab (i-Kumasi Hive), iGhana
  • I-Obasegun Ayodele, 0000-0002-6830-0478, I-Vilsquare kunye ne-KiaArXiv, eNigeria
  • UFlorence Chaverneff, 0000-0003-0131-1225, Inzululwazi 4 iAfrika, iUSA
  • Shaukatali Hussein, 0000-0001-6499-2318, Iilebhu zeRobotech, eTanzania
  • UNabil Ksibi, 0000-0002-3226-7485, I-ORCID ne-KiaArXiv, eMzantsi Afrika
  • UMboa Nkoudou Thomas Hervé, 0000-0001-9678-7765, Vula Umoya, i-AfricaOSH, iLebhu ye-Bioeconomy evulekileyo, i-APSOHA, neCameroon
  • UJohanssen Obanda, 0000-0002-2111-7780, I-Pint yezeNzululwazi kunye ne-AfricaArXiv, Kenya
  • Joy Owango, 0000-0002-3910-2691, IZiko loQeqesho kuQhakamshelwano (i-TCC Afrika), ukuFikelela kwe-2 Perspecces kunye ne-AfricArXiv, Kenya
  • UValerian Linus Sanga, 0000-0001-8421-4134, I-STICLab, i-AfricaOSH kunye ne-OSHNet, eTanzania
  • UJulian Stirling, 0000-0002-8270-9237, KwiYunivesithi yaseBath naseAfrikaOSH, e-UK
  • IVictoria Wenzelmann, 0000-0002-1421-0063, Ukuqokelelwa kweGlobal Innovation, eJamani


Nceda uqaphele: Olu xwebhu kuguqulelo lwalo lwangoku (v1.1) luvulelekile ukuba lunike ingxelo.

Nceda ucebise ngokuthe ngqo kwisicatshulwa eso tinyurl.com/Open-Science-Africa-COVID-19, okanye uthumele i-imeyile ababhali abahambelana nayo. Ngokufaka igalelo kumxholo omkhulu, usenako ukusijoyina kuluhlu lwababhali.

Ukufaka igalelo kwimpendulo yokusebenzisana kwamanye manyathelo omsebenzi kunye / okanye kwezemali, nceda undwendwele https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

intshayelelo

Imeko yokushicilela yamazwe aphesheya njengangoku iqhubeka notshintsho olukhulu kwizenzo ezivulekileyo zeSayensi kunye nemisebenzi yophando ehambelana ne-COVID-19 yonke yenziwa ukuba ifumaneke ngokucacileyo kuluntu olukhawulezayo oluqhutywa luphando kunye nomzamo wovavanyo (Akligoh et al. 2020; JOGL COVID19 projekthi, Open Letter: Uqhagamshelo lokuNxibelelanisa kunye NHSX). Kwiphepha lezimvo kwi-Financial Times, iNkulumbuso yase-Itiyopiya kunye ne-2019 ye-Nobel Peace Prize, u-Abiy Ahmed uthethe ngokubaluleka kwemizamo yehlabathi yokulwa ubhubhane ngokushwankathela: "[I] intshabalalo ayiyohlulwa e-Afrika, iya kuthi Buya kuphela kwihlabathi liphela ”. Ubungakanani bezoqoqosho nezopolitiko u-Ahmed agxila kuzo kufuneka busekwe kuphando lwezenzululwazi olufanelekileyo- ekhethekileyo ekuhlaleni, ngelixa lixhumene nomhlaba Ukuvula uphando kuqoqosho oluphuhlisiweyo alusayi kwanela, kufuneka ukongeza inkxaso, ukongeza kunye nokudibanisa iipakethi ezikhoyo zobungcali kwi-Open Science kwilizwekazi laseAfrika.

Ngobhubhani wangoku we-coronavirus, isidingo esingxamisekileyo soKuvulwa okuKhawulezayo kwiziphumo zophando kuya kwandisa ulwazi lwesayensi yoluntu nge-COVID-19 ngoncwadi olunxulumene noko kwenza ukuba abaphandi base-Afrika baphuhlise izisombululo ezigxile e-Afrika zokulwa intsholongwane i-SARS-CoV 2, ngelixa ixesha lokomeleza izibonelelo zebhayoloji zasekhaya zamazwe aseAfrika kunye nokwandisa ukulungela kwabo ukuqhambuka kwexesha elizayo. Oku kusebenza kuwo omabini amanqanaba ehlabathi kunye nawommandla. Ukuqhambuka kwentsholongwane, njengobhubhani waseNtshona we-Ebola kunye neZika, ziye zaqaqambisa iziphumo ezibi zokuthintela ukufikelela kwiinkcukacha kunye neendlela zokusasaza ngendlela engeyiyo. Kuphela kukususa iindawo ezihlawulelwayo, ukwandisa ukufikelela kwidijithali kwezixhobo, kunye nokukhuthaza iindlela zokwabelana ezihlanganyelweyo zokuzama ukunciphisa ifuthe lentsholongwane. Oku kuyinyani kungekuphela kweempendulo zexesha elincinci kule ngxaki yezempilo, kodwa nakwimpembelelo yexesha elide kuqoqosho lwase-Afrika, amaziko ezentlalo kunye nokuziphilisa kwabantu kwilizwekazi liphela.

Amazwe anengeniso ephantsi kunye ephakathi '(ii-LMICs) abathathi-nxaxheba abakhokele kwindlela yokufikelela okuvulekileyo- ngakumbi indawo yokukhangela ye-database yase-Brasilian eneenkcukacha zesayensi ye-SciELO (iNzululwazi yeLayibrari yeSayensi yeTekhnoloji kwi-Intanethi ekwaboniswa apha eMzantsi Afrika. Sikhuthaza abo babandakanyekayo e-Afrika ukuba baphambili kwimingxunya ekhoyo yeengcali. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba impendulo elungelelanisiweyo yokwabelana ngolwazi e-Afrika inokuxhomekeka kuluhlu olubanzi lwamacandelo akhoyo axhasa ukukhululeka kuphando nokwabelana ngolwazi. Ewe kona, into efunekayo kukutsala ingqalelo kwezi zixhobo zikhoyo, ukulungiselela unxibelelwano kunye nonxibelelwano, nokulungisa naziphi na izithuba kunye neendlela ezimfutshane ezivelisayo kwimephu.

Ukuze isebenze kakhulu, uphando lwase-Afrika kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba abasebenzayo kufuneka basebenze kunye namaqonga akhoyo kunye nexabiso elifanelekileyo lokuqinisekisa ukuba idatha evelisiweyo ngexesha lo bhubhane iyahlangabezana nemilinganiselo yedatha ye-FAIR, nokuba naluphi na uhlalutyo oluneziphumo lupapashwa kumaqonga okuFikelela okuVulekileyo kunye nolwazi olusisiseko olufumanekayo lwenziwa vula indawo yokugcina idatha.

Ukuphembelela iinkqubo ezinjalo akuyi kuba yingenelo kuphela kuphando lwe-COVID-19, kodwa kuphando lwase-Afrika xa lilonke, kwaye kuya kuseka amanye amathuba okuvula nokusebenza ngokuvulekileyo kunye neendlela zokupapasha. Ukuphucula ukuvuleleka ngaphakathi kubufundi baseAfrika yinto ephambili kwilizwekazi, kwaye uninzi lwezibhengezo eziphambili zibekho ukuxhasa iinzame. Oku kubandakanya iSibhengezo saseDakar soPapasho oluVulekileyo e-Afrika nakwi-Global South (ngo-2016) kunye neMigaqo-nkqubo yakutsha nje ye-Afrika yokuNxibelelana ngokuvulekileyo kwe-Scholarly Communication (2019). Esi sikhokelo sicacisa umbono wophando oluvulekileyo lwase-Afrika olujongana nezi zinto ziphambili:

  • I-ecosystem ecwangcisiweyo yezifundo kwilizwekazi ukusuka kwiNtla, eMbindi, eMpuma, eNtshona naseMazantsi e-Afrika kwaye ibadibanisa ne-ecosystem yophando lwehlabathi.
  • Ukuququzelela ukuphuculwa kwezithintelo zolwimi esp frophophone / anglophone / arabic kunye neilwimi zenkobe nezeAfrika.
  • Seka iindawo zokusebenzela kunye neeseti zokwenza izixhobo ezinikwe ubuchwephesha ezifanelekileyo ekusetyenzisweni zophando lwaseAfrika ukwenza lula ukusebenzisana ngokukhawuleza kunye nethuba elilinganayo lokufumana idatha kunye neenkonzo ngaphandle kokufumana indawo, ulwimi kunye neminye imibandela.
  • Nxibelelana namanye amaphulo, imithombo yolwazi, kunye neeprojekthi ezifanelekileyo ngaphakathi nangaphandle kweAfrika zombini ngaphakathi nangaphandle ukuze andise ukuvuleleka nokutshintshiselana ngolwazi ngendlela engenamthungo.

Ithuba elinokuthi lo bhubhane alinikeze ukuba lenze uphando kunye noluntu olusebenzayo njengabenzi, (bio) abatshisi kunye noorhulumente kukubonisa utshintsho lwenkqubo ebelubonakala phambi kweCorona, kwaye ngoku esinethuba lokwenene lokujongana ngokudibeneyo.

Indlela yase-Afrika kwisifo se-COVID-19

Kukho imfuneko yendlela ebanzi yokwakha iziko ngaphakathi kwimfundo ephezulu kunye namaziko ophando afumana inkxaso-mali kuluntu kwilizwekazi. Kunjengokuhanjiswa kweeNjongo eziZinzileyo zoPhuculo (SDG), impendulo kwingxaki ye-Covid-19 iya kufuna ukuziswa ngokudibana. Impendulo yamazwe onke ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ijikelezwe kukubanako ukunxibelelana nabantu abaninzi kusetyenziswa amajelo osasazo kunye netekhnoloji, uninzi lwayo lugxilwe kwimetropolises yamazwe amaninzi aseAfrika. Ukuhlaselwa kubomi babantu nakuqoqosho lwase-Afrika yenye efuna impendulo ehlanganyelwe kwihlabathi liphela malunga nendlela yokusebenzisa izixhobo kunye nokusebenzisa izixhobo ukuxhasa la mazwe afike kwazona zinto zinzima kunye neziqinisekileyo zobomi bemihla ngemihla esp. kwiindawo ezisezidolophini (Adegbeye, 2020).

Ukuhlanganisa amaqela abachaphazelekayo kunye noluntu, njenge:

  • Amanyathelo eSayensiCommunication kunye neNzululwazi ngamanyathelo oLwazi lokuFunda nokuBhala (inzululwazi ye-PR kunye neentatheli)
  • Uphando (biomedical & noqoqosho loqoqosho)
  • I-Tech & Innovation Hub (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Abenzi bomgaqo-nkqubo (oomasipala, kuzwelonke, kwinqanaba lengingqi)

Ngomhla we-18 ku-Matshi 19, iAfrikaArXiv yasungula inzame yokuthatha inxaxheba kwezixhobo eziku-COVID-26 kwimeko-ye-Afrika. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anethoba ku-Matshi 2020, iAfrican Academy of Science (AAS) yabiza i-webinar yeengcali zase-Afrika kunye nezangezizo ezase-Afrika ukuba ziqale ukucinga okuqhelekileyo malunga nokuchaza i-ajenda yophando yokuqhambuka kwe-COVID19 kunye nokubonelela ngomzamo osekwe kwisayensi wokulwa lo bhubhani eAfrika. Omabini la manyathelo avuma ukuba le ndlela kufuneka ibandakanywe ekukhonzeni nasekukhuseleni onke ama-Afrika, okt amaqela angathathi ntweni nangamahlebo anje ngeenkedama, abantu abafuduselwe ngaphakathi (IDP) kunye neembacu. Inkqubo yethiyori yobuchule bokuzibandakanya ngokuqukayo yachazwa nguMcPhee et al. (Ka-2018) ukusuka kwindabuko yendlela yobandakanyo kwaye qiniseka ukuba siyithathela ingqalelo i-Afrika ngexesha layo.

Ulwazi lwendabuko nolwemveli

Kwinkoliso yamazwe aseAfrika, ukusetyenziswa kwamayeza emveli kuqhelekile phakathi koluntu. Amayeza emveli ahlala esetyenziswa ngokudibeneyo kunye, okanye ukubuyisela amanye amayeza e-allopathic. Iimpendulo ze-COVID-19 ezilungelelanisiweyo e-Afrika ngoko zixhomekeke kubasebenzi bezempilo yendabuko, amagcisa ezempilo e-allopathic kunye nezikhokelo zikarhulumente ezibonelela ngomyalezo ongaguqukiyo. Ngokukodwa, ibhunga labanyangi bemveli kufuneka bangeniswe kwiingxoxo ze-COVID-19 zeempendulo kuzwelonke ze-COVID-19.

Uphando kumayeza emveli kunye neenkqubo zemveli zolwazi ziyanda kumaziko amaninzi aseAfrika, kwaye aba baphandi abaziingcali banokusebenza njengombandela oxabisekileyo phakathi kweengcali zezempilo, oorhulumente kunye neenkqubo zempilo zesizwe (i-REF).

Kumazwe aliqela aseAfrika, intsebenziswano phakathi kokubonelela ngezempilo sele iqalile. Umzekelo, abaSebenzi bezeMpilo beMveli (i-THPs) eMzantsi Afrika banikezela indawo ehlanganisiweyo kwi-COVID-19 kunye nokuthintela amabango obuxoki kunye nelahlekisayo malunga namandla okunyanga okanye ukwazi ukunyanga okanye ukunyanga i-coronavirus (Covid-19). Imizekelo yokuziqhelanisa kufuneka yabelwe ngokubanzi ngolwazi kunye neyona nto ibalulekileyo.

Kukwabalulekile ukuba ukhuseleko lokuphumelela lokuphumelela lolwazi lwemveli (njengoko kubonisiwe kwimigaqo ye-CARE) alugqithanga ngokungxamisekileyo ngempendulo ye-COVID-19. Ngokukodwa, uphando kwiindawo ezinxibelelene ne-COVID-19, impilo kunye nokuhlala kufuneka kukhuselwe. Umzekelo, iiprojekthi zokukhuthaza ukuveliswa okuzinzileyo kunye nokusetyenziswa kwemifuno yendabuko yase-Afrika kukhuseleko lwesondlo kunye nokuncitshiswa kwendlala (Abukutsa-Onyango, ka-2019). Abaphandi base-Afrika babekwe kakuhle ukuba baphonononge rhoqo uphando kwezi ndawo ukugcina ukhuseleko lwedatha, imigaqo yokuziphatha kunye nokuhlonela ukusetyenziswa kwakhona okundilisekileyo kunye nolwazi lwendabuko.

Ngokubalulekileyo, ezi ndawo zifuna ukuphononongwa ngaphakathi kunye naphakathi koluntu lwaseAfrika nolwehlabathi lophando kunye nemibutho yenkxaso (umz. IKomiti ye-Afrika yokuLungelelanisa ye-Afrika, i-IPACC) kuwo onke amanqanaba. Uninzi lweeyunithi zophando zamanye amazwe zinentsebenziswano emide kunye noluntu lwase-Afrika, kwaye unxibelelwano olunjalo lunokugxininiswa ekuqhagamsheni kuzo zonke iindawo ukulungiselela ukuxoxa okugqibeleleyo kunye nokusebenzisana, ukuqinisekisa ukuphunyezwa kwemigaqo ye-CARE, ukubambelela Isibhengezo se-UN malunga namaLungelo esizwe (I-UNDRIP) kunye nokujongana 'neMicimbi yePropathi yeNgqondo kwiLifa leNkcubeko' (iprojekthi ye-IPinCH).

Ukusebenzisana kwamanye amazwe

Eyona nto iphambili kulawulo lwezesayensi kunye nabaxhasi ngezimali kukuxhasa ukusebenzisana kuMazantsi-Mpuma. Intsebenziswano enjalo inokuthi iqhubele phambili ngokwabelana ngokufunda kunye nokufunda kunye ukuze kuchongwe iindlela ezinokwenzeka kunye neendlela zokusebenza kwiAfrika iphela, nangotshintshiselwano lolwazi kunye nobuchule phakathi kweAfrika, Latin-Amercia, kunye ne-South-East Asia. Sele ikhona imizekelo elungileyo yempumelelo yokudlulisela ukuziqhelanisa, njengokutshintshwa kombutho opapasha i-Latin American Open Access yokupapasha umbutho woMzantsi Afrika.

Kukwakhona nenkxaso ebonakalayo evela kubaxhasi ngemali kwiiprojekthi ezikhokelwa e-Afrika kunye nenethiwekhi ezomeleza amandla okwenza uphando. Ezo mizekelo zibandakanya iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika (ixhaswe liBhunga leSizwe loPhando loMzantsi Afrika) kunye ne-Alliance for ekhawulezayo ukuTshatshela kwiSayensi e-Afrika (i-AESA-intsebenziswano yeAfrican Academy of Science (AAS), iNtsebenziswano eNtsha yokuPhuhliswa kwe-Afrika (NEPAD) Iarhente ene-US $ 5.5 yezigidi kwimali yokuqala yenkxaso-mali kwiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iWellcome Trust kunye ne-UK Department for International Development (DFID). Aba baxhasi babonelela ngemithombo ebalulekileyo kungekuphela nje kwemali yokuphuhliswa kweziseko zophuhliso, kodwa kwaneengcali, nokunxibelelana nobungcali bamazwe kunye nabachaphazelekayo kulawulo lukazwelonke.

Uluhlu lwabanye ababandakanyekayo lukwakhona kwinkqubo yophando lwendalo ese-Afrika esele isebenza ekusebenzeni ngokulula. Ukuba idibene ngokuchanekileyo kunokwenzeka ukuba ezi zixhobo zedijithali kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba banokuthi babe negalelo elikhulu ekufezekiseni iminqweno echazwe kwisibhengezo esingentla. Unxibelelwano lwehlabathi kunye namanyathelo lokuqala afana ne-JOGL okanye i-GIG kule minyaka yakutsha nje iqokelele amava amangalisayo okuqhuba nokulawula uluntu lwehlabathi lokuziqhelanisa ngaphaya kokubonelelwa kweedatha kunye neerekhodi.

Nangona kunjalo, ukuze intsebenziswano kuMazantsi-kuMzantsi ichume, kufuneka kwenziwe umzamo omkhulu wokukhuthaza inkcubeko yokuvuleleka, ekwabelaneni kunye nentsebenziswano yenqila. Oku kuye kwabonwa ngokubanzi njengento ephambili kuphando lwase-Afrika (i-REF). Ukuphuhlisa ukuthembana phakathi kwamalungu oluntu avela kumazwe ahlukeneyo, iilwimi kunye neenkcubeko ukongeza ekuphuhliseni ubuchule yenye yezona zinto zicela umngeni kuluntu oluvulekileyo lwesayensi ngoku. Nayiphi na indlela mayithathele ingqalelo ukuphathwa kwabahlali, ukuphuculwa kwamanqanaba okukhwela, kunye neendlela zokudibanisa uluntu lwase-Afrika oluvulekileyo lwesayensi nabanye abachaphazelekayo. Imizekelo esuka kuluntu olukhoyo, njenge-H3Africa neMalariaGen, kunye neenkqubo ezivelayo ze-DELTAS ziya kubonelela ngezixhobo eziluncedo kunye neendlela zokwenza ngokubambisene kuzo.

Njengoko sifunda kweminye imimandla yehlabathi ephaya malunga neeveki ezimbini ezizayo namaxesha okufakwa kwe-coronavirus, uphando olukhawulezileyo noluthe ngqo kufuneka lubandakanye uvavanyo olucokisekileyo lokuvavanya izinga lokuosuleleka kunye nohlalutyo lweenkcukacha-manani kusulelo, ukusweleka, kunye nokuvuselelwa kwengingqi , inqanaba lesizwe, lengingqi kunye ne-pan-Afrika kunye nophando lwefuthe lentlalo kunye nezoqoqosho aluchaphazeleki ngqo kumazinga okusuleleka kodwa kuthathelwa ingqalelo onke amanqanaba oluntu kunye neemeko ezizayo.

Itheyibhile 1: Abathathi-nxaxheba, ubungcali babo kunye nezixhobo

Fumana uluhlu olukhulayo lwabachaphazelekayo abangaphezulu kwe-120 kwi info.africarxiv.org/stakelings/.

AbachaphazelekayoIngcali / uxanduvaAmaziko
Abenzi bemigaqo-nkqubo kunye neearhente zenkxaso-maliUkuqinisekisa ukuzinza kwezemaliI-AfDB, i-AU, iintloko zamazwe, ezophando kunye nezempilo, I-AfDB, iAfrican UnionGates Foundation, i-CZI, iBhanki yeHlabathi,
Amaziko empilounyangoiikliniki, izibhedlele, abanyangi ngokwesintu
Ii-hubs ezintsha kunye nendawo yokwenza indawo

Ukulungiswa, i-tinker kunye nokuphakama kwezinto zokugcina kunye nezixhobo ezaphukileyo, amaxwebhu avulekileyo omsebenzi, ukuqhagamshela uphando kunye nentshukumo, ukudala nokusebenzisa izixhobo zemfundo evulekileyo (i-OER) I-AfricaOSH, iNethiwekhi ye-Sayensi evulekileyo kunye ne-Hardware - OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Impact Hub Network, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, kunye ngaphezulu kwe-400 yee-hubs ezizodwa kwilizwekazi lase-Afrika njengeVilsquare (eNigeria), MboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (IGhana), STICLab (iTanzania), iilebhu zeRobotech (iTanzania), nezinye ezininzi
IintatheliUkuqinisekisa ukuFunda nokuBhala kwiSayensiInethiwekhi yoLwazi lokuFunda nokuBhala yeAfrika
Oososayensi nabaphandiUkuqokelelwa kwedatha, uvavanyo lwentsholongwane / izikrini, uhlalutyo lwedathaIidyunivesithi kunye namaziko ophando, ii-NREN
Amaziko emfundo kunye neqongaUkwakha amandla kunye noqeqesho kuzo zonke izihloko ezifanelekileyoI-TCC Africa, i-OER Africa, i-INASP,…
Uluntu ngokubanziFuna ulwazi kwimithombo ethembekileyo, ekuhlaleni
Uluntu jikelele nemibutho (yehlabathi)Ukunxibelelana noluntu lwehlabathi lokuziqhelanisa, ukwabelana ngamava kunye neendlela ezilungileyo, ukunxibelelana nezihloko ngokubanzi, umzekelo, uphuhliso lweziboneleloIilebhu enye nje yeGiant (i-JOGL), Ukuqokelelwa kweGlobal Innovation (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC

Uninzi ukuba ayingabo bonke ababandakanyekayo esele zilungiselele impendulo enengcinga kunye nokuzinikela kwe-COVID-19. Kubalulekile ukuba endaweni yokuba sisebenze kwii-silos silungelelanisa iindlela kunye neendlela kwilizwe lonke, abachaphazelekayo, izithintelo zolwimi kunye namacandelo oluntu.

Ukusebenza ngokuphuculwa kuphuhliso lwezixhobo zonyango

Ukuqhubela phambili ukuqhubela phambili izixhobo zeli lizwe zineengxaki zalo. Esi sikhokelo senzelwe ukunceda intsebenziswano entsha ukunqanda imingxunya eqhelekileyo. Eli candelo lijolise ikakhulu kubaphandi kwi-Global North abajonge ukunceda kuyilo lwezixhobo ezinokuthi zakhiwe kwaye zisetyenziswe e-Afrika

  1. Intsebenziswano phakathi kwabenzi, ziingcali zezempilo kunye nabasebenzisi bokugqibela ukuze baqonde imeko apho ziya kusetyenziswa khona iihardware. Oku kubalulekile xa kusenziwa iindlela ezifanelekileyo. Abathathi-nxaxheba basekuhlaleni baya kuba namava ngezixhobo ezifanayo kwaye baya kuyazi indlela esebenza kakuhle kwimeko yengingqi. Cinga ngobukho beziseko zenkxaso (ngaba i-ventilator yakho ifuna unikezo lweoksijini?), Qwalasela iimeko ezikhoyo (lithini iqondo lobushushu lomsebenzi wehardware?), Okanye ukuthembeka kombane wendawo. Kuyo yonke le minyaka mibini idlulileyo, iprojekthi yokuvula evunyiweyo eyi-Horizon2020 ifumene amava amaninzi kwentsebenziswano phakathi kwabathathi-nxaxheba abahlukeneyo kwaye inikezela ngedatha yezisombululo esele zikhona kunye nenkxaso yamaxwebhu.
  1. Ukudibana kwendlela yokwenza imveliso yendawo / yokulungisa indawo yokuqonda ngcono ukuba ingakanani uyilo olungakhiwa kwaye lulungiswe ekuhlaleni. Ukuveliswa nokulungiswa kwendawo ekhaya kubalulekile ekuphuculeni ukubakho kunye nexesha lezinto ezikhoyo kunye nezixhobo. Iindawo zokufaka endaweni kufuneka zifakwe emanzini okanye zenziwe ekuhlaleni ukuze zenziwe zalapha ekhaya zize zilungiswe ukuze zisebenze ngokufanelekileyo. Kuya kufuneka ukuba uqaphele ukuba amaxabiso aphantsi / afumaneka ngokulula eYurophu okanye eMelika akuthethi ukuba ayahambelana nezinto ezixabisa kancinci / zifumaneka ngokulula apha. Ngesi sizathu kubalulekile ukubandakanya abahlanganyeli basekhaya ukusuka kwinqanaba lokuqala lokubonisa.
  1. Cinga ngesantya sokuhanjiswa kwamaketanga kumazwe aphesheya. Sebenza kunye nabasebenzisanayo ekuhlaleni ukuqonda amaxesha akhokelayo ekuthengeni izixhobo zangaphakathi. Isantya kunye nokuthembakala kwamaketanga okunikezela ngehlabathi kuyahluka ngokungafaniyo ngommandla. Sukucinga ukuba ngenxa yokuba inxenye ingayenza ukusuka kumzi-mveliso kwelinye ilizwe ukuya kwilebhu yakho ngeentsuku ezimbalwa ukuba inokufikelela kubabambisene bakho ngaxeshanye. Vavanya ityathanga lonikezo apho kunokwenzeka khona nokuba ukubonelelwa okuncinci kunokuthunyelwa ngokuthe ngqo phakathi kwabasebenzisanayo. Ukunqongophala okanye ukunqongophala kwezixhobo zophando kungabuyekezwa ngokuyinxalenye ngokuvula umthombo we-Hardware Hardware, ukulungiswa kunye nokunyuswa kwezinto ezikhoyo (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Ukwakha kunye nokusebenzisana ngokubambisana kwi-vet prototypes. Ngelixa kunokubonakala ngathi kukuphindaphinda komzamo wokwakha iipototypes kwangaxeshanye kwiindawo ezininzi kuvumela onke amahlakani afanelekileyo ukuba abandakanyeke kuyilo. Ikwavumela imiba ekuchongwe kwangoko enokuthi ihlangane nayo ngexesha lokuveliswa kwendawo leyo. Ukusebenzisana ngokubonakalayo kwe prototypes, njengoko yenziweyo kwiProjekthi ye-JOGL Covid19, ngumzamo oluncedo wehlabathi ukuxhasa ukwenziwa kwendawo kwezo zakhiwo zibonakalise ziluncedo kakhulu kwimixholo eyahlukeneyo.

Ukuhamba komsebenzi woPhando kwimeko yaseAfrika

Kwicandelo elilandelayo, siphula phantsi ukuhamba komsebenzi ngokubanzi wokwenza iingcebiso ezithile kwinqanaba ngalinye ukusuka ekufumaneni, ukuhlahlela (kubandakanya ukucwangciswa kweprojekthi, indlela yokusebenza, ukuveliswa kwedatha, uhlalutyo lweziphumo).

Ukufunyanwa koncwadi lophando olufanelekileyo

Uninzi lwabapapashi bezemfundo benze i-COVID-19 yophando olufanelekileyo lufikeleleke ngalo (okwethutyana!) Ukurhuma iifizi zokurhuma.

I-Web yezeNzululwazi kunye ne-Scopus ayimeli imveliso yophando lwehlabathi oluninzi (Tennant et al., 2019). Ngelishwa, imiceli mngeni oqhubekayo inokuthetha ukuba uncwadi lwesiNgesi olupapashwa kwiijenali ezidweliswe kulwazi lwamazwe aphesheya (njenge DOAJ) ngaphambili. Oku kuyinyani ngokukodwa kwiijenali ezincinci, zommandla wase-Afrika ezingenazakhono zokubamba umxholo wawo opheleleyo kwi-Intanethi. Oku kunokuthetha ukuba iziphumo zoPhando lwase-Afrika kunzima ukufumana nokufikelela.

Kuyavunywa ukuba indlela ephambili yokuphelisa ukungabikho kwembonakalo yophando lwase-Afrika kukuqinisa indima edlalwa ziimpawu zedigri kwimo yophando yase-Afrika. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukubonakala, ukunxibelelana kunye nokugqogqwa kwezi zinto zixabisekileyo kuye kwahluka kakhulu. Ukwenza imephu yobume bendawo yokugcina kunye nokwenza iyelenqe konxibelelwano kubalulekile. Igalelo lakutsha nje koku kupapashwa kwedatha eguquguqukayo yeeposta zophando lwedijithali yemephu ngemephu ebonakalayo esebenzisana nayo (iBezuidenhout, i-Hadmann, iKhitshi, iDe Mutiis, ne-Owango, ngo-2020) Oovimba bolwazi kufuneka banciphiswe kwaye bandiswa ukuze babonelele ngolwazi oluhlaziyiweyo kulo mnatha ubalulekileyo wokwabelana ngedatha.

Kukwabalulekile ukuba i-ecosystem yommandla ovelayo we-ecosystem iqhubeke nokuzibandakanya neengcali zamazwe aphesheya, njengabahlali be-Re3data ukuqinisekisa ukuba uyilo lwabo kunye nokuziqhelanisa kuyahlangabezana nemigangatho yamanye amazwe kunye nokwenza lula ukusebenzisana. Ukongeza ekuxhaseni iiriphabhlikhi, kufuneka kwenziwe umzamo omkhulu wokwakha amandla ekwabelaneni ngeenkcukacha nasekuvuleni ukufikelela phakathi koluntu lwase-Afrika lophando. Inkxaso kuqeqesho lokufunda nokubhala yedijithali yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kwindalo evulekileyo yeSayensi. Iziko ledatha lezifundo ezikwi-Intanethi ezikhuthaza ulwazi lokufunda nokubhala kufuneka lwenziwe kwaye lucothwe. Kufuneka kwenziwe iinzame zokuguqula umxholo kwiilwimi eziphambili ezinjengesiNgesi, isiFrentshi, isiSwahili kunye nesiArabhu.

Izixhobo zedijithali zesayensi ezilungele useto olungenazibonelelo zininzi / zisekwe kwi-REF

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje kuye kwakho ukwanda ngokukhawuleza kwezixhobo ze-Intanethi eziqhuba ngokwamanqanaba ahlukeneyo obomi bophando. Ukuthathwa kwezi zixhobo eAfrika, nangona kunjalo, kunqongophele. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba oku kungenxa yoluhlu lwemicimbi eyahlukeneyo, kubandakanya ukwazisa, izithethe zophando, ulwimi, imingeni yezakhiwo kunye nemicimbi enxulumene noyilo. Kubalulekile ukuba abaphandi base-Afrika baguqule ngokugqibeleleyo uluhlu lwezixhobo zedijithali ezifanelekileyo, ezikhethiweyo nezizinzileyo.

Ukufunyanwa kwezinto: Izixhobo zedijithali zokufumanisa imisebenzi efanelekileyo yesayensi.

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukukhangelwa koncwadi, iiRekhodiUlawulo lwereferensi
1)Iijenali zase-Afrika ezikwi-Intanethi (AJOL), iAfriArXiv, IZITHUTHA - - -
2) Vula iiMephu zoLwazi, ukuKhangela kweBASEIZero, ukuHlaliswa kwakhona
3)IGoogle Scholar, iilensi, i-ScienceOpenSciLit, i-ResearchGate, iPhephahive.orgUkuxhaswa

Ulwazi-nkqubo kunye nohlalutyo lweenkcukacha

Uhlalutyo: Izixhobo zedijithali zohlalutyo lomsebenzi ofanelekileyo wezifundo
1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


IndlelaIndawo yokugcina idathaUkujonga idatha
1)
evulekileyo, i-Afrika yoLwazi ngeNdlela ePhakamileyo yoLwazi, iNkqubo yeNkqubo yeziSeko zoLwakhiwo lwezixhobo zaseAfrikaIkhowudi ye-Afrika
2)Iiprotokholi.ioR-OpenSci, I-Re3Data, Idatha, I-Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
I-FigshareKumu,

Ukudibana kwe-Agile Ekude

Yonke intsebenzo yolwazi lwentsebenzo iyasinceda ekusebenziseni indlela yobudala, enika isibonelelo esongeziweyo sokuba kulula kakhulu ukuziqhelanisa namaqela akude.

umthombo: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/

Eyona nto iphambili kuyo, ukukhula kwemveliso esele ikhulile kubandakanya iinkqubo zokwenza ingxelo rhoqo kunye nokujikeleza (iterative) kuwo onke amanqanaba: ekwenzeni okwenyani, kwinqanaba leqela, nakulawulo.

Iindlela ze-Agile ziyayiqonda into yokuba ukuphuculwa kwemveliso okunzima akunakucwangciswa kwangaphambili, njengoko iimfuno ziya kutshintsha kakhulu ngexesha lokuphila kweprojekthi kwaye zihlala zingaqondwa ngokupheleleyo ekuqaleni kweprojekthi.

Endaweni yoko, indlela yokwaluphala itshintsha ezinye izigaba zokucwangcisa kunye nophuhliso. Amalungu eqela avumelana ngeenjongo eziza kuphunyezwa ngexesha elilandelayo lokudityaniswa, ngokufutshane hlola nganye nganye imihla kunye nokuphononongwa okunyuswe ekugqibeleni koshicilelo ngalunye. Ngokusebenzisa indlela yokusebenza, ulwazi olongezelelekileyo lwenkqubo luyafumaneka.

Izinto ezibalulekileyo zobugcisa kulo naliphi na intsebenziselwano yobudala zezi: umsebenzi ongekenziwa okwabelwana ngawo; ibhodi yemisebenzi ekwabelwana ngayo nge-sprint elandelayo; kunye neentlanganiso rhoqo. Kubalulekile kwiinkqubo zokwaluphala eziqhutywa ziindima ezinikezelweyo kumanqanaba amabini, oko kukuthi imveliso (umzekelo ngumnini wemveliso) nenqanaba lenkqubo (umz. Ngumbhali wesikram okanye umqeqeshi obudala).


Umthombo ovaliweyoVula Umnikezi
Ukucwangcisa / iBhodi emhlophehttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/
Umsebenzi weBhodihttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/
Iintlanganiso ezikude / Iifowunihttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/
Retrospectivehttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/ https://github.com/funretro/distributed
Isoftware Suitehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/

Ukongeza kwezi zixhobo zingasentla, i-Coronavirus Tech Handbook yindawo yangoku yokufumana ulwazi lwethekhinoloji engaphezulu yeetekhnoloji zomsebenzi omde. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba ukusebenzisana okukude kuyindlela yophando yombutho wabaphandi abaninzi kwi-LMICs kunye nee-HIC. Kuya kuba luncedo kubaphandi base-Afrika abanamava kule fomathi ukubonelela ngezifundo zemizekelo kunye nemizekelo yokuqhubeka kwengxoxo.

isibulali

Uyilo lwezixhobo ezisebenzisanayo kunye nophuhliso ziyindlela ephambili yomenzi womhlaba jikelele. Izixhobo ezahlukeneyo kunye needatha zikhona kwaye zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi ukuyila nokujonga kwakhona uyilo kwi-Intanethi, esele ibonakalisile ukuba luncedo ekuphenduleni ngokukhawuleza kwi-Covid19. Amawakawaka oomatshini kwihlabathi liphela sele eqalisile ukusebenzisa iiprinta zawo ze-3D kunye nabasiki be-laser ukuvelisa izihlangu zobuso njengeminikelo ezibhedlele nakwizibonelelo zoncedo kwihlabathi liphela, zixhaswe ngabavelisi boomatshini abayimfuneko:

Ugcino lweenkcukacha zoluntuUyilo lwe-3DIzixhobo ze-Elektroniki / zoyilo
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/ https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/ https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/ https://www.prusaprinters.org/ https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/

I-DIY Bio kunye neBiotechnology yoLuntu

Ukongeza kwimiceli mngeni yokusebenzisa izixhobo zophando zedijithali, abaphandi base-Afrika bahlala balwa nokunqongophala kwezixhobo zophando lomzimba. I-DIYBio kunye ne-Biotechnology yoLuntu ibonelela ngenkqubo ekhulayo esezantsi yokuphanda ukuba izibonelelo zivula isayensi kunye netekhnoloji evulekileyo yokuqhuba uphando nophuhliso. Le ntshukumo yoluntu ikhulayo isisitshixo sokuvula iziphumo zophando ezivela e-Afrika ngelixa zenza ukuba ukuphuculwa kwesisombululo kuzinze. Imizamo evela kumaqela ophando afana ne-Open Bioeconomy Lab kunye neelebhu zayo e-Afrika, iHive Biolab, iphuhlisa isixhobo sophando esivuliweyo ukuze sikwazi ukwenza iilebhu kwiindawo ezinomda wobutyebi kunye neelebhu e-Afrika, e-Asia nase-Latin America ukuvelisa zalapha kweli lizwe ezinje ngee-enzymes ezinomthamo wovavanyo lwe-SARS-CoV 2 virus.

Ulawulo lweDatha yoPhando

Ulawulo lwedatha ye-COVID-19 yisihloko samanye amazwe, kwaye ibone imibutho emininzi eneempembelelo zedatha, ezinje nge-Research Data Alliance (RDA) zenza amaqela asebenzayo ukucacisa iinkqubo zolawulo lwedatha (RDM). Ezi zenzo ze-RDM zithathela ingqalelo imigaqo-siseko ye-FAIR kunye ne-CARE, kodwa kubalulekile ukuba amalungu ase-Afrika ale mibutho yamazwe aphesheya azibandakanye kwezi ngxoxo ukuqinisekisa ukuba imigangatho evelayo kunye neendlela zokwenza zibonisa idatha eveliswayo e-Afrika.

Ukuququmbela ukuzibandakanya kwabaphandi base-Afrika kwiingxoxo ze-RDM kuya kunika ithuba elibanzi lokuvavanya iindlela zangoku ze-RDM, uqeqesho kunye nolwakhiwo lwezibonelelo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika. Oku kuyakuvumela ukwenziwa kweendlela zokwenza izinto ze-RDM ezingqinelana nezinto ezenziwa kumazwe aphesheya kwaye zibonise ubunyani bophando e-Afrika. Iya kuba nefuthe kuyilo lwedatha yexesha elizayo kunye nokupapasha ukwakhiwa. ?

Ukubhala kunye nokuPapasha

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukubhala ngokubambisanaIndawo yokugcina izinto kwizikoIijenali (OA), amaqonga okushicilela
1)
I-AfricArXiv, IAI / iikhowudi,
essa-africa.org/AERD, IZIXHOBO
Uphando oluvulekileyo lwe-AAS, I-AJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Isayensi yase-Afrika, Iingqondo zaseAfrika
2)Authorea, Ngaphezulu, GitHubUlungiso lwe-OSFpeerjUDAJ, zemfundo.journal, Inkqubo yeVenkile ye-PKP evulekileyo, Imveliso yeCoko Foundation, Vula amabhaso okuPapasha, Indlela kaJane / I-PubPub, I-ScholarLed, Ulawulo lwamajelo eendaba akhokelwa ziFundo
3)Google Docs
IQios.com, iziqu.org

Inkqubo yokushicilela ekhawulezayo (>>>)

UPhando kunye noHlahlelo Isicatshulwa kunye nedatha Vula ukufikelela kuVimba Uphononongo loontanga lwehlabathiUkupapashwa kwejenali
Ukukhangela kunye nokuqokelela iincwadi ezifanelekileyo zophando kunye nedatha,
kwangoko / uphando olusebenzayo kwiimpawu, ubungakanani bentsholongwane, ifuthe lentlalontle nezoqoqosho lokuvalwa
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
I-AfricArXiv, I-DICAMES, i-bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgJonga kwakhona
I-PeerCommunityIn
Iimpawu.is
I-AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, Iijenali ezidweliswe kwi-DoAJ

Indawo egxila e-Afrika kunye namaQonga okufikelela okuvulekileyo njenge-pan-African prerint repository AfricArXiv, iKenya-based Uphando oluvulekileyo lwe-AAS Iqonga kunye neendawo zamanye amazwe ezijolise kumazwe angaphandle, ezifana ne-Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv kunye neSayensiOpen / iiprinta, ukumiliselwa kweendlela ezijolise kwelase-Afrika kodwa zijongane nehlabathi jikelele, umz. Amanyathelo okusabela anjenge-Outfallak Science Rapid PREreview.

Kubalulekile ukwamkela ukuba amaziko ase-Afrika axhomekeke ikakhulu kupapasho lwamaphepha aqwalaselweyo ngoontanga ukuvavanya ukugqwesa kunye nokuchaza indlela yokunyusa. Ezi nkqubo zovavanyo ziphantsi kwengxoxo kwihlabathi liphela, kodwa akunakwenzeka ukuba zitshintshe kungekudala. Ke ngoko, kufuneka kuhlonitshwe isidingo sabaphandi base-Afrika sokupapasha amaphepha aqwalaselweyo koontanga kwiijenali ezamkelwa kwilizwe liphela. Nangona kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukuba ukusetyenziswa kweemodeli zokupapasha ezinomdla, ezinjengokuphononongwa kontanga okwenziwa kwinqanaba lokuphambili kusetyenziswa iinkonzo ezifana hypothes.is kwaye lukyoku.com, inokuhambisa impapasho.

Ukufikelela, uvavanyo kunye nokudluliselwa kolwazi

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukuzibandakanya kukawonke-wonke kunye neNzululwazi yaBemiUluntu lwezobuchwephesha kunye nonxibelelwano
1)Inethiwekhi yeLebhu yeHlabathi, Imibala, Unxibelelwano lweSayensi Hub eNigeria, Inzululwazi yezeCaféINethiwekhi yokuFunda nokuBhala yaseAfrika, phantsi kweMicroscopeIkhowudi ye-Afrika, i-AfricaOSH, i-Vilsquare, Idatha evulekileyo yase-Afrika, EthLagos.io, Inethiwekhi evulekileyo yeNzululwazi kunye ne-Hardware (OSHNet), STICLab, IiLabhu zeRobotech
2)I-ORCIDUkudibana kwe-Hardware Hardware (GOSH)

Inani elincinci, kodwa elikhulayo, lamanyathelo eSayensi yaBemi kunye neenethiwekhi kwilizwekazi nako kubonelela ngendlela yokuhambisa ulwazi. Ukuzibandakanya kwabo kuya kufezekiswa ngokuseta iiprojekthi zokusebenzisana, njengokugcina abemi benolwazi ngeilwimi ezininzi ngokwabelana ngemiyalezo eguqulelweyo engaguqukiyo kwiinethiwekhi zentlalo (iBezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Ukuzibandakanya koluntu kunye nobuntatheli bezenzululwazi yinto encinci, kodwa intsimi evelayo ngaphakathi e-Afrika. Ngelixa kusekho imiceli mngeni enxulunyaniswa nobuncinci bokufunda kwesayensi kunye nokungabikho kwembali kokuzibandakanya phakathi kwezifundo zoluntu kunye noluntu, kubekho utshintsho oluninzi oluqinisekileyo. Kubalulekile ukuba abaphandi baqhubeke nokuzibandakanya noluntu ukuthintela ulwazi olungachanekanga kunye nokubonelela ngolwazi oluhlaziyiweyo malunga nophando lwasekhaya nolwehlabathi. Kule nto, ukusebenzisana ngakumbi neentatheli zase-Afrika ukuphucula ukufikelela koluntu kuphando kubalulekile.

Ukufikelela kubo bonke aba bantu kufuna ukujongana neyantlukwano yeelwimi kusetyenziswa iindlela zobuntatheli njengoko kusonjululwe yi-African Science Literacy Network eNigeria. I-2020) okanye i-Artificial Intelligence (AI) isondela njengo "Hlamba izandla" ngeilwimi ezingama-500.

Ukuphucula ukubonakala koPhando lwase-Afrika

Ukusebenzisana yinto ephambili kunxibelelwano lwezenzululwazi kunye nophando. Ukuhamba kolwazi kufuneka kuthembeke ngokwakha uphando oluzinzileyo kunye nezibonelelo zemfundo. Ukudibanisa imisebenzi yophando kumaqonga ahlukileyo ezifundo zemfundo ichaza ukusebenzisana kunye nokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwemikhwa, imida kunye nexesha.

Uluhlu lwemibutho eyahlukeneyo yase-Afrika sele ibandakanyekile kule micimbi. Ngokukodwa, uphando olunzulu lweenkcukacha / amaziko ekhompyuter aphezulu (anjenge-DIRISA eMzantsi Afrika) aphuhlisa ubuchule obunokwabelana ngolwazi kunye namaqonga ezophando asebenzisekayo. Amaziko anje axhaswa yinkxaso-mali yesizwe kunye neyamazwe aphesheya kunye nobuchule, kwaye abamele oovimba ababalulekileyo kwizibonelelo ezivulekileyo zeSayensi e-Afrika.

Ngaphaya koko, iqela lemibutho ezimeleyo, efana neAfriArXiv kunye neeprakhtori ezifanayo zephrinta zikwanceda kwiinzame zokuqhubela ulwabiwo lolwazi kumaqonga onke. Ngenkxaso yamahlakani othungelwano lwe-Afrika evulekileyo e-Afrika, iAfriArXiv ibonelela ngesixhobo esibalulekileyo kubaphandi base-Afrika. Ukuqala kokuqinisekiswa kwe-ORCID kunye nemvume yokufunda igalelo lomphengululi kulwabiwo ngokusebenzisa amanye amaqonga kunye namajelo njengeZenodo.

Ukwakha amandla noqeqesho

YabaphandiKubasebenzi bezonyango
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/
I-CDC Africa ye-COVOD-19 yoqeqesho kwi-webinar: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Ipateni yokusasazeka kwesibetho se-COVID-19 esaqala eTshayina, sadlula e-Europe nase-United States, sivumele ukuphuculwa kovavanyo lokuchonga, kunye nokunyuka kwamanyathelo okuqala e-COVID-19, kunye nexesha elinikiweyo lokuba ilizwekazi lase-Afrika ukulungiselela impendulo yalo. Abaphandi baseyunivesithi nabakwicandelo labucala kumazwe asele enefuthe kubhubhani sele eqalisile ukuphuhlisa imithintelo yokuthintela intsholongwane ekubambeni iiseli zabantu, ukuvavanya uluhlu lwamachiza esele ekhona kwizilingo zeklinikhi, kwaye bevavanya ukusebenza ngempumelelo kwezifo ezinamandla omzimba eziqokelelwa kwizigulana ezifunyenweyo. kusulelo lwe-coronavirus, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi ezenziwayo.

Intsebenziswano yamanye amazwe kunye nezenzululwazi zaseAfrika kwezoncedo olunjalo zibaluleke kakhulu kwiinzame zokuphelisa umonakalo wobhubhane kwilizwekazi, ukuphuhlisa izisombululo ezihambelana nomxholo wengingqi (umz. Ixabiso eliphantsi / lokuhlola iselfowuni), kunye nokubaluleka kokutyebisa umsebenzi woontanga kwi Intshona Melika / iYurophu ngokuza neeseti zezakhono ezizodwa, ubungcali, kunye nembono yomsebenzi. Imibutho efana neSayensi ye-Afrika, eqala kwaye ixhase ukusebenzisana kwezophando zamanye amazwe, inakho ukuqhubela phambili kwimizamo yokwakha ngokukhawuleza amandla e-COVID-19 kwilizwekazi. Ngokuchonga amaqela ophando kumazwe ase-Afrika anezakhono, ubuchwephesha, kunye netekhnoloji yokwenza olu hlobo lophando, kunye nabalingane eMntla Melika naseYurophu sele besebenza kwizisombululo, umbutho ungadibanisa-ngokusekwe kuhlobo oluthile lophando, iimfuno zokusebenzisana , kunye nobuchule bobuchwephesha-kwaye uqhagamshele amaqela ophando ngoncedo lweqonga elizenzekelayo

(Vula) Izixhobo zokufunda

Sele inembali ende yomgama kunye nokufunda kwi-intanethi e-Afrika. Umzekelo, iYunivesithi yoMzantsi Afrika, eyasekwa ngo-1946, lelinye lamaziko emfundo akudala nelikhulu emhlabeni. Ngaphaya koko, amaziko anjengeZiko lokuBhengeza ukuFunda kunye nokuFunda kwiDyunivesithi yaseKapa, ​​abonelela ngobungcali bamkelwe kwihlabathi jikelele kwimfundo yedijithali. Imisebenzi efanayo ibanjwa ngamaziko namaqonga kuzwelonke nakwinqanaba lelizwekazi (https://oerafrica.org/). Ukwenza imaphu yobungcali esele ikho kwezi ndawo iya kubonelela ngezixhobo ezixabisekileyo zokwandiswa kwe-OER e-Afrika. Ngaphaya koko, ukuqokelela amaxwebhu eengcebiso zokusetyenziswa kwe-OER / izixhobo zokufunda ezidijithali kwindawo enezinto ezincinci (ezinje nge-UCT) ziya kubonelela ngezinto eziluncedo.

Ingxelo ye-eLearning Africa Report 2019 idwelisa amazwe angama-55 amazwe ase-Afrika anemizekelo kunye nobuchule be-ICT kwezemfundo (iiprofayili zelizwe), uninzi lwazo olunokusetyenziswa ngexesha lomsebenzi wokuhamba komsebenzi wophando ukusuka kuphuhliso lweprojekthi ukuya kupapasho lweziphumo (Elletson kunye neStromeyer, ka-2019).

Ukuzinza kwezemali

Ukulungiselela iimali zakwangoko

Ukwenza lula ukuveliswa kwesiseko esivulekileyo sempendulo ye-COVID-19, kubalulekile ukuba iimali zifumaneke ukulungiselela ukuhanjiswa. Zininzi iindlela apho le mali ingafunyanwa, kubandakanya:

  • Dibanisa imisebenzi edibanisa ngaphezulu
  • Chonga iiprojekthi ezikhoyo kunye nabaxhasi abaxhasayo kulungiso lolwakhiwo (kunye nefom evulekileyo)
  • Cwangcisa uluhlu lweefowuni zesibonelelo esivulekileyo ukuze usebenze kunye
  • Yondela kubanikeli / abaxhasi bezimali zikazwelonke kunye noorhulumente ngqo

Uzinzo lwezezimali lwexesha elide

Ukulungelelaniswa kwezibonelelo ezivulekileyo e-Afrika kuya kuba nezibonelelo zophando lwase-Afrika kude kakhulu kunobhubhani we-COVID-19. Ukuqinisekisa uzinzo lwezezimali lwexesha elide ukuxhasa ukugcinwa kwamacandelo avela kule ngxaki ikhoyo, nasekuchongeni abathathi-nxaxheba abatsha ukuncedisa kwindaleko, kuya kuba ngumba ophambili. Imicimbi ekuthethwa ngayo iya kuba:

  • Qokelela ubungqina kuququzelelo lwe-COVID-19 oluchaphazelekileyo kunye nefuthe lala maziko
  • Qhubeka nokuphembelela ubuncinci obungaphantsi kwe-1% ye-GDP yophando koorhulumente besizwe, kwaye uqinisekisa ukuba utyalomali oluzinzileyo ekusekweni kweziseko zophando luphambili.
  • Ukuvavanywa ngokucacileyo kwemigaqo-nkqubo yesizwe ekwabelaneni ngedatha kunye nophando ukwenza utshintsho oluza kuxhasa ulwakhiwo oluvulekileyo
  • Nxibelelana namabhunga ezemali ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba iziseko ezingavulekiyo zeSayensi ikwi-ajenda yazo
  • Cela intsebenziswano yamazwe aphuma kuluntu lwaseSayensi oluVulelekileyo lwehlabathi
  • Chonga iimodeli zenkxaso mali, okanye iimodeli zeshishini ezisebenzayo kunye noluntu lwaseAfrika lwophando. Sicebisa imodeli yenkxaso mali ebonakalayo nengumxube, kubandakanya:
  • i-pan-African: Umanyano lwe-Afrika, i-AfDB,…
  • Oorhulumente besizwe base-Afrika (ii-R&E zabaphathiswa)
  • Imibutho yophando kazwelonke efana ne-ASSAf (SA) kunye ne-SRF (eSudan)
  • Iziseko zase-Afrika ezinjengoMandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • Ixhaswe yinkxaso yamazwe aphesheya nge-B&M Gates Foundation, iChan-Zuckerberg Initiative, iMozilla Foundation, iSiseko seSloan, njl.
  • I-USAID; Iiarhente zenkxaso-mali yaseYurophu: (i-UK) i-Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Iinkonzo zokufunda: Uguqulo, Unxibelelwano kwezenzululwazi kuluntu ngokubanzi (ukwenza lula ispanish), uqeqesho lokuxhobisa ngezakhono koososayensi, ECR kunye nabafundi // ngubani ohlawula?

Izithintelo kunye nemiceli mngeni

Iingxoxo malunga nokuxhaswa ngezimali kwexesha elide kweziseko zophuhliso zeSayensi evulekileyo kufuneka zicaciswe malunga nokuba ngubani ofumana inzuzo kwiziphumo zophando ekwabelwana ngazo ekuhleni kwangethuba, kwaye zeziphi iifom zokuqhuba ngokufanelekileyo oku. Kukho isidingo esingxamisekileyo sokuhlengahlengisa inkqubo yezemali ukuba ihlawula ntoni kwaye nini kwaye nini. Uncwadi olufundayo kunye nendawo ekugcinwa kuyo idatha kufuneka ibe yinxalenye yophando; kodwa ngubani ohlawulela umsebenzi / ukuphatha, ulwabiwo lwe-DoI, ukusingathwa kwedatha njl.njliphi kwinqanaba kwinkqubo?

Lumkela ilizwe eligwetyiweyo kunye nefuthe elinokuba nalo kwimeko yophando lukazwelonke: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Ukusilela konxibelelwano oluthembekileyo, olufikelelekayo, olukhawulezayo kwi-Intanethi kusalucandelo lomceli mngeni omkhulu kuyo nayiphi na inzame zokusebenzisana kwe-Intanethi kwiindawo ezininzi kwilizwekazi laseAfrika.

imbonakalo

Simema ukwakhiwa kobambiswano nentsebenziswano kwilizwekazi lonke kunye nenkxaso yamazwe aphesheya evela kwamanye amazwe ehlabathi nakumazwe anikela ngemali.

Ucaphulo

Adegbeye OT, (2020). Kutheni le nto ekuhlaleni ingasisebenzisi. Umnxibelelanisi (NG)

Imigaqo yase-Afrika yoNxibelelwano lwezeMfundo nge-OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-princepts/

Iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yase-Afrika africanopenscience.org.za

UAbukutsa-Onyango, uMary O. (2019). Amava kuPhando oluVulekileyo kunye neMfundo yoPhuculo oluZinzileyo e-Afrika. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

I-Ayebare R, i-Waitt P, u-Okello S et al. Utyalomali oluqhubayo kwi-Ebola yokulungiselela i-COVID-19 kwi-Afrika esemaZantsi e-Sahara [uhlobo 1; uphononongo loontanga: ilindele ukujongwa kwakhona koontanga]. I-AAS evulekileyo i-2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1)

Ahinon et al. (2019). Ulwazi oluninzi olunika isikhokelo ngezifundo ezitshintsha ulwazi malunga ne-Afrika: ukujonga indawo eyiyo eyindawo yokuqala INDLELA Ye-Africa News Portal. Iyafumaneka ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic-nownow-exchange-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

U-Akligoh, uHarry, uHasmmann, uJo, uRiprepo, uMartin, kunye no-Obanda, uJohanssen. (2020). Ukwenza imaphu yeempendulo zeCOVID-19 zehlabathi: ukusuka kwiingca ukuya koorhulumente [Indawo esekwe kwiinkcukacha] UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377

IBezuidenhout, Louise, Hasmann, Jo, Khitshi, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, kunye no-Owango, Uvuyo. (2020). IiRekhodi zoPhando ngeDijithali zase-Afrika: Ukuzoba iMo yeLizwe [iprinta]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) izohlwayo zoqoqosho kunye nezifundo: Impembelelo egqithileyo kunye neziphumo zexesha elide. IIPHULO ENYE 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

I-Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A & havemann J (2020, Matshi 26). Iividiyo zolwazi zeLwimi ezininzi ze-COVID-19. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, uHasanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Ukungalingani kwihlabathi liphela ukufikelela kwimibhalo epheleleyo yesayensi: umzekelo we-ophthalmology. I-PeJJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

ICárdenas, OVL (2019) Ubuchwephesha bobuchwephesha bobuchwephesha bobutsha bexesha elizayo / bevela kwiLizwe eliManyeneyo. mutabit.com

U-Elletson, H. no-Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. Ingxelo ye-eLearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: EJamani. Iyafumaneka https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php

IKramer, iBianca, kunye neBosman, uJeroben. (2018, kuJanuwari). Imitha yokuqhelanisa nezenzululwazi ezivulekileyo. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025

I-Maia Chagas, A .; UMolloy, J .; I-Prieto Godino, L .; I-Baden, T. Leveraging evula i-Hardware yokuphelisa iBurden ye-COVID-19 kwiiNkqubo zeMpilo zeHlabathi. Izinto eziphambili 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1.

McPhee, C., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. UMhleli: Ukudalwa okubandakanyayo kuMazwe aPhuhlileyo. Uphengululo loLawulo lweTekhnoloji, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134

UPoynder, R (nge-31 ka-Okthobha ka-2019, udliwanondlebe we-OA: K. Vijay Raghavan, uMcebisi weSayensi oyiNtloko, URhulumente wase-India. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-interviews-k-vijayraghavan.html

Imigaqo yokufikelela ngokuvulekileyo kunxibelelwano lwezezifundo: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/

USmith I (2019). I-DoAJ Guest Post: Amagqabantshintshi omhlaba we-Afrika OA kugxilwe ekupapashweni kwezifundiswa. Ibhlog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; I-Crane, H .; Crick, T .; UDavila, J .; I-Enkhbayar, A .; I-Hadmann, J .; IKramer, B .; UMartin, R .; Masuzzo, P .; Nobes, A .; Ilayisi, C .; URivera-López, B .; URoss-Hellauer, T .; I-Sattler, S .; I-Thacker, PD; UVanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Izihloko eziShushu eziShumi ngeenxa zonke zokuPapasha iScholarly. Ukupapashwa kuka-2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/imisebenzi7020034

Isihlomelo: Imibutho kunye neenkonzo zedijithali

Imibutho yase-Afrika neyama-Afrika kunye neenkonzo zedijithali njengoko zichaziwe kolu xwebhu. Ukufumana uhlobo olongezelelekileyo kolu luhlu hlulela ku https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn

Umbuthourllizwe
Inkqubo yoLwazi lweZiseko zoNcedo e-Afrikahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/I-Pan-Afrika
I-Bhanki yoPhuhliso lwe-Afrika (i-AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enThunishiya
Ulwazi lwe-HIghway Portal yase-Afrikahttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/I-PanAfrican
Iijenali zase-Afrika ezikwi-Intanethi (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/Mzantsi Afrika
Idatha evulekileyo yase-Afrikahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Inethiwekhi ye-Afrika yoLwazi lokuFunda noLwazihttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nayijeriya
I-AfrikaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
I-AfricArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-Afrika
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nayijeriya
UkuKhangelahttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpIGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/i-USA
Inzululwazi yezeCaféhttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/ENigeria | Umhlaba jikelele
Unonophelohttps://www.careables.org/ I-EU | Kumhlaba jikelele
Ikhowudi ye-Afrikahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Khenya
Idathahttps://dataverse.org/i-USA
IZIXHOBOhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagaska
I-EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Nayijeriya
I-Figsharehttps://figshare.com/London | i-USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Ukudityaniswa kwe-Global Innovation Gathering (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Ijamani | Kumhlaba jikelele
Inethiwekhi yeLebhu yeHlabathihttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Googlehttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Iimpawu.ishttps://hypothes.is/i-USA
Inethiwekhi yeHub nefuthehttps://impacthub.net/Ostriya
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/iunited Kingdom
Inethiwekhi yeJokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/Fransi
Ilebhu enye nje yeG Giant (i-JOGL)https://jogl.ioIFrance | Kumhlaba jikelele
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/i-USA
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaKhameruni
medrXivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Ukuxhaswahttps://www.mendeley.com/iunited Kingdom
I-Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapho
I-OER Africahttps://www.oerafrica.org/Mzantsi Afrika
Vula i-Afrikahttps://africaopendata.org/Khenya
Vula iiMephu zoLwazihttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Ostriya
Inethiwekhi evulekileyo yeNzululwazi kunye neHardware (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaThanzaniya
openAfricahttps://open.africa/Mzantsi Afrika
I-ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/i-USA
Isakhelo seSayensi esivuliweyo (i-OSF)http://OSF.ioi-USA
Iphepha lephephahttp://Paperhive.orgJemani
I-PeerCommunityInhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/Fransi
Imibalahttp://pollicy.orgI-Pan-Afrika
Imiba yokuqalahttps://www.preprints.org/Swizalend
Jonga kwakhonahttps://www.prereview.org/i-USA
Iiprotokholi.iohttps://www.protocols.io/i-USA
ROpenScihttps://ropensci.org/i-USA
I-Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Ukulungiswa kwakhonahttps://refigure.org/Global
Uphandohttps://www.researchgate.net/Jemani
Inethiwekhi yeRLabshttps://rlabs.orgMzantsi Afrika
Iilebhu zeRobotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzThanzaniya
IHub yoNxibelelwano ngeSayensihttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNayijeriya
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/i-USA
I-SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Swizalend
I-STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzThanzaniya
I-TCC yase-Afrikahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Khenya
Izibanehttps://www.lens.org/Ostreliya
Phantsi kweMicroscopehttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Khenya
I-Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nayijeriya
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/i-USA


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