Chaza njenge: U-Hadmann, Jo, Bezuidenhout, Louise, Achampong, Joyce, Akligoh, Harry, Ayodele, Obasegun, Hussein, Shaukatali,… Wenzelmann, Victoria. (2020). Ukudityaniswa kwezibonelelo zesayensi evulekileyo kwimpendulo esebenzayo ye-Afrika kwi-COVID-19 [ulwaziso]. doi.org/10.5281 /


Authors

Iqela elisentloko: 

  • UJo havemann, 0000-0002-6157-1494, Ukufikelela kwiimbono ezi-2 kunye ne-AfricArXiv, eJamani
  • Louise Bezuidenhout, 0000-0003-4328-3963, IYunivesithi yaseOxford, iAfrikaArXiv kunye nokuFikelela kweziBono ezi-2, eMzantsi Afrika nase-UK 

Imbalelwano: (JH & LB) info@africarxiv.org 

Igalelo labalobi (ngokulandelelana koonobumba):

  • Joyce Achampong, 0000-0002-6694-8473, Iqela lePivot leMfundo leHlabathi liphela, UkuFikelela kweziBono ezi-2 kunye ne-AfrikaArXiv, e-UK
  • UHarry Akligoh, 0000-0002-6949-1392, I-Lab ye-Bioeconomy evulekileyo, i-Hive Biolab (i-Kumasi Hive), iGhana
  • I-Obasegun Ayodele, 0000-0002-6830-0478, IVilsquare kunye ne-AfrikaArXiv, eNigeria
  • UFlorence Chaverneff, 0000-0003-0131-1225, Inzululwazi 4 iAfrika, iUSA
  • UShaukatali Hussein, 0000-0001-6499-2318, Iilebhu zeRobotech, eTanzania
  • UNabil Ksibi, 0000-0002-3226-7485, I-ORCID kunye ne-AfricArXiv, eMzantsi Afrika
  • UMboa Nkoudou Thomas Hervé, 0000-0001-9678-7765, Vula Umoya, i-AfricaOSH, iLebhu ye-Bioeconomy evulekileyo, i-APSOHA, neCameroon
  • UJohanssen Obanda, 0000-0002-2111-7780, Ipeyinti yeSayensi kunye neAfrikaArXiv, Kenya
  • Uvuyo Owango, 0000-0002-3910-2691IZiko loQeqesho kuThungelwano (i-TCC Afrika), ukuFikelela kweziBono ezi-2 kunye neAfrikaArXiv, Kenya
  • UValerian Linus Sanga, 0000-0001-8421-4134, STICLab, iAfrikaOSH kunye neOSHNet, eTanzania
  • UJulian Stirling, 0000-0002-8270-9237, KwiYunivesithi yaseBath naseAfrikaOSH, e-UK
  • IVictoria Wenzelmann, 0000-0002-1421-0063, Ukuqokelelwa kweGlobal Innovation, eJamani


Nceda uqaphele: Olu xwebhu kuguqulelo lwalo lwangoku (v1.1) luvulelekile ukuba lunike ingxelo. 

Nceda ucebise ngokuthe ngqo kwisicatshulwa eso tinyurl.com/Vula-Sayensi-Afrika-COVID-19, okanye uthumele i-imeyile ababhali abahambelana nayo. Ngokufaka igalelo kumxholo omkhulu, usenako ukusijoyina kuluhlu lwababhali.

Ukufaka igalelo kwimpendulo yokusebenzisana kwamanye manyathelo omsebenzi kunye / okanye kwezemali, nceda undwendwele https://info.africarxiv.org/contribute/.

intshayelelo

Indawo yokupapasha yamazwe aphesheya kungokunje iqhubeka ngokumandla kwiinkqubo zeNzululwazi evulekileyo kunye nemisebenzi ye-COVID-19 enxulumene nophando zonke zenziwa zifikeleleke elubala kuphando olukhawulezileyo oluqhutywa luluntu kunye novavanyo (Akligoh et al. 2020; Iprojekthi yeJOGL COVID19, ileta evulekileyo: Nxibelelana nokuKhangelwa kunye ne-NHSX). Kwimbono ye-Financial Times, iNkulumbuso yase-Ethiopia kunye ne-2019 yeNobel Peace Prize u-Abiy Ahmed wabonisa ukubaluleka kweenzame ezihlangeneyo zehlabathi zokulwa ubhubhane ngokushwankathela: kuphela ukubuyela umva kwihlabathi liphela ”. Imilinganiselo yezoqoqosho nezopolitiko agxile kuyo u-Ahmed kufuneka isekelwe kuphando lwezenzululwazi oluvakalayo- apha ekhaya lwahlukile, ngelixa lixhumene nehlabathi. Ukuvula uphando kuqoqosho oluphucukileyo akuyi kuba kwanele, kufuneka ukongeza sixhase, siphucule kwaye sidibanise iingxowa-mali ezikhoyo kwiNzululwazi evulekileyo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika. 

Ngobhubhani wangoku we-coronavirus, isidingo esingxamisekileyo soKuvulwa okuKhawulezayo kwiziphumo zophando kuya kwandisa ulwazi lwesayensi yoluntu nge-COVID-19 ngoncwadi olunxulumene noko kwenza ukuba abaphandi base-Afrika baphuhlise izisombululo ezigxile e-Afrika zokulwa intsholongwane i-SARS-CoV 2, ngelixa ixesha lokomeleza izibonelelo zebhayoloji zasekhaya zamazwe aseAfrika kunye nokwandisa ukulungela kwabo ukuqhambuka kwexesha elizayo. Oku kusebenza kuwo omabini amanqanaba ehlabathi kunye nawommandla. Ukuqhambuka kwentsholongwane, njengobhubhani waseNtshona we-Ebola kunye neZika, ziye zaqaqambisa iziphumo ezibi zokuthintela ukufikelela kwiinkcukacha kunye neendlela zokusasaza ngendlela engeyiyo. Kuphela kukususa iindawo ezihlawulelwayo, ukwandisa ukufikelela kwidijithali kwezixhobo, kunye nokukhuthaza iindlela zokwabelana ezihlanganyelweyo zokuzama ukunciphisa ifuthe lentsholongwane. Oku kuyinyani kungekuphela kweempendulo zexesha elincinci kule ngxaki yezempilo, kodwa nakwimpembelelo yexesha elide kuqoqosho lwase-Afrika, amaziko ezentlalo kunye nokuziphilisa kwabantu kwilizwekazi liphela. 

Abathathi-nxaxheba bamazwe aphantsi naphakathi '(LMICs) bebekhokele phambili ngokuFikelela ngokuVulekileyo - ngakumbi iBrazil enokukhangelwa kwiziko elipheleleyo lokubhala isiseko sedatha yenethiwekhi iSciELO (iScientific Electronic Library Online) ekwamelwe apha eMzantsi Afrika. Sikhuthaza abathathi-nxaxheba baseAfrika ukuba babeke phambili iipokotho ezikhoyo zobungcali. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuba impendulo elungelelanisiweyo ekwabelaneni ngolwazi e-Afrika inokuxhomekeka kuluhlu olubanzi lwezinto ezikhoyo ezixhasa ukuvuleka kuphando kunye nokwabelana ngolwazi. Ewe kunjalo, into efunekayo kukuthathela ingqalelo kwezi zixhobo zikhoyo, ukuququzelela unxibelelwano nonxibelelwano, kunye nokulungisa naziphi na izithuba kunye nokusilela okuvezwa yimephu enjalo.

Ukusebenza ngokukuko, uphando lwabaseAfrika kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba bokuyila kufuneka basebenze kunye namaqonga akhoyo kunye namaqonga asele ekho kunye nokuqinisekisa ukuba idatha eveliswe ngeli xesha lobhubhane ihlangabezana nemigangatho yedatha ye-FAIR, kwaye ukuba naluphi na uhlalutyo oluneziphumo lupapashwa kumaqonga okufikelela ngokuVulekileyo kunye nedatha ekrwada eyenziwe yafumaneka vula iikhowudi zedatha. 

Ukukhuthaza iinkqubo ezinjalo akuyi kuba luncedo kuphela kuphando lwe-COVID-19, kodwa kuphando lwase-Afrika luphela, kwaye kuya kuseka ukuqhubekeka okuvulekileyo nokusebenzisana kokuhamba kunye neendlela zokupapasha. Ukuphucula ukuvuleka ngaphakathi kwimfundo yaseAfrika yinto ephambili kwilizwekazi, kwaye uninzi lwezibhengezo eziphambili zikhona ukuxhasa iinzame. Oku kubandakanya iSibhengezo seDakar sokuPapashwa koFikelelo oluVulekileyo e-Afrika nakwi-Global South (2016) kunye nemigaqo ye-Afrika yakutshanje yokuNxibelelana ngokuVulekileyo yoNxibelelwano lwaBafundi (2019). Esi sikhokelo sichaza umbono wophando oluvulekileyo lwaseAfrika olujongana nezi zinto ziphambili ngokubaluleka:

  • I-ecosystem ecwangcisiweyo yezifundo kwilizwekazi ukusuka kwiNtla, eMbindi, eMpuma, eNtshona naseMazantsi e-Afrika kwaye ibadibanisa ne-ecosystem yophando lwehlabathi.
  • Ukuququzelela ukuphuculwa kwezithintelo zolwimi esp frophophone / anglophone / arabic kunye neilwimi zenkobe nezeAfrika.
  • Seka iindawo zokusebenzela kunye neeseti zokwenza izixhobo ezinikwe ubuchwephesha ezifanelekileyo ekusetyenzisweni zophando lwaseAfrika ukwenza lula ukusebenzisana ngokukhawuleza kunye nethuba elilinganayo lokufumana idatha kunye neenkonzo ngaphandle kokufumana indawo, ulwimi kunye neminye imibandela.
  • Nxibelelana namanye amaphulo, imithombo yolwazi, kunye neeprojekthi ezifanelekileyo ngaphakathi nangaphandle kweAfrika zombini ngaphakathi nangaphandle ukuze andise ukuvuleleka nokutshintshiselana ngolwazi ngendlela engenamthungo.

Ithuba elinokuthi lo bhubhane alinikeze ukuba lenze uphando kunye noluntu olusebenzayo njengabenzi, (bio) abatshisi kunye noorhulumente kukubonisa utshintsho lwenkqubo ebelubonakala phambi kweCorona, kwaye ngoku esinethuba lokwenene lokujongana ngokudibeneyo. 

Indlela yase-Afrika kwisifo se-COVID-19

Kukho imfuneko yendlela ebanzi yokwakha iziko ngaphakathi kwimfundo ephezulu kunye namaziko ophando afumana inkxaso-mali kuluntu kwilizwekazi. Kunjengokuhanjiswa kweeNjongo eziZinzileyo zoPhuculo (SDG), impendulo kwingxaki ye-Covid-19 iya kufuna ukuziswa ngokudibana. Impendulo yamazwe onke ukuza kuthi ga ngoku ijikelezwe kukubanako ukunxibelelana nabantu abaninzi kusetyenziswa amajelo osasazo kunye netekhnoloji, uninzi lwayo lugxilwe kwimetropolises yamazwe amaninzi aseAfrika. Ukuhlaselwa kubomi babantu nakuqoqosho lwase-Afrika yenye efuna impendulo ehlanganyelwe kwihlabathi liphela malunga nendlela yokusebenzisa izixhobo kunye nokusebenzisa izixhobo ukuxhasa la mazwe afike kwazona zinto zinzima kunye neziqinisekileyo zobomi bemihla ngemihla esp. kwiindawo ezisezidolophini (Adegbeye, 2020).  

 Ukuhlanganisa amaqela abachaphazelekayo kunye noluntu, njenge: 

  • INzululwazi ngamanyathelo okuNxibelelana neNzululwazi (iinzululwazi zePR kunye neentatheli)
  • Uphando (lwezoqoqosho kunye noqoqosho)
  • Itekhnoloji kunye neeHubhu ezintsha (AfriLabs, i4Policy, ASKnet, ao)
  • Abenzi bomgaqo-nkqubo (oomasipala, kuzwelonke, kwinqanaba lengingqi)

Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesibhozo ku-Matshi, i-AfricArXiv isungule inzame zokuhambisa abantu ngokubanzi ngezixhobo ezijikeleze i-COVID-18 kwimeko ye-pan-Afrika. Ngomhla wamashumi amabini anesithandathu ku-Matshi 19, iAkhademi yaseAfrika yezeNzululwazi (i-AAS) yabiza i-webinar yeengcali zase-Afrika nezingezizo ezase-Afrika ukuba ziqalise indlela yokucinga efanayo ekuchazeni i-ajenda yophando yokuqhambuka kwe-COVID26 kunye nokubonelela ngomzamo odibeneyo osekwe kwisayensi wokulwa lo bhubhani eAfrika. Omabini la manyathelo ayavuma ukuba le ndlela kufuneka ibandakanye ukukhonza nokukhusela bonke abantu baseAfrika, okt namaqela asemngciphekweni nalawo ahlelelekileyo afana neenkedama, abantu abafudukele kwamanye amazwe (IDP) kunye neembacu. Indlela yethiyori yokubandakanya izinto ezintsha ibandakanywe nguMcPhee et al. (2020) kwindlela yendabuko yokubandakanya bonke abantu kwaye uqiniseke ukuba sijonga amaAfrika ngokufanayo.

Ulwazi lwendabuko nolwemveli

Kwinkoliso yamazwe aseAfrika, ukusetyenziswa kwamayeza emveli kuqhelekile phakathi koluntu. Amayeza emveli ahlala esetyenziswa ngokudibeneyo kunye, okanye ukubuyisela amanye amayeza e-allopathic. Iimpendulo ze-COVID-19 ezilungelelanisiweyo e-Afrika ngoko zixhomekeke kubasebenzi bezempilo yendabuko, amagcisa ezempilo e-allopathic kunye nezikhokelo zikarhulumente ezibonelela ngomyalezo ongaguqukiyo. Ngokukodwa, ibhunga labanyangi bemveli kufuneka bangeniswe kwiingxoxo ze-COVID-19 zeempendulo kuzwelonke ze-COVID-19.

Uphando kumayeza emveli kunye neenkqubo zemveli zolwazi ziyanda kumaziko amaninzi aseAfrika, kwaye aba baphandi abaziingcali banokusebenza njengombandela oxabisekileyo phakathi kweengcali zezempilo, oorhulumente kunye neenkqubo zempilo zesizwe (i-REF). 

Kumazwe aliqela aseAfrika, intsebenziswano phakathi kokubonelela ngezempilo sele iqalile. Umzekelo, abaSebenzi bezeMpilo beMveli (i-THPs) eMzantsi Afrika banikezela indawo ehlanganisiweyo kwi-COVID-19 kunye nokuthintela amabango obuxoki kunye nelahlekisayo malunga namandla okunyanga okanye ukwazi ukunyanga okanye ukunyanga i-coronavirus (Covid-19). Imizekelo yokuziqhelanisa kufuneka yabelwe ngokubanzi ngolwazi kunye neyona nto ibalulekileyo.

Kukwabalulekile ukuba ukhuseleko lokuphumelela lokuphumelela lolwazi lwemveli (njengoko kubonisiwe kwimigaqo ye-CARE) alugqithanga ngokungxamisekileyo ngempendulo ye-COVID-19. Ngokukodwa, uphando kwiindawo ezinxibelelene ne-COVID-19, impilo kunye nokuhlala kufuneka kukhuselwe. Umzekelo, iiprojekthi zokukhuthaza ukuveliswa okuzinzileyo kunye nokusetyenziswa kwemifuno yendabuko yase-Afrika kukhuseleko lwesondlo kunye nokuncitshiswa kwendlala (Abukutsa-Onyango, ka-2019). Abaphandi base-Afrika babekwe kakuhle ukuba baphonononge rhoqo uphando kwezi ndawo ukugcina ukhuseleko lwedatha, imigaqo yokuziphatha kunye nokuhlonela ukusetyenziswa kwakhona okundilisekileyo kunye nolwazi lwendabuko. 

Ngokubalulekileyo, ezi ndawo zifuna ukuphononongwa ngaphakathi kunye naphakathi koluntu lwaseAfrika nolwehlabathi lophando kunye nemibutho yenkxaso (umz. IKomiti ye-Afrika yokuLungelelanisa ye-Afrika, i-IPACC) kuwo onke amanqanaba. Uninzi lweeyunithi zophando zamanye amazwe zinentsebenziswano emide kunye noluntu lwase-Afrika, kwaye unxibelelwano olunjalo lunokugxininiswa ekuqhagamsheni kuzo zonke iindawo ukulungiselela ukuxoxa okugqibeleleyo kunye nokusebenzisana, ukuqinisekisa ukuphunyezwa kwemigaqo ye-CARE, ukubambelela Isibhengezo se-UN malunga namaLungelo esizwe (I-UNDRIP) kunye nokujongana 'neMicimbi yePropathi yeNgqondo kwiLifa leNkcubeko' (iprojekthi ye-IPinCH). 

Ukusebenzisana kwamanye amazwe

Eyona nto iphambili kulawulo lwezesayensi kunye nabaxhasi ngezimali kukuxhasa ukusebenzisana kuMazantsi-Mpuma. Intsebenziswano enjalo inokuthi iqhubele phambili ngokwabelana ngokufunda kunye nokufunda kunye ukuze kuchongwe iindlela ezinokwenzeka kunye neendlela zokusebenza kwiAfrika iphela, nangotshintshiselwano lolwazi kunye nobuchule phakathi kweAfrika, Latin-Amercia, kunye ne-South-East Asia. Sele ikhona imizekelo elungileyo yempumelelo yokudlulisela ukuziqhelanisa, njengokutshintshwa kombutho opapasha i-Latin American Open Access yokupapasha umbutho woMzantsi Afrika. 

Kukwakho nenkxaso ebonakalayo ngabaxhasi ngemali yeeprojekthi ezikhokelwa yi-Afrika kunye neenethiwekhi ezomeleza amandla ophando. Imizekelo enjalo ibandakanya iQonga lezeNzululwazi laseAfrika eliVulekileyo (elixhaswa ngemali liBhunga loPhando leSizwe laseMzantsi Afrika) kunye noMbutho woKukhawulezisa ukuGqwesa kwezeNzululwazi e-Afrika (i-AESA - ubuhlakani beAfrican Academy of Science (AAS), ubuDlelwane obuTsha boPhuhliso lweAfrika (NEPAD) Iarhente ene- $ 5.5 yezigidi zeedola kwinkxaso mali yokuqala yembewu evela kwiBill & Melinda Gates Foundation, iWellcome Trust kunye neSebe lase-UK loPhuhliso lwaMazwe ngaMazwe (DFID)). Aba baxhasi babonelela ngemithombo ebalulekileyo kungekuphela nje yemali yophuhliso lwezixhobo ezizayo, kodwa nobuchwephesha, kunye nonxibelelwano kubungcali bamanye amazwe kunye nabachaphazelekayo kulawulo lwesizwe / lwengingqi.

Uluhlu lwabanye ababandakanyekayo lukwakhona kwinkqubo yophando lwendalo ese-Afrika esele isebenza ekusebenzeni ngokulula. Ukuba idibene ngokuchanekileyo kunokwenzeka ukuba ezi zixhobo zedijithali kunye nabathathi-nxaxheba banokuthi babe negalelo elikhulu ekufezekiseni iminqweno echazwe kwisibhengezo esingentla. Unxibelelwano lwehlabathi kunye namanyathelo lokuqala afana ne-JOGL okanye i-GIG kule minyaka yakutsha nje iqokelele amava amangalisayo okuqhuba nokulawula uluntu lwehlabathi lokuziqhelanisa ngaphaya kokubonelelwa kweedatha kunye neerekhodi. 

Nangona kunjalo, ukuze intsebenziswano kuMazantsi-kuMzantsi ichume, kufuneka kwenziwe umzamo omkhulu wokukhuthaza inkcubeko yokuvuleleka, ekwabelaneni kunye nentsebenziswano yenqila. Oku kuye kwabonwa ngokubanzi njengento ephambili kuphando lwase-Afrika (i-REF). Ukuphuhlisa ukuthembana phakathi kwamalungu oluntu avela kumazwe ahlukeneyo, iilwimi kunye neenkcubeko ukongeza ekuphuhliseni ubuchule yenye yezona zinto zicela umngeni kuluntu oluvulekileyo lwesayensi ngoku. Nayiphi na indlela mayithathele ingqalelo ukuphathwa kwabahlali, ukuphuculwa kwamanqanaba okukhwela, kunye neendlela zokudibanisa uluntu lwase-Afrika oluvulekileyo lwesayensi nabanye abachaphazelekayo. Imizekelo esuka kuluntu olukhoyo, njenge-H3Africa neMalariaGen, kunye neenkqubo ezivelayo ze-DELTAS ziya kubonelela ngezixhobo eziluncedo kunye neendlela zokwenza ngokubambisene kuzo.

Njengokuba sifunda kweminye imimandla yehlabathi emalunga neeveki ezimbini ezizayo kunye namaxesha okufukama kwe-coronavirus, uphando olukhawulezileyo nolungqamene ngqo kunye nezinto ezenziwayo kufuneka zibandakanye uvavanyo olupheleleyo lokuvavanya inqanaba losulelo kunye nohlalutyo lweenkcukacha manani kusulelo, ukusweleka nokubuyela kwimeko yesiqhelo , kumanqanaba esizwe, engingqi kunye ne-pan-Afrika kunye nophando lwempembelelo yezoqoqosho nezentlalo hayi ezinxulumene ngqo ngqo namazinga osulelo kodwa kuthathelwa ingqalelo onke amanqanaba oluntu kunye nemeko ezizayo.

Itheyibhile 1: Abathathi-nxaxheba, ubungcali babo kunye nezixhobo

Fumana uluhlu olukhulayo lwabachaphazelekayo abangaphezulu kwe-120 kwi info.africarxiv.org/stakelings/

AbachaphazelekayoIngcali / uxanduvaAmaziko
Abenzi bemigaqo-nkqubo kunye neearhente zenkxaso-maliUkuqinisekisa ukuzinza kwezemaliI-AfDB, i-AU, iintloko zamazwe, ezophando kunye nezempilo, I-AfDB, iAfrican UnionGates Foundation, i-CZI, iBhanki yeHlabathi, 
Amaziko empilounyangoiikliniki, izibhedlele, abanyangi ngokwesintu
Ii-hubs ezintsha kunye nendawo yokwenza indawo

Ukulungiswa, i-tinker kunye nokuphakama kwezinto zokugcina kunye nezixhobo ezaphukileyo, amaxwebhu avulekileyo omsebenzi, ukuqhagamshela uphando kunye nentshukumo, ukudala nokusebenzisa izixhobo zemfundo evulekileyo (i-OER) I-AfricaOSH, iNzululwazi evulekileyo kunye neNethiwekhi yeHardware- OSHNet (Tanzania), AfriLabs, Impact Hub Network, Jokkolabs Network, RLabs Network, kunye nangaphezulu kwama-400 amaqonga ezinto ezintsha kwilizwekazi laseAfrika njengeVilsquare (eNigeria), iMboaLab (Cameroon), KumasiHive (IGhana), i-STICLab (eTanzania), iiRobotech Labs (eTanzania), nezinye ezininzi
IintatheliUkuqinisekisa ukuFunda nokuBhala kwiSayensiInethiwekhi yoLwazi lokuFunda nokuBhala yeAfrika
Oososayensi nabaphandiUkuqokelelwa kwedatha, uvavanyo lwentsholongwane / izikrini, uhlalutyo lwedathaIidyunivesithi kunye namaziko ophando, ii-NREN
Amaziko emfundo kunye neqongaUkwakha amandla kunye noqeqesho kuzo zonke izihloko ezifanelekileyoI-TCC Africa, i-OER Africa, i-INASP,…
Uluntu ngokubanziFuna ulwazi kwimithombo ethembekileyo, ekuhlaleni
Uluntu lwamanye amazwe kunye nemibutho (kwihlabathi jikelele)Ukunxibelelana noluntu lwehlabathi lokuziqhelanisa, ukwabelana ngamava kunye neendlela ezilungileyo, ukunxibelelana nezihloko ngokubanzi, umzekelo, uphuhliso lweziboneleloIilebhu enye nje yeGiant (i-JOGL), Ukuqokelelwa kweGlobal Innovation (GIG), GOSH, ISOC; APC 

Uninzi ukuba ayingabo bonke abathathi-nxaxheba esele belungiselele impendulo ecingisisiweyo kunye nokuzimisela ye-COVID-19. Kubalulekile ukuba endaweni yokusebenza kwii-silos silungelelanise iindlela kunye neendlela kwilizwe lonke, abathathi-nxaxheba, izithintelo kulwimi kunye namacandelo oluntu. 

Ukusebenza ngokuphuculwa kuphuhliso lwezixhobo zonyango

Ukuqhubela phambili ukuqhubela phambili izixhobo zeli lizwe zineengxaki zalo. Esi sikhokelo senzelwe ukunceda intsebenziswano entsha ukunqanda imingxunya eqhelekileyo. Eli candelo lijolise ikakhulu kubaphandi kwi-Global North abajonge ukunceda kuyilo lwezixhobo ezinokuthi zakhiwe kwaye zisetyenziswe e-Afrika

  1. Intsebenziswano phakathi kwabenzi, ziingcali zezempilo kunye nabasebenzisi bokugqibela ukuze baqonde imeko apho ziya kusetyenziswa khona iihardware. Oku kubalulekile xa kusenziwa iindlela ezifanelekileyo. Abathathi-nxaxheba basekuhlaleni baya kuba namava ngezixhobo ezifanayo kwaye baya kuyazi indlela esebenza kakuhle kwimeko yengingqi. Cinga ngobukho beziseko zenkxaso (ngaba i-ventilator yakho ifuna unikezo lweoksijini?), Qwalasela iimeko ezikhoyo (lithini iqondo lobushushu lomsebenzi wehardware?), Okanye ukuthembeka kombane wendawo. Kuyo yonke le minyaka mibini idlulileyo, iprojekthi yokuvula evunyiweyo eyi-Horizon2020 ifumene amava amaninzi kwentsebenziswano phakathi kwabathathi-nxaxheba abahlukeneyo kwaye inikezela ngedatha yezisombululo esele zikhona kunye nenkxaso yamaxwebhu. 
  1. Ukudibana kwendlela yokwenza imveliso yendawo / yokulungisa indawo yokuqonda ngcono ukuba ingakanani uyilo olungakhiwa kwaye lulungiswe ekuhlaleni. Ukuveliswa nokulungiswa kwendawo ekhaya kubalulekile ekuphuculeni ukubakho kunye nexesha lezinto ezikhoyo kunye nezixhobo. Iindawo zokufaka endaweni kufuneka zifakwe emanzini okanye zenziwe ekuhlaleni ukuze zenziwe zalapha ekhaya zize zilungiswe ukuze zisebenze ngokufanelekileyo. Kuya kufuneka ukuba uqaphele ukuba amaxabiso aphantsi / afumaneka ngokulula eYurophu okanye eMelika akuthethi ukuba ayahambelana nezinto ezixabisa kancinci / zifumaneka ngokulula apha. Ngesi sizathu kubalulekile ukubandakanya abahlanganyeli basekhaya ukusuka kwinqanaba lokuqala lokubonisa.
  1. Cinga ngesantya sokuhanjiswa kwamaketanga kumazwe aphesheya. Sebenza kunye nabasebenzisanayo ekuhlaleni ukuqonda amaxesha akhokelayo ekuthengeni izixhobo zangaphakathi. Isantya kunye nokuthembakala kwamaketanga okunikezela ngehlabathi kuyahluka ngokungafaniyo ngommandla. Sukucinga ukuba ngenxa yokuba inxenye ingayenza ukusuka kumzi-mveliso kwelinye ilizwe ukuya kwilebhu yakho ngeentsuku ezimbalwa ukuba inokufikelela kubabambisene bakho ngaxeshanye. Vavanya ityathanga lonikezo apho kunokwenzeka khona nokuba ukubonelelwa okuncinci kunokuthunyelwa ngokuthe ngqo phakathi kwabasebenzisanayo. Ukunqongophala okanye ukunqongophala kwezixhobo zophando kungabuyekezwa ngokuyinxalenye ngokuvula umthombo we-Hardware Hardware, ukulungiswa kunye nokunyuswa kwezinto ezikhoyo (Maia Chagas et al., 2019).
  1. Yakha kunye kunye nentsebenziswano ye-vet prototypes. Ngelixa kunokubonakala ngathi kukuphindaphindwa kwemizamo yokwakha iiprototypes ngaxeshanye kwiindawo ezininzi ivumela onke amaqabane afanelekileyo ukuba abandakanyeke kuyilo. Ikwavumela imicimbi yokuchongwa kwangethuba enokuthi ijongane nayo ngexesha lokuveliswa kwasekhaya. Ukudityaniswa kokuvavanywa kweeprototypes, njengoko kwenziwe ngaphakathi kwiProjekthi yeJOGL Covid19, lilinge eliluncedo lehlabathi ukuxhasa ukuveliswa kwasekhaya kweziyilo ezingqineke ziluncedo kakhulu kwimixholo eyahlukeneyo.

Ukuhamba komsebenzi woPhando kwimeko yaseAfrika

Kwicandelo elilandelayo, siphula phantsi ukuhamba komsebenzi ngokubanzi wokwenza iingcebiso ezithile kwinqanaba ngalinye ukusuka ekufumaneni, ukuhlahlela (kubandakanya ukucwangciswa kweprojekthi, indlela yokusebenza, ukuveliswa kwedatha, uhlalutyo lweziphumo).

Ukufunyanwa koncwadi lophando olufanelekileyo 

Uninzi lwabapapashi bezemfundo benze i-COVID-19 yophando olufanelekileyo lufikeleleke ngalo (okwethutyana!) Ukurhuma iifizi zokurhuma.

I-Web yezeNzululwazi kunye ne-Scopus ayimeli imveliso yophando lwehlabathi oluninzi (Tennant et al., 2019). Ngelishwa, imiceli mngeni oqhubekayo inokuthetha ukuba uncwadi lwesiNgesi olupapashwa kwiijenali ezidweliswe kulwazi lwamazwe aphesheya (njenge DOAJ) ngaphambili. Oku kuyinyani ngokukodwa kwiijenali ezincinci, zommandla wase-Afrika ezingenazakhono zokubamba umxholo wawo opheleleyo kwi-Intanethi. Oku kunokuthetha ukuba iziphumo zoPhando lwase-Afrika kunzima ukufumana nokufikelela.

Iyaqondakala into yokuba eyona ndlela iphambili yokususa ukungabikho kokubonakala kuphando lwase-Afrika kukomeleza indima edlalwa ngoovimba bedijithali kwindawo yophando yase-Afrika. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ukubonakala, unxibelelwano kunye nokukhangela kwezi ndawo zokugcina izinto zahluka kakhulu. Ukwenza imephu yendawo yokugcina izinto kunye nokucwangcisa unxibelelwano kubalulekile. Igalelo lakutshanje koku ibe lupapasho lwedathabheyisi yogcino lwedijithali eAfrika enemephu ebonakalayo yokubonisana (Bezuidenhout, Havemann, Kitchen, De Mutiis, & Owango, 2020). Oovimba abazizibonelelo kufuneka zikhutshwe kwaye zandiswe ukubonelela ngolwazi oluhlaziyiweyo kule nethiwekhi ibalulekileyo yokwabelana ngedatha. 

Kukwabalulekile ukuba i-ecosystem yommandla ovelayo we-ecosystem iqhubeke nokuzibandakanya neengcali zamazwe aphesheya, njengabahlali be-Re3data ukuqinisekisa ukuba uyilo lwabo kunye nokuziqhelanisa kuyahlangabezana nemigangatho yamanye amazwe kunye nokwenza lula ukusebenzisana. Ukongeza ekuxhaseni iiriphabhlikhi, kufuneka kwenziwe umzamo omkhulu wokwakha amandla ekwabelaneni ngeenkcukacha nasekuvuleni ukufikelela phakathi koluntu lwase-Afrika lophando. Inkxaso kuqeqesho lokufunda nokubhala yedijithali yinto ebaluleke kakhulu kwindalo evulekileyo yeSayensi. Iziko ledatha lezifundo ezikwi-Intanethi ezikhuthaza ulwazi lokufunda nokubhala kufuneka lwenziwe kwaye lucothwe. Kufuneka kwenziwe iinzame zokuguqula umxholo kwiilwimi eziphambili ezinjengesiNgesi, isiFrentshi, isiSwahili kunye nesiArabhu.

Izixhobo zedijithali zesayensi ezilungele useto olungenazibonelelo zininzi / zisekwe kwi-REF

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje kuye kwakho ukwanda ngokukhawuleza kwezixhobo ze-Intanethi eziqhuba ngokwamanqanaba ahlukeneyo obomi bophando. Ukuthathwa kwezi zixhobo eAfrika, nangona kunjalo, kunqongophele. Kusenokwenzeka ukuba oku kungenxa yoluhlu lwemicimbi eyahlukeneyo, kubandakanya ukwazisa, izithethe zophando, ulwimi, imingeni yezakhiwo kunye nemicimbi enxulumene noyilo. Kubalulekile ukuba abaphandi base-Afrika baguqule ngokugqibeleleyo uluhlu lwezixhobo zedijithali ezifanelekileyo, ezikhethiweyo nezizinzileyo.

Ukufunyanwa kwezinto: Izixhobo zedijithali zokufumanisa imisebenzi efanelekileyo yesayensi. 

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukukhangelwa koncwadi, iiRekhodiUlawulo lwereferensi
1)Iijenali zase-Afrika ezikwi-Intanethi (AJOL), iAfriArXiv, IZITHUTHA - - - 
2) Vula iiMephu zoLwazi, ukuKhangela kweBASEIZero, ukuHlaliswa kwakhona
3)IGoogle Scholar, iilensi, i-ScienceOpenSciLit, i-ResearchGate, iPhephahive.orgUkuxhaswa

Indlela yokusebenza kunye nohlalutyo lwedatha

Uhlalutyo: Izixhobo zedijithali zohlalutyo lomsebenzi ofanelekileyo wezifundo
1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


IndlelaIndawo yokugcina idathaUkujonga idatha
1) 
evulekileyo, i-Afrika yoLwazi ngeNdlela ePhakamileyo yoLwazi, iNkqubo yeNkqubo yeziSeko zoLwakhiwo lwezixhobo zaseAfrikaIkhowudi ye-Afrika
2)Iiprotokholi.ioR-OpenSci, I-Re3Data, Idatha, I-Oceanprotocol.com, OSF.ioGephi, R
3)
I-FigshareKumu

Ukudibana kwe-Agile Ekude

Yonke intsebenzo yolwazi lwentsebenzo iyasinceda ekusebenziseni indlela yobudala, enika isibonelelo esongeziweyo sokuba kulula kakhulu ukuziqhelanisa namaqela akude. 

umthombo: https://www.leanovate.de/training/scrum/  

Eyona nto iphambili kuyo, ukukhula kwemveliso esele ikhulile kubandakanya iinkqubo zokwenza ingxelo rhoqo kunye nokujikeleza (iterative) kuwo onke amanqanaba: ekwenzeni okwenyani, kwinqanaba leqela, nakulawulo.

Iindlela ze-Agile ziyayiqonda into yokuba ukuphuculwa kwemveliso okunzima akunakucwangciswa kwangaphambili, njengoko iimfuno ziya kutshintsha kakhulu ngexesha lokuphila kweprojekthi kwaye zihlala zingaqondwa ngokupheleleyo ekuqaleni kweprojekthi.

Endaweni yoko, indlela yokwaluphala itshintsha ezinye izigaba zokucwangcisa kunye nophuhliso. Amalungu eqela avumelana ngeenjongo eziza kuphunyezwa ngexesha elilandelayo lokudityaniswa, ngokufutshane hlola nganye nganye imihla kunye nokuphononongwa okunyuswe ekugqibeleni koshicilelo ngalunye. Ngokusebenzisa indlela yokusebenza, ulwazi olongezelelekileyo lwenkqubo luyafumaneka. 

Izinto ezibalulekileyo zobugcisa kulo naliphi na intsebenziselwano yobudala zezi: umsebenzi ongekenziwa okwabelwana ngawo; ibhodi yemisebenzi ekwabelwana ngayo nge-sprint elandelayo; kunye neentlanganiso rhoqo. Kubalulekile kwiinkqubo zokwaluphala eziqhutywa ziindima ezinikezelweyo kumanqanaba amabini, oko kukuthi imveliso (umzekelo ngumnini wemveliso) nenqanaba lenkqubo (umz. Ngumbhali wesikram okanye umqeqeshi obudala).


Umthombo ovaliweyoVula Umnikezi
Ukucwangcisa / iBhodi emhlophehttps://mural.co https://miro.com https://stormboard.com/https://openboard.ch https://wbo.openode.io/ 
Umsebenzi weBhodihttps://trello.com/ https://leankit.com/ https://wekan.github.io/ http://taskboard.matthewross.me/ 
Iintlanganiso ezikude / Iifowunihttps://zoom.us/ https://tico.chat https://jitsi.org/ https://unhangout.media.mit.edu/ 
Retrospectivehttps://www.teamretro.com/ https://www.parabol.co/ https://retrorabbit.io/  https://github.com/funretro/distributed 
Isoftware Suitehttps://www.atlassian.com/software/jira https://www.openproject.org/ https://gitlab.com https://taiga.io/ 

Ukongeza kwezi zixhobo zingasentla, i-Coronavirus Tech Handbook yindawo yangoku yokufumana ulwazi lwethekhinoloji engaphezulu yeetekhnoloji zomsebenzi omde. Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba ukusebenzisana okukude kuyindlela yophando yombutho wabaphandi abaninzi kwi-LMICs kunye nee-HIC. Kuya kuba luncedo kubaphandi base-Afrika abanamava kule fomathi ukubonelela ngezifundo zemizekelo kunye nemizekelo yokuqhubeka kwengxoxo.

isibulali

Uyilo lwezixhobo ezisebenzisanayo kunye nophuhliso ziyindlela ephambili yomenzi womhlaba jikelele. Izixhobo ezahlukeneyo kunye needatha zikhona kwaye zisetyenziswa ngokubanzi ukuyila nokujonga kwakhona uyilo kwi-Intanethi, esele ibonakalisile ukuba luncedo ekuphenduleni ngokukhawuleza kwi-Covid19. Amawakawaka oomatshini kwihlabathi liphela sele eqalisile ukusebenzisa iiprinta zawo ze-3D kunye nabasiki be-laser ukuvelisa izihlangu zobuso njengeminikelo ezibhedlele nakwizibonelelo zoncedo kwihlabathi liphela, zixhaswe ngabavelisi boomatshini abayimfuneko:

Ugcino lweenkcukacha zoluntuUyilo lwe-3DIzixhobo ze-Elektroniki / zoyilo
https://www.careables.org/ https://www.welder.app/ https://www.opensourceecology.org/ https://www.openhardware.io/ https://www.thingscon.org/  https://hackaday.io/ https://www.instructables.com/ https://makershare.com/  https://www.thingiverse.com/ https://grabcad.com/  https://www.prusaprinters.org/  https://fab365.net/ https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ 

I-DIY Bio kunye neBiotechnology yoLuntu

Ukongeza kwimiceli mngeni yokusebenzisa izixhobo zophando zedijithali, abaphandi base-Afrika bahlala balwa nokunqongophala kwezixhobo zophando lomzimba. I-DIYBio kunye ne-Biotechnology yoLuntu ibonelela ngenkqubo ekhulayo esezantsi yokuphanda ukuba izibonelelo zivula isayensi kunye netekhnoloji evulekileyo yokuqhuba uphando nophuhliso. Le ntshukumo yoluntu ikhulayo isisitshixo sokuvula iziphumo zophando ezivela e-Afrika ngelixa zenza ukuba ukuphuculwa kwesisombululo kuzinze. Imizamo evela kumaqela ophando afana ne-Open Bioeconomy Lab kunye neelebhu zayo e-Afrika, iHive Biolab, iphuhlisa isixhobo sophando esivuliweyo ukuze sikwazi ukwenza iilebhu kwiindawo ezinomda wobutyebi kunye neelebhu e-Afrika, e-Asia nase-Latin America ukuvelisa zalapha kweli lizwe ezinje ngee-enzymes ezinomthamo wovavanyo lwe-SARS-CoV 2 virus.

Ulawulo lweDatha yoPhando

Ulawulo lwedatha ye-COVID-19 yisihloko samanye amazwe, kwaye ibone imibutho emininzi eneempembelelo zedatha, ezinje nge-Research Data Alliance (RDA) zenza amaqela asebenzayo ukucacisa iinkqubo zolawulo lwedatha (RDM). Ezi zenzo ze-RDM zithathela ingqalelo imigaqo-siseko ye-FAIR kunye ne-CARE, kodwa kubalulekile ukuba amalungu ase-Afrika ale mibutho yamazwe aphesheya azibandakanye kwezi ngxoxo ukuqinisekisa ukuba imigangatho evelayo kunye neendlela zokwenza zibonisa idatha eveliswayo e-Afrika.

Ukuququmbela ukuzibandakanya kwabaphandi base-Afrika kwiingxoxo ze-RDM kuya kunika ithuba elibanzi lokuvavanya iindlela zangoku ze-RDM, uqeqesho kunye nolwakhiwo lwezibonelelo kwilizwekazi laseAfrika. Oku kuyakuvumela ukwenziwa kweendlela zokwenza izinto ze-RDM ezingqinelana nezinto ezenziwa kumazwe aphesheya kwaye zibonise ubunyani bophando e-Afrika. Iya kuba nefuthe kuyilo lwedatha yexesha elizayo kunye nokupapasha ukwakhiwa. ?

Ukubhala kunye noPapasho

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukubhala ngokubambisanaIndawo yokugcina izinto kwizikoIijenali (OA), amaqonga okushicilela
1)
I-AfricArXiv, IAI / iikhowudi,
essa-africa.org/I-AERD, IZIXHOBO
Uphando oluvulekileyo lwe-AASI-AJOL, https://upverter.com/ https://easyeda.com/ https://library.io/ https://codebender.cc/ Isayensi yase-Afrika, Iingqondo zaseAfrika
2)Authorea, Ngaphezulu, GitHubUlungiso lwe-OSFpeerjUDAJ, zemfundo.journal, Inkqubo yeJenali evulekileyo yePKP, Imveliso yeCoko Foundation, Vula amabhaso okuPapasha, Indlela kaJane / I-PubPub, I-ScholarLed, Ulawulo lwamajelo eendaba akhokelwa ziFundo
3)Google Docs
IQios.com, iziqu.org

Inkqubo yokushicilela ekhawulezayo (>>>)

Uphando noHlahlelo Isicatshulwa kunye nedatha Vula ukufikelela kuVimba Uphononongo loontanga lwehlabathiUkupapashwa kwejenali
Ukukhangela kunye nokuqokelela iincwadi ezifanelekileyo zophando kunye nedatha, 
kwangoko / uphando olusebenzayo kwiimpawu, ubungakanani bentsholongwane, ifuthe lentlalontle nezoqoqosho lokuvalwa
https://github.com/dsfsi/covid19africa
I-AfricArXiv, I-DICAMES, i-bioRXiv, medArXiv, preprints.orgJonga kwakhona
I-PeerCommunityIn
Iimpawu.is
I-AJOL, Le grenier de Savoir, Iijenali ezidweliswe kwi-DoAJ

Indawo egxila e-Afrika kunye namaQonga okufikelela okuvulekileyo njenge-pan-African prerint repository AfricArXiv, iKenya-based Uphando oluvulekileyo lwe-AAS Iqonga kunye neendawo zamanye amazwe ezijolise kumazwe angaphandle, ezifana ne-Open Science Framework (OSF), Preprints.org, biorXiv, medrXiv kunye neSayensiOpen / iiprinta, ukumiliselwa kweendlela ezijolise kwelase-Afrika kodwa zijongane nehlabathi jikelele, umz. Amanyathelo okusabela anjenge-Outfallak Science Rapid PREreview.

Kubalulekile ukwamkela ukuba amaziko ase-Afrika axhomekeke ikakhulu kupapasho lwamaphepha aqwalaselweyo ngoontanga ukuvavanya ukugqwesa kunye nokuchaza indlela yokunyusa. Ezi nkqubo zovavanyo ziphantsi kwengxoxo kwihlabathi liphela, kodwa akunakwenzeka ukuba zitshintshe kungekudala. Ke ngoko, kufuneka kuhlonitshwe isidingo sabaphandi base-Afrika sokupapasha amaphepha aqwalaselweyo koontanga kwiijenali ezamkelwa kwilizwe liphela. Nangona kunjalo, kunokwenzeka ukuba ukusetyenziswa kweemodeli zokupapasha ezinomdla, ezinjengokuphononongwa kontanga okwenziwa kwinqanaba lokuphambili kusetyenziswa iinkonzo ezifana iingcinga.is kwaye lukyoku.com, inokuhambisa impapasho. 

Ukufikelela, ukuVavanya nokuGqithisela ulwazi

1) = I-Afrika ethile, 2) = yehlabathi jikelele, umthombo ovulekileyo, 3) jikelele, urhwebo


Ukuzibandakanya koluntu kunye neNzululwazi yezeNzululwaziUluntu lwezobuchwephesha kunye nonxibelelwano
1)Inethiwekhi yeLebhu yeHlabathi, Imibala, Unxibelelwano lweSayensi Hub eNigeria, Inzululwazi yezeCaféINethiwekhi yokuFunda nokuBhala yaseAfrika, phantsi kweMicroscopeIkhowudi ye-Afrika, i-AfricaOSH, i-Vilsquare, Idatha evulekileyo yase-Afrika, I-EthLagos.io, Inethiwekhi evulekileyo yeNzululwazi kunye ne-Hardware (OSHNet), STICLab, IiLabhu zeRobotech
2)I-ORCIDUkudibana kwe-Hardware Hardware (GOSH)

Inani elincinci, kodwa elikhulayo, lamanyathelo eSayensi yaBemi kunye neenethiwekhi kwilizwekazi nako kubonelela ngendlela yokuhambisa ulwazi. Ukuzibandakanya kwabo kuya kufezekiswa ngokuseta iiprojekthi zokusebenzisana, njengokugcina abemi benolwazi ngeilwimi ezininzi ngokwabelana ngemiyalezo eguqulelweyo engaguqukiyo kwiinethiwekhi zentlalo (iBezuidenhout et al, 2020).

Ukuzibandakanya koluntu kunye nobuntatheli bezenzululwazi yinto encinci, kodwa intsimi evelayo ngaphakathi e-Afrika. Ngelixa kusekho imiceli mngeni enxulunyaniswa nobuncinci bokufunda kwesayensi kunye nokungabikho kwembali kokuzibandakanya phakathi kwezifundo zoluntu kunye noluntu, kubekho utshintsho oluninzi oluqinisekileyo. Kubalulekile ukuba abaphandi baqhubeke nokuzibandakanya noluntu ukuthintela ulwazi olungachanekanga kunye nokubonelela ngolwazi oluhlaziyiweyo malunga nophando lwasekhaya nolwehlabathi. Kule nto, ukusebenzisana ngakumbi neentatheli zase-Afrika ukuphucula ukufikelela koluntu kuphando kubalulekile. 

Ukufikelela kubo bonke abemi kunyanzelisa ukutya kweentlobo ngeentlobo zeendlela zobuntatheli njengoko kujongiwe yi-African Science Literacy Network eNigeria, umzkl. 2020) okanye Artificial Intelligence (AI) iindlela ezinje nge "Hlamba izandla zakho" ngeelwimi ezingama-500 +.

Ukuphucula ukubonakala koPhando lwase-Afrika 

Ukusebenzisana yinto ephambili kunxibelelwano lwezenzululwazi kunye nophando. Ukuhamba kolwazi kufuneka kuthembeke ngokwakha uphando oluzinzileyo kunye nezibonelelo zemfundo. Ukudibanisa imisebenzi yophando kumaqonga ahlukileyo ezifundo zemfundo ichaza ukusebenzisana kunye nokuxhasa ukufunyanwa kwemikhwa, imida kunye nexesha. 

Uluhlu lwemibutho eyahlukeneyo yase-Afrika sele ibandakanyekile kule micimbi. Ngokukodwa, uphando olunzulu lweenkcukacha / amaziko ekhompyuter aphezulu (anjenge-DIRISA eMzantsi Afrika) aphuhlisa ubuchule obunokwabelana ngolwazi kunye namaqonga ezophando asebenzisekayo. Amaziko anje axhaswa yinkxaso-mali yesizwe kunye neyamazwe aphesheya kunye nobuchule, kwaye abamele oovimba ababalulekileyo kwizibonelelo ezivulekileyo zeSayensi e-Afrika.

Ngaphaya koko, inani lemibutho ezimeleyo, enje ngeAfricArXiv kunye neeprinta zokugcina ezishicilelweyo ezifanayo ziyanceda kwimizamo yokuququzelela ukwabelana ngolwazi kumaqonga onke. Ngenkxaso yamaqabane othungelwano lwe-Africa Open Access, i-AfricArXiv ibonelela ngesixhobo esibalulekileyo kubaphandi baseAfrika. Ukuqala ukusuka kukuqinisekiswa kwe-ORCID kunye nemvume yokufunda igalelo lomphandi kunikezelo ngamanye amaqonga kunye namajelo ngokweZenodo.

Ukwakha amandla noqeqesho

YabaphandiKubasebenzi bezonyango
https://www.tcc-africa.org/ http://www.authoraid.info/ // https://www.inasp.info/ http://eifl.net/ https://www.jstor.org/https://science4africa.org/ 
I-CDC Africa ye-COVOD-19 yoqeqesho kwi-webinar: https://vimeo.com/401111213/a4f2ac2720
AMREF, https://amref.org/

Ipateni yokusasazeka kwesibetho se-COVID-19 esaqala eTshayina, sadlula e-Europe nase-United States, sivumele ukuphuculwa kovavanyo lokuchonga, kunye nokunyuka kwamanyathelo okuqala e-COVID-19, kunye nexesha elinikiweyo lokuba ilizwekazi lase-Afrika ukulungiselela impendulo yalo. Abaphandi baseyunivesithi nabakwicandelo labucala kumazwe asele enefuthe kubhubhani sele eqalisile ukuphuhlisa imithintelo yokuthintela intsholongwane ekubambeni iiseli zabantu, ukuvavanya uluhlu lwamachiza esele ekhona kwizilingo zeklinikhi, kwaye bevavanya ukusebenza ngempumelelo kwezifo ezinamandla omzimba eziqokelelwa kwizigulana ezifunyenweyo. kusulelo lwe-coronavirus, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezininzi ezenziwayo.

Intsebenziswano yamanye amazwe kunye nezenzululwazi zaseAfrika kwezoncedo olunjalo zibaluleke kakhulu kwiinzame zokuphelisa umonakalo wobhubhane kwilizwekazi, ukuphuhlisa izisombululo ezihambelana nomxholo wengingqi (umz. Ixabiso eliphantsi / lokuhlola iselfowuni), kunye nokubaluleka kokutyebisa umsebenzi woontanga kwi Intshona Melika / iYurophu ngokuza neeseti zezakhono ezizodwa, ubungcali, kunye nembono yomsebenzi. Imibutho efana neSayensi ye-Afrika, eqala kwaye ixhase ukusebenzisana kwezophando zamanye amazwe, inakho ukuqhubela phambili kwimizamo yokwakha ngokukhawuleza amandla e-COVID-19 kwilizwekazi. Ngokuchonga amaqela ophando kumazwe ase-Afrika anezakhono, ubuchwephesha, kunye netekhnoloji yokwenza olu hlobo lophando, kunye nabalingane eMntla Melika naseYurophu sele besebenza kwizisombululo, umbutho ungadibanisa-ngokusekwe kuhlobo oluthile lophando, iimfuno zokusebenzisana , kunye nobuchule bobuchwephesha-kwaye uqhagamshele amaqela ophando ngoncedo lweqonga elizenzekelayo

(Vula) Izixhobo zokufunda

Sele inembali ende yomgama kunye nokufunda kwi-intanethi e-Afrika. Umzekelo, iYunivesithi yoMzantsi Afrika, eyasekwa ngo-1946, lelinye lamaziko emfundo akudala nelikhulu emhlabeni. Ngaphaya koko, amaziko anjengeZiko lokuBhengeza ukuFunda kunye nokuFunda kwiDyunivesithi yaseKapa, ​​abonelela ngobungcali bamkelwe kwihlabathi jikelele kwimfundo yedijithali. Imisebenzi efanayo ibanjwa ngamaziko namaqonga kuzwelonke nakwinqanaba lelizwekazi (https://oerafrica.org/). Ukwenza imaphu yobungcali esele ikho kwezi ndawo iya kubonelela ngezixhobo ezixabisekileyo zokwandiswa kwe-OER e-Afrika. Ngaphaya koko, ukuqokelela amaxwebhu eengcebiso zokusetyenziswa kwe-OER / izixhobo zokufunda ezidijithali kwindawo enezinto ezincinci (ezinje nge-UCT) ziya kubonelela ngezinto eziluncedo.

Ingxelo ye-eLearning Africa Report 2019 idwelisa amazwe angama-55 amazwe ase-Afrika anemizekelo kunye nobuchule be-ICT kwezemfundo (iiprofayili zelizwe), uninzi lwazo olunokusetyenziswa ngexesha lomsebenzi wokuhamba komsebenzi wophando ukusuka kuphuhliso lweprojekthi ukuya kupapasho lweziphumo (Elletson kunye neStromeyer, ka-2019). 

Ukuzinza kwezemali 

Ukulungiselela iimali zakwangoko

Ukwenza lula ukuveliswa kwesiseko esivulekileyo sempendulo ye-COVID-19, kubalulekile ukuba iimali zifumaneke ukulungiselela ukuhanjiswa. Zininzi iindlela apho le mali ingafunyanwa, kubandakanya:

  • Dibanisa imisebenzi edibanisa ngaphezulu 
  • Chonga iiprojekthi ezikhoyo kunye nabaxhasi abaxhasayo kulungiso lolwakhiwo (kunye nefom evulekileyo)
  • Cwangcisa uluhlu lweefowuni zesibonelelo esivulekileyo ukuze usebenze kunye
  • Yondela kubanikeli / abaxhasi bezimali zikazwelonke kunye noorhulumente ngqo

Uzinzo lwezezimali lwexesha elide

Ukulungelelaniswa kwezibonelelo ezivulekileyo e-Afrika kuya kuba nezibonelelo zophando lwase-Afrika kude kakhulu kunobhubhani we-COVID-19. Ukuqinisekisa uzinzo lwezezimali lwexesha elide ukuxhasa ukugcinwa kwamacandelo avela kule ngxaki ikhoyo, nasekuchongeni abathathi-nxaxheba abatsha ukuncedisa kwindaleko, kuya kuba ngumba ophambili. Imicimbi ekuthethwa ngayo iya kuba:

  • Qokelela ubungqina kuququzelelo lwe-COVID-19 oluchaphazelekileyo kunye nefuthe lala maziko
  • Qhubeka nokuphembelela ubuncinci obungaphantsi kwe-1% ye-GDP yophando koorhulumente besizwe, kwaye uqinisekisa ukuba utyalomali oluzinzileyo ekusekweni kweziseko zophando luphambili.
  • Ukuvavanywa ngokucacileyo kwemigaqo-nkqubo yesizwe ekwabelaneni ngedatha kunye nophando ukwenza utshintsho oluza kuxhasa ulwakhiwo oluvulekileyo
  • Nxibelelana namabhunga ezemali ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuba iziseko ezingavulekiyo zeSayensi ikwi-ajenda yazo
  • Cela intsebenziswano yamazwe aphuma kuluntu lwaseSayensi oluVulelekileyo lwehlabathi
  • Chonga iimodeli zenkxaso-mali, okanye iimodeli ezifanelekileyo zeshishini ezisebenza kunye noluntu lophando lwaseAfrika. Siphakamisa imodeli yenkxaso-mali ecacileyo nexubeneyo, ebandakanya:
  • i-pan-African: Umanyano lwe-Afrika, i-AfDB,…
  • Oorhulumente bamazwe ase-Afrika (amasebe e-R & E)
  • Imibutho yophando kazwelonke efana ne-ASSAf (SA) kunye ne-SRF (eSudan)
  • Iziseko zase-Afrika ezinjengoMandela / Mo Ibrahim /…
  • Ixhaswe ngenkxaso yamazwe aphesheya nge-B & M Gates Foundation, iChan-Zuckerberg Initiative, iMozilla Foundation, iSloan Foundation, njl.  
  • I-USAID; Iiarhente zenkxaso-mali yaseYurophu: (i-UK) i-Wellcome Trust; (GER) DFG, Max Planck / Leibniz / Helmholtz Society, DAAD; (FR) CNRS; (SWE) SIDA
  • Iinkonzo zokufunda: Uguqulo, Unxibelelwano kwezenzululwazi kuluntu ngokubanzi (ukwenza lula ispanish), uqeqesho lokuxhobisa ngezakhono koososayensi, ECR kunye nabafundi // ngubani ohlawula?

Imida kunye nemiceli mngeni

Iingxoxo malunga nokuxhaswa ngezimali kwexesha elide kweziseko zophuhliso zeSayensi evulekileyo kufuneka zicaciswe malunga nokuba ngubani ofumana inzuzo kwiziphumo zophando ekwabelwana ngazo ekuhleni kwangethuba, kwaye zeziphi iifom zokuqhuba ngokufanelekileyo oku. Kukho isidingo esingxamisekileyo sokuhlengahlengisa inkqubo yezemali ukuba ihlawula ntoni kwaye nini kwaye nini. Uncwadi olufundayo kunye nendawo ekugcinwa kuyo idatha kufuneka ibe yinxalenye yophando; kodwa ngubani ohlawulela umsebenzi / ukuphatha, ulwabiwo lwe-DoI, ukusingathwa kwedatha njl.njliphi kwinqanaba kwinkqubo?

Lumkela ilizwe eligwetyiweyo kunye nefuthe elinokuba nalo kwimeko yophando lukazwelonke: Bezuidenhout et al (2019). Ukusilela konxibelelwano oluthembekileyo, olufikelelekayo, olukhawulezayo kwi-Intanethi kusalucandelo lomceli mngeni omkhulu kuyo nayiphi na inzame zokusebenzisana kwe-Intanethi kwiindawo ezininzi kwilizwekazi laseAfrika. 

imbonakalo

Simema ukwakhiwa kobambiswano nentsebenziswano kwilizwekazi lonke kunye nenkxaso yamazwe aphesheya evela kwamanye amazwe ehlabathi nakumazwe anikela ngemali.

Ucaphulo

I-Adegbeye OT, (2020). Kutheni le nto ekuhlaleni ingasisebenzisi. Umnxibelelanisi (NG) 

Imigaqo yase-Afrika yoNxibelelwano lwezeMfundo nge-OA: info.africarxiv.org/african-oa-princepts/

Iplatifomu yeSayensi evulekileyo yaseAfrika - isayensi yobugcisa.org.za 

UAbukutsa-Onyango, uMary O. (2019). Amava kuPhando oluVulekileyo kunye neMfundo yoPhuhliso oluZinzileyo e-Afrika. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3582532

I-Ayebare R, i-Waitt P, u-Okello S et al. Utyalomali oluqhubayo kwi-Ebola yokulungiselela i-COVID-19 kwi-Afrika esemaZantsi e-Sahara [uhlobo 1; uphononongo loontanga: ilindele ukujongwa kwakhona koontanga]. I-AAS evulekileyo i-2020, 3: 3 (https://doi.org/10.12688/aasopenres.13052.1

Ahinon et al. (2019). Ulwazi oluninzi olunika isikhokelo ngezifundo ezitshintsha ulwazi malunga ne-Afrika: ukujonga indawo eyiyo eyindawo yokuqala INDLELA Ye-Africa News Portal. Iyafumaneka ela-newsportal.com/multi-directional-academic-nownow-exchange-from-and-about-africa-exploring-the-preprint-repository-africarxiv/

Akligoh, Harry, Havemann, Jo, Restrepo, Martin, kunye no-Obanda, Johanssen. (Ngo-2020). Imephu yempendulo ye-COVID-19 yehlabathi: ukusuka emazantsi ukuya koorhulumente [Idatha esetiweyo]. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732377 

Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (Ngo-2020). Indawo eziGcina uphando kwidijithali yaseAfrika: Imephu yeLandscape [preprint]. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3732274 

Bezuidenhout L, Karrar O, Lezaun J, Nobes A (2019) izohlwayo zoqoqosho kunye nezifundo: Impembelelo egqithileyo kunye neziphumo zexesha elide. IIPHULO ENYE 14 (10): e0222669. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222669

I-Bezuidenhout L, McNaughton A kunye no-Havemann J (2020, Matshi 26). IiVidiyo eziNika ulwazi ze-COVID-19 zeLwimi ezininzi UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3727534 

Boudry C, Alvarez-Muñoz P, Arencibia-Jorge R, Ayena D, Brouwer NJ, Chaudhuri Z, Chawner B, Epee E, Erraïs K, Fotouhi A, Gharaibeh AM, uHasanein DH, Herwig-Carl MC, Howard K, Kaimbo Wa Kaimbo D, Laughrea P, Lopez FA, Machin-Mastromatteo JD, Malerbi FK, Ndiaye PA, Noor NA, Pacheco-Mendoza J, Papastefanou VP, Shah M, Shields CL, Wang YX, Yartsev V, Mouriaux F. 2019. Ukungalingani kwihlabathi liphela ukufikelela kwimibhalo epheleleyo yesayensi: umzekelo we-ophthalmology. I-PeJJ 7: e7850 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7850

ICárdenas, OVL (2019) Ubuchwephesha bobuchwephesha bobuchwephesha bobutsha bexesha elizayo / bevela kwiLizwe eliManyeneyo. yabee

U-Elletson, H. no-Stromeyer, R. (eds) 2019. Ingxelo ye-eLearning Africa Report 2019, eLearning Africa / ICWE: EJamani. Iyafumaneka https://elearning-africa.com/media_publications_report_2019.php 

IKramer, iBianca, kunye neBosman, iJeroen. (2018, EyoMqungu). Umnyama weendlela ezivulekileyo zesayensi. UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1147025 

I-Maia Chagas, A .; UMolloy, J .; I-Prieto Godino, L .; I-Baden, T. Leveraging evula i-Hardware yokuphelisa iBurden ye-COVID-19 kwiiNkqubo zeMpilo zeHlabathi. Izinto eziphambili 2020, 2020030362 doi: 10.20944 / preprints202003.0362.v1

UMcPhee, uC., Schillo, RS, Earl, L., & Kinder, J. 2018. Umhleli: Uqukaniso oluDibeneyo kumazwe aPhuhlileyo. UPhononongo loLawulo lweTekhnoloji, 8 (2) 3-6. http://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1134  

UPoynder, R (nge-31 ka-Okthobha ka-2019, udliwanondlebe we-OA: K. Vijay Raghavan, uMcebisi weSayensi oyiNtloko, URhulumente wase-India. poynder.blogspot.com/2019/10/the-oa-interviews-k-vijayraghavan.html 

Imigaqo yokufikelela ngokuvulekileyo kunxibelelwano lwezezifundo: https://info.africarxiv.org/african-principles-for-open-access-in-scholarly-communication/ 

USmith I (2019). I-DoAJ Guest Post: Amagqabantshintshi omhlaba we-Afrika OA kugxilwe ekupapashweni kwezifundiswa. Ibhlog.doaj.org

Tennant, JP; I-Crane, H .; Crick, T .; UDavila, J .; I-Enkhbayar, A .; I-Hadmann, J .; IKramer, B .; UMartin, R .; Masuzzo, P .; Nobes, A .; Ilayisi, C .; URivera-López, B .; URoss-Hellauer, T .; I-Sattler, S .; I-Thacker, PD; UVanholsbeeck, M. (2019) Izihloko eziShushu eziShumi ngeenxa zonke zokuPapasha iScholarly. Ukupapashwa kuka-2019, 7, 34. doi.org/10.3390/imisebenzi7020034

Isihlomelo: Imibutho kunye neenkonzo zedijithali

Imibutho yase-Afrika neyama-Afrika kunye neenkonzo zedijithali njengoko zichaziwe kolu xwebhu. Ukufumana uhlobo olongezelelekileyo kolu luhlu hlulela ku https://tinyurl.com/sfbb6xn 

Umbuthourllizwe
Inkqubo yoLwazi lweZiseko zoNcedo e-Afrikahttp://infrastructureafrica.opendataforafrica.org/I-Pan-Afrika
I-Bhanki yoPhuhliso lwe-Afrika (i-AfDB)https://www.afdb.org/enThunishiya
Ulwazi lwe-HIghway Portal yase-Afrikahttp://dataportal.opendataforafrica.org/I-PanAfrican
Iijenali zase-Afrika ezikwi-Intanethi (AJOL)https://www.ajol.info/Mzantsi Afrika
Idatha evulekileyo yase-Afrikahttps://africaopendata.net/Ghana
Inethiwekhi ye-Afrika yoLwazi lokuFunda noLwazihttps://www.africanscilit.org/Nayijeriya
I-AfrikaOSHhttp://africaosh.com/Ghana
I-AfricArXivhttp://info.africarxiv.org/pan-Afrika
AfriLabshttps://www.afrilabs.com/Nayijeriya
UkuKhangelahttps://base-search.net/about/en/contact.phpIGloba
bioRXivhttps://www.biorxiv.org/i-USA
Inzululwazi yezeCaféhttp://www.rouleauxfoundation.org/cafe-sci/ENigeria | Umhlaba jikelele
Unonophelohttps://www.careables.org/ I-EU | Kumhlaba jikelele
Ikhowudi ye-Afrikahttps://github.com/CodeForAfrica/Khenya
Idathahttps://dataverse.org/i-USA
IZIXHOBOhttp://dicames.scienceafrique.org/Madagaska
I-EthLagoshttps://ethlagos.io/Nayijeriya
I-Figsharehttps://figshare.com/London | i-USA
Gephihttps://gephi.org/Global
Ukudityaniswa kwe-Global Innovation Gathering (GIG)https://www.globalinnovationgathering.org/Ijamani | Kumhlaba jikelele
Inethiwekhi yeLebhu yeHlabathihttps://glabghana.wordpress.com/Ghana
Googlehttps://scholar.google.com/Global
Iimpawu.ishttps://hypothes.is/i-USA
Inethiwekhi yeHub nefuthehttps://impacthub.net/Ostriya
INASPhttps://www.inasp.info/iunited Kingdom
Inethiwekhi yeJokkolabshttps://www.jokkolabs.net/Fransi
Ilebhu enye nje yeG Giant (i-JOGL)https://jogl.ioIFrance | Kumhlaba jikelele
KumasiHivehttps://www.kumasihive.comGhana
Kumuhttp://kumu.io/i-USA
MboaLabhttps://www.mboalab.africaKhameruni
imvrivivhttps://www.medrxiv.org/Global
Ukuxhaswahttps://www.mendeley.com/iunited Kingdom
I-Oceanprotocol.comhttps://oceanprotocol.com/Singapho
I-OER Africahttps://www.oerafrica.org/Mzantsi Afrika
Vula i-Afrikahttps://africaopendata.org/Khenya
Vula iiMephu zoLwazihttps://openknowledgemaps.org/Ostriya
Inethiwekhi evulekileyo yeNzululwazi kunye neHardware (OSHNet)http://www.oshnet.africaThanzaniya
evulekileyoAfrikahttps://open.africa/Mzantsi Afrika
I-ORCIDhttp://orcid.org/i-USA
Isakhelo seSayensi esivuliweyo (i-OSF)http://OSF.ioi-USA
Iphepha lephephahttp://Paperhive.orgJemani
I-PeerCommunityInhttps://ecology.peercommunityin.org/Fransi
Imibalahttp://pollicy.orgI-Pan-Afrika
Imiba yokuqalahttps://www.preprints.org/Swizalend
Jonga kwakhonahttps://www.prereview.org/i-USA
Iiprotokholi.iohttps://www.protocols.io/i-USA
ROpenScihttps://ropensci.org/i-USA
I-Re3Datahttps://www.re3data.org/Global
Ukulungiswa kwakhonahttps://refigure.org/Global
Uphandohttps://www.researchgate.net/Jemani
Inethiwekhi yeRLabshttps://rlabs.orgMzantsi Afrika
Iilebhu zeRobotechhttp://www.robotech.co.tzThanzaniya
IHub yoNxibelelwano ngeSayensihttp://www.SciComNigeria.orgNayijeriya
ScienceOpenhttps://www.scienceopen.com/i-USA
I-SciLithttps://www.scilit.net/Swizalend
I-STICLabhttp://www.sticlab.co.tzThanzaniya
I-TCC yase-Afrikahttps://www.tcc-africa.org/Khenya
Izibanehttps://www.lens.org/Ostreliya
Phantsi kweMicroscopehttps://www.underthemicroscope.net/Khenya
I-Vilsquarehttps://vilsquare.org/Nayijeriya
Zoterohttp://zotero.org/i-USA


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