Ababhali nabanikeli ngokulandelana kwama-alfabhethi
Bezuidenhout, Louise, Havemann, Jo, Kitchen, Stephanie, De Mutiis, Anna, & Owango, Joy. (2020). Izinqolobane ze-African Digital Research: Mapping the Landscape [Data set]. UZenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Imephu ebonakalayo: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Idatha: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
I-Archived at https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/ 
Ifomu lokuhambisa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ilayisense: Umbhalo Wokubuka Nemephu Ebonakalayo - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Isizinda Somphakathi) // Ukunikezwa kwelayisense kwesizinda ngasinye kunqunywa yi-database uqobo

Ukuhlola kuqala: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274     
Idatha esethiwe: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // itholakala ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

I-International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ngokubambisana ne-KiaarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) wethule imephu exhumanayo yezinqolobane zezincwadi zocwaningo ezidijithali zase-Afrika. Lokhu kususelwe emsebenzini wangaphambilini we-IAI kusuka ngo-2016 kuye phambili ukuhlonza nokufaka uhlu lwezinqolobane zezikhungo ezise-Afrika ezazigxile ekukhombeni amakhosombe asezindaweni zokufunda zaseyunivesithi zase-Afrika. Izinsizakusebenza zethu zangaphambili ziyatholakala ku- https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Imephu exhumanayo inweba umsebenzi we-IAI ukufaka izinqolobane zenhlangano, zikahulumeni nezamazwe omhlaba. Iphinde ibalaze ukuxhumana phakathi kwezinqolobane zocwaningo. Kule dathasethi, sigxila ezinqolobaneni zezikhungo zemisebenzi yezifundiswa, njengoba kuchazwe abanikeli beWikipedia (Mashi 2020).

Inhloso

Imephu yamakhosombe edigital yase-Afrika yadalwa njengomthombo ozosetshenziswa emisebenzini ebhekene nezinhloso ezilandelayo:

  1. Thuthukisa ukutholakala kocwaningo nezincwadi zase-Afrika 
  2. Ngcono ukusebenzisana kwezindawo zokugcina ezikhona nezisafufusa zase-Afrika
  3. Bona izindlela izinjini zokusesha zedijithali ezingathuthukisa ngazo ukutholakala kocwaningo lwase-Afrika

Sigqugquzela ukusatshalaliswa kolwazi olususelwa ocwaningweni oluvela kumakhosombe ase-Afrika njengengxenye yezindawo ezinkulu zomhlaba ezibandakanya amaphephabhuku e-inthanethi, okubhalwa phansi kwedatha yocwaningo kanye nabashicileli bezincwadi zezifundo ukukhulisa ukuxhumana kanye nokutholakala kwezindawo zokugcina ezinjengalezi ngaphesheya kwezwekazi lase-Afrika futhi ukufaka isandla kukho ukuqonda okungabazwisisayo kwezinsiza kusebenza zakuleli lizwekazi.  

Ukulondolozwa kwemininingwane nokugcinwa kwedatha

Imephu nedatha ehambisanayo kubanjelwa kuwebhusayithi ye-KiaArXiv ngaphansi kwe- 'Izinsiza' ku- https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Uhlu alupheli futhi ngakho-ke sigqugquzela noma yikuphi okubhaliwe okufanele ezwenikazi lase-Afrika okungekho ohlwini lapha ifomu lokuhambisa at https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, noma ukwazisa i-International African Institute (i-imeyili sk111@soas.ac.uk). Zombili i-KiaArXiv ne-IAI zizoqhubeka nokugcina uhlu lwezindawo ezigcinwa kuzo njengomthombo wabaphenyi base-Afrika kanye nabanye ababambe iqhaza kubandakanya imiphakathi yezifundo zamazwe ase-Afrika.

Indlela yokusebenzisa

Uhlu lwangempela lwezingcweti zedijithali zahlanganiswa yi-International African Institute ngonyaka we-2016 futhi lwavuselelwa ngonyaka ka-2019 (bheka https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories ngemininingwane). Okufakiwe kudalulwe imininingwane eyenziwe yatholakala yi-African Study Center, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ikakhulukazi iphrojekthi yabo 'I-Connecting Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), uMkhombandlela wezindawo zokugcina ezivulekile ze-Open Access (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), kanye neRegistry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) phakathi kwabanye. Uhlu loqobo lwenezelwe ngokulandela izinsizakalo zokugcina izinto ezibuye futhi zisingathe imisebenzi yezazi zase-Afrika: Amaqoqo weSayensiOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Amaqoqo womphakathi waseZenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Amaqoqo we-Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), nezindawo zokugcina eziphuma eceleni. 

Ukubona ngamehlo sisebenzise isoftware iKumu (https://kumu.io/) ukufaka ibhuku lokucwaninga izwe, isoftware eyisisekelo, izikhungo zokubamba kanye nezikhungo eziphephayo. Siphinde sengeza isigaba sezilimi zoxhumo, isistimu kanye nemisebenzi ebekiwe kwidosho ngalinye.

Imiphumela

Kumanani wedatha, iNingizimu Afrika (40) neKenya (32) isingathe inani eliphakeme kakhulu lezikhundla. Kwamanye amazwe anjengeTopiya, iGibhithe, iGhana, iNigeria, iSenegal, iSudan, iTanzania, i-Uganda kanye neZimbabwe, amanani aphansi kakhulu (5-15). Emazweni ayi-16 kubandakanya i-Angola, iBenin, iChad, iGambia, iSomalia kanye ne-Eswatini (eyake yaziwa ngokuthi yiSwaziland), akukho datha emaphepheni ocwaningo lwedijithali angatholakala.

Izilimi ezimelwe kudathasethi zifaka phakathi isiNgisi (en), isiFulentshi (fr), isi-Arabhu (ar), i-Amaranth (amh), isiPhuthukezi (pt), isiSwahili (sw), iSpanish (es), isiJalimane (de).

Umfanekiso 1: Ukubuka konke kwemephu ebonakalayo kumakhosombe edijithali ase-Afrika (n = 229). Ama-Node amele amazwe ngokuxhumeka kwawo ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zamakhosombe njengoba ahlukaniswa yikhodi yemibala (bheka inganekwane).
i-url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories 
Umfanekiso 2: Ukubukwa okuyisibonelo eSudan okuqokomisa imininingwane yedolobha laseWest Kordufan University, incl. Isoftware, izilimi ezitholakalayo, ukufinyeleleka ne-url.
Umfanekiso 3: Inani lezikhundla ezweni ngalinye lase-Afrika namaphesenti. Amazwe 'amanye' afaka lawo anezinombolo ezingama-0-3
Umfanekiso 4: Abahlinzeki be-software abanezinombolo zezindawo ezazibanjelwe, ngokulandelana. Akwaziwa 

Ingxoxo

Ama-repositories asebenza kahle ocwaningo lwedijithali kufanele enze umphumela wokucwaninga utholakale futhi utholakale online. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amakhosombe ovulekile kufanele anike abasebenzisi abasebenzisi emhlabeni jikelele ukufinyelela ukubamba kwedatha. Izikhundla ezivulekile zedijithali zidlala indima ebalulekile ekubonakaleni kwe-Open Science futhi ziyinto ebalulekile yokushicilelwa kwe-Open Access. Ukuthola isizinda esingezansi kanye nombono ngentuthuko kanye nokubuka okwenziwe ngama-repositories ngokubhekisele e-Afrika nasezifundweni zase-Afrika, bheka uMolteno (2016).

Siyakubona ubunzima bokwenza imephu ezinqolobaneni zedijithali. Ngaphandle kwezinselelo zokuqoqa idatha, amazinga angeziwe ezinselelo eziyinkimbinkimbi eza ekuphenyeni izindlela zokwehliswa, ukufinyelela kokulinganiselwa, ukusesha, impilo ende / ukusimama kanye nohlobo lwezinhlobo zedatha zokufaka imali. Yize kunjalo, sikholwa ukuthi amamephu afana nalawa avezwe ngezansi ahlala eyisisetshenziswa esibalulekile. Ukuba nokuqonda kwenethiwekhi yokugcina ekhona - kanye namandla ayo nobuthakathaka - kusiza izimpendulo eziqondisiwe kanye nokwenza ngcono. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwandisa ukubonakala kwalezi zinqolobane - zombili kubabukeli base-Afrika nasemhlabeni jikelele - kungasiza ekwabelaneni ngemikhuba emihle, okuhlangenwe nakho nobungcweti. Lokhu kuzokwenza ukuthi ababambiqhaza, okungabomtapo wolwazi nabanye abasebenzi bezemfundo bakwazi ukwenza izinqumo ezinolwazi mayelana nokuthi bangabusebenzisa kanjani ubuchwepheshe obubonakalayo bokugcina kungobo yomlando izifundiswa zase-Afrika ezisebenza ezinqolobaneni ezikhona zase-Afrika ukuze zikwazi ukuphendula kakhulu kubuchwepheshe obusha futhi zenze izindlela ukuphathwa kwedatha yedijithali efanelekile futhi esimeme ezwenikazi lase-Afrika.

Okuchazwa njenge-repository kuyehluka kakhulu, hhayi e-Afrika kuphela, kepha kuwo wonke umhlaba wezazi zomhlaba. Izimali ezinikelwe umsebenzi wokugcina nokusebenza kwabasebenzi ziyindlala futhi ziyahlukahluka kakhulu, kuncike futhi zincishiswe ekutshalweni kwezimali kohulumeni kazwelonke ocwaningweni nasekusunguleni noma ngeminikelo yabanikeli. Ukuhlukahluka ezinhlelweni ezisebenzisa isoftware ehlukile kanye nokugcina umlando wezobuchwepheshe kuvimbela ukuxhumana okunamasu futhi ngenxa yalokho ukusesha kwama-repositories kuzwekazi lonke nakwezinye izindawo zomhlaba. Zonke lezi zingqinamba zidinga ukubhekelelwa ukuze kuvunyelwe ucwaningo lwase-Afrika luguquke kusuka kwisilo sedijithali luye esimweni esisebenzisanayo.

Sicabanga ukuthi le mephu izobamba iqhaza ekuhlaziyweni okukhudlwana kwezincwadi ezikhona nezisanda kuvela kanye nezinqolobane zedatha. Ekulandeleni okulandelanayo kwalomsebenzi, sihlela ukufaka kudathasethi nakumephu ebonakalayo yezinqolobane zedatha yedijithali yase-Afrika njengoba kukhonjwe yi-African Open Science Platform (AOSP) landscape study (2019). Enye inhloso kuzoba ukukhomba izixazululo zobuchwepheshe zokwenza izinqolobane ezahlukahlukene zisebenzisane futhi zisesheke kuyo yonke imikhakha / izifunda / izilimi - zifinyeleleke futhi zisebenze esimweni samanje sase-Afrika ngamandla amancane womkhawulokudonsa isib. 

Omunye futhi umkhakha wezindawo ezizofakwa kuzo kuzoba yilawo ezifundweni zase-Afrika ezenziwa futhi usingathwe ngaphandle kwezwekazi; uhlu olunjalo olukhethiwe Ukuxhuma-i-Afrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Uhlu olukhulayo lokufakiwe olufanele luyenziwa futhi e-Wikidata, bheka isib en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ababhali bayayemukela ngokusobala impendulo kudathasethi ethuliwe kanye nokufakwa kumakhosombe ezikhungo akhishwe ngokungazi noma okwamanje ahlelwayo asetshenziswa. Silangazelele ukuxhumana nabanye ababambiqhaza kuma-R & I ase-Afrika kanye nasezikhungweni zamazwe omhlaba ukuze siqhubeke sihlaziye izinkundla ezikhona zokugcina izifundiswa kanye nezinkundla zokushicilela futhi sisebenzele ukusebenzisana kwazo. 

Okubhekwayo

I-Academy yeSayensi yaseNingizimu Afrika (2019), i-African Open Science Platform - Isifundo Sendawo. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047 

Ipulatifomu yesayensi evulekile yase-Afrika - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

Ukuxhuma-Afrika - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm 

UMolteno, R. (2016), Kungani izingcweti zedijithali zase-Afrika zokugcina imibhalo yocwaningo zibaluleke kakhulu, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why 

Ababambe iqhaza kwi-African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workshop, ngoSepthemba 2018, Abahlanganyeli be-African Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, ngoMashi 2018, uMkhandlu Wokululeka, I-African Open Science Platform Project, IBhodi Yezokwazisa Ngobuchwepheshe, I-African Open Science Platform, iBoulton, uGeoffrey, uHodson, uSimon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ikusasa Lesayensi Nesayensi Yekusasa: Umbono Namasu we-African Open Science Platform (v02). UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418 

Okufakiwe kwe-Wikidata - isib https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science 

Abahlinzeki be-Wikipedia. (2020, Mashi 18). Ilabhulali yedijithali. Ku-Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Kubuyiselwe 18:02, Mashi 27, 2020, kusuka https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


0 Amazwana

shiya impendulo

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe *

mattis ultricies libero adipiscing libero. ut