Ababhali nabahlinzeki ngokulandelana kwama-alfabhethi
IBezuidenhout, uLouise, uHasmmann, uJo, Ikhishi, uStephanie, uDe Mutiis, u-Anna, no-Owango, uJoy. (2020). Amarekhodi Wokucwaninga Kwedijithali yase-Afrika: Ukwenza Imephu ku-Landscape [Imininingwane esethiwe]. UZenodo. doi.org/10.5281 /

Imephu ebonakalayo: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Idatha: https://tinyurl.com/African-Research-Repositories
I-Archived at https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/
Ifomu lokuhambisa: https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38

Ilayisense: Umbhalo Wokubuka Nemephu Ebonakalayo - CC-BY-SA 4.0 // Dataset - CC0 (Isizinda Somphakathi) // Ukunikezwa kwelayisense kwesizinda ngasinye kunqunywa yi-database uqobo

Ukuhlola kuqala: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732274
Idatha esethiwe: 10.5281 / zenodo.3732172 // itholakala ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene (pdf, xls, ods, csv)

I-International African Institute (IAI, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org) ngokubambisana ne-KiaarXiv (https://info.africarxiv.org) wethula imephu exhumanayo yezindawo zokugcina izincwadi zase-Afrika zokucwaninga kwedijithali. Lokhu kuthathwe emisebenzini yangaphambilini ye-IAI ukusuka ngonyaka we-2016 kuya phambili ukukhomba kanye nokufaka uhlu lwezikhwama zezikhungo ezigxile e-Afrika ezazigxile ekuhlonzeni izindawo ezigcinwe emitapweni yolwazi yaseyunivesithi yase-Afrika. Izinsizakusebenza zethu zangaphambili zitholakala ku- https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories.

Imephu esebenzisana nayo yenezela umsebenzi we-IAI ukufaka izikhungo zenhlangano, zikahulumeni kanye nezomhlaba jikelele. Kubeka futhi ukusebenzisana phakathi kwezindawo zokucwaninga. Kule datha, sigxila ekubhalweni kwezikhungo zemisebenzi yezazi, njengoba kuchazwe ngabanikeli beWikipedia (Mashi 2020).

Inhloso

Imephu yamakhosombe edigital yase-Afrika yadalwa njengomthombo ozosetshenziswa emisebenzini ebhekene nezinhloso ezilandelayo:

  1. Thuthukisa ukutholakala kocwaningo nezincwadi zase-Afrika
  2. Ngcono ukusebenzisana kwezindawo zokugcina ezikhona nezisafufusa zase-Afrika
  3. Bona izindlela izinjini zokusesha zedijithali ezingathuthukisa ngazo ukutholakala kocwaningo lwase-Afrika

Sigqugquzela ukusatshalaliswa kolwazi olususelwa ocwaningweni oluvela kumakhosombe ase-Afrika njengengxenye yezindawo ezinkulu zomhlaba ezibandakanya amaphephabhuku e-inthanethi, okubhalwa phansi kwedatha yocwaningo kanye nabashicileli bezincwadi zezifundo ukukhulisa ukuxhumana kanye nokutholakala kwezindawo zokugcina ezinjengalezi ngaphesheya kwezwekazi lase-Afrika futhi ukufaka isandla kukho ukuqonda okungabazwisisayo kwezinsiza kusebenza zakuleli lizwekazi.

Ukulondolozwa kwemininingwane nokugcinwa kwedatha

Imephu nedatha ehambisanayo kubanjelwa kuwebhusayithi ye-KiaArXiv ngaphansi kwe- 'Izinsiza' ku- https://info.africarxiv.org/african-digital-research-repositories/. Uhlu alupheli futhi ngakho-ke sigqugquzela noma yikuphi okubhaliwe okufanele ezwenikazi lase-Afrika okungekho ohlwini lapha ifomu lokuhambisa at https://forms.gle/CnyGPmBxN59nWVB38, noma ukwazisa i-International African Institute (i-imeyili sk111@soas.ac.uk). Zombili i-KiaArXiv ne-IAI zizoqhubeka nokugcina uhlu lwezindawo ezigcinwa kuzo njengomthombo wabaphenyi base-Afrika kanye nabanye ababambe iqhaza kubandakanya imiphakathi yezifundo zamazwe ase-Afrika.

Indlela yokusebenzisa

Uhlu lwangempela lwezingcweti zedijithali zahlanganiswa yi-International African Institute ngonyaka we-2016 futhi lwavuselelwa ngonyaka ka-2019 (bheka https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories ngemininingwane). Okufakiwe kudalulwe imininingwane eyenziwe yatholakala yi-African Study Center, Leiden (https://ilissafrica.wordpress.com/tag/institutional-repository/), ikakhulukazi iphrojekthi yabo 'I-Connecting Africa' (http://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm), isiqondisi semibhalo evulekile ye-Open Access (OpenDOAR - http://www.opendoar.org/), kanye neRegistry of Open Access Repositories (http://roar.eprints.org/) phakathi kwabanye. Uhlu loqobo lwenezelwe ngokulandela izinsizakalo zokugcina izinto ezibuye futhi zisingathe imisebenzi yezazi zase-Afrika: Amaqoqo weSayensiOpen (https://about.scienceopen.com/collections/), Amaqoqo womphakathi waseZenodo (https://zenodo.org/communities/), Amaqoqo we-Figshare (https://figshare.com/features, Scholia (https://tools.wmflabs.org/scholia/), nezindawo zokugcina eziphuma eceleni.

Ngokubona ngamehlo sisebenzise i-software Kumu (https://kumu.io/) ukufaka ibhuku lokucwaninga izwe, isoftware eyisisekelo, izikhungo zokubamba kanye nezikhungo eziphephayo. Siphinde sengeza isigaba sezilimi zoxhumo, isistimu kanye nemisebenzi ebekiwe kwidosho ngalinye.

Imiphumela

Kumanani wedatha, iNingizimu Afrika (40) neKenya (32) isingathe inani eliphakeme kakhulu lezikhundla. Kwamanye amazwe anjengeTopiya, iGibhithe, iGhana, iNigeria, iSenegal, iSudan, iTanzania, i-Uganda kanye neZimbabwe, amanani aphansi kakhulu (5-15). Emazweni ayi-16 kubandakanya i-Angola, iBenin, iChad, iGambia, iSomalia kanye ne-Eswatini (eyake yaziwa ngokuthi yiSwaziland), akukho datha emaphepheni ocwaningo lwedijithali angatholakala.

Izilimi ezimelwe kudathasethi zifaka phakathi isiNgisi (en), isiFulentshi (fr), isi-Arabhu (ar), i-Amaranth (amh), isiPhuthukezi (pt), isiSwahili (sw), iSpanish (es), isiJalimane (de).

Umfanekiso 1: Ukubuka konke kwemephu ebonakalayo kumakhosombe edijithali ase-Afrika (n = 229). Ama-Node amele amazwe ngokuxhumeka kwawo ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zamakhosombe njengoba ahlukaniswa yikhodi yemibala (bheka inganekwane).
i-url: https://kumu.io/access2perspectives/african-digital-research-repositories
Umfanekiso 2: Ukubukwa okuyisibonelo eSudan okuqokomisa imininingwane yedolobha laseWest Kordufan University, incl. Isoftware, izilimi ezitholakalayo, ukufinyeleleka ne-url.
Umfanekiso 3: Inani lezikhundla ezweni ngalinye lase-Afrika namaphesenti. Amazwe 'amanye' afaka lawo anezinombolo ezingama-0-3
Umfanekiso 4: Abahlinzeki be-software abanezinombolo zezindawo ezazibanjelwe, ngokulandelana. Akwaziwa

Ingxoxo

Ama-repositories asebenza kahle ocwaningo lwedijithali kufanele enze umphumela wokucwaninga utholakale futhi utholakale online. Ngaphezu kwalokho, amakhosombe ovulekile kufanele anike abasebenzisi abasebenzisi emhlabeni jikelele ukufinyelela ukubamba kwedatha. Izikhundla ezivulekile zedijithali zidlala indima ebalulekile ekubonakaleni kwe-Open Science futhi ziyinto ebalulekile yokushicilelwa kwe-Open Access. Ukuthola isizinda esingezansi kanye nombono ngentuthuko kanye nokubuka okwenziwe ngama-repositories ngokubhekisele e-Afrika nasezifundweni zase-Afrika, bheka uMolteno (2016).

Sibona inkimbinkimbi yokubonisa imidwebo eyidijithali. Ngaphandle kwezingqinamba zokuqoqa idatha, amazinga ongezekile wezinselelo eziyinkimbinkimbi eza ekuphenyeni izindlela zokwenza i-curation, umkhawulo wokufinyelela, usesho, impilo ende / ukuqina kanye nohla lwezinhlobo zedatha yokufakwa. Noma kunjalo, sikholwa ukuthi amamephu afana naleli elethwe ngezansi ahlala eyisisetshenziswa esibalulekile. Ukuqonda inethiwekhi ekhona yokugcina - kanye namandla ayo nobuthakathaka - kusiza izimpendulo eziqondile kanye nokwenza ngcono. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukwandisa ukubonakala kwalezi zinto ezigcotshwayo - kuzo zombili izilaleli zase-Afrika nezomhlaba jikelele - kungasiza ukwaba ngezindlela ezinhle kakhulu, okuhlangenwe nakho nobuchwepheshe. Lokhu kuzosiza labo ababambe iqhaza, okungabasebenza emitatsheni yolwazi kanye nabanye abasebenzi bezemfundo ukuthi bakwazi ukuthatha izinqumo ezinolwazi ngokuthi bangawusebenzisa kanjani ngobuchwepheshe obukhulu ubuchwepheshe bokugcina umlando bobuchwepheshe base-Afrika busebenza lapho izingcweti zase-Afrika ziphendule kakhulu kubuchwepheshe obusha futhi zithuthukise izindlela “ezisebenzayo” ukuphathwa kwemininingwane yedijithali efanelekile futhi esimeme ezwenikazi lase-Afrika.

Okuchazwa njenge-repository kuyehluka kakhulu, hhayi e-Afrika kuphela, kepha kuwo wonke umhlaba wezazi zomhlaba. Izimali ezinikelwe umsebenzi wokugcina nokusebenza kwabasebenzi ziyindlala futhi ziyahlukahluka kakhulu, kuncike futhi zincishiswe ekutshalweni kwezimali kohulumeni kazwelonke ocwaningweni nasekusunguleni noma ngeminikelo yabanikeli. Ukuhlukahluka ezinhlelweni ezisebenzisa isoftware ehlukile kanye nokugcina umlando wezobuchwepheshe kuvimbela ukuxhumana okunamasu futhi ngenxa yalokho ukusesha kwama-repositories kuzwekazi lonke nakwezinye izindawo zomhlaba. Zonke lezi zingqinamba zidinga ukubhekelelwa ukuze kuvunyelwe ucwaningo lwase-Afrika luguquke kusuka kwisilo sedijithali luye esimweni esisebenzisanayo.

Sicabanga ukuthi le mephu izoba yingxenye yokuhlaziywa kwekusasa elikhudlwana kwezincwadi ezikhona nezisafufusa. Ekulandeleni kokuqala kwalo msebenzi, sihlela ukufaka phakathi idatha yedatha kanye nemephu ebukwayo yedatha yedijithali yase-Afrika njengoba kukhonjwe esifundweni se-African Open Science Platform (AOSP) landscape (2019). Enye inhloso kuzoba ukuthola izixazululo zobuchwepheshe zokwenza izinhlobonhlobo zemibhalo ukuthi zisebenzisane futhi zisesheke ezinhlakeni / ezifundeni / ezilimini - zitholakala futhi zisebenziseka esimeni samanje sase-Afrika ngamakhono wekhawulokudonsa wesiphequluli isib ngokuthuthukisa ukugeleza komsebenzi oku-inthanethi / okungaxhunyiwe ku-inthanethi.

Omunye futhi umkhakha wezindawo ezizofakwa kuzo kuzoba yilawo ezifundweni zase-Afrika ezenziwa futhi usingathwe ngaphandle kwezwekazi; uhlu olunjalo olukhethiwe Ukuxhuma-i-Afrika (https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm). Uhlu olukhulayo lokufakiwe olufanele luyenziwa futhi e-Wikidata, bheka isib en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science.

Ababhali bayemukela ngokusobala impendulo kudathasethi eyethuliwe kanye nokufaka kumakhosombe wesikhungo ashiywe ngokungafanele noma njengamanje kuhlelwa futhi kwenziwa. Silangazelele ukuxhumana nababambiqhaza e-Afrika R&I kanye nasezikhungweni zamazwe omhlaba ukuqhubeka nokuhlaziya umlando wokugcina wokushicilela nowokushicilela kanye nokusebenzela ukusebenzisana kwabo.

Okubhekwayo

I-Academy of Science of South Africa (2019), i-African Open Science Platform - i-Landscape Study. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/assaf.2019/0047

Ipulatifomu yesayensi evulekile yase-Afrika - http://africanopenscience.org.za/

I-Connecting-Africa - https://www.connecting-africa.net/index.htm

UMolteno, R. (2016), Kungani izingcweti zedijithali zase-Afrika zokugcina imibhalo yocwaningo zibaluleke kakhulu, https://www.internationalafricaninstitute.org/repositories/why

Ababambe iqhaza kwi-African Open Science Platform Stakeholder Workshop, ngoSepthemba 2018, Abahlanganyeli be-African Open Science Platform Strategy Workshop, ngoMashi 2018, uMkhandlu Wokululeka, I-African Open Science Platform Project, IBhodi Yezokwazisa Ngobuchwepheshe, I-African Open Science Platform, iBoulton, uGeoffrey, uHodson, uSimon, … Wafula, Joseph. (2018, Disemba 12). Ikusasa Lesayensi Nesayensi Yekusasa: Umbono Namasu we-African Open Science Platform (v02). UZenodo. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2222418

Okufakiwe kweWikidata - isib https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:GerardM/Africa#African_science

Abahlinzeki be-Wikipedia. (2020, Mashi 18). Ilabhulali yedijithali. Ku-Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Kubuyiselwe 18:02, Mashi 27, 2020, kusuka https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digital_library&oldid=946227026


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