U-Olabode E. Omotoso, wase-College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Research Officer eNational Cancer Prevention Program, eNigeria, kanye neTeam Leader eqenjini le-Sprout Initiative, bebehlose ukuhlinzeka ngemifundaze kanye nokuthuthuka kwezemfundo kubafundi abaphila nokukhubazeka nalabo abasezindaweni zasemakhaya.

Amaphrofayli aku-inthanethi: I-ORCID iD // LinkedIn //  ResearchGate // -Google Scholar 

Yini ebangela ukushona okuphansi kwe-COVID-19 e-Afrika? Siyini isimo sokuxhumana ngocwaningo e-Afrika? Funda izimpendulo zikaMnu Olabode mayelana nomthelela wesikhathi sokuphila kanye nokuhlukahluka kwe-SARS-Cov-2 ku-transmission ye-COVID-19 kanye nokufa e-Afrika.

I-bio emfushane

U-Olabode Omotoso ubelokhu enentshisekelo ku-homeostasis yomuntu nemvelo, ibhalansi phakathi kokuhlelwa okubanzi kwemisebenzi ngaphakathi nangaphandle komzimba womuntu. Kusenesikhathi, wavezwa esitokisini njengesisekelo sempilo. Kwakumthakazelisa kakhulu ukuthi abuke iseli lika-anyanisi, okokuqala ngqa, esebenzisa imicroscope ekilasini lakhe lokuqala le-biology esikoleni esiphakeme. Lokhu kuvuse uthando lwakhe lokuhlola umkhakha weBiology ngaleyo ndlela wenza lula ukukhetha kweBiochemistry yezifundo ze-undergraduate. UMoreso, bekujabulisa ukwenza ucwaningo kuCancer and Molecular Biology ngesikhathi sohlelo lwakhe lweMSc e-University of Ibadan, eNigeria.

U-Olabode Omotoso njengamanje uyi-Research Officer eNational Cancer Prevention Programme, okuyinhlangano ezimele ehamba phambili, egxile ekuqedeni umdlavuza eNigeria ngokugqugquzela ukusheshe kutholakale nezindlela zokuzivikela. Uhola nethimba le-Sprout Initiative elibonwe ngokunikela ngemifundaze kanye nokuthuthuka kwezemfundo kubafundi abaphila nokukhubazeka nalabo abasezindaweni zasemakhaya. Ukholelwa ukuthi akukho okungavimba indoda ngaphandle kwakhe, lokhu kube ngamandla akhe okugqugquzela kanye neminyaka edlule. 

Ufunde kanjani nge-AfricArXiv?

Ngokusesha kwami ​​indawo esekwe e-Afrika

Wake wabelana ngemiphumela kokunye okubhaliwe noma kwizikhungo zezikhungo? 

Yebo, ngabelane neBiorxiv kanye ne-prprprints.org

Ukuhlaziywa Kwezinguquko ze-SARS-CoV-2 Genome Kubantu Base-Afrika - https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.09.07.286088v1

Izindawo zokudonsana eziguqukayo kanye nezizinda ezigcinwe ku-P53 Tumor Suppressor Protein - https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202008.0562.v1

Ukulindelwa Kwempilo kanye ne-SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Variations Plays Role Key Key in COVID-19 Transmission and Low Fatality Rate in Africa - 10.14293 / 111.000 / 000012.v1

Ukuhlukahluka kwe-SARS-CoV-2 Genomic - Umbono wase-Afrika - https://dx.doi.org/10.17504/protocols.io.bmhjk34n

Ukuhlaziywa Kokuguquguquka Kwezinto Kuvezwe Ukuhlukahluka kwe-Polymorphic ku-Exon 3 ne-Exon 4 Ye-Gene ye-P53 kuCancer Yomlomo Wesibeletho - https://doi.org/10.1177/0300891620914148

Ngabe ucwaningo lwakho luhambisana kanjani nomongo wase-Afrika? 

Ucwaningo lwami luqondiswe ngqo ekubhekaneni nezikhala zolwazi nezinselelo ezinhlelweni zezinsizakusebenza zase-Afrika. I-Afrika ngokombono wami iyimayini yegolide egcwele ingcebo engafakwanga, isifundo sami ngaleyo ndlela sinikeza isifanekiso lapho izifundo zesikhathi esizayo zingancika khona ngokugcizelela okukhethekile ezifweni ezithathelwanayo. I-Cancer, isifo esisebenza ngezinto eziningi, ikhuphuke yaba phakathi kwezifo ezesatshwa kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele, ikakhulukazi ezindaweni ezishisayo, ethatha izimpilo zabantu abaningi. Umdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho uyimbangela ehamba phambili yokufa komdlavuza kubantu besifazane base-Afrika ngezigameko ezandayo nezinyantisayo. Umdlavuza wesibeletho unethuba eliphakeme lokwelashwa uma usheshe watholakala kodwa ukuqonda, ukuqwashisa nolwazi kuphansi emazweni asathuthuka. Ngakho-ke, ucwaningo lwami lugxile ezifundweni zeGenome-Wide Association Study maqondana nomdlavuza womlomo wesibeletho kubantu base-Afrika. Ngithemba ukugxila ekuhlonzeni ama-carcinogen kanye nezinhloso zemithi yokulwa nomdlavuza ngokuhlola ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-carcinogenesis nokuhumusha lokhu okutholakele ekuguqulweni kwendlela yokuphila nakwezokwelapha ezinamandla ngokuhlola ama-phytochemicals ezitshalweni zomdabu zase-Afrika.

Yibuphi inselelo obheke ukuyilungisa lapho uqala lo msebenzi futhi yini okutholile okuholele kwimiphumela yakho yamanje?

Mayelana nocwaningo lwami lwe- “Life Expectancy and SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Variations Plays Role Key Role in COVID-19 Transmission and Low Fatality Rate in Africa”, kwabikezelwa ukuthi ukuqubuka kwe-coronavirus kubantu base-Afrika kuzoba yingozi kakhulu futhi kube nomphumela ukuwohloka komnotho ngenxa yokwanda kwesibalo sabantu abanesifo sokuzivikela ezifweni (ngenxa ye-HIV / AIDS, isifo sofuba, igciwane lesifo sofuba, umalaleveva njll., ubumpofu, isikhathi esiphansi sokuphila, izinhlelo zokunakekelwa kwezempilo ezibuthaka, izinqumo zezomnotho ezingezinhle, nezici zendlela yokuphila. I-Afrika kwaba yizwekazi lokugcina ukushaywa, futhi ngokumangazayo liziqhayisa cishe ngesilinganiso sokululama esingu-80% kanye nesilinganiso sokufa esingu-3.5% ngenani eliphakeme kakhulu lokufa okubikiwe emazweni athuthukile. Ngakho-ke, impikiswano yokuthi yiziphi izinto ezibambe iqhaza okungenzeka ukuthi zibangele inani eliphansi lokufa kwabantu ngenxa ye-COVID-19 e-Afrika.

Yize izimpikiswano eziningana (njengoba kubonisiwe esifundweni sethu) ziveze ukuthi i-Afrika inezinga eliphansi lokuhlola, ngalokho, amacala amaningi e-COVID-19 kungenzeka ukuthi awazange abikwe. . Kodwa-ke, ngemininingwane yamanje etholakalayo, kepha ngezigameko ezandayo nsuku zonke, izinga lokufa ngenxa ye-COVID-19 e-Afrika belilincane. 

Ngakho-ke ngibheke iqhaza lezinto ezinjengobude besikhathi sokuphila, izinga eliphansi lokuhlola, kanye nokuvela kwesifo sekwephuzile, okunikeza ithuba lokulungiselela ngaphambi kwesikhathi ngaphambi kokuqubuka ngokuphoqelela imihlahlandlela yokulawula (ukubhekwa okusebenzayo, ukuhlukaniswa, ukwahlukaniswa, ukuthungathwa koxhumana nabo kanye ukuqhela kwezenhlalo phakathi kwabanye) ngokuhambisana nemihlahlandlela yeNhlangano Yezempilo Yomhlaba ekuphatheni ubhadane e-Afrika.

Ucwaningo lwami lukhombe isikhathi esiphansi sokuphila, izinga lokuhlolwa eliphansi, izehlakalo zesifo sekwephuzile, ukulandela imihlahlandlela yezempilo yomphakathi njengezinto ezibalulekile ezibe nomthelela ekubulaweni okuphansi kwe-COVID-19 e-Afrika. Kodwa-ke, imininingwane eyanele ayisatholakali okwamanje ukuze kutholakale ubhubhane lwezifo, ukudluliswa, ukuhlukahluka kwe-genomic kanye nomthelela wangempela wobhadane e-Afrika. Ngakho-ke, ukuqapha akumele kuphonswe emoyeni.

Ngabe ucabanga kanjani ukuxhumana kwezokucwaninga e-Afrika?

Lapho siqhamuka khona, ngivumele ngicabange ukuthi, 99.9% yabaphenyi base-Afrika (kubandakanya nami) bafuna ukushicilela okutholakele ocwaningweni kumajenali asezingeni eliphakeme emhlabeni wonke afana neMvelo. Isifiso sokwenyusa, izici ezinomthelela omkhulu, isifo "sokushicilela noma sokushabalala", ukuqashelwa phakathi kwabanye abaningi kuholele ekutheni abacwaningi base-Afrika bashiye omagazini base-Afrika benzela ozakwabo bamazwe aphesheya. Njengoba isisho sithi; 'IRoma ayakhiwanga ngosuku olulodwa'. Kuyafaneleka ukuthi abantu base-Afrika kumele bathuthukise i-Afrika; ifa lethu, isiko, ukudla, izinto ezintsha futhi kulo mongo, imiphumela yethu yocwaningo. 

Lapho sikhona manje, ukuxhumana kwezocwaningo e-Afrika kusendleleni efanele ngokunikezelwa kwezinqolobane ezifana ne-AfricArxiv kanye I-AJOL phakathi kokunye ekusabalaliseni nasekuthuthukiseni ngempumelelo imiphumela yocwaningo lwezifundiswa egxile e-Afrika. Abantu base-Afrika nabo sebeqalile ukuthola amaphephabhuku asekhaya nawesifunda kwezokuxhumana kwabo kocwaningo, okuveza isimo sokunqoba kwabafundi abafanelekile, ababhali, amajenali kanye ne-mama Africa.

Ku-coronavirus, kusuka ekulandelaneni okungaphezulu kuka-100,000 okuphelele kwe-SARS-CoV-2 okutholakala ezinqolobaneni zomphakathi, i-Afrika iye yanikela ngokulambisa ngaphezu kokulandelana kwamagciwane okungu-2,000 2 (XNUMX%). Ukusebenzisana nososayensi nezikhungo zocwaningo emazweni ase-Afrika kunconywa kakhulu ukuze kuthuthukiswe amandla abo okulethwa kanye nokuxhumana kocwaningo. Ekugcineni, izikhungo ezizinze e-Afrika kufanele zikhuthazwe ukuthi nazo zibhalisele nakomagazini base-Afrika ukuze kukhuthazwe ukufundwa okubanzi nokuvuleleka kokutholakala kocwaningo. Ngendlela efanayo, abahleli bephephabhuku nababuyekezi kufanele balinganise inqubo yokubuyekezwa kontanga ngesikhathi esifanele futhi esebenza kahle kakhulu ukukhuthaza ukusebenza kahle nentshisekelo kwezokuxhumana zocwaningo.

Ngibona ukukhanya ekugcineni komhubhe 

Ngiyabonga ngesikhathi sakho negalelo lakho elikhulu kwezokuxhumana zocwaningo e-Afrika. UMnu Olabode usebenza ukubhekana nezikhala zolwazi nezinselelo ezinhlelweni zezinsizakusebenza zase-Afrika. Ukuxhumana kwezocwaningo e-Afrika kusendleleni efanele ngokunikezelwa kwezinqolobane ekusetshenzisweni nokusatshalaliswa kahle kwemiphumela yocwaningo lwezifundiswa egxile e-Afrika.

Ngabe uneminye imicabango noma imibuzo kaMnu. Olabode? Ungabashiya ebhokisini lokuphawula elingezansi.

Abahleli: UJohanssen Obanda (umbhalo) noPriscilla Mensah (isithombe)

Ngabe usebenza ocwaningweni e-Afrika noma nge-Afrika? Ungasebenzisa i-AfricArXiv, ukuhambisa umsebenzi wakho ku https://info.africarxiv.org/submit/

I-AfricArXiv ingumlando oholwa ngumphakathi wokuxhumana ocwaningweni wase-Afrika. Sinikeza ipulatifomu engenzi inzuzo ukulayisha amaphepha okusebenza, okulungiswayo, imibhalo yesandla eyamukelwe (amaphrinta asemuva), izethulo, kanye namasethi wedatha ngokusebenzisa amapulatifomu esisebenza nawo. I-AfricArXiv ibekelwe ukukhuthaza ucwaningo nokubambisana phakathi kososayensi base-Afrika, ukuthuthukisa ukubonakala kokuphuma kocwaningo lwase-Afrika kanye nokukhulisa ukusebenzisana emhlabeni jikelele.


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