Ukusatshalaliswa kolwazi mayelana nezindlela ezinhle kakhulu nokusikisela kokuziphatha ukunciphisa ukusabalala kwe-coronavirus kunikezwa kakhulu ngesiNgisi. Cishe zingama-2000 izilimi zakuleli ezikhulunywa e-Afrika futhi abantu banelungelo lokwaziswa ngolimi lwabo ngalokho okwenzekayo nokuthi bangazivikela kanjani, imindeni yabo, abangane kanye nozakwabo.

Izilimi zase-Afrika kuwebhusayithi yethu

Ngabe ubonile ukuthi ungashintsha ulimi lwewebhusayithi yethu? Njengamanje, sinikeza okuqukethwe kwethu ngezilimi ezilandelayo:

AfrikaansArabicI-AmarinthngesiChewaisiZulu
FrenchGermanHausaHindiIgbo
MalagasyPortugueseSesothowaseSomaliSunda
SwahiliXhosaYorubaZulu

Ngicela uqaphele: Iwebhusayithi ye -AfricaArXiv ihunyushwe ngokuzenzakalela yi I-GTranslate.io nge-plugin ye-wp isuka esiNgisini iye ezilimini eziyi-19. Ukuhumusha kuhle kepha akuphelele. Ungasisiza ukuthuthukisa imibhalo ehunyushiwe kuwebhusayithi yethu? Sicela uthumele i-imeyili ku kenya@africarxiv.org. | Umhlahlandlela: github.com/AfricArxiv/…/translations.md

Funda kabanzi mayelana nokwehluka kwezilimi ekukhulumeni kwezilimi zase-Afrika africarxiv.org/languages/.


Sicela uthole ngezansi imininingwane enikezwe i Ihhovisi lesifunda le-WHO lesifunda i-Afrika // okutholakale ngoMashi 25, 2020:

I-WHO Q&A kuma-coronavirus (COVID-19)

Amazwe ase-Afrika asuka ekufundeni kwe-COVID-19 ayophendulwa njengoba amacala amaningi eqinisekisa amacala

>> afro.who.int/health-topics/coronavirus-covid-19

Umphakathi wembulunga yonke ugijimela ukwehlisa ijubane futhi ekugcineni umise ukusakazeka kwe-COVID-19, ubhubhane olubulale izinkulungwane zabantu futhi lwagula amashumi ezinkulungwane zabanye. E-Afrika, leli gciwane lisabalale emazweni amaningi kungakapheli amasonto. Ohulumeni neziphathimandla zezempilo kulo lonke izwekazi balwela ukunciphisa ukunqekeka kwezifo ezisakazekile.

Kusukela kuqale udlame i-World Health Organisation (WHO) bebelokhu bexhasa ohulumeni base-Afrika ngokutholwa kusenesikhathi ngokunikeza izinkulungwane zezindawo zokuhlola i-COVID-19 emazweni, ukuqeqesha inqwaba yabasebenzi bezempilo kanye nokuqinisa ukubhekwa kwemiphakathi. Amazwe angamashumi amane nesikhombisa esifundeni se-WHO sase-Afrika manje angahlolela i-COVID-19. Ekuqaleni kokuqubuka kwaba babili kuphela abangakwenza lokho.

I-WHO ikhiphe umhlahlandlela emazweni, ovuselelwa njalo ukuthi unake isimo esiphendukayo. Imihlahlandlela ifaka izinyathelo ezifana nokuhlukaniswa, ukubuyiselwa kwezakhamizi nokulungela ukusebenza ezindaweni zokusebenza. Le Nhlangano futhi isebenza nenethiwekhi yabachwepheshe ukuze kuhlanganiswe imizamo yokubhekwa kwezifunda, isifo sokuqothuka, imodeli, ukubonwa kwezifo, ukunakekelwa kwemitholampilo nokwelashwa, nezinye izindlela zokubona, ukuphatha lesi sifo kanye nokubeka umkhawulo ekusakazweni kwabantu ngokubanzi.

I-WHO ihlinzeka ngokusekelwa okukude namazwe athintekile ekusebenziseni amathuluzi edatha ye-elekthronikhi, ukuze iziphathimandla zezempilo zikazwelonke zikuqonde kangcono ukuqubuka kwamazwe abo. Ukulungiselela nokuphendula kusifo esiwumshayabhuqe sangaphambilini kunikeza isisekelo esiqinile samazwe amaningi ase-Afrika ukulwa nokusabalala kwe-COVID-19.

Ngokubalulekile, izindlela zokuvikela eziyisisekelo ezenziwa ngabantu nemiphakathi zihlala zisetshenziswa elinamandla kakhulu ukuvimbela ukwanda kwe-COVID-19. I-WHO isiza abaphathi bendawo ukwenza imisebenzi yomsakazo nezindawo ze-TV ukwazisa umphakathi ngobungozi be-COVID-19 nokuthi yiziphi izindlela okufanele zithathwe. Le Nhlangano futhi iyasiza ukulwa ne-disinformation futhi iqondisa amazwe ekusetshenzisweni kwezikhungo zokushayela izingcingo ukuqinisekisa ukuthi umphakathi uyaziswa.

I-Q&A kuma-coronavirus (COVID-19)

>> Who.int/news-room/qa-detail/qa-coronaviruses // 9 Mashi 2020 | Q&A

I-WHO iyaqhubeka nokuqapha futhi iphendule kulokhu kuqubuka. Le Q&A izovuselelwa njengoba okuningi kwaziwa nge-COVID-19, ukuthi isabalala kanjani nokuthi ithinta kanjani abantu emhlabeni wonke. Ngeminye imininingwane, hlola njalo njalo Amakhasi we-WHO e-coronavirus.

Yini coronavirus?

Ama-Coronaviruses awumndeni omkhulu wamagciwane ongadala ukugula ezilwaneni noma kubantu. Ebantwini, ama-coronavirus amaningana ayaziwa ukuthi abangela izifo zokuphefumula ezisukela kumbandela ojwayelekile kuya kwezifo ezinzima kakhulu njenge-Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) kanye neSevere Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). I-coronavirus esanda kutholakala ibangela isifo se-coronavirus COVID-19.

Yini i-COVID-19?

I-COVID-19 yisifo esithathelanayo esidalwa yi-coronavirus esanda kutholakala. Leli gciwane elisha nesifo belingaziwa ngaphambi kokuqala kokugqashuka kwabantu eWuhan, eChina, ngoDisemba ka-2019.

Yiziphi izimpawu ze-COVID-19?

Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu ze-COVID-19 ngumkhuhlane, ukukhathala, nokukhwehlela owomile. Ezinye iziguli zingaba nobuhlungu bezinhlungu, ukuqubuka kwamakhala, ikhala eligudlayo, umphimbo obuhlungu noma uhudo. Lezi zimpawu zivame ukuba mnene futhi ziqala kancane kancane. Abanye abantu bayatheleleka kepha bangabi nazimpawu noma bangazizwa bengathandeki. Abantu abaningi (cishe ama-80%) bayalulama kulesi sifo ngaphandle kokudinga ukwelashwa okukhethekile. Cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabayi-1 othola i-COVID-6 ugula kakhulu aze abe nobunzima bokuphefumula. Abantu asebekhulile, kanye nalabo abanezinkinga ezingaphansi kwezempilo ezifana nomfutho wegazi ophakeme, izinkinga zenhliziyo noma isifo sikashukela, bangaba nokugula okungathi sína. Abantu abanomkhuhlane, ukukhwehlela nobunzima bokuphefumula kufanele bafune usizo lodokotela.

Yiziphi izimpawu ze-COVID-19?

Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu ze-COVID-19 ngumkhuhlane, ukukhathala, nokukhwehlela owomile. Ezinye iziguli zingaba nobuhlungu bezinhlungu, ukuqubuka kwamakhala, ikhala eligudlayo, umphimbo obuhlungu noma uhudo. Lezi zimpawu zivame ukuba mnene futhi ziqala kancane kancane. Abanye abantu bayatheleleka kepha bangabi nazimpawu noma bangazizwa bengathandeki. Abantu abaningi (cishe ama-80%) bayalulama kulesi sifo ngaphandle kokudinga ukwelashwa okukhethekile. Cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabayi-1 othola i-COVID-6 ugula kakhulu aze abe nobunzima bokuphefumula. Abantu asebekhulile, kanye nalabo abanezinkinga ezingaphansi kwezempilo ezifana nomfutho wegazi ophakeme, izinkinga zenhliziyo noma isifo sikashukela, bangaba nokugula okungathi sína. Abantu abanomkhuhlane, ukukhwehlela nobunzima bokuphefumula kufanele bafune usizo lodokotela.

Ngabe i-COVID-19 isakazeka kanjani?

Abantu bangabamba i-COVID-19 kwabanye abanalo leli gciwane. Lesi sifo singasakazeka sisuka komunye umuntu sisiya ngamaconsi amancane asuka ekhaleni noma emlonyeni asakazeka lapho umuntu ekhwehlela noma eqeda i-COVID-19. La maconsi awela ezintweni nasezindongeni zomuntu. Abanye abantu babe sebebamba i-COVID-19 ngokuthinta lezi zinto noma izingaphezulu, bese bethinta amehlo abo, ikhala noma umlomo. Abantu bangaphinde babambe i-COVID-19 uma baphefumula ngamaconsi omuntu ovela ku-COVID-19 okhalayo noma okhipha amaconsi. Ngalesi sizathu kubalulekile ukuthi uhlale kude nemitha elilodwa (amamitha amathathu) kude nomuntu ogulayo.

I-WHO ihlola ucwaningo oluqhubekayo ngezindlela i-COVID-19 ezisakazeka ngayo futhi izoqhubeka nokwabelana ngokutholakele okubuyekeziwe.


Ngabe igciwane elibangela i-COVID-19 lingadluliselwa emoyeni?

Ucwaningo kuze kube manje luveza ukuthi igciwane elibangela i-COVID-19 lidluliselwa ikakhulukazi ngokuxhumana namaconsi okuphefumula kunokuba lidlule emoyeni. Bona impendulo yangaphambilini yokuthi “I-COVID-19 isakazeka kanjani?”


Ngabe i-CoVID-19 ingabanjwa kumuntu ongenazo izimpawu?

Indlela enkulu isifo esisakazeka ngayo ngamaconsi okuphefumula axoshwa umuntu okhwehlela. Ingozi yokubamba i-COVID-19 kumuntu ongenazo izimpawu nhlobo iphansi kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, abantu abaningi abane-COVID-19 bahlangabezana nezimpawu ezithambile kuphela. Lokhu kuyiqiniso ikakhulukazi ekuqaleni kwesifo. Ngakho-ke kungenzeka ukubamba i-COVID-19 kumuntu oye, ngokwesibonelo, ukukhwehlela nje okuncane futhi angazizwa egula. I-WHO ihlola ucwaningo oluqhubekayo ngesikhathi sokudluliswa kwe-COVID-19 futhi izoqhubeka nokwabelana ngokutholakele okubuyekeziwe.


Ngingakwazi ukubamba i-COVID-19 kusuka ezindlini zomuntu onesifo?

Ingozi yokubamba i-COVID-19 kusuka kumanyolo omuntu onegciwane ibonakala iphansi. Ngenkathi uphenyo lokuqala lukhombisa ukuthi leli gciwane kungenzeka ukuthi likhona ezindlini kwezinye izikhathi, ukusakazeka kule ndlela akuyona into esemqoka yokuqubuka. I-WHO ihlola ucwaningo oluqhubekayo ngezindlela i-COVID-19 ezisakazeka ngayo futhi izoqhubeka nokwabelana ngokutholakele okusha. Ngoba lokhu kuyingozi, noma kunjalo, kungenye isizathu sokuhlanza izandla njalo, ngemuva kokusebenzisa indlu yangasese nangaphambi kokudla.

Ubani osengozini yokuthola ukugula kakhulu?

Ngenkathi sisafunda ukuthi i-COVID-2019 ibathinta kanjani abantu, abantu asebekhulile nabantu abanezimo zokwelashwa ezandulele (ezinjengomfutho wegazi ophakeme, isifo senhliziyo, isifo samaphaphu, umdlavuza noma isifo sikashukela) kubukeka sengathi bakhula ngokugula okukhulu kaningi kunabanye.

Ingabe ama-antibiotic ayasebenza ekuvimbeleni noma ekwelapheni i-COVID-19?

Cha. Ama-antibiotic awasebenzi ekulweni namagciwane, asebenza kuphela ezifweni ezingamagciwane. I-COVID-19 ibangelwa yigciwane, ngakho-ke ama-antibiotics awasebenzi. Ama-antibiotic akufanele asetshenziswe njengezindlela zokuvimbela noma zokwelapha i-COVID-19. Kufanele zisetshenziswe kuphela njengoba kuyalelwe udokotela ukwelapha ukutheleleka ngegciwane.

Ingabe i-COVID-19 iyefana neSARS?

Cha. Leli gciwane elibangela i-COVID-19 kanye nalelo eladala ukugqashuka kweSeve Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) ngonyaka ka-2003 lihlobene ngokuhlobene ngofuzo, kepha izifo ezibangelwa zihlukile kakhulu.

I-Sars ibibulala kakhulu kepha inciphise kakhulu kune-COVID-19. Akukaze kube nokuqubuka kwa-SARS noma kuphi emhlabeni kusukela ngonyaka we-2003.

Yini engingayenza ukuze ngivikele futhi ngivikele ukusakazeka kwezifo?

Izindlela zokuvikela wonke umuntu

Hlala wazi ulwazi lwakamuva ngokuqubuka kwe-COVID-19, olutholakala kuwebhusayithi ye-WHO nangegunya lakho lezempilo lomphakathi lezwe nelasekhaya. Amazwe amaningi emhlabeni jikelele abonile amacala e-COVID-19 futhi amaningana abonile ukugqashuka kwezifo. Iziphathimandla eChina nakwamanye amazwe ziye zaphumelela ukunciphisa noma ukunqanda ukuqubuka kwazo. Kodwa-ke, lesi simo asilindelekile ngakho-ke hlola njalo ukuthola izindaba zakamuva.

Ungawanciphisa amathuba akho okutheleleka noma wokusakaza i-COVID-19 ngokuthatha izinyathelo zokuphepha ezilula:

  • Njalo futhi uhlanze izandla zakho ngensipho esekwe ngotshwala noma uyigeze ngensipho nangamanzi.
    Ngani? Ukugeza izandla zakho ngensipho nangamanzi noma ukusebenzisa i-rub eyenzelwe ngesandla utshwala kubulala amagciwane okungenzeka kusezandleni zakho.
  • Gcina okungenani amamitha ayi-1 (amamitha ama-3) phakathi kwakho nanoma ngubani okhehlelayo noma othimulayo.
    Ngani? Lapho umuntu ekhwehlela noma egcona afafaza amaconsi amancane amakhala ekhaleni noma emlonyeni okungenzeka ukuthi unegciwane. Uma usondele kakhulu, ungaphefumula imiconsi, kubandakanya ne-COVID-19 virus uma umuntu okhophayo enaso lesi sifo.
  • Gwema ukuthinta amehlo, ikhala nomlomo.
    Ngani? Izandla zithinta izindawo eziningi futhi zingathola amagciwane. Lapho zingcolisiwe, izandla zingadlulisela leli gciwane emehlweni akho, ekhaleni noma emlonyeni. Ukusuka lapho, leli gciwane lingangena emzimbeni wakho futhi lingakugulisa.
  • Qiniseka ukuthi wena nabantu abasondele kuwe, balandela inhlanzeko yokuphefumula enhle. Lokhu kusho ukumboza umlomo nekhala nge-elle noma ngethishu lakho eligobile uma ukhwehlela noma uthimula. Bese ulahla izicubu ezisetshenzisiwe ngokushesha.
    Ngani? Amaconsi asakaza igciwane. Ngokulandela inhlanzeko yokuphefumula enhle uvikela abantu abasondele kuwe kumagciwane anjengokubanda, umkhuhlane ne-COVID-19.
  • Hlala ekhaya uma uzizwa ungathandeki. Uma unomkhuhlane, ukukhwehlela nobunzima bokuphefumula, funa usizo lwezokwelapha futhi ushaye ucingo kusenesikhathi. Landela izinkomba zeziphathimandla zempilo yangakini.
    Ngani? Iziphathimandla zikazwelonke nezasekhaya zizoba nolwazi olusesikhathini ngalesi simo endaweni yangakini. Ukushayela ucingo kusenesikhathi kuzovumela umhlinzeki wakho wezokunakekelwa kwezempilo ukuthi akuqondise ngokushesha esikhungweni sezempilo esifanele. Lokhu kuzokuvikela futhi kusize ukuvikela ukwanda kwamagciwane nezinye izifo.
  • Gcina usesikhathini ngama-hotspots wakamuva we-COVID-19 (amadolobha noma izindawo zasendaweni lapho i-COVID-19 isakazeka kabanzi). Uma kungenzeka, gwema ukuya ezindaweni - ikakhulukazi uma ungumuntu osekhulile noma unesifo sikashukela, inhliziyo noma isifo samaphaphu.
    Ngani? Unethuba eliphakeme lokubamba i-COVID-19 kwenye yalezi zindawo.

Izindlela zokuvikela abantu abangena noma abasanda kuhambela (ezinsukwini eziyi-14) ezedlule lapho i-COVID-19 isakazeka khona

  • Landela inkombandlela echazwe ngenhla (Izindlela zokuvikela wonke umuntu)
  • Zihlukanise ngokuhlala ekhaya uma uqala ukuzizwa ungasathandeki, noma ngabe unezimpawu ezithambile ezinjengekhanda, umkhuhlane webanga eliphansi (37.3 C noma ngaphezulu) nekhala elincane eligelezayo, uze ululame. Uma kubalulekile kuwe ukuthi umuntu akulethele izimpahla noma uphume, isib. Ukuthenga ukudla, bese ugqoka imaskhi ukugwema ukuthelela abanye abantu.
    Ngani? Ukugwema ukuxhumana nabanye kanye nokuvakashela izikhungo zezokwelapha kuzovumela lezi zikhungo ukuthi zisebenze kakhulu futhi kusize ekuvikeleni wena kanye namanye ama-COVID-19 namanye amagciwane.
  • Uma uba nomkhuhlane, ukukhwehlela nobunzima bokuphefumula, funa ukwelulekwa ngodokotela ngokushesha ngoba lokhu kungenzeka ngenxa yokutheleleka kokuphefumula noma esinye isimo esibi. Shayela ngaphambi kwesikhathi utshele umhlinzeki wakho nganoma yikuphi ukuhamba kwakamuva noma ukuxhumana nabahambi.
    Ngani? Ukushayela ucingo kusenesikhathi kuzovumela umhlinzeki wakho wezokunakekelwa kwezempilo ukuthi akuqondise ngokushesha esikhungweni sezempilo esifanele. Lokhu kuzosiza futhi ukuvikela ukusakazeka okungenzeka kwe-COVID-19 namanye amagciwane.

Ngingakwazi kangakanani ukubamba i-COVID-19?

Ingozi incike ekutheni ukuphi - futhi ikakhulukazi, ukuthi ngabe kunokuvela kwe-COVID-19 okwenzeka lapho.

Kubantu abaningi ezindaweni eziningi ingozi yokubamba i-COVID-19 isephansi. Kodwa-ke, manje kunezindawo emhlabeni jikelele (amadolobha noma izindawo) lapho lesi sifo sisakazekela khona. Kubantu abahlala, noma abavakashela, lezi zindawo ubungozi bokubamba i-COVID-19 liphezulu. Ohulumeni neziphathimandla zezempilo bathatha izinyathelo ezinamandla ngaso sonke isikhathi lapho kuvela icala elisha le-COVID-19. Qiniseka ukuthi uhambisana nanoma yimiphi imikhawulo yendawo ekuhambeni, ukuhamba noma imibuthano enkulu. Ukubambisana nemizamo yokulawulwa kwezifo kuzonciphisa ingozi yakho yokubamba noma yokusakaza i-COVID-19.

Ukuqubuka kwe-COVID-19 kungatholwa futhi kudluliselwe kuyekwe, njengoba kubonisiwe eChina nakwamanye amazwe. Ngeshwa, ukuqubuka okusha kungavela ngokushesha okukhulu. Kubalulekile ukuqaphela isimo lapho ukhona noma uhlose ukuya khona. I-WHO ishicilela ukubuyekeza nsuku zonke ngesimo se-COVID-19 emhlabeni wonke.

Ungazibona Who.int/emergency/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/

Isikhathi esingakanani isikhathi sokufakwa kwe-COVID-19?

“Isikhathi sokufakwa” kusho isikhathi esiphakathi kokubamba leli gciwane futhi siqale ukuba nezimpawu zesifo. Izilinganiso eziningi zesikhathi sokufakwa kwe-COVID-19 zisukela ezinsukwini ezi-1-14, zivame kakhulu cishe ezinsukwini ezinhlanu. Lezi zilinganiso zizovuselelwa njengoba imininingwane eminingi itholakala.

Ngingabamba i-COVID-19 kusuka esilwaneni sami?

Ngenkathi kube nesibonelo esisodwa senja etheleleke eHong Kong, kuze kube manje, abukho ubufakazi bokuthi inja, ikati noma yisiphi isilwane esikwazi ukudlulisa i-COVID-19. I-COVID-19 isatshalaliswa ikakhulu ngamaconsi akhiqizwa lapho umuntu onegciwane ekhwehlela, ehlebela noma ekhuluma. Ukuze uzivikele, hlanza izandla zakho kaninginingi.

I-WHO iyaqhubeka nokubheka ucwaningo lwakamuva ngalesi sihloko nangezinye izihloko ze-COVID-19 futhi izobuyekeza njengoba kutholakala okusha.

Kuphephile yini ukuthola iphasela kusuka kunoma iyiphi indawo lapho kubikwe khona i-COVID-19?

Yebo. Amathuba omuntu onegciwane elingcolisa izimpahla zezentengiso aphansi futhi nengozi yokubamba leli gciwane ebangela i-COVID-19 kusuka kwiphakeji elihanjisiwe, elihanjelwe, futhi elivezwe ezimeni ezahlukene futhi izinga lokushisa nalo liphansi.

Ingabe kufanele ngikhathazeke nge-COVID-19?

Ukugula ngenxa yokutheleleka kwe-COVID-19 kuvame ukuba mnene, ikakhulukazi ezinganeni nakubantu abadala abancane. Kodwa-ke, kungadala ukugula okungathi sína: cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabayisihlanu abayibambayo udinga ukunakekelwa esibhedlela. Ngakho-ke kujwayelekile impela ukuthi abantu bakhathazeke ngokuthi ukuqubuka kwe-COVID-1 kuzobathinta kanjani bona nabathandekayo babo.

Singakwazi ukuhambisa izikhalazo zethu ezenzweni zokuzivikela, thina esibathandayo kanye nemiphakathi yethu. Okokuqala nokubaluleke kakhulu kulezi zenzo ukugeza izandla njalo nokuhlanzisisa nokuhlanzeka okuhle. Okwesibili, gcina unolwazi futhi ulandele izeluleko zeziphathimandla zezempilo zasendaweni kubandakanya nemingcele ebekwa ekuhambeni, ekuhambeni kanye nasemibuthanweni.Funda kabanzi ukuthi ungazivikela kanjani Who.int/emergency/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public

Ingabe ikhona eminye imithi noma izindlela zokwelapha ezingavimba noma zelaphe i-COVID-19?

Ngenkathi ezinye izindlela zokwelapha zasentshonalanga, zendabuko noma zasekhaya zinganikeza induduzo futhi zidambise izimpawu ze-COVID-19, abukho ubufakazi bokuthi umuthi wamanje ungavimba noma uselaphe lesi sifo. I-WHO ayikukhuthazi ukuzelapha ngemithi ethile, kufaka nemithi elwa namagciwane, njengokuvimbela noma ukwelapha i-COVID-19. Kodwa-ke, kunezivivinyo eziningana zomtholampilo eziqhubekayo ezibandakanya imishanguzo yasentshonalanga neyendabuko. I-WHO izoqhubeka nokunikeza imininingwane ebuyekeziwe ngokushesha nje lapho ukutholakala kwemitholampilo kutholakala.

Ingabe kukhona umuthi wokugoma, umuthi noma ukwelashwa kwe-COVID-19?

Hhayi okwamanje. Kuze kube manje, awukho umuthi wokugoma futhi awukho umuthi othize we-antiviral wokuvikela noma ukwelapha i-COVID-2019. Kodwa-ke, labo abathintekayo kufanele bathole ukunakekelwa kokunciphisa izimpawu. Abantu abagula kakhulu kufanele balaliswe esibhedlela. Iningi leziguli lithola ukubonga ngokunakekelwa okusekelayo.

Imithi yokugoma engenzeka kanye neminye imishanguzo ethile yezidakamizwa isaphenywa. Bahlolwa izivivinyo zokwelashwa. I-WHO ixhumanisa imizamo yokuthuthukisa imigomo nemithi ukuvimbela nokwelapha i-COVID-19.

Izindlela eziphumelela kakhulu zokuvikela wena nabanye ngokumelene ne-COVID-19 ukugeza izandla kaningi, ukumboza ukukhwehlela ngokugoba kwesilevu noma ngezicubu, futhi nokugcina ibanga okungenani le-1 imitha (amamitha ama-3) kubantu abakhwehlela noma ukuthimula. (Bheka Izindlela eziyisisekelo zokuzivikela ngokumelene ne-coronavirus entsha).

Kufanele ngigqoke imaskhi ukuze ngivikele?

Gqoka imaskhi kuphela uma ugula ngezimpawu ze-COVID-19 (ikakhulukazi ukukhwehlela) noma ukunakekela umuntu ongase abe ne-COVID-19. Imaski yobuso elahlekile ingasetshenziswa kanye kuphela. Uma ungaguli noma unakekela umuntu ogulayo kusho ukuthi udla imaski. Kukhona ukushoda komhlaba wonke komamaski, ngakho-ke i-WHO inxusa abantu ukuthi basebenzise imaski ngobuhlakani.

I-WHO yeluleka ukusetshenziswa okuhle kwemaski kwezokwelapha ukugwema ukuchitheka okungadingekile kwezinsizakusebenza kanye nokusebenzisa kabi imaskhi (bheka Iseluleko ngokusetshenziswa kwemaski).

Izindlela eziphumelela kakhulu zokuvikela wena nabanye ngokumelene ne-COVID-19 ukuhlanza izandla zakho njalo, ukumboza ukukhwehlela kwakho ngokugoba nge-elbow noma ngezicubu bese ugcina ibanga okungenani le-1 imitha (amamitha ama-3) kubantu abakhwehlela noma abathukayo. . Bona izindlela zokuvikela eziyisisekelo ngokumelene ne-coronavirus entsha ukuze uthole olunye ulwazi.

Ungagqoka kanjani, usebenzise, ​​ususe futhi ulahle imaskhi?

  1. Khumbula, imaskhi kufanele isetshenziswe kuphela ngabasebenzi bezempilo, abanakekeli, nabantu abanezimpawu zokuphefumula, njengomkhuhlane nokukhwehlela.
  2. Ngaphambi kokuthinta imaski, izandla ezihlanzekile nge-rub noma isandla sensipho esuselwa kotshwala
  3. Thatha imaski bese uyihlola ukuthola izinyembezi noma izimbobo.
  4. I-Orient ukuthi iluphi uhlangothi olungaphezulu (lapho kukhona umucu wensimbi).
  5. Qinisekisa uhlangothi olufanele lwe-mask lubheke ngaphandle (uhlangothi olunemibala).
  6. Beka imaski ebusweni bakho. Cindezela umucu wensimbi noma umphetho onzima wemaskhi ukuze ubumbeke ekwakheni impumulo yakho.
  7. Donsela phansi phansi kwemaski ngakho-ke kumboza umlomo wakho nesilevu.
  8. Ngemuva kokusetshenziswa, khipha imaski; khipha izihibe ezinwebekile ngemuva kwezindlebe ngenkathi ugcina imaski kude nobuso nezingubo zakho, ukugwema ukuthinta indawo yemaski enobungozi.
  9. Lahla imaski emgqonyeni ovaliwe ngokushesha ngemuva kokuwusebenzisa.
  10. Yenza ukuhlanzeka kwesandla ngemuva kokuthinta noma ukulahla imaskhi - Sebenzisa i-hand-based rub-hand noma, uma kubonakala kungonakele, geza izandla zakho ngensipho namanzi.

Ingabe abantu bangangenwa yi-COVID-19 kusuka emthonjeni wesilwane?

Ama-Coronaviruses awumndeni omkhulu wama-virus ajwayelekile ezilwaneni. Kwesinye isikhathi, abantu bangenwa yileli gciwane elingase lisabalale kwabanye abantu. Isibonelo, i-SARS-CoV yayihlotshaniswa namakati we-civet futhi i-MERS-CoV idluliswa ngamakamela we-dromedary. Imithombo yezilwane engenzeka ye-COVID-19 ayikaqinisekiswa.

Ukuzivikela, njengalapho uvakashela izimakethe zezilwane bukhoma, kugweme ukuthintana ngqo nezilwane nezindawo ezihlangana nezilwane. Qinisekisa izindlela zokuphepha zokudla ezifanele ngaso sonke isikhathi. Phatha inyama eluhlaza, ubisi noma izitho zezilwane ngokunakekela ukuze uvikele ukungcoliswa kokudla okungaphekiwe futhi uvikele ukudla imikhiqizo yezilwane eluhlaza noma engaphekiwe.

Ngabe igciwane lihlala isikhathi esingakanani emathangeni?

Akukacaci ukuthi leli gciwane elibangela i-COVID-19 lisinda kangakanani ebusweni bomhlaba, kodwa kubukeka sengathi liziphatha njengamanye ama-coronavirus. Ucwaningo lukhombisa ukuthi ama-coronavirus (kufaka phakathi ulwazi lwangaphambi kwegciwane le-COVID-19) angaqhubeka ebusweni amahora ambalwa noma aze afike ezinsukwini eziningana. Lokhu kungahluka ngaphansi kwezimo ezihlukile (isib. Uhlobo lwengaphezulu, izinga lokushisa noma umswakama wemvelo).

Uma ucabanga ukuthi ingaphezulu lingangenwa yileli gciwane, lihlanze ngesibulala magciwane esilula ukubulala leli gciwane futhi uzivikele wena nabanye. Hlanza izandla zakho nge-rub esezandleni zotshwala noma uzigeze ngensipho nangamanzi. Gwema ukuthinta amehlo akho, umlomo noma ikhala.

Ingabe kukhona okungafanele ngikwenze?

Izinyathelo ezilandelayo AZIZONA Isebenza ngokuqhathaniswa ne-COVID-2019 futhi ingaba yingozi:

  • Ukubhema
  • Kugqokwa imaski eminingi
  • Ukuthatha imishanguzo (Bheka umbuzo 10 “Ingabe ikhona eminye imithi yokwelapha engavimbela noma yelaphe i-COVID-19?")

Kunoma yikuphi, uma unomkhuhlane, ukukhwehlela nobunzima bokuphefumula funa usizo lwezempilo ngaphambi kwesikhathi ukunciphisa ingozi yokuthola ukutheleleka okuthe xaxa futhi uqiniseke ukuthi wabelana ngomlando wakho wokuvakasha wakamuva nomhlinzeki wakho wezokunakekelwa kwempilo.

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